Author: James Adejuwon,Neil Leary
Category: Political Science
This book provides valuable lessons that will improve public policy and the quality of decisions that will affect generations to come. Richard Moss, Senior Director Climate and Energy, United Nations Foundation An excellent addition to the body of knowledge on adaptation to climate change from the developing world, which has been largely missing until now. Saleemul Huq, Director, Climate Change Programme, International Institute for Environment and Development This important volume is a valuable effort on adaptation to climate change that needs to be on the desks of those seeking coping strategies for longer term responses to evolving climate changes. Roger Kasperson, Emeritus, Clark University, USA The IPCC, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2007, makes clear that while climate change mitigation is vital, the world must also begin to adapt. But how best can this be achieved? This authoritative volume (along with its companion on vulnerability), resulting from the work of the Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change (AIACC) project launched with the IPCC in 2002, is the first to provide an in-depth investigation of the stakes in developing countries. It covers current practices for managing climate risks, deficits between current practices and needs, the changing nature of the risks due to human caused climate change, strategies for adapting to changing risks, and the need to integrate these strategies into development planning and resource management. The book also identifies obstacles to effective adaptation and explores measures needed to create conditions that are favourable to climate change adaptation. Published with TWAS and START
Prioritising Social Equity and Environmental Integrity
Author: Katrina Brown,Eriksen Siri
Category: Political Science
This book sets out how to ensure that adaptation efforts are socially and environmentally sustainable, contributing to poverty reduction as well as confronting the processes driving vulnerability. Over $100bn a year is pledged to help finance adaptation projects via the The Climate Adaptation Fund. These projects and their funding played a central role in the latest climate talks in Cancun, Mexico, ensuring that adaptation to climate change will be an international priority over the next few decades. Many existing adaptation projects are however, not environmentally or socially sustainable. Adaptation projects that focus on reducing specific climate sensitivities can, even if bringing benefits, adversely affect vulnerable groups and create social inequity, or even unintentionally undermine environmental integrity. Sustainable Adaptation to Climate Change examines how adaptation to climate change (types of measures, policy frameworks, and local household strategies) interacts with social and environmental sustainability. A mixture of conceptual and case study-based papers draw on research from Europe, Asia and Africa. It will be of interest to all researchers and policymakers in climate change adaptation and development.
Ecosystem-based Adaptation and Lessons from the Field
Author: Angela Andrade Pérez,Bernal Herrera Fernández,Roberto Cazzolla Gatti
With climate change now a certainty, the question is how much change there will be and what can be done about it. One of the answers is through adaptation. Many of the lessons that are being learned in adaptation are from success stories from the field. This publication contains eleven case studies covering different ecosystems and regions around the world. Its aim is to summarize some current applications of the Ecosystem-Based Adaptation concept and its tools used around the world, and also draw lessons from experiences in conservation adaptation.
Author: W. Neil Adger
Publisher: MIT Press
As a global society, we need to take action not only to prevent the potentiallycatastrophic effects of climate change but also to adapt to the unavoidable effects of climatechange already imposed on the world. Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change looks at thechallenges of ensuring that policy responses to climate change do not place undue and unfair burdenson already vulnerable populations. All countries will be endangered by climate change risks fromflood, drought, and other extreme weather events, but developing countries are more dependent onclimate-sensitive livelihoods such as farming and fishing and hence are more vulnerable. Despitethis, the concerns of developing countries are marginalized in climate policy decisions thatexacerbate current vulnerabilities.Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change brings together scholarsfrom political science, economics, law, human geography, and climate science to offer the firstassessment of the social justice issues in adaptation to climate change. The book outlines thephilosophical underpinnings of different types of justice in relation to climate change, presentinequities, and future burdens, and it applies these to real world examples of climate changeadaptation in Bangladesh, Tanzania, Botswana, Namibia, and Hungary. It argues that the key toadapting to climate change lies in recognizing the equity and justice issues inherent in its causesand in human responses to it.Contributors:W. Neil Adger, Paul Baer, Jon Barnett, Maria Bohn, KirstinDow, Saleemul Huq, Roger E. Kasperson, Mizan R. Khan, Janica Lane, Neil A. Leary, Robin Leichenko,Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer, M. J. Mace, Karen O'Brien, Jouni Paavola, Stephen H. Schneider, David S. G.Thomas, Chasca Twyman, Anna Vári
an international perspective
Author: Joel B. Smith
Publisher: Springer Verlag
The implications of climate change are global in nature, and the potential effects will require adaptation in numerous spheres of human activity. This volume addresses measures which can be taken to anticipate the potential impact of climate change in order to minimize negative effects and take advantage of any positive effects. It includes papers addressing adaptation in agriculture, water resources, coastal resources, forests and wildlife, fisheries, and human settlements. Based on the 1995 International Conference on Climate Change Adaptation, this book is the first to focus solely on the topic of adaptation.
From Resilience to Transformation
Author: Mark Pelling
The impacts of climate change are already being felt. Learning how to live with these impacts is a priority for human development. In this context, it is too easy to see adaptation as a narrowly defensive task – protecting core assets or functions from the risks of climate change. A more profound engagement, which sees climate change risks as a product and driver of social as well as natural systems, and their interaction, is called for. Adaptation to Climate Change argues that, without care, adaptive actions can deny the deeper political and cultural roots that call for significant change in social and political relations if human vulnerability to climate change associated risk is to be reduced. This book presents a framework for making sense of the range of choices facing humanity, structured around resilience (stability), transition (incremental social change and the exercising of existing rights) and transformation (new rights claims and changes in political regimes). The resilience-transition-transformation framework is supported by three detailed case study chapters. These also illustrate the diversity of contexts where adaption is unfolding, from organizations to urban governance and the national polity. This text is the first comprehensive analysis of the social dimensions to climate change adaptation. Clearly written in an engaging style, it provides detailed theoretical and empirical chapters and serves as an invaluable reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in climate change, geography and development studies.
Human Virtues of the Future
Author: Allen Thompson,Jeremy Bendik-Keymer
Publisher: MIT Press
Predictions about global climate change have produced both stark scenarios ofenvironmental catastrophe and purportedly pragmatic ideas about adaptation. This book takes adifferent perspective, exploring the idea that the challenge of adapting to global climate change isfundamentally an ethical one, that it is not simply a matter of adapting our infrastructures andeconomies to mitigate damage but rather of adapting ourselves to realities of a new global climate.The challenge is to restore our conception of humanity--to understand human flourishing in newways--in an age in which humanity shapes the basic conditions of the global environment. In the faceof what we have unintentionally done to Earth's ecology, who shall we become? The contributorsexamine ways that new realities will require us to revisit and adjust the practice of ecologicalrestoration; the place of ecology in our conception of justice; the form and substance oftraditional virtues and vices; and the organizations, scale, and underlying metaphors of importantinstitutions. Topics discussed include historical fidelity in ecological restoration; theapplication of capability theory to ecology; the questionable ethics of geoengineering; and thecognitive transformation required if we are to "think like aplanet." The hardcover edition does not include a dust jacket.
Food Security in a Changing Environment
Author: Cyndi Spindell Berck,Peter Berck,Salvatore Di Falco
Category: Technology & Engineering
A changing climate is likely to have a drastic impact on crop yields in Africa. The purpose of this book is to document the effects of climate change on agriculture in Africa and to discuss strategies for adaptation to hotter weather and less predictable rainfall. These strategies include promoting opportunities for farmers to adopt technologies that produce optimal results in terms of crop yield and income under local agro-ecological and socioeconomic conditions. The focus is on sub-Saharan Africa, an area that is already affected by changing patterns of heat and rainfall. Because of the high prevalence of subsistence farming, food insecurity, and extreme poverty in this region, there is a great need for practical adaptation strategies. The book includes empirical research in Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and other Sub-Saharan countries, and the conclusion summarizes policy-relevant findings from the chapters. It is aimed at advanced students, researchers, extension and development practitioners, and officials of government agencies, NGOs, and funding agencies. It also will provide supplementary reading for courses in environment and development and in agricultural economics.
Author: Victor A. Orindi,Siri H. Eriksen
Category: Business & Economics
Author: Kristie L. Ebi,Ian Burton,Glenn McGregor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Biometeorology continues to grow as a discipline. It is increasingly recognised for its importance in providing science of relevance to society and well being of the environment. This book is the first in a new book series on Biometeorology. The purpose of the new series is to communicate the interdisciplinary philosophy and science of biometeorology to as wide an audience as possible, introduce scientists and policy makers to the societal relevance of and recent developments in its s- fields and demonstrate how a biometeorological approach can provide insights to the understanding and possible solution of cross-cutting environmental issues. One such cross-cutting environmental issue is climate change. While the literature on the science of climate change, climate change mitigation and the impacts of climate change is voluminous, that on adaptation to climate change is meagre in comparison. The purpose of this book is to partly redress this imbalance by providing insights from a biometeorological perspective. The book acknowledges that society has a long history of adapting to the impacts associated with climatic variability and change but makes the point that climate change poses a real threat to already strained coping systems. Therefore there is a need to realign human use systems with changing climate conditions.
Author: Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution
Publisher: The Stationery Office
Category: Business & Economics
The overwhelming scientific consensus is that the earth is warming because of human activities. Adaptation will be necessary even if mitigation efforts are markedly increased, because we are already locked in to climate change as a result of historic greenhouse gas emissions. Projections show that it is likely that global average temperatures will rise by 2 degrees C, and there is the potential for a 4 degree C rise by the end of the century. UK projections suggest warmer, drier summers and warmer wetter winters. The consequences are likely to be profound, even devastating with more extreme events - floods, drought and heat waves - coupled with sea level rises. Policies and practice on water management, coast protection, and nature conservation will need to change. This report explores how institutions should adapt their policies to a changing climate and offers a ten point check list to be followed by all organisations. The Commission found many institutions are poorly prepared to adapt to climate change and many have simply not started to consider it. The Commission makes recommendations designed to help institutions develop their capacity to respond to this challenge. In contrast to climate change mitigation (where local actions have global benefits), adaptation is primarily about local action with local consequences that may differ markedly in different parts of the UK.
In Search of Synergies
Author: Carmenza Robledo,Markku Kanninen,Lucio Pedroni
Category: Climatic changes
The Possibilities and Constraints in Low- and Middle-income Nations
Category: Cities and towns
This paper discusses the possibilities and constraints for adaptation to climate change in urban areas in low- and middle-income nations. These contain a third of the world's population and a large proportion of the people and economic activities most at risk from sea-level rise and from the heatwaves, storms and floods whose frequency and/or intensity climate change is likely to increase. Section I outlines both the potentials for adaptation and the constraints. Section II discusses the scale of urban change. Section III considers direct and indirect impacts of climate change on urban areas and which nations, cities and population groups are particularly at risk. This highlights how prosperous, well-governed cities could generally adapt, but most of the world's urban population lives in cities or smaller urban centres ill-equipped for adaptation. A key part of adaptation concerns infrastructure and buildings - but much of the urban population in Africa, Asia and Latin America lack the infrastructure to adapt. Most international agencies have long refused to support urban programmes, especially those that address these problems. Section IV discusses innovations by urban governments and community organizations and in financial systems that address such problems, including the relevance of recent innovations in disaster-risk reduction for adaptation. It notes how few city and national governments are taking any action on adaptation. Section V discusses how local innovation in adaptation can be encouraged and supported at national scale, and the funding needed to support this. Section VI considers the mechanisms for financing this and the larger ethical challenges that achieving adaptation raises - especially the fact that most climate-change-related urban (and rural) risks are in low-income nations with the least adaptive capacity, including many that have contributed very little to greenhouse-gas emissions.
Preparing Australian Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries for the Future
Author: Chris Stokes,Mark Howden
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Category: Technology & Engineering
Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change is a fundamental resource for primary industry professionals, land managers, policy makers, researchers and students involved in preparing Australia’s primary industries for the challenges and opportunities of climate change. More than 30 authors have contributed to this book, which moves beyond describing the causes and consequences of climate change to providing options for people to work towards adaptation action. Climate change implications and adaptation options are given for the key Australian primary industries of horticulture, forestry, grains, rice, sugarcane, cotton, viticulture, broadacre grazing, intensive livestock industries, marine fisheries, and aquaculture and water resources. Case studies demonstrate the options for each industry. Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change summarises updated climate change scenarios for Australia with the latest climate science. It includes chapters on socio-economic and institutional considerations for adapting to climate change, greenhouse gas emissions sources and sinks, as well as risks and priorities for the future.
Author: Shyam Singh Yadav,Robert J. Redden,Jerry L. Hatfield,Hermann Lotze-Campen,Anthony J. W. Hall
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
A major task of our time is to ensure adequate food supplies for the world's current population (now nearing 7 billion) in a sustainable way while protecting the vital functions and biological diversity of the global environment. The task of providing for a growing population is likely to be even more difficult in view of actual and potential changes in climatic conditions due to global warming, and as the population continues to grow. Current projections suggest that the world's temperatures will rise 1.8-4.0 by 2100 and population may reach 8 billion by the year 2025 and some 9 billion by mid-century, after which it may stabilize. This book addresses these critical issues by presenting the science needed not only to understand climate change effects on crops but also to adapt current agricultural systems, particularly in regard to genetics, to the changing conditions. Crop Adaptation to Climate Change covers a spectrum of issues related to both crops and climatic conditions. The first two sections provide a foundation on the factors involved in climate stress, assessing current climate change by region and covering crop physiological responses to these changes. The third and final section contains chapters focused on specific crops and the current research to improve their genetic adaptation to climate change. Written by an international team of authors, Crop Adaptation to Climate Change is a timely look at the potentially serious consequences of climate change for our global food supply, and is an essential resource for academics, researchers and professionals in the fields of crop science, agronomy, plant physiology and molecular biology; crop consultants and breeders; as well as climate and food scientists.
Exploring Sustainable Pathways - From Local Measures to Wider Policies
Author: Hans Sanderson,Mikael Hildén,Duncan Russel,Gil Penha-Lopes,Alessio Capriolo
Adapting to Climate Change in Europe: Exploring Sustainable Pathways - From Local Measures to Wider Policies is a scientific synthesis of a four-year project on adaptation activities in Europe. It combines scientific assessments with real-world case descriptions to present specific tools and methods. This book aims at ensuring sustainable solutions in adaptation to climate change. The challenge of adaptation is still at an early stage; this book fills relevant gaps in current knowledge on climate adaptation, providing a crucial set of tools to support effective decision-making. It acts as a guide to practitioners and decision-makers along different steps of on-going adaptation processes. Adapting to Climate Change in Europe contains methods and tools for improving stakeholder’s participation and analyzing costs and benefits of different adaptation measures. It is an essential resource for researchers, graduate students, and experts and policymakers working in climate change and adaptation. Features real world case studies providing a tool for comparative learning Fulfills the current knowledge gap in climate change adaptation Includes top-down economic models allowing for a novel application and integration of adaptation features in European and global models Provides in-depth analysis of participation using new empirical material and approaches
Author: Victor A. Orindi,Sumaya Zakieldeen
Impacts, Risks, Vulnerability, and Adaptation
Author: S. C. Pryor
Publisher: Indiana University Press
The research presented in this volume focuses on identifying and quantifying the major vulnerabilities to climate change in the Midwestern United States. By providing state-of-the-art spatially disaggregated information regarding the historical, current, and possible future climate within the region, the contributors assess the risks and susceptibility of the critical socio-economic and environmental systems. Key sectors discussed are agriculture, human health, water, energy and infrastructure, and the vulnerabilities that may be amplified under current climate trajectories. The book also considers the challenges and opportunities to develop local and regional strategies for addressing the risks posed by climate change in the context of developing an integrative policy for the region.
Author: S. Lonergan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Health & Fitness
The papers collected here range from descriptions of environmental and health issues in Russia and Eastern Europe to models of sustainable land use. This diversity of perspectives on the environment and security is indicative of both the breadth of this new area of research as well as of the varied background of the researchers involved. The volume reflects the vitality of the topic.