A Primer on Linear Models

Author: John F. Monahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420062045

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 9614

A Primer on Linear Models presents a unified, thorough, and rigorous development of the theory behind the statistical methodology of regression and analysis of variance (ANOVA). It seamlessly incorporates these concepts using non-full-rank design matrices and emphasizes the exact, finite sample theory supporting common statistical methods. With coverage steadily progressing in complexity, the text first provides examples of the general linear model, including multiple regression models, one-way ANOVA, mixed-effects models, and time series models. It then introduces the basic algebra and geometry of the linear least squares problem, before delving into estimability and the Gauss–Markov model. After presenting the statistical tools of hypothesis tests and confidence intervals, the author analyzes mixed models, such as two-way mixed ANOVA, and the multivariate linear model. The appendices review linear algebra fundamentals and results as well as Lagrange multipliers. This book enables complete comprehension of the material by taking a general, unifying approach to the theory, fundamentals, and exact results of linear models.

Linear Models and the Relevant Distributions and Matrix Algebra

Author: David A. Harville

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351264672

Category: Mathematics

Page: 524

View: 8144

Linear Models and the Relevant Distributions and Matrix Algebra provides in-depth and detailed coverage of the use of linear statistical models as a basis for parametric and predictive inference. It can be a valuable reference, a primary or secondary text in a graduate-level course on linear models, or a resource used (in a course on mathematical statistics) to illustrate various theoretical concepts in the context of a relatively complex setting of great practical importance. Features: Provides coverage of matrix algebra that is extensive and relatively self-contained and does so in a meaningful context Provides thorough coverage of the relevant statistical distributions, including spherically and elliptically symmetric distributions Includes extensive coverage of multiple-comparison procedures (and of simultaneous confidence intervals), including procedures for controlling the k-FWER and the FDR Provides thorough coverage (complete with detailed and highly accessible proofs) of results on the properties of various linear-model procedures, including those of least squares estimators and those of the F test. Features the use of real data sets for illustrative purposes Includes many exercises David Harville served for 10 years as a mathematical statistician in the Applied Mathematics Research Laboratory of the Aerospace Research Laboratories at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, 20 years as a full professor in Iowa State University’s Department of Statistics where he now has emeritus status, and seven years as a research staff member of the Mathematical Sciences Department of IBM’s T.J. Watson Research Center. He has considerable relevant experience, having taught M.S. and Ph.D. level courses in linear models, been the thesis advisor of 10 Ph.D. graduates, and authored or co-authored two books and more than 80 research articles. His work has been recognized through his election as a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and as a member of the International Statistical Institute.

A First Course in Linear Model Theory

Author: Nalini Ravishanker,Dipak K. Dey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584882473

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 2814

This innovative, intermediate-level statistics text fills an important gap by presenting the theory of linear statistical models at a level appropriate for senior undergraduate or first-year graduate students. With an innovative approach, the author's introduces students to the mathematical and statistical concepts and tools that form a foundation for studying the theory and applications of both univariate and multivariate linear models A First Course in Linear Model Theory systematically presents the basic theory behind linear statistical models with motivation from an algebraic as well as a geometric perspective. Through the concepts and tools of matrix and linear algebra and distribution theory, it provides a framework for understanding classical and contemporary linear model theory. It does not merely introduce formulas, but develops in students the art of statistical thinking and inspires learning at an intuitive level by emphasizing conceptual understanding. The authors' fresh approach, methodical presentation, wealth of examples, and introduction to topics beyond the classical theory set this book apart from other texts on linear models. It forms a refreshing and invaluable first step in students' study of advanced linear models, generalized linear models, nonlinear models, and dynamic models.

Plane Answers to Complex Questions

The Theory of Linear Models

Author: Ronald Christensen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475724772

Category: Mathematics

Page: 453

View: 6984

The second edition of Plane Answers has many additions and a couple of deletions. New material includes additional illustrative examples in Ap pendices A and B and Chapters 2 and 3, as well as discussions of Bayesian estimation, near replicate lack of fit tests, testing the independence assump tion, testing variance components, the interblock analysis for balanced in complete block designs, nonestimable constraints, analysis of unreplicated experiments using normal plots, tensors, and properties of Kronecker prod ucts and Vee operators. The book contains an improved discussion of the relation between ANOVA and regression, and an improved presentation of general Gauss-Markov models. The primary material that has been deleted are the discussions of weighted means and of log-linear models. The mate rial on log-linear models was included in Christensen (1990b), so it became redundant here. Generally, I have tried to clean up the presentation of ideas wherever it seemed obscure to me. Much of the work on the second edition was done while on sabbatical at the University of Canterbury in Christchurch, New Zealand. I would par ticularly like to thank John Deely for arranging my sabbatical. Through their comments and criticisms, four people were particularly helpful in con structing this new edition. I would like to thank Wes Johnson, Snehalata Huzurbazar, Ron Butler, and Vance Berger.

Regression, ANOVA, and the General Linear Model

A Statistics Primer

Author: Peter Vik

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483316017

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 7514

Peter Vik's Regression, ANOVA, and the General Linear Model: A Statistics Primer demonstrates basic statistical concepts from two different perspectives, giving the reader a conceptual understanding of how to interpret statistics and their use. The two perspectives are (1) a traditional focus on the t-test, correlation, and ANOVA, and (2) a model-comparison approach using General Linear Models (GLM). This book juxtaposes the two approaches by presenting a traditional approach in one chapter, followed by the same analysis demonstrated using GLM. By so doing, students will acquire a theoretical and conceptual appreciation for data analysis as well as an applied practical understanding as to how these two approaches are alike.

Statistical Models

Author: A. C. Davison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139437410

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 333

Models and likelihood are the backbone of modern statistics. This 2003 book gives an integrated development of these topics that blends theory and practice, intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practitioners. Its breadth is unrivaled, with sections on survival analysis, missing data, Markov chains, Markov random fields, point processes, graphical models, simulation and Markov chain Monte Carlo, estimating functions, asymptotic approximations, local likelihood and spline regressions as well as on more standard topics such as likelihood and linear and generalized linear models. Each chapter contains a wide range of problems and exercises. Practicals in the S language designed to build computing and data analysis skills, and a library of data sets to accompany the book, are available over the Web.

Introduction to General and Generalized Linear Models

Author: Henrik Madsen,Poul Thyregod

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439891141

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 7840

Bridging the gap between theory and practice for modern statistical model building, Introduction to General and Generalized Linear Models presents likelihood-based techniques for statistical modelling using various types of data. Implementations using R are provided throughout the text, although other software packages are also discussed. Numerous examples show how the problems are solved with R. After describing the necessary likelihood theory, the book covers both general and generalized linear models using the same likelihood-based methods. It presents the corresponding/parallel results for the general linear models first, since they are easier to understand and often more well known. The authors then explore random effects and mixed effects in a Gaussian context. They also introduce non-Gaussian hierarchical models that are members of the exponential family of distributions. Each chapter contains examples and guidelines for solving the problems via R. Providing a flexible framework for data analysis and model building, this text focuses on the statistical methods and models that can help predict the expected value of an outcome, dependent, or response variable. It offers a sound introduction to general and generalized linear models using the popular and powerful likelihood techniques. Ancillary materials are available at www.imm.dtu.dk/~hm/GLM

The BUGS Book

A Practical Introduction to Bayesian Analysis

Author: David Lunn,Chris Jackson,Nicky Best,Andrew Thomas,David Spiegelhalter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586664

Category: Mathematics

Page: 399

View: 9887

Bayesian statistical methods have become widely used for data analysis and modelling in recent years, and the BUGS software has become the most popular software for Bayesian analysis worldwide. Authored by the team that originally developed this software, The BUGS Book provides a practical introduction to this program and its use. The text presents complete coverage of all the functionalities of BUGS, including prediction, missing data, model criticism, and prior sensitivity. It also features a large number of worked examples and a wide range of applications from various disciplines. The book introduces regression models, techniques for criticism and comparison, and a wide range of modelling issues before going into the vital area of hierarchical models, one of the most common applications of Bayesian methods. It deals with essentials of modelling without getting bogged down in complexity. The book emphasises model criticism, model comparison, sensitivity analysis to alternative priors, and thoughtful choice of prior distributions—all those aspects of the "art" of modelling that are easily overlooked in more theoretical expositions. More pragmatic than ideological, the authors systematically work through the large range of "tricks" that reveal the real power of the BUGS software, for example, dealing with missing data, censoring, grouped data, prediction, ranking, parameter constraints, and so on. Many of the examples are biostatistical, but they do not require domain knowledge and are generalisable to a wide range of other application areas. Full code and data for examples, exercises, and some solutions can be found on the book’s website.

Statistics in MATLAB

A Primer

Author: MoonJung Cho,Wendy L. Martinez

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466596570

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 8775

Fulfilling the need for a practical user’s guide, Statistics in MATLAB: A Primer provides an accessible introduction to the latest version of MATLAB® and its extensive functionality for statistics. Assuming a basic knowledge of statistics and probability as well as a fundamental understanding of linear algebra concepts, this book: Covers capabilities in the main MATLAB package, the Statistics Toolbox, and the student version of MATLAB Presents examples of how MATLAB can be used to analyze data Offers access to a companion website with data sets and additional examples Contains figures and visual aids to assist in application of the software Explains how to determine what method should be used for analysis Statistics in MATLAB: A Primer is an ideal reference for undergraduate and graduate students in engineering, mathematics, statistics, economics, biostatistics, and computer science. It is also appropriate for a diverse professional market, making it a valuable addition to the libraries of researchers in statistics, computer science, data mining, machine learning, image analysis, signal processing, and engineering.

The R Primer

Author: Claus Thorn Ekstrom

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439862060

Category: Mathematics

Page: 299

View: 4897

Newcomers to R are often intimidated by the command-line interface, the vast number of functions and packages, or the processes of importing data and performing a simple statistical analysis. The R Primer provides a collection of concise examples and solutions to R problems frequently encountered by new users of this statistical software. Rather than explore the many options available for every command as well as the ever-increasing number of packages, the book focuses on the basics of data preparation and analysis and gives examples that can be used as a starting point. The numerous examples illustrate a specific situation, topic, or problem, including data importing, data management, classical statistical analyses, and high-quality graphics production. Each example is self-contained and includes R code that can be run exactly as shown, enabling results from the book to be replicated. While base R is used throughout, other functions or packages are listed if they cover or extend the functionality. After working through the examples found in this text, new users of R will be able to better handle data analysis and graphics applications in R. Additional topics and R code are available from the book’s supporting website at www.statistics.life.ku.dk/primer/

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118448960

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1080

View: 2057

Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

Introduction to Functional Data Analysis

Author: Piotr Kokoszka,Matthew Reimherr

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498746691

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 1115

Introduction to Functional Data Analysis provides a concise textbook introduction to the field. It explains how to analyze functional data, both at exploratory and inferential levels. It also provides a systematic and accessible exposition of the methodology and the required mathematical framework. The book can be used as textbook for a semester-long course on FDA for advanced undergraduate or MS statistics majors, as well as for MS and PhD students in other disciplines, including applied mathematics, environmental science, public health, medical research, geophysical sciences and economics. It can also be used for self-study and as a reference for researchers in those fields who wish to acquire solid understanding of FDA methodology and practical guidance for its implementation. Each chapter contains plentiful examples of relevant R code and theoretical and data analytic problems. The material of the book can be roughly divided into four parts of approximately equal length: 1) basic concepts and techniques of FDA, 2) functional regression models, 3) sparse and dependent functional data, and 4) introduction to the Hilbert space framework of FDA. The book assumes advanced undergraduate background in calculus, linear algebra, distributional probability theory, foundations of statistical inference, and some familiarity with R programming. Other required statistics background is provided in scalar settings before the related functional concepts are developed. Most chapters end with references to more advanced research for those who wish to gain a more in-depth understanding of a specific topic.

Generalized Linear Models

A Unified Approach

Author: Jeff Gill

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506320244

Category: Social Science

Page: 112

View: 2709

The author explains the theoretical underpinnings of generalized linear models so that researchers can decide how to select the best way to adapt their data for this type of analysis. Examples are provided to illustrate the application of GLM to actual data and the author includes his Web address where additional resources can be found.

Data Analysis and Graphics Using R

An Example-Based Approach

Author: John Maindonald,W. John Braun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139486675

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 6344

Discover what you can do with R! Introducing the R system, covering standard regression methods, then tackling more advanced topics, this book guides users through the practical, powerful tools that the R system provides. The emphasis is on hands-on analysis, graphical display, and interpretation of data. The many worked examples, from real-world research, are accompanied by commentary on what is done and why. The companion website has code and datasets, allowing readers to reproduce all analyses, along with solutions to selected exercises and updates. Assuming basic statistical knowledge and some experience with data analysis (but not R), the book is ideal for research scientists, final-year undergraduate or graduate-level students of applied statistics, and practising statisticians. It is both for learning and for reference. This third edition expands upon topics such as Bayesian inference for regression, errors in variables, generalized linear mixed models, and random forests.

Logistic Regression Models

Author: Joseph M. Hilbe

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420075772

Category: Mathematics

Page: 656

View: 1610

Logistic Regression Models presents an overview of the full range of logistic models, including binary, proportional, ordered, partially ordered, and unordered categorical response regression procedures. Other topics discussed include panel, survey, skewed, penalized, and exact logistic models. The text illustrates how to apply the various models to health, environmental, physical, and social science data. Examples illustrate successful modeling The text first provides basic terminology and concepts, before explaining the foremost methods of estimation (maximum likelihood and IRLS) appropriate for logistic models. It then presents an in-depth discussion of related terminology and examines logistic regression model development and interpretation of the results. After focusing on the construction and interpretation of various interactions, the author evaluates assumptions and goodness-of-fit tests that can be used for model assessment. He also covers binomial logistic regression, varieties of overdispersion, and a number of extensions to the basic binary and binomial logistic model. Both real and simulated data are used to explain and test the concepts involved. The appendices give an overview of marginal effects and discrete change as well as a 30-page tutorial on using Stata commands related to the examples used in the text. Stata is used for most examples while R is provided at the end of the chapters to replicate examples in the text. Apply the models to your own data Data files for examples and questions used in the text as well as code for user-authored commands are provided on the book’s website, formatted in Stata, R, Excel, SAS, SPSS, and Limdep. See Professor Hilbe discuss the book.

Time Series

Modeling, Computation, and Inference

Author: Raquel Prado,Mike West

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420093363

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 5820

Focusing on Bayesian approaches and computations using simulation-based methods for inference, Time Series: Modeling, Computation, and Inference integrates mainstream approaches for time series modeling with significant recent developments in methodology and applications of time series analysis. It encompasses a graduate-level account of Bayesian time series modeling and analysis, a broad range of references to state-of-the-art approaches to univariate and multivariate time series analysis, and emerging topics at research frontiers. The book presents overviews of several classes of models and related methodology for inference, statistical computation for model fitting and assessment, and forecasting. The authors also explore the connections between time- and frequency-domain approaches and develop various models and analyses using Bayesian tools, such as Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) and sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) methods. They illustrate the models and methods with examples and case studies from a variety of fields, including signal processing, biomedicine, and finance. Data sets, R and MATLAB® code, and other material are available on the authors’ websites. Along with core models and methods, this text offers sophisticated tools for analyzing challenging time series problems. It also demonstrates the growth of time series analysis into new application areas.

Computational Statistics Handbook with MATLAB, Third Edition

Author: Wendy L. Martinez,Angel R. Martinez

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466592745

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 731

View: 3594

A Strong Practical Focus on Applications and Algorithms Computational Statistics Handbook with MATLAB®, Third Edition covers today’s most commonly used techniques in computational statistics while maintaining the same philosophy and writing style of the bestselling previous editions. The text keeps theoretical concepts to a minimum, emphasizing the implementation of the methods. New to the Third Edition This third edition is updated with the latest version of MATLAB and the corresponding version of the Statistics and Machine Learning Toolbox. It also incorporates new sections on the nearest neighbor classifier, support vector machines, model checking and regularization, partial least squares regression, and multivariate adaptive regression splines. Web Resource The authors include algorithmic descriptions of the procedures as well as examples that illustrate the use of algorithms in data analysis. The MATLAB code, examples, and data sets are available online.

Applied Regression Analysis

Author: Norman R. Draper,Harry Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118625684

Category: Mathematics

Page: 736

View: 6055

An outstanding introduction to the fundamentals of regression analysis-updated and expanded The methods of regression analysis are the most widely used statistical tools for discovering the relationships among variables. This classic text, with its emphasis on clear, thorough presentation of concepts and applications, offers a complete, easily accessible introduction to the fundamentals of regression analysis. Assuming only a basic knowledge of elementary statistics, Applied Regression Analysis, Third Edition focuses on the fitting and checking of both linear and nonlinear regression models, using small and large data sets, with pocket calculators or computers. This Third Edition features separate chapters on multicollinearity, generalized linear models, mixture ingredients, geometry of regression, robust regression, and resampling procedures. Extensive support materials include sets of carefully designed exercises with full or partial solutions and a series of true/false questions with answers. All data sets used in both the text and the exercises can be found on the companion disk at the back of the book. For analysts, researchers, and students in university, industrial, and government courses on regression, this text is an excellent introduction to the subject and an efficient means of learning how to use a valuable analytical tool. It will also prove an invaluable reference resource for applied scientists and statisticians.

Linear Models

Author: Shayle R. Searle,Marvin H. J. Gruber

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118952855

Category: Mathematics

Page: 696

View: 4584

Provides an easy-to-understand guide to statistical linear models and its uses in data analysis This book defines a broad spectrum of statistical linear models that is useful in the analysis of data. Considerable rewriting was done to make the book more reader friendly than the first edition. Linear Models, Second Edition is written in such a way as to be self-contained for a person with a background in basic statistics, calculus and linear algebra. The text includes numerous applied illustrations, numerical examples, and exercises, now augmented with computer outputs in SAS and R. Also new to this edition is: • A greatly improved internal design and format • A short introductory chapter to ease understanding of the order in which topics are taken up • Discussion of additional topics including multiple comparisons and shrinkage estimators • Enhanced discussions of generalized inverses, the MINQUE, Bayes and Maximum Likelihood estimators for estimating variance components Furthermore, in this edition, the second author adds many pedagogical elements throughout the book. These include numbered examples, end-of-example and end-of-proof symbols, selected hints and solutions to exercises available on the book’s website, and references to “big data” in everyday life. Featuring a thorough update, Linear Models, Second Edition includes: • A new internal format, additional instructional pedagogy, selected hints and solutions to exercises, and several more real-life applications • Many examples using SAS and R with timely data sets • Over 400 examples and exercises throughout the book to reinforce understanding Linear Models, Second Edition is a textbook and a reference for upper-level undergraduate and beginning graduate-level courses on linear models, statisticians, engineers, and scientists who use multiple regression or analysis of variance in their work. SHAYLE R. SEARLE, PhD, was Professor Emeritus of Biometry at Cornell University. He was the author of the first edition of Linear Models, Linear Models for Unbalanced Data, and Generalized, Linear, and Mixed Models (with Charles E. McCulloch), all from Wiley. The first edition of Linear Models appears in the Wiley Classics Library. MARVIN H. J. GRUBER, PhD, is Professor Emeritus at Rochester Institute of Technology, School of Mathematical Sciences. Dr. Gruber has written a number of papers and has given numerous presentations at professional meetings during his tenure as a professor at RIT. His fields of interest include regression estimators and the improvement of their efficiency using shrinkage estimators. He has written and published two books on this topic. Another of his books, Matrix Algebra for Linear Models, also published by Wiley, provides good preparation for studying Linear Models. He is a member of the American Mathematical Society, the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the American Statistical Association.

Multivariable Modeling and Multivariate Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Brian S. Everitt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439807701

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7560

Multivariable Modeling and Multivariate Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences shows students how to apply statistical methods to behavioral science data in a sensible manner. Assuming some familiarity with introductory statistics, the book analyzes a host of real-world data to provide useful answers to real-life issues. The author begins by exploring the types and design of behavioral studies. He also explains how models are used in the analysis of data. After describing graphical methods, such as scatterplot matrices, the text covers simple linear regression, locally weighted regression, multiple linear regression, regression diagnostics, the equivalence of regression and ANOVA, the generalized linear model, and logistic regression. The author then discusses aspects of survival analysis, linear mixed effects models for longitudinal data, and the analysis of multivariate data. He also shows how to carry out principal components, factor, and cluster analyses. The final chapter presents approaches to analyzing multivariate observations from several different populations. Through real-life applications of statistical methodology, this book elucidates the implications of behavioral science studies for statistical analysis. It equips behavioral science students with enough statistical tools to help them succeed later on in their careers. Solutions to the problems as well as all R code and data sets for the examples are available at www.crcpress.com