A Question of Trust

The BBC Reith Lectures 2002

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521529969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 100

View: 1589

Onora O'Neill's timely new work highlights a great paradox: in order to inspire trust, we, the public, require more accountability, more transparency. But the more we learn about our financial institutions, our politicians, our medical practitioners, our clergy, and many other people who have a direct effect on our lives, the less willing we are to trust them. Their word is doubted, their motives questioned. Whether real or perceived, this crisis of trust has a debilitating impact on society and democracy. Can trust be restored by making people and institutions more accountable in a modern democracy? Or do complex systems of accountability and control damage trust? O'nora O' Neill challenges current approaches to accountability, investigates sources of deception in our society and re-examines questions of press freedom. |L O'Neill presented these ideas this spring as a part of the BBC Radio 4's reith Lectures. Established in 1948, the Reith Lectures are presented to advance public understanding about significant issues of contemporary interest. Previous lecturers include Bertrand Russel, Robert Oppenheimer, and J.K. Galbraith.

Accountability

Qualitätsmanagement in Hamburger Kindertagesstätten

Author: Barbara Junne

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658136529

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 2895

Barbara Junne befasst sich mit der Frage, wie Qualitätsmanagement in Hamburger Kitas als eine gesellschaftlich konstruierte Praktik entsteht, die die gegenseitige Rechenschaftslegung, d.h. Accountability, befördert. Vor diesem Hintergrund kann Qualitätsmanagement eben nicht als objektives Instrument betrachtet werden. Es erscheint vielmehr als ein Vehikel für unterschiedliche Interessen, Sinn- und Bedeutungszuschreibungen der am Diskurs beteiligten Akteure, die sich wiederum über die Zeit verändern. Die Gestaltung von Qualitätsverfahren ist somit auf die Mitgestaltung der lokal handelnden Akteure und deren permanente Rekonstruktion von Qualität angewiesen.

Trust

A History

Author: Geoffrey Hosking

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191022829

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 978

Today there is much talk of a 'crisis of trust'; a crisis which is almost certainly genuine, but usually misunderstood. Trust: A History offers a new perspective on the ways in which trust and distrust have functioned in past societies, providing an empirical and historical basis against which the present crisis can be examined, and suggesting ways in which the concept of trust can be used as a tool to understand our own and other societies. Geoffrey Hosking argues that social trust is mediated through symbolic systems, such as religion and money, and the institutions associated with them, such as churches and banks. Historically these institutions have nourished trust, but the resulting trust networks have tended to create quite tough boundaries around themselves, across which distrust is projected against outsiders. Hosking also shows how nation-states have been particularly good at absorbing symbolic systems and generating trust among large numbers of people, while also erecting distinct boundaries around themselves, despite an increasingly global economy. He asserts that in the modern world it has become common to entrust major resources to institutions we know little about, and suggests that we need to learn from historical experience and temper this with more traditional forms of trust, or become an ever more distrustful society, with potentially very destabilising consequences.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 8210

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Merely for Money?

Business Culture in the British Atlantic, 1750-1815

Author: Sheryllynne Haggerty

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 1781388911

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 9351

In 1780 Richard Sheridan noted that merchants worked 'merely for money'. However, rather than being a criticism, this was recognition of the important commercial role that merchants played in the British empire at this time. Of course, merchants desired and often made profits, but they were strictly bound by commonly-understood socio-cultural norms which formed a private-order institution of a robust business culture. In order to elucidate this business culture, this book examines the themes of risk, trust, reputation, obligation, networks and crises to demonstrate how contemporary merchants perceived and dealt with one another and managed their businesses. Merchants were able to take risks and build trust, but concerns about reputation and fulfilling obligations constrained economic opportunism. By relating these themes to an array of primary sources from ports around the British-Atlantic world, this book provides a more nuanced understanding of business culture during this period. A theme which runs throughout the book is the mercantile community as a whole and its relationship with the state. This was an important element in the British business culture of this period, although this relationship came under stress towards the end of period, forming a crisis in itself. This book argues that the business culture of the British-Atlantic mercantile community not only facilitated the conduct of day-to-day business, but also helped it to cope with short-term crises and long-term changes. This facilitated the success of the British-Atlantic economy even within the context of changing geo-politics and an under-institutionalised environment. Not working 'merely for money' was a successful business model.

Trust, Democracy, and Multicultural Challenges

Author: Patti Tamara Lenard

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271052538

Category: Political Science

Page: 193

View: 1924

"Examines the potential for distrust in an environment of ethnocultural diversity arising from increasing rates of immigration, and its implications for a democratic society. Incorporates democratic theory, multiculturalism theory, and migration theory"--Provided by publisher.

Trust

How We Lost it and How to Get it Back

Author: Anthony Seldon

Publisher: Biteback Publishing

ISBN: 184954266X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 1298

The updated edition of the bestselling title, Trust is the first serious response to the era of post-financial and political meltdown, Dr. Anthony Seldon lays out a blueprint for regaining trust within the national life. In part a wide-ranging meditation on notions of trust and responsibility in civic society, Trust is a powerful and important analysis of ten essential areas where trust in national life has broken down. Using examples from throughout the world and from history, it offers ten solutions for a better, more positive future.

The education debate

Author: Stephen J. Ball

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144730540X

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 7822

Education is a key political issue and seen as a crucial factor in ensuring economic productivity and competitiveness. In this enthralling book, Stephen J. Ball offers an analysis of the flood of government initiatives and policies that have been introduced over the past 20 years, including Beacon Schools, the Academies programme, parental choice, Foundation Schools, faith schools and teaching standards. He looks at the politics of these policy interventions and how they have changed the face of education. This bestselling book makes essential reading for student-teachers, other students of politics and social policy courses and for the general reader who wants to get beyond the simplistic analyses of the newspapers.

Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships

Author: J. Steets

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230290612

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 4413

A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via the OAPEN Library platform, www.oapen.org. This book presents a new model of accountability which ensures that public-private partnerships don't erode public accountability. It defines concrete accountability standards for different types of partnerships.

Balancing Reasonable Justice

John Rawls and Crucial Steps Beyond

Author: Ville Päivänsalo

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140948520X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 218

View: 4991

John Rawls's pioneering work of political philosophy A Theory of Justice has had far reaching influence on modern liberal political philosophy. Rawls' sprinciples of justice as fairness: the principle of liberty, the principle of fair equality of opportunity and the famous 'difference principle' have been both heavily criticized and incorporated into other political theories. In this book Päivänsalo both presents a deep analysis of the whole Rawlsian canon and builds upon and goes beyond Rawls's conception by introducing a fresh theoretical framework to clarify and modify different balances of the elements of Rawlsian justice. Justice as fairness is analyzed into its parts and elements, critically examined to find the strongest most favourable interpretations of each principle and in this light the principles are reconstructed and rebalanced in such a way as to resist the most significant criticisms of the Rawlsian project.

Justification in a Post-Christian Society

Author: Carl-Henric Grenholm,Göran Gunner

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630877581

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 1185

Since the Reformation in the sixteenth century, Lutheran traditions have had a great impact on culture and politics in many societies. At the same time Lutheran churches have impacted personal faith, basic morality, and ethics. Modern society, however, is quite different from the time of the Reformation. How should we evaluate Lutheran tradition in today's Western multicultural and post-Christian society? Is it possible to develop a Lutheran theological position that can be regarded as reasonable in a society that evidences a considerable weakening of the role of Christianity? What are the challenges raised by cultural diversity for a Lutheran theology and ethics? Is it possible to develop a Lutheran identity in a multicultural society, and is there any fruitful Lutheran contribution to the coexistence of different religious and nonreligious traditions in the future?

Small Change, Big Deal

Money as if people mattered

Author: Jennifer Kavanagh

Publisher: John Hunt Publishing

ISBN: 1780993145

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 181

View: 5506

As we consider the plight of our consumer-driven economy, it is easy to forget that money is about relationship: between individuals and between communities. In our current financial mess, it is worth reminding ourselves of community-based alternatives, and to look closely at microcredit, a model of peer lending to enable people to move out of poverty. From Bangladesh, from South Africa, from Ghana, and from the East End of London, we are given a worm’s eye view of small scale work, of personal transformation, and the building of community. Small and local is still beautiful, and has much to teach us.

Assessment for Education

Standards, Judgement and Moderation

Author: Valentina Klenowski,Claire Wyatt-Smith

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446292754

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 1295

'This is a very exciting book and should be read widely by anyone who wants a better understanding of the role of assessment in the diverse, globalised, digital societies of the 21st century.' - Professor Mary James, University of Cambridge, President, British Educational Research Association 'Highly readable and thoroughly researched, this call for a new vision of education deserves to be ready by all those who share the concern to shape today's assessment practices to meet the needs of tomorrow's society.' - Professor Patricia Broadfoot, CBE, University of Bristol Do you need a practical guide to assessment, curriculum and policy? Are you also looking for a book that is firmly grounded in theory and professional practice? This book makes assessment processes transparent for practitioners, and shows how assessment should align with curriculum and teaching for success in education. The book will show you how practitioner use of achievement standards can improve learning, equity, social justice and accountability. Inside this book, you will learn about: Quality assessment and judgement practice Relationships across curriculum, assessment, teaching and learning Front-ending assessment based on the learner's needs Practitioner judgement approaches and standards The conditions under which teacher assessment can be valid Principles derived from research of social moderation practices Assessment for Education is the perfect guide for students, researchers, academics and teaches, and anyone working in curriculum and assessment policy.

Leadership: The Key Concepts

Author: Antonio Marturano,Jonathan Gosling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134176228

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 9989

This is an indispensable and authoritative guide to the most crucial ideas, concepts and debates surrounding the study and exercise of leadership. Bringing together entries written by a wide range of international experts, this is an essential desktop resource for managers and leaders in all kinds of institutions and organizations, as well as students of business, sociology and politics. Topics covered in this guide include: authority creativity cross-cultural leadership motivation emotional intelligence group dynamics.

Personal Networking

How to Make Your Connections Count

Author: Mick Cope

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780273663591

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 173

View: 5154

Being connected is the ultimate source of personal effectiveness. This text provides a straightforward approach to building and working within networks. It delivers a practical guide to creating the kind of network that you need, and becoming a natural and effective networked communicator.

Missional: Impossible!

The Death of Institutional Christianity and the Rebirth of G-d

Author: Francis Rothery

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630872768

Category: Religion

Page: 242

View: 8482

Mainline Christianity in the West is dying. Addiction to hierarchical and bureaucratic power is killing it. A management-god and a mission-god have usurped the Way of Christ. In the midst of decline the missional movement is attempting to reboot the church. Its goal is to remake a New Christian West through mission, leadership, mapping, and planning. Yet it is trapped in the language and methods of modernity. Its final solution is a polarizing vision of cultural domination by one social group, the Christians. The Way of Life and Truth has been forgotten. Christ is not a conquering King, a written Word, or an absolute Idea, but a divine Human Being. Social wholeness can only be realized through a rediscovery of Conversation, Reconciliation, and Empowerment. These reflect Christ's practices of eternal dialogue and reciprocal giving in small communities. Through this mutual Way of Life people of all faiths (and none) can discover deep within themselves Our Un/Known G-d. A gentle voice is whispering in the heart of all humanity, I am . . . the Way.

Governing Post-War Britain

The Paradoxes of Progress, 1951-1973

Author: Glen O'Hara

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230361277

Category: History

Page: 309

View: 8854

Glen O'Hara draws a compelling picture of Second World War Britain by investigating relations between people and government: the electorate's rising expectations and demands for universally-available social services, the increasing complexity of the new solutions to these needs, and mounting frustration with both among both governors and governed.

Bounds of Justice

Author: Onora O'Neill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780521442329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 219

View: 4164

Argues for a concept of justice that takes account of boundaries, institutions and human diversity.

Active Citizenship

Author: Bernard Crick

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748686525

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 5396

Considers the possibilities for active citizenship within areas of broad concern in UK politics: young people and justice; parliaments with the people; women and equality; integrating immigrants; multiculturalism; schools; community; social inclusion and

Reading Onora O’Neill

Author: David Archard,Monique Deveaux,Neil Manson,Daniel Weinstock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135017611

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 1318

Onora O’Neill is one of the foremost moral philosophers writing today. Her work on ethics and bioethics, political philosophy and the philosophy of Kant is extremely influential. Her landmark Reith Lectures on trust did much to establish the subject not only on the philosophical and political agenda but in the world of media, business and law more widely. Reading Onora O’Neill is the first book to examine and critically appraise the work of this important thinker. It includes specially commissioned chapters by leading international philosophers in ethics, Kantian philosophy and political philosophy. The following aspects of O’Neill’s work are examined: global justice Kant the ethics of the family bioethics consent trust. Featuring a substantial reply to her critics at the end of the book, Reading Onora O’Neill is essential reading for students and scholars of ethics and political philosophy.