A History of the Sociology of Childhood

Author: Berry Mayall

Publisher: Inst of Education

ISBN: 9781782770213

Category: Social Science

Page: 51

View: 5472

This concise book gives a history of how the sociology of childhood has developed, contextualised in the history of sociology. It draws on the author’s own experiences, considers a wide range of published documents and includes contributions on specific topics by some of the main players in the field: Jens Qvortrup, Priscilla Alderson, Liesbeth de Block and Virginia Morrow.The book describes how this relatively new discipline evolved and considers its principal propositions. It looks back to the post-war period, notably in the USA, and shows how sociological ideas about childhood arose from developmental psychology; how they began to be formulated to act in complement to psychological ideas and how some US psychologists began to explore variations in ideas about childhood in varying societies. It also explores the history of sociological ideas about childhood in both the UK and, most importantly, mainstream Europe and considers links between sociological and rights agendas.This book concludes with consideration of the latest developments in this field such as globalisation and media studies; work in other languages, such as French and Portuguese and gives an account of work emerging in the majority world and its relevance for theoretical developments. It is essential reading for university students on all varieties of childhood courses. It contextualises this field within theory and provides a clear picture of the constituents of the discipline. It is also relevant to those working within psychological paradigms but with an interest in considering alternative and complementary approaches.

The Sociology of Childhood

Author: William A. Corsaro

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506386199

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 1647

William A. Corsaro’s groundbreaking text, The Sociology of Childhood, discusses children and childhood from a sociological perspective. Corsaro provides in-depth coverage of the social theories of childhood, the peer cultures and social issues of children and youth, children and childhood within the frameworks of culture and history, and social problems and the future of childhood. The Fifth Edition has been thoroughly updated to incorporate the latest research and the most pertinent information so readers can engage in powerful discussions on a wide array of topics.

Children and Society

The Sociology of Children and Childhood Socialization

Author: Gerald Handel,Spencer Cahill,Frederick Elkin

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 3593

Children and Society presents a comprehensive sociological portrayal of children and childhood from birth to the beginning of adolescence. A major theme is the tension between children's active agency and the socializing influences of the family, school, peer groups, and mass media. The book incorporates the most recent research and theories of childhood socialization. Its theoretical perspective is primarily symbolic interactionism which emphasizes the development of the self. The volume features research that documents cultural variations within American society shaped by social class, race and ethnicity, and gender. Children and Society is organized into four parts, each with an introduction. Part I, "Understanding Childhood Socialization," consists of four chapters. Chapter One reviews how social scientists have conceptualized children, leading to today's understanding of childhood as a social construction. Chapter Two briefly discusses the characteristics of the human organism that both require and make socialization possible, and the characteristics of society that receives the newborn. Chapter Three reveals the range of meaning of the concept of socialization in western and non-western societies and includes a review of the history of western childhoods. Chapter Four offers a careful exposition of the development of the self. Part II, "Agencies of Socialization," focuses on the major agencies that help shape the development of the self in the United States and similar societies. One chapter each covers families, schools, peer groups, and mass media respectively. "Diversities of Socialization" are the focus of Part III. Whereas Chapter Four presented a general account of how the self develops, the three chapters of Part III examine the variations that are shaped by social class, race, ethnicity and neighborhood, and gender. The single chapter in Part IV, "Looking Back and Looking Ahead," stresses that socialization is a life-long process. It briefly sketches issues of continuity and discontinuity in socialization throughout adolescence, adult life, old age, and death.

Childhood

Critical Concepts in Sociology

Author: Chris Jenks

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415340267

Category: Children

Page: 3

View: 6852

Childhood is an extremely complex and highly contested concept. It refers to a life phase as well as to the age group defined as children, but is also a cultural construction, part of the social and economic structure of communities. The key scholarship collected, introduced, and reprinted in these volumes reflects this complexity and introduces the reader to the wide variety of interpretations that have been and continue to be placed on it. It might be suggested that the push or initiative in theorizing childhood has derived from advances within sociology and anthropology. However, the future provides potential for interdisciplinary study, which this collection also reflects. The contemporary study of childhood must comprise a conjoining of disciplines: sociology; anthropology; psychology; social geography; history; philosophy; and socio-legal theory, all have something to add to the field and are represented within the collection.

Constructing the Child Viewer

A History of the American Discourse on Television and Children, 1950-1980

Author: Carmen Luke

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275935160

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 331

View: 2423

Beginning from a poststructuralist position, Constructing the Child Viewer examines three decades of U.S. research on television and children. The book concludes that historical concepts of the child television viewer are products of discourse and cannot be taken to reflect objective, scientific truths about the child viewer. Nearly all academic studies published from 1948 to 1979 on the subject are included in this volume. Each receives close textual analysis, making this a useful bibliographic resource and reference book.

The Agency of Children

From Family to Global Human Rights

Author: David Oswell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521843669

Category: Social Science

Page: 305

View: 936

Uses the idea of children's agency to survey the main issues in childhood studies.

The Global History of Childhood Reader

Author: Heidi Morrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415782481

Category: History

Page: 478

View: 8099

The Global History of Childhood Reader provides an essential collection of chapters and articles on the global history of childhood. The Reader is structured thematically so as to provide both a representative sampling of the historiography as well as an overview of the key issues of the field, such as childhood as a social construct, commonalities and differences globally, and why the twentieth century was not the "century of the child" for most of the world's children. The Reader is divided into four parts: Theories and methodologies of the history of childhood Constructions of childhood in different times and places Children's experiences in different times and places Usage of the past to articulate solutions to problems facing children today. Topics covered include theories and methodologies in the global history of childhood, sources for writing a global history of childhood, education, gender, disability, race, class and religion, the individual in history and emotions, violence, labour and illiteracy. With introductions that contextualize each of the four parts and the articles, further reading sections and questions; this is the perfect guide for all students of the history of childhood.

Childhood and Children's Culture

Author: Flemming Mouritsen,Jens Qvortrup

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788778383761

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 6513

For over a decade, sociologically oriented childhood research and research on child culture have experienced a dramatic growth within the humanities and the social sciences as well as an increasing prominence at the institutional level. This book is the meeting place of two closely related fields of research: childrens culture and the history of childhood on the one hand, and the sociology and anthropology of childhood on the other. The two 'camps' share a joint methodological view of children as agents in their own lives, environments and even in society at large, yet it is also agreed that their lives and welfare are largely formed by adults and the society in which they live. Both research areas have been vital for the development of new strands of childhood research which are in many ways characterised by a departure from more conventional approaches, concepts and understandings that have dominated childhood research -- and childhood itself -- in much of the 20th century. The articles in the book represent numerous aspects of the two areas of research. In a critical vein, the sociologically and anthropologically oriented contributions cover studies of structural aspects of childhood as well as qualitative studies of childrens everyday life, while the culturally oriented contributions comprise classical studies of childrens culture products, history, media, play culture and symbolic forms of expression. The articles present general differences and divergences in methods and perspectives, but also show what the two types of approach have in common.

The Century of the Child

The Mental Hygiene Movement and Social Policy in the United States and Canada

Author: Theresa R. Richardson

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791400203

Category: Social Science

Page: 273

View: 2079

In this book, Richardson crosses disciplinary boundaries to examine mental hygiene issues of contemporary concern in both the United States and Canada. The work juxtaposes a social history of the child in the twentieth century to shifts in private and public power as influenced by the mental hygiene movements in both countries. The author shows how the historical record sheds light on current policy concerned with mentally, emotionally, and educationally handicapped children. As a sociology of mental illness, the book examines the relationship between mental hygiene as a form of knowledge and the social institutions that fostered the use of psychiatric perspectives concerning child and family life. Significant topics covered in this regard include the history of early childhood and parent education, the origins of child psychiatry in treating juvenile delinquency, and the evolution of contemporary concepts of normal development.

A Historical Sociology of Childhood

Developmental Thinking, Categorization and Graphic Visualization

Author: André Turmel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113947250X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6670

What constitutes a 'normal' child? Throughout the nineteenth century public health and paediatrics played a leading role in the image and conception of children. By the twentieth century psychology had moved to the forefront, transforming our thinking and understanding. André Turmel investigates these transformations both from the perspective of the scientific observation of children (public hygiene, paediatrics, psychology and education) and from a public policy standpoint (child welfare, health policy, education and compulsory schooling). Using detailed historical accounts from Britain, the USA and France, Turmel studies how historical sequential development and statistical reasoning have led to a concept of what constitutes a 'normal' child and resulted in a form of standardization by which we monitor children. He shows how western society has become a child-centred culture and asks whether we continue to base parenting and teaching on a view of children that is no longer appropriate.

A History of Australian Schooling

Author: Craig Campbell,Helen Proctor

Publisher: Allen & Unwin

ISBN: 1743436734

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 1413

At a time when schooling is more important than ever for families, and where there is great public concern about educational standards and outcomes, Craig Campbell and Helen Proctor show what is new and what is an echo of older agendas. They offer a comprehensive history of Australian schooling from colonial days to the present, highlighting the ways in which schooling has helped shape society. They identify distinctive features of the Australian education system: the strength of the non-government sector, the experiences of Indigenous children, and the relationship with global trends. From the bush to the burgeoning cities, they consider the impact of schools on children and young people over the decades. A History of Australian Schooling is an invaluable resource for anyone involved with Australian schools. 'This unconventional and vibrant history of Australian schools and schooling reads like a fine biography. Landmarks and turning points are interwoven with the pedagogic, social and political shifts that have shaped today's school system. ' - Lyndsay Connors, AM FACE 'a compelling account of public and private provision, one that speaks directly to the current debate' - Professor Stuart Macintyre, University of Melbourne 'a comprehensive, insightful and engaging study of the power of schooling over two centuries' - Dr Paul Kilvert, former Chief Executive, South Australian Certificate of Education Board

A Historical Sociology of Childhood, Developmental Thinking, Categorization and Graphic Visualization

Sociology, Sociology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467201731

Category: Education

Page: 25

View: 5044

Facts101 is your complete guide to A Historical Sociology of Childhood, Developmental Thinking, Categorization and Graphic Visualization. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Television, Childhood, and the Home

A History of the Making of the Child Television Audience in Britain

Author: David Oswell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198742606

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 179

View: 5769

Television audiences, as with other media audiences, are virtual entities. They have an existence, not immediately visible, but one that drives research, investment in programmes, public concern, and government policy. More than any other audience, the child television audience has generated more debate, anxiety, and action. What harm does television do children? Should parents restrict their children's viewing? Is children's television becoming too commercialized? How can we make programmes for very young children? This book, the first academic study of its kind, uncovers a history of the child television audience. Looking in detail at children's television and its audience in Britain in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s, the book shows how an audience literally came into being, how it was given substance, and how it became the site of intervention. Skilfully written and painstakingly researched, Television, Childhood, and Historical Reception is a history of an audience-in-the-making.

Constructing and Reconstructing Childhood

Contemporary issues in the sociological study of childhood

Author: Allison James,Alan Prout

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317593820

Category: Education

Page: 228

View: 1276

When the first edition of this seminal work appeared in 1990, the sociology of childhood was only just beginning to emerge as a distinct sub-discipline. Drawing together strands of existing sociological writing about childhood and shaping them into a new paradigm, the original edition of this Routledge Classic offered a potent blend of ideas that informed, even inspired, many empirical studies of children’s lives because it provided a unique lens through which to think about childhood. Featuring a collection of articles which summarised the developments in the study of childhood across the social sciences, including history, psychology, sociology, anthropology, feminist and developmental studies, scholars and professionals from developed and developing countries world-wide shared their knowledge of having worked and of working with children. Now with a new introduction from the editors to contextualise it into the 21st century, this truly ground-breaking text which helped establish childhood studies as a distinctive field of enquiry is being republished.

The Social Study of Childhood

An Introduction

Author: Sally McNamee

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137609052

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 224

View: 589

Historically, children were often understood in relation to their development towards adulthood, but the 'new paradigm' of childhood studies has since shown how they should be taken more seriously as active participants in their own lives. Studying childhood is not just a question of research on children, but increasingly a practice of research with them. With this 'new paradigm' having now come of age, Sally McNamee offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of childhood studies and its history. Taking a thematic approach, she looks at how issues such as rights and citizenship, the state, the family, school, work, leisure, health and globalisation shape and are shaped by children. The Social Study of Childhood is an accessible introduction for students from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds such as childhood studies, sociology, psychology, social work and education. With reflection points for discussion and suggestions for further reading at the end of each chapter, it is an engaging and stimulating account of how and why children's voices deserve to be heard in today's world.

The Devil's Children

A History of Childhood and Murder

Author: Loretta Loach

Publisher: Totem Books

ISBN: 9781848310193

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 6686

This book offers a true crime history - from medieval society to Jamie Bulger - of children who kill and how adults have tried to make sense of them.The extraordinary and horrifying crime of murder by children of other children commands widespread public interest, but has this always been so? Focusing on the earliest recorded cases, up to and including the tragic killing of James Bulger, this fascinating investigation goes beyond the notoriety of the crimes to explore the real-life stories of the children who committed them and the adult world in which they took place.As well as asking what has changed in the treatment and punishment of these children, and in how they have been viewed by the Church, the courts and the medical profession, it also reveals how these unusual crimes were as pivotal then as they are now in wider deliberations about childhood, morality and the troubling boundaries between innocence and experience.The intriguing story of these crimes is deftly woven together with the keen insights of social history and a groundbreaking depiction of how the legal and medical cultures used such cases to rethink human agency and responsibility.

The Sociology of Healthcare

Author: Alan Clarke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317864530

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 6359

The Sociology of Healthcare, Second Edition explores the impact of current social changes on health, illness and healthcare, and provides an overview of the fundamental concerns in these areas. This new edition features a brand new chapter entitled ‘End of Life’ which will help health and social care workers to respond with confidence to one of the most difficult and challenging areas of care. The ‘End of Life’ chapter includes information on changing attitudes to death, theories of death and dying, and palliative care. All chapters have been thoroughly updated to address diversity issues such as gender, ethnicity and disability. In addition, expanded and updated chapters include ‘Childhood and Adolescence’ and ‘Health Inequalities’. The text is further enhanced through the use of case studies that relate theory to professional practice, and discussion questions to aid understanding. Links to websites direct the reader to further information on health, social wellbeing and government policies. This book is essential reading for all students of healthcare including nursing, medicine, midwifery and health studies and for those studying healthcare as part of sociology, social care and social policy degrees. “In an age when health policy follows an individualist model of “personal responsibility” this book by Alan Clarke demonstrates with a vast array of evidence, just how much there is such a thing as society. An excellent overall book.” Dr. Stephen Cowden, Senior Lecturer in Social Work, Coventry University

Conceptualising Child-Adult Relations

Author: Leena Alanen,Berry Mayall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113457942X

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 3983

Conceptualising Child-Adult Relations focuses on how children conceptualise and experience child-adult relations. The authors explore the idea of generation as a key to understanding children's agency in intersection with social worlds which are largely organised and ordered by adults. The authors explore two interconnected themes: how children define the division of labour between children and adults, and how far children regard themselves as constituting a seperate group. This book is ground-breaking in its focus on the variety and commonality in children's lives and views across a broad range of contexts. It provides innovative theoretical approaches to the growing study of childhood by homing in on intergenerational relations as a main concept, and draws attention to links across the main sites of children's lives such as the home, neighbourhood and school. Moreover, for policy related issues, this book provides food for thought about the social conditions and status of childhood, and the factors structuring it.

Conceptualizing Child-adult Relations

Author: Leena Alanen,Berry Mayall

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415231589

Category: Social Science

Page: 157

View: 4573

There has been growing international interest in the study of childhood and how this stage in life differs from adulthood in terms of work and status. The book brings together case studies from a wide range of societies with varying social expectations.

Childhood

Author: Michael Wyness

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745689477

Category: Psychology

Page: 232

View: 1296

What is childhood? In recent years, a cluster of critical and complex ideas have emerged around the nature of biological, social and psychological growth in the early years, reflecting the changing nature of adult - child relations, and political and cultural understandings of childhood in the twenty-first century. In this clear and concise book, Michael Wyness offers fresh insights into the current state of play within childhood studies. Drawing on work from a number of disciplines including sociology, geography and history, he discusses the contested terrain of theoretical and research advances with particular attention to the notion of children’s agency and the concept of global childhoods. Key conceptual debates are illustrated through a range of contemporary issues that affect children and adults, including inequality, child abuse, ill-health, child labour, sexualization and identity formation. This book will appeal to students and academics within the fields of sociology, education, geography, history and childhood studies.