African Americans in Sports

Author: Gary A. Sailes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351533657

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 286

View: 6585

Research on African American athletes generally fo-cuses on negative stereotypes of physical prowess, and socially controversial themes. Most studies in-vestigate racism, prejudice, discrimination, and ex-ploitation experienced by African American athletes. Many studies contrast African American and white athletes on a number of variables that support pre-vailing elitist stereotypes and denigrate African Ameri-can athletes. But few studies investigate the diverse and complex cultural dichotomies within the infrastruc-ture of sport in the African American community. Gary Sailes maintains that it is crucial to develop a more eclectic and immersed cultural approach when investigating African American involvement in com-petitive sports. The contributors to 'African Americans in Sports' show that there are also intrinsic cultural paradigms that are evident, presenting an informa-tive and interesting narrative regarding African American athletes. The chapters that make up this volume were written by noted scholars who were selected based on their expertise in their specific academic areas. They write about different components of the experience of African American male athletes. Chapters and contributors include: "Race and Athletic Performance: A Physiological Review" by David W. Hunter; "The Athletic Dominance of African Americans--Is There a Genetic Basis?" by Vinay Harpalani; "African American Player Codes on Celebration, Taunting, and Sportsmanlike Conduct" by Vernon L. Andrews; and "Stacking in Major League Baseball" by Earl Smith and C. Keith Harrison. Many chapters were originally published as a special issue of the 'Journal of African American Men.' This volume should be read by all those involved in athletics, as well as by sports sociologists and African American studies scholars.

African Americans in Sports

Author: David K. Wiggins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317477448

Category: History

Page: 488

View: 2209

This two-volume set features 400 articles on African-Americans in sports, including biographical entries as well as entries on events, tournaments, leagues, clubs, films, and associations. The entries cover all professional, amateur, and college sports such as baseball, tennis, and golf.

The Strange Career of the Black Athlete

African Americans and Sports

Author: Russell Thomas Wigginton

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275982232

Category: Social Science

Page: 123

View: 6335

The Vietnam Readeris a selection of the finest and best-known art from the American war in Vietnam, including fiction, nonfiction, poetry, drama, film, still photos, and popular song lyrics. All the strongest work is here, from mainstream bestsellers to radical poetry, from Tim O'Brien to Marvin Gaye. Also included are incisive reader's questions--useful for educators and book clubs--in a volume that makes an essential contribution to a wider understanding of the Vietnam War. This authoritative and accessible volume is sure to become a classic reference, as well as indispensable and provocative reading for anyone who wants to know more about the war that changed the face of late-twentieth-century America. From the Trade Paperback edition.

African Americans in Sports

Author: Carla Mooney

Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC

ISBN: 1420506757

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 6836

Author Carla Mooney explores African American involvement in sports in the United States from the nineteenth century to the present. Blacks' participation in horse racing, track and field, baseball, basketball, golf, tennis, and boxing are all covered. The book relates the accomplishments of trailblazers as well as the discrimination, insults, and physical violence they endured to open the doors of opportunity for black athletes around the country. The achievements of modern sports stars are also discussed and sidebars feature brief biographies of both pioneers and superstars.

Ethnicity and Sport in North American History and Culture

Author: George Eisen,David Kenneth Wiggins

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 027595451X

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 249

View: 6471

The editors use the unique lens of the history of sports to examine ethnic experiences in North America since 1840. Comprised of 12 original essays and an Introduction, it chronicles sport as a social institution through which various ethnic and racial groups attempted to find the way to social and psychological acceptance and cultural integration. Included are chapters on Native Americans, Irish-Americans, German-Americans, Canadians, African-Americans, Italian-Americans, Hispanics, and several more, showing how their sports participation also provided these communities with some measure of social mobility, self-esteem, and a shared pride.

African-American Sports Greats

A Biographical Dictionary

Author: David L. Porter

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313289875

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 429

View: 5990

Presents personal and professional profiles of over one hundred sixty African American athletes representing eleven sports

African Americans in Sports

Author: James Nasium

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1422292878

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 8270

This book profiles some of the greatest African-American athletes of the past 150 years. They competed in sports ranging from boxing and horse racing to track and field, basketball, and baseball. As you'll discover, what these champions accomplished on the field of competition was often but a small part of their story. Read, for example, about how doctors thought Wilma Rudolph might never walk after a childhood bout of polio—but she went on to sprint her way to three Olympic gold medals. Or how the fiery Jackie Robinson silently endured a torrent of abuse in order to break baseball's "color barrier." Find out the connection between a stolen bike and Muhammad Ali's legendary boxing career. And learn how the African-American sports heroes of the past helped pave the way for superstars of the present, such as Kobe Bryant, Tiger Woods, and Candace Parker.

Sport and the Color Line

Black Athletes and Race Relations in Twentieth-century America

Author: Patrick B. Miller,David Kenneth Wiggins

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415946117

Category: History

Page: 382

View: 1491

The year 2003 marks the one-hundredth anniversary of W.E.B. Du Bois' "Souls of Black Folk," in which he declared that "the color line" would be the problem of the twentieth century. Half a century later, Jackie Robinson would display his remarkable athletic skills in "baseball's great experiment." Now, "Sport and the Color Line" takes a look at the last century through the lens of sports and race, drawing together articles by many of the leading figures in Sport Studies to address the African American experience and the history of race relations. The history of African Americans in sport is not simple, and it certainly did not begin in 1947 when Jackie Robinson first donned a Brooklyn Dodgers uniform. The essays presented here examine the complexity of black American sports culture, from the organization of semi-pro baseball and athletic programs at historically black colleges and universities, to the careers of individual stars such as Jack Johnson and Joe Louis, to the challenges faced by black women in sports. What are today's black athletes doing in the aftermath of desegregation, or with the legacy of Muhammad Ali's political stance? The essays gathered here engage such issues, as well as the paradoxes of corporate sport and the persistence of scientific racism in the athletic realm.

Race and Sport

The Struggle for Equality on and Off the Field

Author: Charles K. Ross

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781578068975

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 9595

An examination of the connection between race and sport in America

Racism in college athletics

the African-American athlete's experience

Author: Dana D. Brooks,Ronald C. Althouse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 9722

100 Pioneers

African-Americans who Broke Color Barriers in Sport

Author: Richard Edward Lapchick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 469

View: 1186

Through an effective combination of historical research and personal interviews, 100 Pioneers: African-Americans Who Broke Color Barriers in Sport offers compelling portraits of the dedicated athletes who broke color barriers on college campuses and in professional sports all around the country. These engaging accounts detail the adversities they faced and the victories they achieved. Part 1 includes well-known figures such as Jackie Robinson and Tony Dungy, as well as other, lesser-known pioneers in professional baseball, football, basketball, hockey, tennis, golf, and boxing. Part 2 presents the inspiring stories of college coaches, athletics directors, and student-athletes who were the first African-Americans to fill their respective roles. Part 3 highlights the impressive feats of African-American athletes accomplished on the world stage of the Olympic Games.

Ebony Legends in Sports

Author: P. Paul Provost

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1438979584

Category: Fiction

Page: 236

View: 5721

The enthusiasm that I have for sports has led me to bring forth a work, encompassing many sports in which African Americans were not always privy to participate. In the effort to overcome this inequality, many challenges and struggles were experienced, because of the deprivation, and have been addressed within these pages. Much has been achieved as a result of the endurance of these many African American, legendary athletes. It is very disturbing to know what we, as African Americans, went through to arrive at where we are, and now appear to be losing ground. Staying abreast of the various sports has alerted me to the declination in numbers and deterioration of African Americans in the sports arena. This declination is a documented fact and must be expressed in bold terms. My primary purpose in writing this book, "Ebony Legends in Sports," is that it will certainly be a wake-up-call, for action, in the total African American community. My hope is that it will inspire the youth of this, and future generations, to return to the glory of the games, that they will become members of athletic programs, in mass, in their schools, follow through with their endeavors and persevere, as our legends did.

In Black and White

Race and Sports in America

Author: Kenneth L. Shropshire

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814739679

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 240

View: 6996

From the days of the Negro Leagues in baseball up to the present when collegiate basketball factories entice and then fail to educate young black men, sports in America have long served as a barometer of the country's racial climate. Just as blacks are generally absent from the upper echelons of corporate America, they are similarly underrepresented from the front offices of the sports industry as well. In this compact volume, Kenneth L. Shropshire confronts prominent racial myths head-on, offering both a descriptive history of--and prescriptive solutions for--the most pressing problems currently plaguing sports. At present, whites have a 95% ownership stake in professional basketball, baseball, and football teams. And yet, when confronted with programs intended to diversify their front offices, many teams resort to the familiar refrain of merit-based excuses: there simply aren't enough qualified black candidates or they don't know how to network. While more subtle, this approach has the same effect as the racist comments of an Al Campanis or a Marge Schott: it stigmatizes and excludes African-Americans. In the insular world of sports, characterized by a feeder system through which former players often move up to become coaches, managers, executives, and owners, blacks are eminently qualified. For example, after decades of active involvement with their sport, they often bring to the table experiences more relevant to the black players which make up the majority of professional athletes. Given the centrality of sport in American life, it is imperative that the industry be a leader, not a laggard, in the arena of racial equality. Informed by Frederick Douglass's belief that power concedes nothing without a demand, In Black and White casts its net widely, dissecting claims of colorblindness and reverse racism as self-serving, rhetorical camouflage and scrutinizing professional and collegiate sports, sports agents, and owners alike. No mere critique, however, the volume looks optimistically forward, outlining strategies of interest to all those who have a stake, professional or otherwise, in sports and racial equality.

The Unlevel Playing Field

A Documentary History of the African American Experience in Sport

Author: David Kenneth Wiggins,Patrick B. Miller

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252028205

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 493

View: 5331

This extraordinarily rich compendium of primary sources charts the significant, intertwining history of African Americans and sport. The Unlevel Playing Field contains more than one hundred documents -- ranging chronologically from a challenge issued by prize fighter Tom Molineaux in the London Times in 1810 to a forward-looking interview with Harry Edwards in 2000. Introductions and head-notes provided by David K. Wiggins and Patrick B. Miller place each document in context, shaping an unrivaled narrative.Readers will find dozens of accounts taken from newspapers (both black and white), periodicals, and autobiographies, by literary and sports figures, activists, historians, and others. Frederick Douglass, W. E. B. DuBois, Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey, James Weldon Johnson, Richard Wright, A. S. "Doc" Young, Eldredge Cleaver, Nikki Giovanni, John Edgar Wideman, bell hooks, James Baldwin, Roy Wilkins, Henry Louis Gates, and Gerald Early are included here.Tracing the participation of blacks in American sport from the days of slavery, The Unlevel Playing Field touches on nearly every major sport and covers the full sweep of America's past. Documents include discussions of the color line in organized baseball during the Jim Crow era and athletics in the American army, as well as portraits of turn-of-the-century figures like the champion sprint cyclist Marshall "Major" Taylor and boxers George Dixon and Jack Johnson.Other selections tackle the National Tennis Association championship, high school basketball, debates over participation of black athletes in the 1968 Olympics, and the place of African American women in sport. Countless pioneering and modern-day African American athletes are spotlighted here, from Jackie Robinson, Jesse Owens, Joe Louis, Muhammad Ali, and Althea Gibson, to Michael Jordan, Tiger Woods, and Venus and Serena Williams.A thorough and informative bibliographical essay by Wiggins and Miller concludes the volume.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1538114984

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4339

Great African Americans in Sports

Author: Pat Rediger

Publisher: New York ; Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ont. : Crabtree Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780865058019

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 64

View: 1578

Profiles notable African Americans in the field of sports, including Muhammad Ali, Arthur Ashe, and Zina Garrison.

African American Icons of Sport

Triumph, Courage, and Excellence

Author: Matthew C. Whitaker

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313340284

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 309

View: 1278

Presents the lives and accomplishment of twenty-four African American athletes and coaches, discussing their achievements in sport as they dealt with discrimination and social pressures, their involvement in issues of social justice, and their influence on subsequent generations of athletes.

Commodified and Criminalized

New Racism and African Americans in Contemporary Sports

Author: David J. Leonard,C. Richard King, Washington State University

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781442206793

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 272

View: 4921

Commodified and Criminalized examines the centrality of sport to discussions of racial ideologies and racist practices in the 21st century. It disputes familiar refrains of racial progress, arguing that athletes sit in a contradictory position masked by the logics of new racism and dominant white racial frames. Contributors discuss athletes ranging from Tiger Woods and Serena Williams to Freddy Adu and Shani Davis.

Modern Sport and the African American Experience

Author: Gary Sailes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781631893865

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 316

View: 3790

This is a collection of essays from some of America's most brilliant and vibrant sport sociologists and race scholars. This text highlights more of the experiences of African Americans in modern sport than any of its kind

Encyclopedia of Ethnicity and Sports in the United States

Author: George B. Kirsch,Othello Harris,Claire Elaine Nolte

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313299117

Category: History

Page: 530

View: 1366

Traces the development of athletics in the United States by examining the sporting experience of Native Americans, African Americans and the immigrant groups of the United States from Colonial times to the present.