Author: Tim Magee
Category: Business & Economics
The world's poor will be the most critically affected by a changing climate—and yet their current plight isn't improving rapidly enough to fulfill the UN's Millennium Development Goals. If experienced development organizations are finding it difficult to solve decades-old development problems, how will they additionally solve new challenges driven by climate change? A Field Guide to Community Based Adaptation illustrates how including community members in project design and co-management leads to long-lasting, successful achievement of development and adaptation goals. This field guide provides a system of building block activities for staff on the ground to use in developing and implementing successful adaptation to climate change projects that can be co-managed and sustained by communities. Based on years of use in 129 different countries, the techniques illustrated in this field guide use a step-by-step progression to lead readers through problem assessment, project design, implementation, and community take over. The book equips development staff with all the tools and techniques they need to improve current project effectiveness, to introduce community based adaptation into organizational programming and to generate new projects. The techniques provided can be applied to broad range of challenges, from agriculture and soil and water challenges, to health concerns, flood defences and market development. The book is supported by a user-friendly website updated by the author, where readers can download online resources for each chapter which they can tailor to their own specific projects. This practical guide is accessible to all levels of development staff and practitioners, as well as to students of development and environmental studies.
Scaling it up
Author: E. Lisa F. Schipper,Jessica Ayers,Hannah Reid,Saleemul Huq,Atiq Rahman
Category: Business & Economics
As climate change adaptation rises up the international policy agenda, matched by increasing funds and frameworks for action, there are mounting questions over how to ensure the needs of vulnerable people on the ground are met. Community-based adaptation (CBA) is one growing proposal that argues for tailored support at the local level to enable vulnerable people to identify and implement appropriate community-based responses to climate change themselves. Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change: Scaling it up explores the challenges for meeting the scale of the adaptation challenge through CBA. It asks the fundamental questions: How can we draw replicable lessons to move from place-based projects towards more programmatic adaptation planning? How does CBA fit with larger scale adaptation policy and programmes? How are CBA interventions situated within the institutions that enable or undermine adaptive capacity? Combining the research and experience of prominent adaptation and development theorists and practitioners, this book presents cutting edge knowledge that moves the debate on CBA forward towards effective, appropriate, and ‘scaled-up’ adaptive action.
Innovations in Multi-Level Governance
Author: Sara Hughes,Eric K. Chu,Susan G. Mason
Category: Social Science
This book presents pioneering work on a range of innovative practices, experiments, and ideas that are becoming an integral part of urban climate change governance in the 21st century. Theoretically, the book builds on nearly two decades of scholarships identifying the emergence of new urban actors, spaces and political dynamics in response to climate change priorities. However, it further articulates and applies the concepts associated with urban climate change governance by bridging formerly disparate disciplines and approaches. Empirically, the chapters investigate new multi-level urban governance arrangements from around the world, and leverage the insights they provide for both theory and practice. Cities - both as political and material entities - are increasingly playing a critical role in shaping the trajectory and impacts of climate change action. However, their policy, planning, and governance responses to climate change are fraught with tension and contradictions. While on one hand local actors play a central role in designing institutions, infrastructures, and behaviors that drive decarbonization and adaptation to changing climatic conditions, their options and incentives are inextricably enmeshed within broader political and economic processes. Resolving these tensions and contradictions is likely to require innovative and multi-level approaches to governing climate change in the city: new interactions, new political actors, new ways of coordinating and mobilizing resources, and new frameworks and technical capacities for decision making. We focus explicitly on those innovations that produce new relationships between levels of government, between government and citizens, and among governments, the private sector, and transnational and civil society actors. A more comprehensive understanding is needed of the innovative approaches being used to navigate the complex networks and relationships that constitute contemporary multi-level urban climate change governance. Debra Roberts, Co-Chair, Working Group II, IPCC 6th Assessment Report (AR6) and Acting Head, Sustainable and Resilient City Initiatives, Durban, South Africa “Climate Change in Cities offers a refreshingly frank view of how complex cities and city processes really are.” Christopher Gore, Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Politics and Public Administration, Ryerson University, Canada “This book is a rare and welcome contribution engaging critically with questions about cities as central actors in multilevel climate governance but it does so recognizing that there are lessons from cities in both the Global North and South.” Harriet Bulkeley, Professor of Geography, Durham University, United Kingdom “This timely collection provides new insights into how cities can put their rhetoric into action on the ground and explores just how this promise can be realised in cities across the world - from California to Canada, India to Indonesia.”
A Case Study from Bangladesh : Project Summary Report (phase 1), Improved Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change for Sustainable Livelihoods in the Agriculture Sector
Author: Stephan Baas,Selvaraju Ramasamy,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org
Category: Business & Economics
Bangladesh, due to its geo-physical position and socio-economic context, is highly prone to regular natural hazards and the impacts of climate change. In 2005, the FAO initiated a project designed to improve the adaptive capacities of rural populations and their resilience to drought and other climate change impacts. This report provides a summary of the working approach developed and tested to promote community-based adaptation within agriculture. It presents lessons learned from the implementation process as well as the details of good practice options for drought risk management in the context of climate change.
Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Social Science
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In social work, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Social Work, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of social work. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.
Publisher: International Potato Center
A Field Guide to the Human Psyche
Author: Bill Plotkin
Publisher: New World Library
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Our human psyches possess astonishing resources that wait within us, but we might not even know they exist until we discover how to access them and cultivate their powers, their untapped potentials and depths. Wild Mind identifies these resources — which Bill Plotkin calls the four facets of the Self, or the four dimensions of our innate human wholeness — and also the four sets of fragmented or wounded subpersonalities that form during childhood. Rather than proposing ways to eliminate our subpersonalities (which is not possible) or to beat them into submission, Plotkin describes how to cultivate the four facets of the Self and discover the gifts of our subpersonalities. The key to reclaiming our original wholeness is not merely to suppress psychological symptoms, recover from addictions and trauma, or manage stress but rather to fully embody our multifaceted wild minds, commit ourselves to the largest, soul-infused story we’re capable of living, and serve the greater Earth community.
A New Global Approach to Health Disparities
Author: Barbara C. Wallace, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
This essential collection presents a state-of-the-art framework for how workers in public health and related disciplines should conceptualize health disparities and how they should be addressed worldwide. The contributors, who are leading public health professionals, educators, and practitioners in complimentary fields advance new evidence-based models designed to mobilize and educate the next generation of research and practice. The resulting chapters articulate new theory, procedures, and policies; the legacy of racism; community-based participatory research; new internet technology; training community workers and educators; closing the education and health gap; and addressing the needs of special populations. Toward Equity in Health is an essential book for all who are working toward global health equity-whether in health education, health promotion, disease prevention, public health, the health care delivery system, or patient- and population level health.
A Guide to Implementation
Author: Hongtu Chen, PhD,Jane Fisher, PhD,John McIntyre, MD,Sue E. Levkoff, ScD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Improve Service Delivery with New Evidence-Based Guidelines Geared to improve service delivery in the care of older adults, this new and more authoritative approach to practice and management is supported by the latest evidence-based guidelines from the leading experts in the field. For the first time, behavioral health care providers can gain access to a more reliable source for implementing and improving service delivery protocols and practices. This new guide applies evidence-based criteria to the following patient care and management needs to help you: Select an Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) Assess Feasibility Manage Quality Create a Culturally Grounded Practice Assess and Treat Depression, Anxiety, and Substance Use Disorders Assess and Treat Dementia and Schizophrenia Review by Service Delivery Process Review within Special Settings Create More Sustainable Services Written primarily for program administrators and clinical supervisors, health care professionals in mental health and geriatric services, and teachers and students in the field of geriatric health care, much of the timely information contained in this book can be used as a reference for evidence-based geriatric behavioral health by people who work with elderly clients with mental health needs.
Author: Gerald R Allen
Publisher: Western Australian Museum
This phenomenally successful guide to the wealth and variety of fish in Australia’s tropical waters — including the Great Barrier Reef — and south-east Asia has been updated and expanded. The book has sold more than 20,000 copies in its previous editions, and is an invaluable reference for divers and anglers, to both scientists and the lay person; to everyone with an interest in our remarkable tropical fish. Full colour illustrations by leading Australian marine artists, Roger Swainton and Jill Ruse, make identification easy. The author has also included an edibility guide.
Global and Regional Standards Adopted by Intergovernmental Organizations, International Non-Governmental Organizations and Professional Associations
Author: Guðmundur S. Alfreðsson,Katarina Tomaševski
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Category: Political Science
This publication is the second volume of "Thematic Human Rights Guides" published under the auspices of the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. The aim of the "Guides," as the title implies, is to facilitate the use of international human rights standards by their systematic presentation. Rather than reproducing full texts of various instruments, substantive standards are grouped according to subject-matter in order to enable users to quickly and easily locate the topic they may be looking for. A detailed index, with references to the many international instruments which address the same issue, reinforces this thematic approach. The choice of human rights and health for the second volume in this series highlights the aim of the "Guides": to map out the entire range of human rights and fundamental freedoms as they relate to a specific topic. The sheer size of this volume illustrates the number and variety of human rights standards relevant for health. Many of these standards have been generated by organizations dealing with health rather than human rights, and quite a few are found under medical ethics rather than human rights. Subsuming medical ethics under international human rights law is a novel development, pioneered by the Council of Europe. Elsewhere, the two fields remain separate and the publication of this "Guide" is intended to overcome this separation. Documents have been included which provide an understanding of human rights within the health profession (such as guidance to medical doctors with regard to abortion adopted by the International Medical Association) and those human rights safeguards that have been elaborated to prevent abuses byhealth professionals (such as those concerning mental health). All of these standards provide a substantive background for inter-professional dialogue on the evolving understanding of human rights. "A Thematic Guide to Documents on Health and Human Rights" reflects the full range of issues encompassed by human rights and health. Besides the right to health, a wide range of rights and freedoms can be - and is - affected by the health sector. Priority has been accorded to the crucial human rights safeguards, namely those specifying protection against undue limitations or restrictions upon human rights. Much as with any other human rights topic, those safeguards are best developed for categories that are most vulnerable to denials and violations of their rights. Detainees, prisoners, victims of armed conflicts, children and the mentally ill thus figure prominently.
Author: Julie Solomon, PhD,Jacquelin Berman, PhD, MSW
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
A comprehensive guide to creating, implementing, and evaluating culturally competent HIV prevention programs. Recent literature on effective HIV/AIDS prevention programs underscores the importance of cultural sensitivity and cultural competence in the delivery of services and care. Successful prevention interventions must be tailored for their target populations. Yet many HIV/AIDS prevention professionals struggle to meet the specific needs of their communities. Tools for Building Culturally Competent HIV Prevention Programs contains a variety of well-informed, evidence-based approaches to HIV prevention programs. It offers all the tools practitioners need to launch an effective prevention program: from identifying program goals and objectives, to developing program models, to recruiting and retaining staff, and finally to conducting evaluations and reporting results. All material is filtered through a cultural perspective and methods are tailored to specific racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. Additional resources are included to assist in the preparation and development of your prevention program, such as: Federal standards and guidelines for culturally competent health care and social service provision True-life case studies that show how other HIV prevention programs succeeded Checklists, worksheets and templates to create, monitor, and manage your program The CD includes: Customizable checklists and worksheets that you can use in your program A demonstration of the Virtual Program Evaluation Consultant (VPEC) software program, a program evaluation service offered by Sociometrics Corporation. Purchasers of this book will get a three-month license to VPEC free Use the companion volume, The Complete HIV/AIDS Teaching Kit (with CD-ROM, in your prevention program to assist you in providing an overview of the incidence, prevalence, prevention, and treatment of HIV/AIDS to all your students, patients, or clients.
Category: Non-timber forest products
Author: Michael Curtin,Matthew Molineux,Jo-Anne Webb (formerly Supyk/Mellson)
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
The sixth edition of this classic book remains a key text for occupational therapists, supporting their practice in working with people with physical impairments, stimulating reflection on the knowledge, skills and attitudes which inform practice, and encouraging the development of occupation-focused practice. Within this book, the editors have addressed the call by leaders within the profession to ensure that an occupational perspective shapes the skills and strategies used within occupational therapy practice. Rather than focusing on discrete diagnostic categories the book presents a range of strategies that, with the use of professional reasoning, can be transferred across practice settings. The new editors have radically updated the book, in response to the numerous internal and external influences on the profession, illustrating how an occupational perspective underpins occupational therapy practice. A global outlook is intrinsic to this edition of the book, as demonstrated by the large number of contributors recruited from across the world. Covers everything the student needs within the physical disorders part of their course Links theory of principles to practice and management Written and edited by a team of internationally experienced OT teachers, clinicians and managers Gives key references and further reading lists for more detailed study Written within a framework of lifespan development in line with current teaching and practice Includes practice scenarios and case studies Focuses on strategies Subtitle reflecting the primacy of occupation in occupational therapy practice Inclusion of practice scenarios to illustrate the application of theory to practice Features such as chapter summaries and key points, providing a quick overview of each chapter A focus on strategies rather than diagnostic categories Consideration of individuals, groups and communities An international perspective Language that is person-centred and inclusive New editorial team endorsed by the former editors including Annie Turner
A Guide for Global Health Workers
Author: Kathleen Allden, MD,Nancy Murakami, LCSW
Publisher: Dartmouth College Press
An increasing number of students and professionals are choosing to travel the globe to engage with the realities of trauma and human suffering through mental health aid. But in the field of global mental health, good intentions are not enough to ensure good training, development, and care. The risk of harm is real when outsiders deliver mental health aid in culturally inappropriate and otherwise na•ve ways. This book, based on the experiences of the co-editors and their colleagues at Burma Border Projects (BBP), a nonprofit organization dedicated to the mental health and psychosocial well-being of the displaced people of Burma, sets out global mental health theory allied with local perspectives, experiences, real-life challenges, strengths, and best practices. Topics include assessment and intervention protocols, vulnerable groups and the special challenges they present, and supervision and evaluation programs. An introduction by the editors establishes the political and health contexts for the volume. Written in a style appropriate for academic audiences and lay readers, this book will serve as a fundamental text for clinicians, interns, volunteers, and researchers who work in regions of the world that have suffered the violence of war, forced displacement, human rights violations, poverty, and oppression.
Towards an ecology of occupation-based practices
Author: Frank Kronenberg,Nick Pollard,Dikaios Sakellariou
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
The companion text to Occupational Therapy without Borders - Volume 1: learning from the spirit of survivors! In this landmark text writers from around the world discuss a plurality of occupation-based approaches that explicitly acknowledge the full potential of the art and science of occupational therapy. The profession is presented as a political possibilities-based practice, concerned with what matters most to people in real life contexts, generating practice-based evidence to complement evidence-based practice. As these writers demonstrate, occupational therapies are far more than, as some critical views have suggested, a monoculture of practice rooted in Western modernity. Nobel Peace Laureate Desmond Tutu captures the ethos of this book, which essentially calls for engagements in the service of a purpose that is larger than the advancement of our profession's interests: "Your particular approach to advancing our wellbeing and health strikes me as both unique and easily taken for granted. Whilst you value and work with medical understandings, your main aim seems to go beyond these. You seem to enable people to appreciate more consciously how what we do to and with ourselves and others on a daily basis impacts on our individual and collective wellbeing. As occupational therapists you have a significant contribution to make [.] allowing people from all walks of life to contribute meaningfully to the wellbeing of others." Links philosophy with practical examples of engaging people in ordinary occupations of daily life as a means of enabling them to transform their own lives Includes contributions from worldwide leaders in occupational therapy research and practice Describes concrete initiatives in under-served and neglected populations Looks at social and political mechanisms that influence people’s access to useful and meaningful occupation Chapters increase diversity of contributions – geographically, culturally and politically Emphasis on practice, education and research maintains academic credibility A glossary and practical examples in nearly every chapter make text more accessible to students
ein Marshallplan für die Erde
Author: Albert Gore
Category: Umweltkrise - Bewältigung
Guidelines for Development, Adaptation and Evaluation
Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
A comprehensive guide to all aspects of the development, adaptation, and use of home-based maternal records as an exciting new tool for reducing maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Home-based maternal records, which are retained by the woman and serve as her "passport" to appropriate health care, are simple cards designed to facilitate the easy recording and interpretation of comprehensive information on the health status of a woman before her first pregnancy, during the current pregnancy, delivery, postpartum and neonatal periods, and during two subsequent pregnancies. The cards can also be used to record information during the periods between pregnancies and on the woman's breast-feeding, family planning, and tetanus toxoid immunization status. Though simple in concept and design, the cards have demonstrated their effectiveness as a tool for the early detection of risk factors, the promotion of timely referral, the monitoring of women's health for periods of up to 10 years, and the education of women about health, nutrition, and family planning. Home-based maternal records have also shown their potential to encourage more appropriate referrals and better utilization of health services, to promote self-diagnosis and self-care, to foster greater community involvement, and to facilitate the collection of health information. Designed to help program managers and administrators introduce and use home-based maternal records to the greatest effect, the book draws on experiences and lessons learned during the extensive field testing of home-based. While a WHO prototype record is presented as a model, emphasis is placed on the best ways to adapt this prototype to local conditions, test its effectiveness, pinpoint problems, and find solutions, even when resources are scarce and populations largely illiterate.
Category: Tropical medicine
Author: Merrill June Turpin,Michael K. Iwama
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
This book is a succinct and practical guide for students and practitioners applying occupational therapy models in the field. It provides an overview of the common models in practice and bridges the gap between theoretical texts on conceptual models and the immediate demands of practice. It describes occupational therapists' use of models within the realities of practice in a variety of contexts and takes the approach that practice models can be used as tools to guide clinical reasoning. Provides an in-depth overview of 9 different models which can easily be compared and contrasted Highlights the vital relationship between clinical reasoning and the practical use of models Includes tools such as clinical reasoning memory aids, diagrams and major references Presents models in the context of their culturally and historically situated development Written by internationally renowned occupational therapists who are well experienced in applying models to practice