African Americans in Sports

Author: Gary A. Sailes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351533657

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 286

View: 7953

Research on African American athletes generally fo-cuses on negative stereotypes of physical prowess, and socially controversial themes. Most studies in-vestigate racism, prejudice, discrimination, and ex-ploitation experienced by African American athletes. Many studies contrast African American and white athletes on a number of variables that support pre-vailing elitist stereotypes and denigrate African Ameri-can athletes. But few studies investigate the diverse and complex cultural dichotomies within the infrastruc-ture of sport in the African American community. Gary Sailes maintains that it is crucial to develop a more eclectic and immersed cultural approach when investigating African American involvement in com-petitive sports. The contributors to 'African Americans in Sports' show that there are also intrinsic cultural paradigms that are evident, presenting an informa-tive and interesting narrative regarding African American athletes. The chapters that make up this volume were written by noted scholars who were selected based on their expertise in their specific academic areas. They write about different components of the experience of African American male athletes. Chapters and contributors include: "Race and Athletic Performance: A Physiological Review" by David W. Hunter; "The Athletic Dominance of African Americans--Is There a Genetic Basis?" by Vinay Harpalani; "African American Player Codes on Celebration, Taunting, and Sportsmanlike Conduct" by Vernon L. Andrews; and "Stacking in Major League Baseball" by Earl Smith and C. Keith Harrison. Many chapters were originally published as a special issue of the 'Journal of African American Men.' This volume should be read by all those involved in athletics, as well as by sports sociologists and African American studies scholars.

Black Power and the American People

Culture and Identity in the Twentieth Century

Author: Rafael Torrubia

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1786720884

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 7599

While the history of the Civil Rights Movement, from Rosa Parks to Martin Luther King, is one of the great American stories of the twentieth century, the related Black Power movement has left a more complex legacy. Its original leaders, Stokely Carmichael and Willie Ricks, were Black Nationalists, advocating a militant and extremist approach to tackle racism, while other leaders, such as Bobby Seale of the Black Panthers, believed that the struggle for Black Power was essentially a class struggle. Beginning with the folk-narratives told through song by slaves in the plantations, through the Harlem renaissance of the 1920s and 30s, the era of Malcolm X, the African-American art and fashion of the late sixties and ‘soul music’ and politics in the 1970s, Black Power and the American People will be the first comprehensive cultural history of the movement.

The New Plantation

Black Athletes, College Sports, and Predominantly White NCAA Institutions

Author: B. Hawkins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023010553X

Category: Education

Page: 238

View: 8137

The New Plantation examines the controversial relationship between predominantly White NCAA Division I Institutions (PWI s) and black athletes, utilizing an internal colonial model. It provides a much-needed in-depth analysis to fully comprehend the magnitude of the forces at work that impact black athletes experiences at PWI s. Hawkins provides a conceptual framework for understanding the structural arrangements of PWI s and how they present challenges to Black athletes academic success; yet, challenges some have overcome and gone on to successful careers, while many have succumbed to these prevailing structural arrangements and have not benefited accordingly. The work is a call for academic reform, collective accountability from the communities that bear the burden of nurturing this athletic talent and the institutions that benefit from it, and collective consciousness to the Black male athletes that make of the largest percentage of athletes who generate the most revenue for the NCAA and its member institutions. Its hope is to promote a balanced exchange in the athletic services rendered and the educational services received.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1538114984

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7244

Race, Sport and Politics

The Sporting Black Diaspora

Author: Ben Carrington

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1849204292

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 426

Written by one of the leading international authorities on the sociology of race and sport, this is the first book to address sport's role in 'the making of race', the place of sport within black diasporic struggles for freedom and equality, and the contested location of sport in relation to the politics of recognition within contemporary multicultural societies. Race, Sport and Politics shows how, during the first decades of the twentieth century, the idea of 'the natural black athlete' was invented in order to make sense of and curtail the political impact and cultural achievements of black sportswomen and men. More recently, 'the black athlete' as sign has become a highly commodified object within contemporary hyper-commercialized sports-media culture thus limiting the transformative potential of critically conscious black athleticism to re-imagine what it means to be both black and human in the twenty-first century. Race, Sport and Politics will be of interest to students and scholars in sociology of culture and sport, the sociology of race and diaspora studies, postcolonial theory, cultural theory and cultural studies.

Diversity and Social Justice in College Sports

Sport Management and the Student Athlete

Author: Dana D. Brooks,Ronald C. Althouse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781885693778

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 431

View: 6873

Each of the well-researched chapters in this comprehensive volume makes a singular contribution to understanding the complexities of diversity and social justice in college sports. Chapters are grouped into sections that address major components: Historical Analysis; Social Justice and Cultural Concerns; African American Coaching and Other Leadership Opportunities; Media, Media Images, and Stereotyping; Intersection of Race, Sport, and Law; Sport Administration/Management: Intersection of Race, Class, and Gender; Looking Toward the Future. This volume makes a valuable contribution to the literature on American sports.

Racism in College Athletics

The African American Athlete's Experience

Author: Dana D. Brooks,Ronald C. Althouse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781885693198

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 5900

The completely revised and updated second edition features new groundbreaking articles from leading scholars. Included are 'The African American Athlete: Social Myths & Stereotypes', 'Sociohistorical Influences on African American Elite Sportswomen' and 'Race Law and College Athletics.' Also included are updated and revised versions of articles from the first edition which pioneered the study of racism in college athletics.

Diversity and Education

Teachers, Teaching, and Teacher Education

Author: H. Richard Milner

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780398078294

Category: Education

Page: 250

View: 5490

"Diversity and Education: Teachers, Teaching, and Teacher Education exemplifies many of the major concepts and principles of multicultural education, individually and collectively. The goal of the book is to move beyond the surface to more deeply explore the intersections of diversity, equity and education. Theoretical, empirical, and practical discussion are included in the five sections of the book that offers a wide range of vantage points - race, ethnicity, gender, social class, disciplines, language, and levels of schooling, as well as curriculum, assessment, learning climate and context, and relationships between teachers and learners. The book describes in detail the contemporary perspectives on diversity, language diversity, gender diversity, diversity in higher education, and implications for teacher education. Additionally, central and guiding questions are included, with statistics about P-12 students and teacher education. Explicit examples of what these constructs mean and how they are used is provided. The book is complemented by an overview of each chapter and section. Written by some of the leading scholars in education and beyond, this book will be a valuable resource for practicing teachers, teacher educators, graduate students, undergraduate students, and educational researchers."--BOOK JACKET.

Professional Sports

Author: James D. Torr

Publisher: Greenhaven Press, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780737715880

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 192

View: 6217

Professional sports have become a prism through which Americans view complex issues such as race, gender, violence, and commercialism. The essays in this volume survey how sports have historically served as a mirror of society and how they continue to reflect major trends and issues within American culture.

Sports and athletes

opposing viewpoints

Author: Laura K. Egendorf

Publisher: Greenhaven Pr

ISBN: 9780737700572

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 203

View: 6357

Presents articles reflecting a range of viewpoints on various aspects of sports, including the use of drugs, racial discrimination, and sexual equality

The Columbia Guide to African American History Since 1939

Author: Robert L. Harris, Jr.,Rosalyn Terborg-Penn

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231138116

Category: History

Page: 442

View: 5698

Marian Anderson's famous 1939 concert in front of the Lincoln Memorial was a watershed moment in the struggle for racial justice. Beginning with this event, Robert L. Harris Jr. and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn chart the historical efforts of African Americans to address racism and inequality. They explore the rise of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and the national and international contexts that shaped their ideologies and methods. They consider how changes in immigration patterns have complicated the conventional "black/white" dichotomy in American society and discuss the often uneasy coexistence between a growing African American middle class and a persistent and sizable underclass. Contributors consider specific issues in African American life, including the effects of the postindustrial economy and the influence of music, military service, sports, literature, culture, business, and the politics of self-designation, e.g., "Colored" vs. "Negro," "Black" vs. "African American." An invaluable resource, The Columbia Guide to African American History Since 1939 is a multifaceted map of a crucial historical period.

The Unesco Courier

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Developing countries

Page: N.A

View: 5735

Contemporary Issues in Sociology of Sport

Author: Andrew Yiannakis,Merrill J. Melnick

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780736037105

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 479

View: 1885

In today's world, people's perceptions of various individuals, countries, races, genders, schools, and even companies are often affected by the sports they watch, read about, or listen to. The impact of sport on these perceptions is covered extensively in Contemporary Issues in Sociology of Sport.This text provides some of the best contemporary writing and research on the sociology of sport. The text is organized into 12 learning units and includes 34 articles from writers and researchers with varied backgrounds. Introductions are provided for each of the units. They include brief summaries of the articles that follow and probing study questions that challenge the reader to think critically about the material. Edited by Andrew Yiannakis, PhD, and Merrill J. Melnick, PhD, Contemporary Issues in Sociology of Sportincludes -an exploration of topics and themes that have received limited attention in other sociology of sport texts but have been long-standing social concerns, -a review of the attitudes toward female athletes and the anti-homosexual phobias present in sport, -an in-depth look at the impoverishment of children's games in America, -an overview of high school sport participation, -a study of the challenges and benefits of the big-time collegiate sport experience, -a critique of television's impact on sport and its portrayal of gender and race, and -a review of sport and globalization. Unit Iprovides the reader with a historical background on the development of sociology of sport and addresses several critical issues about the relationship between sociology, physical education, and sociology of sport. The text includes an explanation of the growth of the sociology of sport field since 1980, the emergence and growth of the New Physical Education, and a review of the emerging field of sport pedagogy. Unit IIillustrates the power and influence of sport on American values, attitudes, behaviors, and cultural practices and its manifestations in our interpersonal and gender relations. Unit IIIexamines whether adult-controlled sport programs are good for children. The authors explore the Little League phenomenon, which they contrast and compare with the spontaneous culture of free play. Unit IVexamines the positive and negative effects of high school sport participation, in relationship to other extracurricular activities, on the educational and developmental experiences of student-athletes. Unit Vexplores the realities, demands, and opportunities created by commercialized, high-visibility collegiate sports and their effects on athletes and universities. Unit VIillustrates and examines how race-related discriminatory practices continue to manifest themselves in the world of sport. Specific topics include the allocation of playing positions by race, the use of racially insensitive team names, and racial stratification in professional sport. Unit VIIfocuses on the social construction of feminine, masculine, and heterosexualized bodies within exercise and sport-related contexts. Unit VIIIexplores the ways sport produces and reproduces the gender order while serving as “contested terrain” with respect to the construction of feminine and masculine gender scripts. Unit IXexplores the mass media's coverage of selected athletes and their sports, and how heavily mediated representations influence perceptions of race, class, gender, and sexuality. Unit Xexamines the underlying causes of deviance in sport and focuses on such activities as larceny, drug use, and aggression outside of sport. Unit XIexplores the role and structure of alternative sport communities, especially in creating and maintaining personal identity, in satisfying psychological needs, and in providing contexts for resistance to dominant sport ideologies. Unit XIIreviews the influence of Americanization and globalization processes on local sport cultures and practices. Contemporary Issues in Sociology of Sportis a must-read for anyone interested in a better understanding of the social significance of sport.

Sport in Latin America

Policy, Organization, Management

Author: Gonzalo Bravo,Rosa Lopez de D'Amico,Charles Parrish

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317754158

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 296

View: 453

The forthcoming Olympics in Rio in 2016, and the FIFA World Cup in Brazil in 2014, highlight the profound importance of sport in Latin America. This book is the first to offer a broad survey of the way that sport is managed, governed and organized across the Latin American region, drawing on cutting-edge contemporary scholarship in management, policy, sociology and history. The book explores key themes in Latin American sport, including the role of public institutions; the relationship between sport policy and political regimes; the structure and significance of national governing bodies and professional leagues; the impact of sporting mega-events (including the Olympics and World Cup), and the management and governance of football, the dominant sport in the region. Including contributions from Latin American scholars and practitioners, the book draws on important Spanish and Portuguese sources that are unknown to most English-speaking researchers, and therefore provides an unprecedented and authoritative insight into sport policy and management in the region. Including cases from sport in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica and Peru and examples from Venezuela, Bolivia and Ecuador, this book is essential reading for all scholars, practitioners and policy-makers with an interest in Latin American sport, comparative sport policy, sport management, or Latin American history, culture and society.

Visions of a Sporting City

"Shadowball" and Black Chicago, 1887-1952

Author: Daniel J. Lerner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: African American baseball players

Page: 484

View: 3698

African American Politics

Author: Kendra King

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745632807

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 2784

A comprehensive introduction to the role of African Americans in U.S. politics draws on a wide range of sources from census data and Gallup polls to landmark court rulings and first-hand interviews to cover such topics as the impact of race on socio-economic status, post-civil rights leadership, and the emergence of hip-hop as an alternative political voice.

Encyclopedia of African-American culture and history

the Black experience in the Americas

Author: Colin A. Palmer,Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library

ISBN: 9780028658179

Category: History

Page: 2746

View: 2193

Contains primary source material.

Playing While White

Privilege and Power on and off the Field

Author: David J. Leonard

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295741899

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 320

View: 305

Playing While White argues that whiteness matters in sports culture, both on and off the field. Offering critical analysis of athletic stars such as Johnny Manziel, Marshall Henderson, Jordan Spieth, Lance Armstrong, Josh Hamilton, as well as the predominantly white cultures of NASCAR and extreme sports, David Leonard identifies how whiteness is central to the commodification of athletes and the sports they play. Leonard demonstrates that sporting cultures are a key site in the trafficking of racial ideas, narratives, and ideologies. He identifies how white athletes are frequently characterized as intelligent leaders who are presumed innocent of the kinds of transgressions black athletes are often pathologized for. With an analysis of the racial dynamics of sports traditions as varied as football, cycling, hockey, baseball, tennis, snowboarding, and soccer, as well as the reception and media portrayals of specific white athletes, Leonard examines how and why whiteness matters within sports and what that tells us about race in the twenty-first century United States.

Negro League Baseball

The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution

Author: Neil Lanctot

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812202562

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 512

View: 1625

The story of black professional baseball provides a remarkable perspective on several major themes in modern African American history: the initial black response to segregation, the subsequent struggle to establish successful separate enterprises, and the later movement toward integration. Baseball functioned as a critical component in the separate economy catering to black consumers in the urban centers of the North and South. While most black businesses struggled to survive from year to year, professional baseball teams and leagues operated for decades, representing a major achievement in black enterprise and institution building. Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution presents the extraordinary history of a great African American achievement, from its lowest ebb during the Depression, through its golden age and World War II, until its gradual disappearance during the early years of the civil rights era. Faced with only a limited amount of correspondence and documents, Lanctot consulted virtually every sports page of every black newspaper located in a league city. He then conducted interviews with former players and scrutinized existing financial, court, and federal records. Through his efforts, Lanctot has painstakingly reconstructed the institutional history of black professional baseball, locating the players, teams, owners, and fans in the wider context of the league's administration. In addition, he provides valuable insight into the changing attitudes of African Americans toward the need for separate institutions.