A Question of Trust

The BBC Reith Lectures 2002

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 100

View: 4632

Onora O'Neill's timely new work highlights a great paradox: in order to inspire trust, we, the public, require more accountability, more transparency. But the more we learn about our financial institutions, our politicians, our medical practitioners, our clergy, and many other people who have a direct effect on our lives, the less willing we are to trust them. Their word is doubted, their motives questioned. Whether real or perceived, this crisis of trust has a debilitating impact on society and democracy. Can trust be restored by making people and institutions more accountable in a modern democracy? Or do complex systems of accountability and control damage trust? O'nora O' Neill challenges current approaches to accountability, investigates sources of deception in our society and re-examines questions of press freedom. |L O'Neill presented these ideas this spring as a part of the BBC Radio 4's reith Lectures. Established in 1948, the Reith Lectures are presented to advance public understanding about significant issues of contemporary interest. Previous lecturers include Bertrand Russel, Robert Oppenheimer, and J.K. Galbraith.

A Question of Trust

The BBC Reith Lectures 2002

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521823043

Category: Philosophy

Page: 110

View: 2300

Can trust be restored by making people and institutions more accountable? Or do complex systems of accountability and control damage trust? Onora O'Neill challenges current approaches, investigates sources of deception in our society and re-examines questions of press freedom. This year's Reith Lectures present a philosopher's view of trust and deception and ask whether and how trust can be restored in modern democracy.

Reading Onora O’Neill

Author: David Archard,Monique Deveaux,Neil Manson,Daniel Weinstock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135017611

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 7996

Onora O’Neill is one of the foremost moral philosophers writing today. Her work on ethics and bioethics, political philosophy and the philosophy of Kant is extremely influential. Her landmark Reith Lectures on trust did much to establish the subject not only on the philosophical and political agenda but in the world of media, business and law more widely. Reading Onora O’Neill is the first book to examine and critically appraise the work of this important thinker. It includes specially commissioned chapters by leading international philosophers in ethics, Kantian philosophy and political philosophy. The following aspects of O’Neill’s work are examined: global justice Kant the ethics of the family bioethics consent trust. Featuring a substantial reply to her critics at the end of the book, Reading Onora O’Neill is essential reading for students and scholars of ethics and political philosophy.

Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521894531

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 8175

Onora O'Neill suggests that the conceptions of individual autonomy (so widely relied on in bioethics) are philosophically and ethically inadequate; they undermine rather than support relationships based on trust. Her arguments are illustrated with issues raised by such practices as the use of genetic information by the police, research using human tissues, new reproductive technologies, and media practices for reporting on medicine, science and technology. The study appeals to a wide range of readers in ethics, bioethics and related disciplines.

Towards Justice and Virtue

A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521485593

Category: Philosophy

Page: 230

View: 6435

Constructs an account of the basic principles for moving towards just institutions and virtuous lives.

Justice across Boundaries

Whose Obligations?

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316495477

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7252

Who ought to do what, and for whom, if global justice is to progress? In this collection of essays on justice beyond borders, Onora O'Neill criticises theoretical approaches that concentrate on rights, yet ignore both the obligations that must be met to realise those rights, and the capacities needed by those who shoulder these obligations. She notes that states are profoundly anti-cosmopolitan institutions, and that even those committed to justice and universal rights often lack the competence and the will to secure them, let alone to secure them beyond their borders. She argues for a wider conception of global justice, in which obligations may be held either by states or by competent non-state actors, and in which borders themselves must meet standards of justice. This rich and wide-ranging collection will appeal to a broad array of academic researchers and advanced students of political philosophy, political theory, international relations and philosophy of law.

Acting on Principle

An Essay on Kantian Ethics

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107035597

Category: Philosophy

Page: 297

View: 2903

A second edition of O'Neill's important account and defence of the Kantian ethical position, featuring a new introduction and bibliography.

Providence and Evil

The Stanton Lectures 1971-2

Author: Peter Geach

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521214773

Category: Philosophy

Page: 153

View: 1906

Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics

Author: Neil C. Manson,Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139463209

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 2193

Informed consent is a central topic in contemporary biomedical ethics. Yet attempts to set defensible and feasible standards for consenting have led to persistent difficulties. In Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics, first published in 2007, Neil Manson and Onora O'Neill set debates about informed consent in medicine and research in a fresh light. They show why informed consent cannot be fully specific or fully explicit, and why more specific consent is not always ethically better. They argue that consent needs distinctive communicative transactions, by which other obligations, prohibitions, and rights can be waived or set aside in controlled and specific ways. Their book offers a coherent, wide-ranging and practical account of the role of consent in biomedicine which will be valuable to readers working in a range of areas in bioethics, medicine and law.

The Philosophy of Trust

Author: Paul Faulkner,Thomas Simpson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198732546

Category:

Page: 336

View: 7009

Trust is central to our social lives. We know by trusting what others tell us. We act on that basis, and on the basis of trust in their promises and implicit commitments. So trust underpins both epistemic and practical cooperation and is key to philosophical debates on the conditions of its possibility. It is difficult to overstate the significance of these issues. On the practical side, discussions of cooperation address what makes society possible-of how it is that life is not a Hobbesian war of all against all. On the epistemic side, discussions of cooperation address what makes the pooling of knowledge possible-and so the edifice that is science. But trust is not merely central to our lives instrumentally; trusting relations are themselves of great value, and in trusting others, we realise distinctive forms of value. What are these forms of value, and how is trust central to our lives? These questions are explored and developed in this volume, which collects fifteen new essays on the philosophy of trust. They develop and extend existing philosophical discussion of trust and will provide a reference point for future work on trust.

Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Katherine Hawley

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191642371

Category: Psychology

Page: 144

View: 2165

Trust is indispensable, yet it can be dangerous. Without trusting others, we cannot function in society, or even stay alive for very long, but being overly-trustful can be a bad strategy too. Trust is pragmatic, but it also has a moral dimension: trustworthiness is a virtue, and well-placed trust benefits us all. In this Very Short Introduction, Katherine Hawley explores the key ideas about trust and distrust. Considerings questions such as 'Why do we value trust?' and Why do we want to be trusted rather than distrusted?', Hawley raises issues about the importance of trust in both the personal and public spheres, including family and relationships as well as politics and society. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Bounds of Justice

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780521442329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 219

View: 9377

Argues for a concept of justice that takes account of boundaries, institutions and human diversity.

Trust

A History

Author: Geoffrey Hosking

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191020729

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 4847

Today there is much talk of a 'crisis of trust'; a crisis which is almost certainly genuine, but usually misunderstood. Trust: A History offers a new perspective on the ways in which trust and distrust have functioned in past societies, providing an empirical and historical basis against which the present crisis can be examined, and suggesting ways in which the concept of trust can be used as a tool to understand our own and other societies. Geoffrey Hosking argues that social trust is mediated through symbolic systems, such as religion and money, and the institutions associated with them, such as churches and banks. Historically these institutions have nourished trust, but the resulting trust networks have tended to create quite tough boundaries around themselves, across which distrust is projected against outsiders. Hosking also shows how nation-states have been particularly good at absorbing symbolic systems and generating trust among large numbers of people, while also erecting distinct boundaries around themselves, despite an increasingly global economy. He asserts that in the modern world it has become common to entrust major resources to institutions we know little about, and suggests that we need to learn from historical experience and temper this with more traditional forms of trust, or become an ever more distrustful society, with potentially very destabilising consequences.

Moral Clarity

A Guide for Grown-Up Idealists - Revised Edition

Author: Susan Neiman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691143897

Category: Philosophy

Page: 470

View: 4390

For years, moral language has been the province of the Right, as the Left has consoled itself with rudderless pragmatism. In this profound and powerful book, Susan Neiman reclaims the vocabulary of morality--good and evil, heroism and nobility--as a lingua franca for the twenty-first century. In constructing a framework for taking responsible action on today's urgent questions, Neiman reaches back to the eighteenth century, retrieving a series of values--happiness, reason, reverence, and hope--held high by Enlightenment thinkers. In this thoroughly updated edition, Neiman reflects on how the moral language of the 2008 presidential campaign has opened up new political and cultural possibilities in America and beyond. --

Learning by Doing

A Handbook for Professional Learning Communities at Work TM

Author: Richard DuFour,Rebecca DuFour

Publisher: Solution Tree Press

ISBN: 1935249894

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 7411

Like the first edition, the second edition of Learning by Doing: A Handbook for Professional Learning Communities at Work helps educators close the knowing-doing gap as they transform their schools into professional learning communities (PLCs).

The Two Cultures

Author: C. P. Snow,Stefan Collini

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107606144

Category: Philosophy

Page: 179

View: 4675

The importance of science and technology and future of education and research are just some of the subjects discussed here.

Born and Made

An Ethnography of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis

Author: Sarah Franklin,Celia Roberts

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400835429

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 945

Are new reproductive and genetic technologies racing ahead of a society that is unable to establish limits to their use? Have the "new genetics" outpaced our ability to control their future applications? This book examines the case of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), the procedure used to prevent serious genetic disease by embryo selection, and the so-called "designer baby" method. Using detailed empirical evidence, the authors show that far from being a runaway technology, the regulation of PGD over the past fifteen years provides an example of precaution and restraint, as well as continual adaptation to changing social circumstances. Through interviews, media and policy analysis, and participant observation at two PGD centers in the United Kingdom, Born and Made provides an in-depth sociological examination of the competing moral obligations that define the experience of PGD. Among the many novel findings of this pathbreaking ethnography of reproductive biomedicine is the prominence of uncertainty and ambivalence among PGD patients and professionals--a finding characteristic of the emerging "biosociety," in which scientific progress is inherently paradoxical and contradictory. In contrast to much of the speculative futurology that defines this field, Born and Made provides a timely and revealing case study of the on-the-ground decision-making that shapes technological assistance to human heredity.

Intelligent Kindness

Reforming the Culture of Healthcare

Author: John Ballatt,Penelope Campling

Publisher: RCPsych Publications

ISBN: 9781908020048

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 7056

This book calls on policymakers, managers, educators and clinical staff to apply and nurture intelligent kindness in the organisation and delivery of care.

Having children

philosophical and legal reflections on parenthood : essays

Author: Onora O'Neill,William Ruddick,Society for Philosophy and Public Affairs

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 362

View: 4045