A Mad, Bad, and Dangerous People?

England 1783-1846

Author: Boyd Hilton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199218919

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 784

View: 3112

Boyd Hilton examines the changes in politics and society in the years 1783-1846, showing how the raffish and rakish style of eighteenth-century society, having reached a peak in the Regency, then succumbed to the new norms of respectability popularly known as 'Victorianism'.

A Mad, Bad, and Dangerous People? : England 1783-1846

England 1783-1846

Author: Boyd Hilton

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780198228301

Category: History

Page: 784

View: 7599

In a period scarred by apprehensions of revolution, war, invasion, poverty, and disease, elite members of society lived in constant fear of what they thought of as the 'mad, bad, and dangerous people'. Boyd Hilton examines the changes in politics and society in the years 1783-1846, and how the raffish and rakish style of eighteenth-century society, having reached a peak in the Regency, then succumbed to the new norms of respectability popularly known as 'Victorianism'. - ;This was a transformative period in English history. In 1783 the country was at one of the lowest points in its fortunes, having just lost its American colonies in warfare. By 1846 it was once more a great imperial nation, as well as the world's strongest power and dominant economy, having benefited from what has sometimes (if misleadingly) been called the 'first industrial revolution'. In the meantime it survived a decade of invasion fears, and emerged victorious from more than twenty years of 'war to the death' against Napoleonic France. But if Britain's external fortunes were in the ascendant, the situation at home remained fraught with peril. The country's population was growing at a rate not experienced by any comparable former society, and its manufacturing towns especially were mushrooming into filthy, disease-ridden, gin-sodden hell-holes, in turn provoking the phantasmagoria of a mad, bad, and dangerous people. It is no wonder that these years should have experienced the most prolonged period of social unrest since the seventeenth century, or that the elite should have been in constant fear of a French-style revolution in England. The governing classes responded to these new challenges and by the mid-nineteenth century the seeds of a settled two-party system and of a more socially interventionist state were both in evidence, though it would have been far too soon to say at that stage whether those seeds would take permanent root. Another consequence of these tensions was the intellectual engagement with society, as for example in the Romantic Movement, a literary phenomenon that brought English culture to the forefront of European attention for the first time. At the same time the country experienced the great religious revival, loosely described under the heading 'evangelicalism'. Slowly but surely, the raffish and rakish style of eighteenth-century society, having reached a peak in the Regency, then succumbed to the new norms of respectability popularly known as 'Victorianism'. - ;A scrupulously complete analysis of political and social change. - Charles Saumarez Smith, The Sunday Telegraph;History writing at its most compelling. - Adam Phillips, The Observer;The range, richness and complexity of Boyd Hilton's text are impossible to convey in summary, and hard fully to appreciate in a single reading. A mastery of the voluminous literature is complimented by an acquaintance with the sources which produce a wealth of illuminating quotation to catch the tones and inflections of the age...The analysis it offers, and the proportions and emphases which it adopts, will galvanize debate for years to come, and make it a contribution to history such as a safer survey, less ambitious in design, enterprising in argument, and integrative in technique, could not be. - Paul Smith, The Times Literary Supplement;The main narrative is interspersed with fascinating essays on science, religion, art, architecture and literature - a generous helping for the many people who will read this book for pleasure rather than profit. - Ben Wilson, The Spectator;Boyd Hilton has produced a tour de force that will stimulate interest in and guide understanding of the period for years to come. - Peter Borsay, BBC History Magazine;A lively and wide-ranging study...[a] comprehensive, intriguing and challenging volume that has proved well worth the wait. - Tristram Hunt, New Statesman;This book, like its companion volumes, takes for its subject English society as a whole, and the Byronic nudge of the title, as well as promising entertainment, is meant to alert us to the idea that the years before the Victorian Reform Acts were ones of violence, apprehension and 18th century debauchery. - David Horspool, The Guardian

Krone, Kirche und Verfassung

Konservatismus in den englischen Unterschichten 1815–1867

Author: Jörg Neuheiser

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647370096

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 2003

Warum kommt es in England im 19. Jahrhundert zu keiner Revolution? Historiker verbinden die auffällige Stabilität der englischen Gesellschaft mit einem doppelten Problem: Schon sehr früh gab es in England eine Arbeiterbewegung, die gemeinsam mit den Liberalen Reformen forderte und auch revolutionäre Vorstellungen entwickelte. Trotz einer nach 1815 scheinbar stark radikalisierten Bevölkerung blieb eine Revolution aber aus, und eine Arbeiterpartei entstand in England später als in anderen europäischen Staaten. Seit 20 Jahren wird dieser Widerspruch üblicherweise mit der Komplexität sozialer und politischer Identitätsbildung innerhalb der Unterschichten erklärt. Verwiesen wird auf die lange dominante Tradition des englischen Liberalismus und Radikalismus, der auch die Reformbewegungen der Arbeiterschaft prägte.

Das europäische Jahrhundert

Ein Kontinent im Umbruch - 1815-1914

Author: Richard J. Evans

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641188717

Category: History

Page: 1024

View: 2867

Das große Panorama des 19. Jahrhunderts »Das europäische Jahrhundert« entwirft ein außergewöhnlich facettenreiches, überraschendes und unterhaltsames Panorama des 19. Jahrhunderts in Europa. Der Kontinent durchlief zwischen 1815 und 1914 eine drastische Transformation mit grundstürzenden Veränderungen in Kultur, Politik und Technik. Was in einer Dekade als modern empfunden wurde, war in der nächsten bereits veraltet. Großstädte schossen innerhalb einer Generation aus dem Boden, und neue europäische Länder gründeten sich. In der Zeit zwischen der Schlacht von Waterloo und dem Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs beherrschte Europa den Rest der Welt wie niemals zuvor oder je wieder danach. Richard J. Evans taucht tief ein in die Revolutionen und Kriege des 19. Jahrhunderts, schreibt aber auch über gesellschaftliche Verwerfungen, über Religion und Philosophie. »Das europäische Jahrhundert« ist ein in jeder Hinsicht epochales Werk und erklärt uns auf einzigartige Weise das vergangene und das heutige Europa.

Die europäische Expansion und ihre Feinde

Kolonialismuskritik vom 18. bis in das 20. Jahrhundert

Author: Benedikt Stuchtey

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 3486591673

Category: History

Page: 475

View: 3328

Die koloniale Expansion Europas wurde seit ihren Anfangen von kritischen Stimmen begleitet, die als prazise Kolonialismustheorien zutage traten. Durch den Streit der Imperialismusgegner und -befurworter gewannen beide Seiten ein scharfes Profil. Benedikt Stuchtey untersucht die kommunikativen Kontexte der gelehrten Offentlichkeiten der Kolonialmachte unter Einbeziehung des amerikanischen Imperialismus vom 18. bis ins 20. Jahrhundert. Kolonialismuskritik kann im Zusammenhang transnationaler Verflechtungen von der europaischen Aufklarungsphilosophie bis zur pluralisierten Massenkommunikationsgesellschaft des 20. Jahrhunderts nachvollzogen werden."

Interventions in Education Systems

Reform and Development

Author: David Scott,C. M. Posner,Christopher Martin,Elsa Guzman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472524292

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 2516

Interventions in Education Systems draws on research conducted in England, Mexico, Singapore and Finland to illuminate reform processes to education systems in a range of contexts, to develop a better understanding of intervention processes and to promote the development of more sophisticated models for reforming education systems. The authors compare policy implementations and interventions in countries with different socio-economic profiles and different levels of development, highlighting how these processes in practice all too frequently are side-tracked and distorted, often unintentionally, by political, economic and social forces.

History and the Enlightenment

Author: Hugh Trevor-Roper

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300168403

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 3244

Arguably the leading British historian of his generation, Hugh Trevor-Roper (1914–2003) is most celebrated and admired as the author of essays. This volume brings together some of the most original and radical writings of his career—many hitherto inaccessible, one never before published, all demonstrating his piercing intellect, urbane wit, and gift for elegant, vivid narrative. This collection focuses on the writing and understanding of history in the eighteenth century and on the great historians and the intellectual context that inspired or provoked their writings. It combines incisive discussion of such figures as Gibbon, Hume, and Carlyle with broad sweeps of analysis and explication. Essays on the Scottish Enlightenment and the Romantic movement are balanced by intimate portraits of lesser-known historians whose significance Trevor-Roper took particular delight in revealing.

Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut

Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310402247X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 608

View: 7120

Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«

The Shaping of Modern Britain

Identity, Industry and Empire 1780 - 1914

Author: Eric Evans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317862368

Category: History

Page: 568

View: 8238

In this wide-ranging history of modern Britain, Eric Evans surveys every aspect of the period in which Britain was transformed into the world's first industrial power. By the end of the nineteenth century, Britain was still ruled by wealthy landowners, but the world over which they presided had been utterly transformed. It was an era of revolutionary change unparalleled in Britain - yet that change was achieved without political revolution. Ranging across the developing empire, and dealing with such central institutions as the church, education, health, finance and rural and urban life, The Shaping of Modern Britain provides an unparallelled account of Britain's rise to superpower status. Particular attention is given to the Great Reform Act of 1832, and the implications of the 1867 Reform Act are assessed. The book discusses: - the growing role of the central state in domestic policy making - the emergence of the Labour party - the Great Depression - the acquisition of a vast territorial empire Comprehensive, informed and engagingly written, The Shaping of Modern Britain will be an invaluable introduction for students of this key period of British history.

The Weight of Vengeance

The United States, the British Empire, and the War of 1812

Author: Troy Bickham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199942625

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 8162

In early 1815, Secretary of State James Monroe reviewed the treaty with Britain that would end the War of 1812. The United States Navy was blockaded in port; much of the army had not been paid for nearly a year; the capital had been burned. The treaty offered an unexpected escape from disaster. Yet it incensed Monroe, for the name of Great Britain and its negotiators consistently appeared before those of the United States. "The United States have acquired a certain rank amongst nations, which is due to their population and political importance," he brazenly scolded the British diplomat who conveyed the treaty, "and they do not stand in the same situation as at former periods." Monroe had a point, writes Troy Bickham. In The Weight of Vengeance, Bickham provides a provocative new account of America's forgotten war, underscoring its significance for both sides by placing it in global context. The Napoleonic Wars profoundly disrupted the global order, from India to Haiti to New Orleans. Spain's power slipped, allowing the United States to target the Floridas; the Haitian slave revolt contributed to the Louisiana Purchase; fears that Britain would ally with Tecumseh and disrupt the American northwest led to a pre-emptive strike on his people in 1811. This shifting balance of power provided the United States with the opportunity to challenge Britain's dominance of the Atlantic world. And it was an important conflict for Britain as well. Powerful elements in the British Empire so feared the rise of its former colonies that the British government sought to use the War of 1812 to curtail America's increasing maritime power and its aggressive territorial expansion. And by late 1814, Britain had more men under arms in North America than it had in the Peninsular War against Napoleon, with the war with America costing about as much as its huge subsidies to European allies. Troy Bickham has given us an authoritative, lucidly written global account that transforms our understanding of this pivotal war.

New Statesman

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: N.A

View: 1616

Confessions of Guilt

From Torture to Miranda and Beyond

Author: George C. Thomas III,Richard A. Leo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199939063

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 6509

How did the United States, a nation known for protecting the "right to remain silent" become notorious for condoning and using controversial tactics like water boarding and extraordinary rendition to extract information? What forces determine the laws that define acceptable interrogation techniques and how do they shift so quickly from one extreme to another? In Confessions of Guilt, esteemed scholars George C. Thomas III and Richard A. Leo tell the story of how, over the centuries, the law of interrogation has moved from indifference about extreme force to concern over the slightest pressure, and back again. The history of interrogation in the Anglo-American world, they reveal, has been a swinging pendulum rather than a gradual continuum of violence. Exploring a realist explanation of this pattern, Thomas and Leo demonstrate that the law of interrogation and the process of its enforcement are both inherently unstable and highly dependent on the perceived levels of threat felt by a society. Laws react to fear, they argue, and none more so than those that govern the treatment of suspected criminals. From England of the late eighteenth century to America at the dawn of the twenty-first, Confessions of Guilt traces the disturbing yet fascinating history of interrogation practices, new and old, and the laws that govern them. Thomas and Leo expertly explain the social dynamics that underpin the continual transformation of interrogation law and practice and look critically forward to what their future might hold.

The German Example

English Interest in Educational Provision in Germany Since 1800

Author: David Phillips

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441107193

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 528

Over the past two hundred years German education policy and practice has attracted interest in England. Policy makers have used the 'German example' both to encourage change and development and to warn against certain courses of action. This monograph provides the first major analysis of the rich material from government reports (including work by Matthew Arnold), the press, travel accounts, memoirs, scholarly publications and the archives to uncover the nature of the English fascination with education in Germany, from 1800 to the end of the twentieth century. David Phillips traces this story and uses recent work in theories of educational policy 'borrowing' to analyze the reception of the German experience and its impact on the development of English education policy.

Constitutionalism, Legitimacy, and Power

Nineteenth-Century Experiences

Author: Kelly L Grotke,Markus J Prutsch

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191034711

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 396

If one counts the production of constitutional documents alone, the nineteenth century can lay claim to being a 'constitutional age'; one in which the generation and reception of constitutional texts served as a centre of gravity around which law and politics consistently revolved. This volume critically re-examines the role of constitutionalism in that period, in order to counter established teleological narratives that imply a consistent development from absolutism towards inclusive, participatory democracy. Various aspects of constitutional histories within and outside of Europe are examined from a comparative, transnational, and multidisciplinary historical perspective, organized around five key themes. The first part looks at constitutions as anti-revolutionary devices, and addresses state building, monarchical constitutionalism, and restorations. The second part takes up constitutions and the justification of new social inequalities, focusing on women's suffrage, human rights, and property. The third part uses individual country studies to take on questions of how constitutions served to promote nationalism. The use of constitutions as instruments of imperialism is covered in the fourth part, and the final part examines the ways that constitutions function simultaneously as legal and political texts. These themes reflect a certain scepticism regarding any easy relationship between stated constitutional ideals and enacted constitutional practices. Taken together, they also function as a general working hypothesis about the role of constitutions in the establishment and maintenance of a domestically and internationally imbalanced status quo, of which we are the present-day inheritors. More particularly, this volume addresses the question of the extent to which nineteenth-century constitutionalism may have set the stage for new forms of domination and discrimination, rather than inaugurating a period of 'progress' and increasing equality.

Youth, Heroism and War Propaganda

Britain and the Young Maritime Hero, 1745-1820

Author: D. A. B. Ronald

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472523830

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 3075

Youth, Heroism and Naval Propaganda explores how the young maritime hero became a major new figure of war propaganda in the second half of the long eighteenth century. At that time, Britain was searching for a new national identity, and the young maritime hero and his exploits conjured images of vigour, energy, enthusiasm and courage. Adopted as centrepiece in a campaign of concerted war-propaganda leading up to the Battle of Trafalgar, the young hero came to represent much that was quintessentially British at this major turning-point in the Nation's history. By drawing on a wide range of sources, this study shows how the young hero gave maritime youth a symbolic power which it had never before had in Britain. It offers a valuable contribution to the field of British military and naval history, as well as the study of British identity, youth, heroism and propaganda.

England in 1815

A Critical Edition of The Journal of Joseph Ballard

Author: Joseph Ballard

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230601482

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 5859

Originally published: Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1913 as: England in 1815 as seen by a young Boston merchant.

The Oxford History of the Laws of England

Author: John Hamilton Baker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civil law

Page: 1106

View: 8120

"The Oxford History of the Laws of England" provides a detailed survey of the development of English law and its institutions from the earliest times until the twentieth century, drawing heavily upon recent research using unpublished materials.

The Return of England in English Literature

Author: M. Gardiner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137026022

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 211

View: 547

This lively study provides an account of the 'fall and rise' of the English nation within the British discipline of English Literature between the late eighteenth century and the present day, offering a reconceptualisation of the relationship between English Literature and the formation of English cultural identity.