Advanced Data Analysis and Modelling in Chemical Engineering

Author: Denis Constales,Gregory S. Yablonsky,Dagmar R. D'hooge,Joris W. Thybaut,Guy B. Marin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444594841

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 414

View: 4821

Advanced Data Analysis and Modeling in Chemical Engineering provides the mathematical foundations of different areas of chemical engineering and describes typical applications. The book presents the key areas of chemical engineering, their mathematical foundations, and corresponding modeling techniques. Modern industrial production is based on solid scientific methods, many of which are part of chemical engineering. To produce new substances or materials, engineers must devise special reactors and procedures, while also observing stringent safety requirements and striving to optimize the efficiency jointly in economic and ecological terms. In chemical engineering, mathematical methods are considered to be driving forces of many innovations in material design and process development. Presents the main mathematical problems and models of chemical engineering and provides the reader with contemporary methods and tools to solve them Summarizes in a clear and straightforward way, the contemporary trends in the interaction between mathematics and chemical engineering vital to chemical engineers in their daily work Includes classical analytical methods, computational methods, and methods of symbolic computation Covers the latest cutting edge computational methods, like symbolic computational methods

Advanced Chemical Kinetics

Author: Muhammad Akhyar Farrukh

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9535138154

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2786

The book on Advanced Chemical Kinetics gives insight into different aspects of chemical reactions both at the bulk and nanoscale level and covers topics from basic to high class. This book has been divided into three sections: (i) "Kinetics Modeling and Mechanism," (ii) "Kinetics of Nanomaterials," and (iii) "Kinetics Techniques." The first section consists of six chapters with a variety of topics like activation energy and complexity of chemical reactions; the measurement of reaction routes; mathematical modeling analysis and simulation of enzyme kinetics; mechanisms of homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion for the fuels; photophysical processes and photochemical changes; the mechanism of hydroxyl radical, hydrate electron, and hydrogen atom; and acceptorless alcohol dehydrogenation. The understanding of the kinetics of nanomaterials, to bridge the knowledge gap, is presented in the second section. The third section highlights an overview of experimental techniques used to study the mechanism of reactions.

Chemical Complexity via Simple Models

MODELICS

Author: Valeriy I. Bykov,Svetlana B. Tsybenova,Gregory Yablonsky

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110464942

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 5443

This book is focused on mathematical modelling of chemical kinetics. The authors present the classification of basic models of chemical kinetics, thermokinetics and macrokinetics, as well as their application for the most important chemical transformations, such as combustion and catalysis. Readers will find a detailed description and analysis of different mathematical instruments which can be applied for simulation of reaction dynamics.

Bridging Scales in Modelling and Simulation of Non-Reacting and Reacting Flows

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128150955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 254

View: 8475

Bridging Scales in Modelling and Simulation of Reacting Flows, Part B, Volume 53, presents key methods used to bridge scales in the simulation of reacting multiphase flows. It looks at the different aspects of such flows (transport phenomena, reactions) and includes illustrations of the methods on a variety of applications, along with the contribution of key groups in the field. Sections in this new release include multi-scale methods for fluidized bed reactors, a discussion of advances in coarse-grained discrete particle methods with industrial applications, and spatial filtering for scale bridging and its application to transport in dense bidisperse particle beds, and more. Contains reviews by leading authorities in their respective areas Presents up-to-date reviews of the latest techniques in the modeling of catalytic processes Includes a broad mix of US and European authors, as well as academic, industrial and research institute perspectives Provides discussions on the connections between computation and experimental methods

Process Modelling and Model Analysis

Author: Ian T. Cameron,Katalin Hangos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080514925

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 543

View: 2274

Process Modelling and Model Analysis describes the use of models in process engineering. Process engineering is all about manufacturing--of just about anything! To manage processing and manufacturing systematically, the engineer has to bring together many different techniques and analyses of the interaction between various aspects of the process. For example, process engineers would apply models to perform feasibility analyses of novel process designs, assess environmental impact, and detect potential hazards or accidents. To manage complex systems and enable process design, the behavior of systems is reduced to simple mathematical forms. This book provides a systematic approach to the mathematical development of process models and explains how to analyze those models. Additionally, there is a comprehensive bibliography for further reading, a question and answer section, and an accompanying Web site developed by the authors with additional data and exercises. Introduces a structured modeling methodology emphasizing the importance of the modeling goal and including key steps such as model verification, calibration, and validation Focuses on novel and advanced modeling techniques such as discrete, hybrid, hierarchical, and empirical modeling Illustrates the notions, tools, and techniques of process modeling with examples and advances applications

Empirical Modeling and Data Analysis for Engineers and Applied Scientists

Author: Scott A. Pardo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319327682

Category: Mathematics

Page: 247

View: 9028

This textbook teaches advanced undergraduate and first-year graduate students in Engineering and Applied Sciences to gather and analyze empirical observations (data) in order to aid in making design decisions. While science is about discovery, the primary paradigm of engineering and "applied science" is design. Scientists are in the discovery business and want, in general, to understand the natural world rather than to alter it. In contrast, engineers and applied scientists design products, processes, and solutions to problems. That said, statistics, as a discipline, is mostly oriented toward the discovery paradigm. Young engineers come out of their degree programs having taken courses such as "Statistics for Engineers and Scientists" without any clear idea as to how they can use statistical methods to help them design products or processes. Many seem to think that statistics is only useful for demonstrating that a device or process actually does what it was designed to do. Statistics courses emphasize creating predictive or classification models - predicting nature or classifying individuals, and statistics is often used to prove or disprove phenomena as opposed to aiding in the design of a product or process. In industry however, Chemical Engineers use designed experiments to optimize petroleum extraction; Manufacturing Engineers use experimental data to optimize machine operation; Industrial Engineers might use data to determine the optimal number of operators required in a manual assembly process. This text teaches engineering and applied science students to incorporate empirical investigation into such design processes. Much of the discussion in this book is about models, not whether the models truly represent reality but whether they adequately represent reality with respect to the problems at hand; many ideas focus on how to gather data in the most efficient way possible to construct adequate models. Includes chapters on subjects not often seen together in a single text (e.g., measurement systems, mixture experiments, logistic regression, Taguchi methods, simulation) Techniques and concepts introduced present a wide variety of design situations familiar to engineers and applied scientists and inspire incorporation of experimentation and empirical investigation into the design process. Software is integrally linked to statistical analyses with fully worked examples in each chapter; fully worked using several packages: SAS, R, JMP, Minitab, and MS Excel - also including discussion questions at the end of each chapter. The fundamental learning objective of this textbook is for the reader to understand how experimental data can be used to make design decisions and to be familiar with the most common types of experimental designs and analysis methods.

Statistics for Chemical and Process Engineers

A Modern Approach

Author: Yuri A.W. Shardt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319215094

Category: Science

Page: 414

View: 474

A coherent, concise and comprehensive course in the statistics needed for a modern career in chemical engineering; covers all of the concepts required for the American Fundamentals of Engineering examination. This book shows the reader how to develop and test models, design experiments and analyse data in ways easily applicable through readily available software tools like MS Excel® and MATLAB®. Generalized methods that can be applied irrespective of the tool at hand are a key feature of the text. The reader is given a detailed framework for statistical procedures covering: · data visualization; · probability; · linear and nonlinear regression; · experimental design (including factorial and fractional factorial designs); and · dynamic process identification. Main concepts are illustrated with chemical- and process-engineering-relevant examples that can also serve as the bases for checking any subsequent real implementations. Questions are provided (with solutions available for instructors) to confirm the correct use of numerical techniques, and templates for use in MS Excel and MATLAB can also be downloaded from extras.springer.com. With its integrative approach to system identification, regression and statistical theory, Statistics for Chemical and Process Engineers provides an excellent means of revision and self-study for chemical and process engineers working in experimental analysis and design in petrochemicals, ceramics, oil and gas, automotive and similar industries and invaluable instruction to advanced undergraduate and graduate students looking to begin a career in the process industries.

System Design and Control Integration for Advanced Manufacturing

Author: Han-Xiong Li,XinJiang Lu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118822331

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 583

Most existing robust design books address design for static systems, or achieve robust design from experimental data via the Taguchi method. Little work considers model information for robust design particularly for the dynamic system. This book covers robust design for both static and dynamic systems using the nominal model information or the hybrid model/data information, and also integrates design with control under a large operating region. This design can handle strong nonlinearity and more uncertainties from model and parameters.

Advanced Topics in Database Research, Volume 1

Author: Siau, Keng

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781591400271

Category: Computers

Page: 409

View: 7159

Advanced Topics in Database Research features the latest, cutting-edge research findings dealing with all aspects of database management, systems analysis and design and software engineering. This book provides information that is instrumental in the improvement and development of theory and practice related to information technology and management of information resources.

Chemometrics

Mathematics and Statistics in Chemistry

Author: B.R. Kowalski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401710260

Category: Science

Page: 485

View: 2972

At a time when computerized laboratory automation is producing a da ta explosion, chemists are turning to applied mathematics and statistics for the tools to extract useful chemical information from data. This rush to find applicable methods has lead to a somewhat confusing body of literature that represents a barrier to chemists wishing to learn more about chemometrics. The confusion results partly from the mixing of chemical notation and nomenclature with those of statistics, applied mathematics and engineering. Additionally, in the absence of collaboration with mathematicians, chemists have, at times, misused data analysis methodology and even reinvented methods that have seen years of service in other fields. The Chemometrics Society has worked hard to solve this problem since it was founded in 1974 with the goal of improving communications between the chemical sciences and applied mathe matics and statistics. The NATO Advanced Study Institute on Chemometrics is evidence of this fact as it was initiated in response to a call from its membership for advanced training in several areas of chemometrics. This Institute focused on current theory and application in the new field of Chemometrics: Use of mathematical and statistical methods, Ca) to design or select optimal measurement procedures and experiments; and Cb) to provide maximum chemical information by analyzing chemical data. The Institute had two formal themes and two informal themes.

Nanoscience and Advancing Computational Methods in Chemistry: Research Progress

Research Progress

Author: Castro, Eduardo A.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466616083

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 321

View: 881

The budding field of nanotechnology offers enormous potential for advances in medical science, engineering, transportation, computers, and many other industries. As this growing field solidifies, these technological advances may soon become a reality. Nanoscience and Advancing Computational Methods in Chemistry: Research Progress provides innovative chapters covering the growth of educational, scientific, and industrial research activities among chemical engineers and provides a medium for mutual communication between international academia and the industry. This book publishes significant research reporting new methodologies and important applications in the fields of chemical informatics and discusses latest coverage of chemical databases and the development of new experimental methods.

Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models

Data Analysis and Visualization

Author: Neven Kresic,Alex Mikszewski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439852227

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 4949

A reference for students, researchers, and environmental professionals, Hydrogeological Conceptual Site Models: Data Analysis and Visualization explains how to develop effective conceptual site models, perform advanced spatial data analysis, and generate informative graphics for applications in hydrogeology and groundwater remediation. Written by expert practitioners, this full-color book illustrates how fundamental hydrogeological concepts are translated into quantitative, high-resolution computer visualizations. In addition, the authors discuss topics not typically covered in conventional textbooks, including GIS technology and the relationship between conceptual site models and environmental policy. Advanced Methods for Data Analysis and Visualization Featuring more than 500 color illustrations, this unique and visually powerful book outlines the required elements of a conceptual site model and provides numerous examples of supporting charts, cross-sections, maps, and 3D graphics. The authors describe advanced analytical methods such as geospatial processing, kriging, and groundwater modeling through practical real-life examples. They also present numerous case studies in groundwater supply and remediation to help explain key engineering design concepts. Data-Driven Assessments of Groundwater Management Policy The authors tackle controversial topics, ranging from technical impracticability of groundwater remediation to sustainable management of groundwater resources. They encourage discussion and independent thought about how current environmental policies and practices can evolve to achieve better outcomes at less cost to society. Practical Strategies for Communicating Your Findings to the General Public While the book is technical in nature, equations and advanced theory are kept to a minimum. The text focuses on practical strategies to help you create easy-to-understand data tables, graphs, maps, and illustrations for technical and nontechnical audiences alike. A companion DVD includes animations, reference material, modeling software, and more.

Juice Processing

Quality, Safety and Value-Added Opportunities

Author: Victor Falguera,Albert Ibarz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466577339

Category: Medical

Page: 401

View: 6658

The ability to provide quality juices that contain proper vitamins and nutritional components strongly depends on the processes fruits undergo during the various stages of industrial manufacturing. New technologies have been developed to help ensure the production of quality juices without neglecting safety. Covering both new approaches to traditional issues and innovative processes, Juice Processing: Quality, Safety and Value-Added Opportunities addresses various aspects of fruit juice processing and other issues related to the use of by-products generated in this industry. The book begins with a chapter highlighting the importance of the fruit juice sector and describing the general process of fruit juice manufacturing. The text explores current trends in juice production, reviews the main superfruits, and discusses methods for using juice waste by-products, presenting citrus and grape juice as examples. The book covers assessing juice quality and authenticity, and how to evaluate fruit properties using the principles of rheology as well as examining sensory attributes. It also examines alternative techniques for improving fruit juice quality, including both thermal and nonthermal emerging technologies, their fundamentals, and their main effects on important features of fruit juices. Emphasizing product quality, safety, and nutrition, the chapter on juice packaging summarizes the materials, techniques, and technologies currently used as well as novel packaging for increasing shelf life and decreasing environmental impact. The authors address issues concerning spoiling microorganisms and biological and chemical hazards. They also examine public and private standards and regulations, which need to be reworked to keep up with today’s food-related concerns.

Advanced Intelligent Systems

Author: Yong Soo Kim,Young J. Ryoo,Moon-soo Jang,Young-Chul Bae

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319055003

Category: Computers

Page: 213

View: 6031

Intelligent systems have been initiated with the attempt to imitate the human brain. People wish to let machines perform intelligent works. Many techniques of intelligent systems are based on artificial intelligence. According to changing and novel requirements, the advanced intelligent systems cover a wide spectrum: big data processing, intelligent control, advanced robotics, artificial intelligence and machine learning. This book focuses on coordinating intelligent systems with highly integrated and foundationally functional components. The book consists of 19 contributions that features social network-based recommender systems, application of fuzzy enforcement, energy visualization, ultrasonic muscular thickness measurement, regional analysis and predictive modeling, analysis of 3D polygon data, blood pressure estimation system, fuzzy human model, fuzzy ultrasonic imaging method, ultrasonic mobile smart technology, pseudo-normal image synthesis, subspace classifier, mobile object tracking, standing-up motion guidance system, recognition structure, multi-CAM and multi-viewer, robust Gaussian Kernel, multi human movement trajectory extraction and fashion coordination. This edition is published in original, peer reviewed contributions covering from initial design to final prototypes and authorization.

Conceptual Modeling ER'99

18th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling Paris, France, November 15-18, 1999 Proceedings

Author: Jacky Akoka,Mokrane Bouzeghoub,Isabelle Comyn-Wattiau,Elisabeth Metais

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540666869

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 540

View: 9345

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, ER '99, held in Paris, France, in November 1999. The 33 revised full papers presented together with three invited contributions were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 143 submissions. The book is divided into topical sections on supporting schema evolution, temporal database design, schema transformation, views and conceptual modeling, reuse in conceptual modeling, business process modeling and workflows, integrating application models, data warehouse design, modeling concepts, schema integration, and advanced conceptual modeling.

Networking and Information Technology Research and Development

Supplement to the President's Budget for Fiscal Year 2006

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437904874

Category:

Page: 24

View: 4823

This annual report on the multi-agency Networking and Information Technology R&D (NITRD) Program describes activities funded by Federal NITRD agencies in the areas of advanced networking and information technologies and offers a brief technical outline of the 2006 budget request for the NITRD Program in the following major research areas: high-end computing applications and infrastructure; high-end computing R&D; large-scale networking; human-computer interaction and information management; high-confidence software and systems; software design and productivity; and social, economic, and workforce implications of IT and IT workforce development.

Advanced Process Control and Simulation for Chemical Engineers

Author: Hossein Ghanadzadeh Gilani,Katia Ghanadzadeh Samper,Reza Khodaparast Haghi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1926895320

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 2853

This book offers a modern view of process control in the context of today’s technology. It provides innovative chapters on the growth of educational, scientific, and industrial research among chemical engineers. It presents experimental data on thermodynamics and provides a broad understanding of the main computational techniques used for chemical processing. Readers will gain an understanding of the areas of process control that all chemical engineers need to know. The information is presented in a concise and readable format. The information covers the basics and also provides unique topics, such as using a unified approach to model representations, statistical quality control, and model-based control. The methods presented have been successfully applied in industry to solve real problems. Designed as an advanced research guide in process dynamics and control, the book will be useful in chemical engineering courses as well as for the teaching of mechanical, nuclear, industrial, and metallurgical engineering.