A First Course in General Relativity

Author: Bernard F. Schutz,Director Bernard F Schutz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521277037

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 4938

General relativity has become one of the central pillars of theoretical physics, with important applications in both astrophysics and high-energy particle physics, and no modern theoretical physicist's education should be regarded as complete without some study of the subject. This textbook, based on the author's own undergraduate teaching, develops general relativity and its associated mathematics from a minimum of prerequisites, leading to a physical understanding of the theory in some depth. It reinforces this understanding by making a detailed study of the theory's most important applications - neutron stars, black holes, gravitational waves, and cosmology - using the most up-to-date astronomical developments. The book is suitable for a one-year course for beginning graduate students or for undergraduates in physics who have studied special relativity, vector calculus, and electrostatics. Graduate students should be able to use the book selectively for half-year courses.

A First Course in General Relativity

Author: Bernard Schutz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139479004

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6564

Clarity, readability and rigor combine in the second edition of this widely-used textbook to provide the first step into general relativity for undergraduate students with a minimal background in mathematics. Topics within relativity that fascinate astrophysical researchers and students alike are covered with Schutz's characteristic ease and authority - from black holes to gravitational lenses, from pulsars to the study of the Universe as a whole. This edition now contains discoveries by astronomers that require general relativity for their explanation; a revised chapter on relativistic stars, including new information on pulsars; an entirely rewritten chapter on cosmology; and an extended, comprehensive treatment of modern detectors and expected sources. Over 300 exercises, many new to this edition, give students the confidence to work with general relativity and the necessary mathematics, whilst the informal writing style makes the subject matter easily accessible. Password protected solutions for instructors are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521887052.

A Student's Manual for A First Course in General Relativity

Author: Robert B. Scott

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316445143

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 484

This comprehensive student manual has been designed to accompany the leading textbook by Bernard Schutz, A First Course in General Relativity, and uses detailed solutions, cross-referenced to several introductory and more advanced textbooks, to enable self-learners, undergraduates and postgraduates to master general relativity through problem solving. The perfect accompaniment to Schutz's textbook, this manual guides the reader step-by-step through over 200 exercises, with clear easy-to-follow derivations. It provides detailed solutions to almost half of Schutz's exercises, and includes 125 brand new supplementary problems that address the subtle points of each chapter. It includes a comprehensive index and collects useful mathematical results, such as transformation matrices and Christoffel symbols for commonly studied spacetimes, in an appendix. Supported by an online table categorising exercises, a Maple worksheet and an instructors' manual, this text provides an invaluable resource for all students and instructors using Schutz's textbook.

A First Course in Loop Quantum Gravity

Author: Rodolfo Gambini,Jorge Pullin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199590753

Category: Science

Page: 183

View: 4778

Loop quantum gravity is one of the modern contenders for a unified description of quantum mechanics and gravity. Up to now no book has covered the material at the level of a college student or of other readers with some knowledge of college level physics. This book fills that gap.

General Relativity

A First Course for Physicists

Author: John Legat Martin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780132911962

Category: Cosmology.

Page: 193

View: 6065

Dunkle Materie und Dinosaurier

Die erstaunlichen Zusammenhänge des Universums

Author: Lisa Randall

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030251

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 5167

Die Natur der Dunklen Materie gehört zu den spannendsten Fragen der Kosmologie. Die Bestseller-Autorin und Harvard-Professorin Lisa Randall nimmt uns in ihrem neuen Buch ›Dunkle Materie und Dinosaurier. Die erstaunlichen Zusammenhänge des Universums‹ mit auf eine Reise in die Welt der Physik und hilft uns zu verstehen, welche Rolle die Dunkle Materie bei der Entstehung unserer Galaxie, unseres Sonnensystems und sogar des Lebens selbst gespielt hat. Eindrucksvoll zeigt sie, wie die Wissenschaft neue Konzepte und Erklärungen für dieses weithin unbekannte Phänomen entwickelt und verwebt geschickt die Geschichte des Kosmos mit unserer eigenen. Ein Buch, das ein völlig neues Licht auf die tiefen Verbindungen wirft, die unsere Welt so maßgeblich mitgeprägt haben, und uns die außerordentliche Schönheit zeigt, die selbst den alltäglichsten Dingen innewohnt.

A First Course in String Theory

Author: Barton Zwiebach

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521831437

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 6968

Accessible introduction to string theory for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Cosmology

A First Course

Author: Marc Lachièze-Rey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521479660

Category: Science

Page: 136

View: 2119

This book delivers a quantitative account of cosmology, designed for a nonspecialist audience. The author outlines basic principles using simple math and physics, but still provides rigorous models of the universe. He offers an ideal introduction to the key ideas in cosmology, without going into technical details. The approach used is based on the fundamental ideas of general relativity, such as the spacetime interval, comoving coordinates, and spacetime curvature. The book provides an up-to-date and thoughtful discussion of the Big Bang and the crucial questions of structure and galaxy formation. The author also briefly discusses questions of method and philosophical approaches in cosmology. Advanced undergraduates in either physics or mathematics will benefit greatly from this book, either as a course text or as a supplementary guide to cosmology courses.

A Short Course in General Relativity

Author: James A. Foster,J. David Nightingale

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387275833

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 1651

Suitable for a one-semester course in general relativity for senior undergraduates or beginning graduate students, this text clarifies the mathematical aspects of Einstein's theory of relativity without sacrificing physical understanding.

Differentialgeometrie, Topologie und Physik

Author: Mikio Nakahara

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662453002

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 2062

Differentialgeometrie und Topologie sind wichtige Werkzeuge für die Theoretische Physik. Insbesondere finden sie Anwendung in den Gebieten der Astrophysik, der Teilchen- und Festkörperphysik. Das vorliegende beliebte Buch, das nun erstmals ins Deutsche übersetzt wurde, ist eine ideale Einführung für Masterstudenten und Forscher im Bereich der theoretischen und mathematischen Physik. - Im ersten Kapitel bietet das Buch einen Überblick über die Pfadintegralmethode und Eichtheorien. - Kapitel 2 beschäftigt sich mit den mathematischen Grundlagen von Abbildungen, Vektorräumen und der Topologie. - Die folgenden Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit fortgeschritteneren Konzepten der Geometrie und Topologie und diskutieren auch deren Anwendungen im Bereich der Flüssigkristalle, bei suprafluidem Helium, in der ART und der bosonischen Stringtheorie. - Daran anschließend findet eine Zusammenführung von Geometrie und Topologie statt: es geht um Faserbündel, characteristische Klassen und Indextheoreme (u.a. in Anwendung auf die supersymmetrische Quantenmechanik). - Die letzten beiden Kapitel widmen sich der spannendsten Anwendung von Geometrie und Topologie in der modernen Physik, nämlich den Eichfeldtheorien und der Analyse der Polakov'schen bosonischen Stringtheorie aus einer gemetrischen Perspektive. Mikio Nakahara studierte an der Universität Kyoto und am King’s in London Physik sowie klassische und Quantengravitationstheorie. Heute ist er Physikprofessor an der Kinki-Universität in Osaka (Japan), wo er u. a. über topologische Quantencomputer forscht. Diese Buch entstand aus einer Vorlesung, die er während Forschungsaufenthalten an der University of Sussex und an der Helsinki University of Sussex gehalten hat.

...und Einstein hatte doch recht

Author: Clifford M. Will

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642743145

Category: Science

Page: 275

View: 3793

Keine wissenschaftliche Theorie ist auf solche Faszination auch außerhalb der Wissenschaft gestoßen wie die Allgemeine Relativitätstheorie von Albert Einstein, und keine wurde so nachdrücklich mit den Mitteln der modernen Physik überprüft. Wie hat sie diesen Test mit Raumsonden, Radioastronomie, Atomuhren und Supercomputern standgehalten? Hatte Einstein recht? Mit der Autorität des Fachmanns und dem Flair des unvoreingenommenen Erzählers schildert Clifford Will die Menschen, Ideen und Maschinen hinter den Tests der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie. Ohne Formeln und Fachjargon wird der leser mit Einsteins Gedanken vertraut und erfährt von der Bestätigung seiner Vorhersagen, angefangen bei der Lichtablenkung im Schwerefeld der Sonne 1919 bis zu den ausgefeilten Kreiselexperimenten auf dem Space Shuttle. Die Allgemeine Relativitätstheorie hat nich nur alle diese Tests bestanden, sie hat darüber hinaus wesentlich beigetragen zu unserem Verständnis von Phänomenen wie Pulsaren, Quasaren, Schwarzen Löchern und Gravitationslinsen. Dieses Buch erzählt lebendig und spannend die Geschichte einer der größten geistigen Leistungen unserer Zeit.

A Short Course in General Relativity

Author: James Foster,J. David Nightingale

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738412

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 9061

Suitable as a one-semester course in general relativity for senior undergraduates or beginning graduates, this text clarifies the mathematical aspects of Einsteins general theory of relativity without sacrificing physical understanding. Beginning with an exposition of those aspects of tensor calculus and differential geometry needed for a proper exposition of the subject, the discussion turns to the space-time of general relativity and to geodesic motion, comparisons and contrasts, with Newtons theory being drawn where appropriate. A brief consideration of the field equations is followed by a discussion of physics in the vicinity of massive objects, including an elementary treatment of black holes. The book concludes with brief, introductory chapters on gravitational radiation and cosmology, and includes an appendix that reviews the special theory of relativity. In preparing this new edition, the authors have completely rewritten chapters to make the material readily accessible to physics students, while many examples, exercises and problems help guide the students through the theory.

A First Course in Differential Geometry

Surfaces in Euclidean Space

Author: Lyndon Woodward,John Bolton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108600913

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 402

Differential geometry is the study of curved spaces using the techniques of calculus. It is a mainstay of undergraduate mathematics education and a cornerstone of modern geometry. It is also the language used by Einstein to express general relativity, and so is an essential tool for astronomers and theoretical physicists. This introductory textbook originates from a popular course given to third year students at Durham University for over twenty years, first by the late L. M. Woodward and later by John Bolton (and others). It provides a thorough introduction by focusing on the beginnings of the subject as studied by Gauss: curves and surfaces in Euclidean space. While the main topics are the classics of differential geometry - the definition and geometric meaning of Gaussian curvature, the Theorema Egregium, geodesics, and the Gauss–Bonnet Theorem - the treatment is modern and student-friendly, taking direct routes to explain, prove and apply the main results. It includes many exercises to test students' understanding of the material, and ends with a supplementary chapter on minimal surfaces that could be used as an extension towards advanced courses or as a source of student projects.

Geometrie der Raumzeit

Eine mathematische Einführung in die Relativitätstheorie

Author: Rainer Oloff

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322942600

Category: Mathematics

Page: 246

View: 1710

Die Relativitätstheorie ist in ihren Kernaussagen nicht mehr umstritten, gilt aber noch immer als kompliziert und nur schwer verstehbar. Das liegt unter anderem an dem aufwendigen mathematischen Apparat, der schon zur Formulierung ihrer Ergebnisse und erst recht zum Nachvollziehen der Argumentation notwendig ist. In diesem Lehrbuch werden die mathematischen Grundlagen der Relativitätstheorie systematisch entwickelt, das ist die Differentialgeometrie auf Mannigfaltigkeiten einschließlich Differentiation und Integration. Die Spezielle Relativitätstheorie wird als Tensorrechnung auf den Tangentialräumen dargestellt. Die zentrale Aussage der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie ist die Einsteinsche Feldgleichung, die die Krümmung zur Materie in Beziehung setzt. Ausführlich werden die relativistischen Effekte im Sonnensystem einschließlich der Schwarzen Löcher behandelt. Dieser Text richtet sich an Studierende der Physik und der Mathematik und setzt nur Grundkenntnisse aus der klassischen Differential- und Integralrechnung und der Linearen Algebra voraus.

A First Course in Geometric Topology and Differential Geometry

Author: Ethan D. Bloch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817681221

Category: Mathematics

Page: 421

View: 6711

The uniqueness of this text in combining geometric topology and differential geometry lies in its unifying thread: the notion of a surface. With numerous illustrations, exercises and examples, the student comes to understand the relationship of the modern abstract approach to geometric intuition. The text is kept at a concrete level, avoiding unnecessary abstractions, yet never sacrificing mathematical rigor. The book includes topics not usually found in a single book at this level.

An Introduction to Relativity

Author: Jayant V. Narlikar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139484680

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2271

General relativity is now an essential part of undergraduate and graduate courses in physics, astrophysics and applied mathematics. This simple, user-friendly introduction to relativity is ideal for a first course in the subject. Beginning with a comprehensive but simple review of special relativity, the book creates a framework from which to launch the ideas of general relativity. After describing the basic theory, it moves on to describe important applications to astrophysics, black hole physics, and cosmology. Several worked examples, and numerous figures and images, help students appreciate the underlying concepts. There are also 180 exercises which test and develop students' understanding of the subject. The textbook presents all the necessary information and discussion for an elementary approach to relativity. Password-protected solutions to the exercises are available to instructors at www.cambridge.org/9780521735612.