A Theory of Fields

Author: Neil Fligstein,Doug McAdam

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190241454

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 5231

Finding ways to understand the nature of social change and social order-from political movements to market meltdowns-is one of the enduring problems of social science.A Theory of Fields draws together far-ranging insights from social movement theory, organizational theory, and economic and political sociology to construct a general theory of social organization and strategic action. In a work of remarkable synthesis, imagination, and analysis, Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam propose that social change and social order can be understood through what they call strategic action fields. They posit that these fields are the general building blocks of political and economic life, civil society, and the state, and the fundamental form of order in our world today. Similar to Russian dolls, they are nested and connected in a broader environment of almost countless proximate and overlapping fields. Fields are mutually dependent; change in one often triggers change in another. At the core of the theory is an account of how social actors fashion and maintain order in a given field. This sociological theory of action, what they call "social skill," helps explain what individuals do in strategic action fields to gain cooperation or engage in competition. To demonstrate the breadth of the theory, Fligstein and McAdam make its abstract principles concrete through extended case studies of the Civil Rights Movement and the rise and fall of the market for mortgages in the U.S. since the 1960s. The book also provides a "how-to" guide to help others implement the approach and discusses methodological issues. With a bold new approach, A Theory of Fields offers both a rigorous and practically applicable way of thinking through and making sense of social order and change-and how one emerges from the other-in modern, complex societies.

The Quantum Theory of Fields

Author: Steven Weinberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521550017

Category: SCIENCE

Page: 635

View: 3727

Available for the first time in paperback, The Quantum Theory of Fields is a self-contained, comprehensive, and up-to-date introduction to quantum field theory from Nobel Laureate Steven Weinberg. Volume I introduces the foundations of quantum field theory.

The Classical Theory of Fields

Electromagnetism

Author: Carl S. Helrich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642232051

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 9763

The study of classical electromagnetic fields is an adventure. The theory is complete mathematically and we are able to present it as an example of classical Newtonian experimental and mathematical philosophy. There is a set of foundational experiments, on which most of the theory is constructed. And then there is the bold theoretical proposal of a field-field interaction from James Clerk Maxwell. This textbook presents the theory of classical fields as a mathematical structure based solidly on laboratory experiments. Here the student is introduced to the beauty of classical field theory as a gem of theoretical physics. To keep the discussion fluid, the history is placed in a beginning chapter and some of the mathematical proofs in the appendices. Chapters on Green’s Functions and Laplace’s Equation and a discussion of Faraday’s Experiment further deepen the understanding. The chapter on Einstein’s relativity is an integral necessity to the text. Finally, chapters on particle motion and waves in a dispersive medium complete the picture. High quality diagrams and detailed end-of-chapter questions enhance the learning experience.

Das metrische Wir

Über die Quantifizierung des Sozialen

Author: Steffen Mau

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518751727

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 5160

Ob Bildung, Gesundheit oder Konsum: Über so ziemlich jeden Aspekt unserer Person und unseres Verhaltens werden inzwischen Daten gesammelt. Schritt für Schritt entsteht so eine Gesellschaft der Sternchen, Scores, Likes und Listen, in der alles und jeder ständig vermessen und bewertet wird. Das beginnt beim alljährlichen Hochschulranking, reicht über die Quantified-Self-Bewegung fitnessbegeisterter Großstädter, die über das Internet ihre Bestzeiten miteinander vergleichen, bis hin zur Beurteilung der Effizienz politischer Maßnahmen. Steffen Mau untersucht die Techniken dieser neuen Soziometrie und zeigt ihre Folgen auf. Die Bewertungssysteme der quantifizierten Gesellschaft, so sein zentraler Gedanke, bilden nicht einfach die Ungleichheiten in der Welt ab, sondern sind letztlich mitentscheidend bei der Verteilung von Lebenschancen.

Introduction to A Theory of Fields

Author: I. W. Mackintosh

Publisher: New Generation Publishing

ISBN: 1785076043

Category: Fiction

Page: 334

View: 5687

This book gives a simplified account of a new fundamental theory of physics. It is based on two postulates (or laws) and from these are derived a set of Field Equations. The solutions of these equations account for many of the features of modern physics. These solutions lead to the prediction of Newton's laws of motion and gravitation, Coulomb's law and electromagnetism, and the prediction of the values of the gravitational constant and the charge on the electron which are close to the measured values. They also lead to a formula for Plank's constant, and to SchrOdinger's equation and the basis for quantum mechanics. Particles are not points. Structures are proposed for the proton, neutron, electron, electron neutrino, muon, pion and kaons. The theory provides an account of the up, down, strange, charm and bottom quarks and the W^A and Z particles. The book is mathematical, but simplified as much as possible to make the book accessible to a wide range of readers.

Topics in the Theory of Algebraic Function Fields

Author: Gabriel Daniel Villa Salvador

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817645152

Category: Mathematics

Page: 652

View: 3734

The fields of algebraic functions of one variable appear in several areas of mathematics: complex analysis, algebraic geometry, and number theory. This text adopts the latter perspective by applying an arithmetic-algebraic viewpoint to the study of function fields as part of the algebraic theory of numbers. The examination explains both the similarities and fundamental differences between function fields and number fields, including many exercises and examples to enhance understanding and motivate further study. The only prerequisites are a basic knowledge of field theory, complex analysis, and some commutative algebra.

Die Architektur der Märkte

Author: Neil Fligstein

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531159645

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 5489

Die Architektur der Märkte fasst grundlegende Schriften Neil Fligsteins aus verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen zusammen, in denen er eine wirtschaftssoziologische Sicht auf kapitalistische Gesellschaften entwickelt hat. Fligstein hat mit der These von der sozialen Konstruktion oder Architektur von Märkten auf die Bedeutung des Staates und der modernen Unternehmen aufmerksam gemacht und die institutionelle Rahmung des Wirtschaftslebens in den Mittelpunkt gerückt. Der Band hat nach seinem Erscheinen für große Aufmerksamkeit gesorgt und gilt zu Recht als eine der wegweisenden Aufsatzsammlungen der neueren Wirtschaftssoziologie.

Asymptotic Methods in the Theory of Gaussian Processes and Fields

Author: Vladimir I. Piterbarg

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821883313

Category: Mathematics

Page: 206

View: 9354

This book is devoted to a systematic analysis of asymptotic behavior of distributions of various typical functionals of Gaussian random variables and fields. The text begins with an extended introduction, which explains fundamental ideas and sketches the basic methods fully presented later in the book. Good approximate formulas and sharp estimates of the remainders are obtained for a large class of Gaussian and similar processes. The author devotes special attention to the development of asymptotic analysis methods, emphasizing the method of comparison, the double-sum method and the method of moments. The author has added an extended introduction and has significantly revised the text for this translation, particularly the material on the double-sum method.

Introduction to the Theory of Algebraic Functions of One Variable

Author: Claude Chevalley

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821815067

Category: Mathematics

Page: 188

View: 1484

Presents an approach to algebraic geometry of curves that is treated as the theory of algebraic functions on the curve. This book discusses such topics as the theory of divisors on a curve, the Riemann-Roch theorem, $p$-adic completion, and extensions of the fields of functions (covering theory) and of the fields of constants.

Quantum Theory of Fields

Author: Gregor Wentzel

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486174492

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 5188

Written by a pioneer of quantum field theory, this introductory volume explores scalar fields, vector meson fields, quantum electrodynamics, quantization of electron wave field according to exclusion principle. 1949 edition.

General Principles of Quantum Field Theory

Author: N.N. Bogolubov,Anatoly A. Logunov,A. I. Oksak,I. Todorov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792305408

Category: Science

Page: 695

View: 6267

The majority of the "memorable" results of relativistic quantum theory were obtained within the framework of the local quantum field approach. The explanation of the basic principles of the local theory and its mathematical structure has left its mark on all modern activity in this area. Originally, the axiomatic approach arose from attempts to give a mathematical meaning to the quantum field theory of strong interactions (of Yukawa type). The fields in such a theory are realized by operators in Hilbert space with a positive Poincare-invariant scalar product. This "classical" part of the axiomatic approach attained its modern form as far back as the sixties. * It has retained its importance even to this day, in spite of the fact that nowadays the main prospects for the description of the electro-weak and strong interactions are in connection with the theory of gauge fields. In fact, from the point of view of the quark model, the theory of strong interactions of Wightman type was obtained by restricting attention to just the "physical" local operators (such as hadronic fields consisting of ''fundamental'' quark fields) acting in a Hilbert space of physical states. In principle, there are enough such "physical" fields for a description of hadronic physics, although this means that one must reject the traditional local Lagrangian formalism. (The connection is restored in the approximation of low-energy "phe nomenological" Lagrangians.

The Theory of Algebraic Number Fields

Author: David Hilbert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662035456

Category: Mathematics

Page: 351

View: 7111

A translation of Hilberts "Theorie der algebraischen Zahlkörper" best known as the "Zahlbericht", first published in 1897, in which he provides an elegantly integrated overview of the development of algebraic number theory up to the end of the nineteenth century. The Zahlbericht also provided a firm foundation for further research in the theory, and can be seen as the starting point for all twentieth century investigations into the subject, as well as reciprocity laws and class field theory. This English edition further contains an introduction by F. Lemmermeyer and N. Schappacher.

The Classical Theory of Fields

Author: L D Landau

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483293289

Category: Science

Page: 417

View: 3523

Translated from the 6th Russian edition, this latest edition contains seven new sections with chapters on General Relativity, Gravitational Waves and Relativistic Cosmology, where Professor Lifshitz's interests lay. The text of the 3rd English edition has been thoroughly revised and additional problems inserted

The Quantum Theory of Fields: Volume 3, Supersymmetry

Author: Steven Weinberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643436

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9008

In this third volume of The Quantum Theory of Fields, available for the first time in paperback, Nobel Laureate Steven Weinberg continues his masterly exposition of quantum field theory. This volume presents a self-contained, up-to-date and comprehensive introduction to supersymmetry, a highly active area of theoretical physics. The text introduces and explains a broad range of topics, including supersymmetric algebras, supersymmetric field theories, extended supersymmetry, supergraphs, non-perturbative results, theories of supersymmetry in higher dimensions, and supergravity. A thorough review is given of the phenomenological implications of supersymmetry, including theories of both gauge and gravitationally-mediated supersymmetry breaking. Also provided is an introduction to mathematical techniques, based on holomorphy and duality, that have proved so fruitful in recent developments. This book contains much material not found in other books on supersymmetry, including previously unpublished results. Exercises are included.

Galois Theory of p-Extensions

Author: Helmut Koch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540436294

Category: Mathematics

Page: 191

View: 3570

Helmut Koch's classic is now available in English. Competently translated by Franz Lemmermeyer, it introduces the theory of pro-p groups and their cohomology. The book contains a postscript on the recent development of the field written by H. Koch and F. Lemmermeyer, along with many additional recent references.

The Theory of Relativity

And Other Essays

Author: Albert Einstein

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453204695

Category: Science

Page: 108

View: 4323

E=mc2 is the world’s most famous equation. Discover the thought process and physics behind general relativity and Einstein’s contribution to science, in this authorized edition. In this collection of his seven most important essays on physics, Einstein guides his reader step-by-step through the many layers of scientific theory that formed a starting point for his discoveries. By both supporting and refuting the theories and scientific efforts of his predecessors, Einstein reveals in a clear voice the origins and meaning of such significant topics as physics and reality, the fundamentals of theoretical physics, the common language of science, the laws of science and of ethics, and an elementary derivation of the equivalence of mass and energy. This remarkable collection allows the general reader to understand not only the significance of Einstein’s masterpiece, but also the brilliant mind behind it. This authorized ebook features a new introduction by Neil Berger and an illustrated biography of Albert Einstein, which includes rare photos and never-before-seen documents from the Albert Einstein Archives at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

The Theory of Classical Valuations

Author: Paulo Ribenboim

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387985251

Category: Mathematics

Page: 403

View: 4753

Valuation theory is used constantly in algebraic number theory and field theory, and is currently gaining considerable research interest. Ribenboim fills a unique niche in the literature as he presents one of the first introductions to classical valuation theory in this up-to-date rendering of the authors long-standing experience with the applications of the theory. The presentation is fully up-to-date and will serve as a valuable resource for students and mathematicians.

Introduction to the Theory of Critical Phenomena

Mean Field, Fluctuations and Renormalization

Author: D. I. Uzunov

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810203887

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 6550

The sophistication of modern tools used in the study of statistical mechanics and field theory is often an obstacle to the easy understanding of new important current results reported in journals. The main purpose of this book is to introduce the reader to the methods of the fluctuation (field) theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena so as to provide a good source for research. The introductory contents are concerned with ideas of description, thermodynamic stability theory related to phase transitions, major experimental facts, basic models and their relationships. Special attention is paid to the mean field approximation and to the Landau expansion for simple and complex models of critical and multicritical phenomena. An instructive representation of the modern perturbation theory and the method of the renormalization group is developed for field models of phase transitions. The essential influence of the fluctuations on the critical behaviour is established together with the theory of correlation functions, Gaussian approximation, the Ginzburg criterion, ?- and 1/n- expansions as practical realizations of the renormalization group ideas. Applications of the theory to concrete aspects of condensed matter physics are considered: quantum effects, Bose condensation, crystal anisotropy, superconductors and liquid crystals, effects of disorder of type randomly distributed quenched impurities and random fields. This volume can be used as an advanced University course book for students with a basic knowledge of statistical physics and quantum mechanics. It could be considered as a complementary text to a standard University course on statistical physics.

Towards a Theory of Development

Author: Alessandro Minelli,Thomas Pradeu

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191651184

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 5088

Is it possible to explain and predict the development of living things? What is development? Articulate answers to these seemingly innocuous questions are far from straightforward. To date, no systematic, targeted effort has been made to construct a unifying theory of development. This novel work offers a unique exploration of the foundations of ontogeny by asking how the development of living things should be understood. It explores the key concepts of developmental biology, asks whether general principles of development can be discovered, and examines the role of models and theories. The two editors (one a biologist with long interest in the theoretical aspects of his discipline, the other a philosopher of science who has mainly worked on biological systems) have assembled a team of leading contributors who are representative of the scientific and philosophical community within which a diversity of thoughts are growing, and out of which a theory of development may eventually emerge. They analyse a wealth of approaches to concepts, models and theories of development, such as gene regulatory networks, accounts based on systems biology and on physics of soft matter, the different articulations of evolution and development, symbiont-induced development, as well as the widely discussed concepts of positional information and morphogenetic field, the idea of a 'programme' of development and its critiques, and the long-standing opposition between preformationist and epigenetic conceptions of development. Towards a Theory of Development is primarily aimed at students and researchers in the fields of 'evo-devo', developmental biology, theoretical biology, systems biology, biophysics, and the philosophy of science.