Author: Boyd Hilton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Boyd Hilton examines the changes in politics and society in the years 1783-1846, showing how the raffish and rakish style of eighteenth-century society, having reached a peak in the Regency, then succumbed to the new norms of respectability popularly known as 'Victorianism'.
Konservatismus in den englischen Unterschichten 1815–1867
Author: Jörg Neuheiser
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
Warum kommt es in England im 19. Jahrhundert zu keiner Revolution? Historiker verbinden die auffällige Stabilität der englischen Gesellschaft mit einem doppelten Problem: Schon sehr früh gab es in England eine Arbeiterbewegung, die gemeinsam mit den Liberalen Reformen forderte und auch revolutionäre Vorstellungen entwickelte. Trotz einer nach 1815 scheinbar stark radikalisierten Bevölkerung blieb eine Revolution aber aus, und eine Arbeiterpartei entstand in England später als in anderen europäischen Staaten. Seit 20 Jahren wird dieser Widerspruch üblicherweise mit der Komplexität sozialer und politischer Identitätsbildung innerhalb der Unterschichten erklärt. Verwiesen wird auf die lange dominante Tradition des englischen Liberalismus und Radikalismus, der auch die Reformbewegungen der Arbeiterschaft prägte.
Ein Kontinent im Umbruch - 1815-1914
Author: Richard J. Evans
Das große Panorama des 19. Jahrhunderts »Das europäische Jahrhundert« entwirft ein außergewöhnlich facettenreiches, überraschendes und unterhaltsames Panorama des 19. Jahrhunderts in Europa. Der Kontinent durchlief zwischen 1815 und 1914 eine drastische Transformation mit grundstürzenden Veränderungen in Kultur, Politik und Technik. Was in einer Dekade als modern empfunden wurde, war in der nächsten bereits veraltet. Großstädte schossen innerhalb einer Generation aus dem Boden, und neue europäische Länder gründeten sich. In der Zeit zwischen der Schlacht von Waterloo und dem Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs beherrschte Europa den Rest der Welt wie niemals zuvor oder je wieder danach. Richard J. Evans taucht tief ein in die Revolutionen und Kriege des 19. Jahrhunderts, schreibt aber auch über gesellschaftliche Verwerfungen, über Religion und Philosophie. »Das europäische Jahrhundert« ist ein in jeder Hinsicht epochales Werk und erklärt uns auf einzigartige Weise das vergangene und das heutige Europa.
Kolonialismuskritik vom 18. bis in das 20. Jahrhundert
Author: Benedikt Stuchtey
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
Die koloniale Expansion Europas wurde seit ihren Anfangen von kritischen Stimmen begleitet, die als prazise Kolonialismustheorien zutage traten. Durch den Streit der Imperialismusgegner und -befurworter gewannen beide Seiten ein scharfes Profil. Benedikt Stuchtey untersucht die kommunikativen Kontexte der gelehrten Offentlichkeiten der Kolonialmachte unter Einbeziehung des amerikanischen Imperialismus vom 18. bis ins 20. Jahrhundert. Kolonialismuskritik kann im Zusammenhang transnationaler Verflechtungen von der europaischen Aufklarungsphilosophie bis zur pluralisierten Massenkommunikationsgesellschaft des 20. Jahrhunderts nachvollzogen werden."
Author: Edgar J. Feuchtwanger
Publisher: Duncker & Humblot
Category: Political Science
An adventurer and charlatan? A clever rogue? Or perspicacious politician, founder of the modern British Conservative Party? These different characteristics have all had their supporters: Disraeli rarely experienced indifference from his contemporaries, and later commentators have often mirrored these strikingly divergent valuations. This study seeks to do justice to Disraeli's controversial life and ambiguous political legacy. It provides a portrait of a man of great personal fascination as well as shedding light on the political development of Victorian Britain. In particular, it uses knowledge and perceptions about his background and early life, and assesses their influence on his development as a political leader.
Author: Hugh Trevor-Roper
Publisher: Yale University Press
Arguably the leading British historian of his generation, Hugh Trevor-Roper (1914–2003) is most celebrated and admired as the author of essays. This volume brings together some of the most original and radical writings of his career—many hitherto inaccessible, one never before published, all demonstrating his piercing intellect, urbane wit, and gift for elegant, vivid narrative. This collection focuses on the writing and understanding of history in the eighteenth century and on the great historians and the intellectual context that inspired or provoked their writings. It combines incisive discussion of such figures as Gibbon, Hume, and Carlyle with broad sweeps of analysis and explication. Essays on the Scottish Enlightenment and the Romantic movement are balanced by intimate portraits of lesser-known historians whose significance Trevor-Roper took particular delight in revealing.
Reform and Development
Author: David Scott,C. M. Posner,Christopher Martin,Elsa Guzman
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Interventions in Education Systems draws on research conducted in England, Mexico, Singapore and Finland to illuminate reform processes to education systems in a range of contexts, to develop a better understanding of intervention processes and to promote the development of more sophisticated models for reforming education systems. The authors compare policy implementations and interventions in countries with different socio-economic profiles and different levels of development, highlighting how these processes in practice all too frequently are side-tracked and distorted, often unintentionally, by political, economic and social forces.
Theological Roots in the Transatlantic World
Author: James Robinson
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Divine healing is commonly practiced today throughout Christendom and plays a significant part in the advance of Christianity in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. Such wide acceptance of the doctrine within Protestantism did not come without hesitation or controversy. The prevailing view saw suffering as a divine chastening designed for growth in personal holiness, and something to be faced with submission and endurance. It was not until the nineteenth century that this understanding began to be seriously questioned. This book details those individuals and movements that proved radical enough in their theology and practice to play a part in overturning mainstream opinion on suffering. James Robinson opens up a treasury of largely unknown or forgotten material that extends our understanding of Victorian Christianity and the precursors to the Pentecostal revival that helped shape Christianity in the twentieth century.
Identity, Industry and Empire 1780 - 1914
Author: Eric Evans
In this wide-ranging history of modern Britain, Eric Evans surveys every aspect of the period in which Britain was transformed into the world's first industrial power. By the end of the nineteenth century, Britain was still ruled by wealthy landowners, but the world over which they presided had been utterly transformed. It was an era of revolutionary change unparalleled in Britain - yet that change was achieved without political revolution. Ranging across the developing empire, and dealing with such central institutions as the church, education, health, finance and rural and urban life, The Shaping of Modern Britain provides an unparallelled account of Britain's rise to superpower status. Particular attention is given to the Great Reform Act of 1832, and the implications of the 1867 Reform Act are assessed. The book discusses: - the growing role of the central state in domestic policy making - the emergence of the Labour party - the Great Depression - the acquisition of a vast territorial empire Comprehensive, informed and engagingly written, The Shaping of Modern Britain will be an invaluable introduction for students of this key period of British history.
The United States, the British Empire, and the War of 1812
Author: Troy Bickham
Publisher: Oxford University Press
In early 1815, Secretary of State James Monroe reviewed the treaty with Britain that would end the War of 1812. The United States Navy was blockaded in port; much of the army had not been paid for nearly a year; the capital had been burned. The treaty offered an unexpected escape from disaster. Yet it incensed Monroe, for the name of Great Britain and its negotiators consistently appeared before those of the United States. "The United States have acquired a certain rank amongst nations, which is due to their population and political importance," he brazenly scolded the British diplomat who conveyed the treaty, "and they do not stand in the same situation as at former periods." Monroe had a point, writes Troy Bickham. In The Weight of Vengeance, Bickham provides a provocative new account of America's forgotten war, underscoring its significance for both sides by placing it in global context. The Napoleonic Wars profoundly disrupted the global order, from India to Haiti to New Orleans. Spain's power slipped, allowing the United States to target the Floridas; the Haitian slave revolt contributed to the Louisiana Purchase; fears that Britain would ally with Tecumseh and disrupt the American northwest led to a pre-emptive strike on his people in 1811. This shifting balance of power provided the United States with the opportunity to challenge Britain's dominance of the Atlantic world. And it was an important conflict for Britain as well. Powerful elements in the British Empire so feared the rise of its former colonies that the British government sought to use the War of 1812 to curtail America's increasing maritime power and its aggressive territorial expansion. And by late 1814, Britain had more men under arms in North America than it had in the Peninsular War against Napoleon, with the war with America costing about as much as its huge subsidies to European allies. Troy Bickham has given us an authoritative, lucidly written global account that transforms our understanding of this pivotal war.
Category: Social sciences
From Torture to Miranda and Beyond
Author: George C. Thomas III,Richard A. Leo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
How did the United States, a nation known for protecting the "right to remain silent" become notorious for condoning and using controversial tactics like water boarding and extraordinary rendition to extract information? What forces determine the laws that define acceptable interrogation techniques and how do they shift so quickly from one extreme to another? In Confessions of Guilt, esteemed scholars George C. Thomas III and Richard A. Leo tell the story of how, over the centuries, the law of interrogation has moved from indifference about extreme force to concern over the slightest pressure, and back again. The history of interrogation in the Anglo-American world, they reveal, has been a swinging pendulum rather than a gradual continuum of violence. Exploring a realist explanation of this pattern, Thomas and Leo demonstrate that the law of interrogation and the process of its enforcement are both inherently unstable and highly dependent on the perceived levels of threat felt by a society. Laws react to fear, they argue, and none more so than those that govern the treatment of suspected criminals. From England of the late eighteenth century to America at the dawn of the twenty-first, Confessions of Guilt traces the disturbing yet fascinating history of interrogation practices, new and old, and the laws that govern them. Thomas and Leo expertly explain the social dynamics that underpin the continual transformation of interrogation law and practice and look critically forward to what their future might hold.
Author: Peter Mandler
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Victorian Britain is often considered as the high point of 'laissez-faire', the place and the time when people were most 'free' to make their own lives without the aid or interference of the State. This book explores the truth of that assumption and what it might mean. It considers what the Victorian State did or did not do, what were the prevailing definitions and practices of 'liberty', what other sources of discipline and authority existed beyond the State to structure people'slives - in sum, what were the broad conditions under which such a profound belief in 'liberty' could flourish, and a complex society be run on those principles. Contributors include leading scholars in British political, social and cultural history, so that 'liberty' is seen in the round, not justas a set of ideas or of political slogans, but also as a public and private philosophy that structured everyday life. Consideration is also given to the full range of British subjects in the nineteenth century - men, women, people of all classes, from all parts of the British Isles - and to placing the British experience in a global and comparative perspective.
English Interest in Educational Provision in Germany Since 1800
Author: David Phillips
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Over the past two hundred years German education policy and practice has attracted interest in England. Policy makers have used the 'German example' both to encourage change and development and to warn against certain courses of action. This monograph provides the first major analysis of the rich material from government reports (including work by Matthew Arnold), the press, travel accounts, memoirs, scholarly publications and the archives to uncover the nature of the English fascination with education in Germany, from 1800 to the end of the twentieth century. David Phillips traces this story and uses recent work in theories of educational policy 'borrowing' to analyze the reception of the German experience and its impact on the development of English education policy.
Author: Kelly L Grotke,Markus J Prutsch
Publisher: OUP Oxford
If one counts the production of constitutional documents alone, the nineteenth century can lay claim to being a 'constitutional age'; one in which the generation and reception of constitutional texts served as a centre of gravity around which law and politics consistently revolved. This volume critically re-examines the role of constitutionalism in that period, in order to counter established teleological narratives that imply a consistent development from absolutism towards inclusive, participatory democracy. Various aspects of constitutional histories within and outside of Europe are examined from a comparative, transnational, and multidisciplinary historical perspective, organized around five key themes. The first part looks at constitutions as anti-revolutionary devices, and addresses state building, monarchical constitutionalism, and restorations. The second part takes up constitutions and the justification of new social inequalities, focusing on women's suffrage, human rights, and property. The third part uses individual country studies to take on questions of how constitutions served to promote nationalism. The use of constitutions as instruments of imperialism is covered in the fourth part, and the final part examines the ways that constitutions function simultaneously as legal and political texts. These themes reflect a certain scepticism regarding any easy relationship between stated constitutional ideals and enacted constitutional practices. Taken together, they also function as a general working hypothesis about the role of constitutions in the establishment and maintenance of a domestically and internationally imbalanced status quo, of which we are the present-day inheritors. More particularly, this volume addresses the question of the extent to which nineteenth-century constitutionalism may have set the stage for new forms of domination and discrimination, rather than inaugurating a period of 'progress' and increasing equality.
Britain and the Young Maritime Hero, 1745-1820
Author: D. A. B. Ronald
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Youth, Heroism and Naval Propaganda explores how the young maritime hero became a major new figure of war propaganda in the second half of the long eighteenth century. At that time, Britain was searching for a new national identity, and the young maritime hero and his exploits conjured images of vigour, energy, enthusiasm and courage. Adopted as centrepiece in a campaign of concerted war-propaganda leading up to the Battle of Trafalgar, the young hero came to represent much that was quintessentially British at this major turning-point in the Nation's history. By drawing on a wide range of sources, this study shows how the young hero gave maritime youth a symbolic power which it had never before had in Britain. It offers a valuable contribution to the field of British military and naval history, as well as the study of British identity, youth, heroism and propaganda.
Author: M. Gardiner
Category: Literary Criticism
This lively study provides an account of the 'fall and rise' of the English nation within the British discipline of English Literature between the late eighteenth century and the present day, offering a reconceptualisation of the relationship between English Literature and the formation of English cultural identity.
Author: American Historical Association
Some programs include also the programs of societies meeting concurrently with the association.
An Annotated Listing of Reference Sources in English Literary Studies
Author: James L. Harner
Publisher: Modern Language Assn of Amer
Evaluates reference materials in English literature, describing each work's type, scope, limitations, and uses in research, in an updated edition that includes a new section on cultural studies.
A Critical Edition of The Journal of Joseph Ballard
Author: Joseph Ballard
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
Originally published: Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1913 as: England in 1815 as seen by a young Boston merchant.