After Tamerlane

The Rise and Fall of Global Empires, 1400-2000

Author: John Darwin

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141904682

Category: History

Page: 592

View: 4718

Tamerlane was the last of the 'world conquerors': his armies looted and killed from the shores of the Mediterranean to the frontier of China. Nomad horsemen from the Steppes had been the terror of Europe and Asia for centuries, but with Tamerlane's death in 1405, an epoch of history came to an end. The future belonged to the great dynastic empires - Chinese, Mughal, Iranian and Ottoman - where most of Eurasia's culture and wealth was to be found, and to the oceanic voyagers from Eurasia's 'Far West', just beginning to venture across the dark seas. After Tamerlane is an immensely important and stimulating work. It takes a fresh look at our global past. Our idea of world history is still dominated by the view from the West: it is Europe's expansion that takes centre-stage. But for much of the six-hundred year span of this book. Asia's great empires seemed much more than a match for the intruders from Europe. It took a revolution in Eurasia to change this balance of power, although never completely. The Chinese empire, against all the odds, has survived to this day. The British empire came and went. The Nazi empire was crushed almost at one. The rise, fall and endurance of empires - and the causes behind them - remain one of the most fascinating puzzles in world history.

Die Geburt der modernen Welt

Eine Globalgeschichte 1780-1914

Author: Christopher A. Bayly

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593404885

Category: History

Page: 650

View: 1539

Christopher Baylys weltumspannender Blick auf das Agieren der Staaten, die vielfältigen Ausprägungen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, Religionen und Lebensweisen zeigt auf verblüffende Weise, wie eng schon im 19. Jahrhundert die Entwicklung Europas mit dem Geschehen in den anderen Erdteilen verknüpft war. »Ein mutiger Wurf, der geeignet ist, eingefahrene Sichtweisen aufzubrechen.« Johannes Willms, Süddeutsche Zeitung »Dieses Werk schafft ein neues Geschichtsbild; wie viele Bücher können das schon von sich behaupten?« Frankfurter Rundschau Ausgezeichnet als "Historisches Buch des Jahres" der Zeitschrift DAMALS Ausgezeichnet von H-Soz-u-Kult als "Das Historische Buch 2007" in der Kategorie "Entangled History"

Herrschaftsverlust und Machtverfall

Author: Peter Hoeres,Armin Owzar,Christina Schröer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486745638

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 1519

This volume takes an interdisciplinary and cross-epochal approach to the causes and historical patterns of decline and fall from power along with their representations and effects, using selected examples extending from the Hellenistic period to the Cold War. The essays bring together varied methodologies drawn from systems theory, political and social history, and the humanities.

The Rise and Decline of the American "Empire"

Power and its Limits in Comparative Perspective

Author: Geir Lundestad

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191641006

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 8049

The Rise and Decline of the American "Empire" explores the rapidly growing literature on the rise and fall of the United States. The author argues that after 1945 the US has definitely been the most dominant power the world has seen and that it has successfully met the challenges from, first, the Soviet Union and, then, Japan, and the European Union. Now, however, the United States is in decline: its vast military power is being challenged by asymmetrical wars, its economic growth is slow and its debt is rising rapidly, the political system is proving unable to meet these challenges in a satisfactory way. While the US is still likely to remain the world's leading power for the foreseeable future, it is being challenged by China, particularly economically, and also by several other regional Great Powers. The book also addresses the more theoretical question of what recent superpowers have been able to achieve and what they have not achieved. How could the United States be both the dominant power and at the same time suffer significant defeats? And how could the Soviet Union suddenly collapse? No power has ever been omnipotent. It cannot control events all around the world. The Soviet Union suffered from imperial overstretch; the traditional colonial empires suffered from a growing lack of legitimacy at the international, national, and local levels. The United States has been able to maintain its alliance system, but only in a much reformed way. If a small power simply insists on pursuing its own very different policies, there is normally little the United States and other Great Powers will do. Military intervention is an option that can be used only rarely and most often with strikingly limited results.

Der imperiale Traum

Die Globalgeschichte großer Reiche 1400-2000

Author: John Darwin

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593409976

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 1307

Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts begannen die europäischen Seefahrernationen, die Seewege Richtung Amerika und Indien zu erschließen. Doch was geschah damals in jenem Teil der Welt, der vom Ausgreifen des Westens zunächst relativ unberührt blieb? In einer meisterhaften Geschichtserzählung schildert John Darwin, dass die asiatischen Reiche - China, Japan, das indische Mogul-Reich, das Osmanische und Russische Reich - lange Zeit erstaunlich stabil blieben. Erst um 1880 erlangte Europa ihnen gegenüber eine ökonomische und militärische Vormachtstellung, die es aber im Zuge der beiden Weltkriege des 20. Jahrhunderts bald wieder verlor. "Dieses Buch wird über Jahre zum Standard werden." Rheinischer Merkur "Kaum ein Stein des welthistorischen Mosaiks seit der frühen Neuzeit bleibt von Darwin ungewendet." Die Zeit

Helpless Imperialists

Imperial Failure, Fear and Radicalization

Author: Maurus Reinkowski

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525310447

Category: History

Page: 211

View: 7384

Helpless Imperialists enquires into the relation between imperial exposure, fear, radicalization and violence and highlights moments of peripety bringing imperialist grandeur to collapse.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 5174

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Citizenship After Orientalism

An Unfinished Project

Author: Engin F Isin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131768138X

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 7772

This collection offers a postcolonial critique of the ostensible superiority or originality of ‘Western’ political theory and one of its fundamental concepts, ‘citizenship’. The chapters analyse the undoing, uncovering, and reinventing of citizenship as a way of investigating citizenship as political subjectivity. If it has now become very difficult to imagine citizenship merely as nationality or membership in the nation-state, this is at least in part because of the anticolonial struggles and the project of reimagining citizenship after orientalism that they precipitated. If it has become difficult to sustain the orientalist assumption, the question arises; how do we investigate citizenship as political subjectivity after orientalism? This book was originally published as a special issue of Citizenship Studies.

Re-shaping Cities

How Global Mobility Transforms Architecture and Urban Form

Author: Michael Guggenheim,Ola Söderström

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135189080

Category: Architecture

Page: 264

View: 953

This original collection examines how architectural ideas, social models and building forms circulate round the world and become mediated and adapted to local conditions. The book shows how types such as skyscrapers, mosques or living history museums are imported, adapted and contested in different societies and how urban landscapes are reshaped by the global circulation of models drawn from elsewhere. Written by scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds –architecture, anthropology, geography, linguistics, science studies and sociology – the book draws its inspiration from a series of different approaches and offers both original theoretical reflection and carefully crafted case-studies.

The Oxford Handbook of the French Revolution

Author: David Andress

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019100992X

Category: History

Page: 704

View: 4241

The Oxford Handbook of the French Revolution brings together a sweeping range of expert and innovative contributions to offer engaging and thought-provoking insights into the history and historiography of this epochal event. Each chapter presents the foremost summations of academic thinking on key topics, along with stimulating and provocative interpretations and suggestions for future research directions. Placing core dimensions of the history of the French Revolution in their transnational and global contexts, the contributors demonstrate that revolutionary times demand close analysis of sometimes tiny groups of key political actors - whether the king and his ministers or the besieged leaders of the Jacobin republic - and attention to the deeply local politics of both rural and urban populations. Identities of class, gender and ethnicity are interrogated, but so too are conceptions and practices linked to citizenship, community, order, security, and freedom: each in their way just as central to revolutionary experiences, and equally amenable to critical analysis and reflection. This volume covers the structural and political contexts that build up to give new views on the classic question of the 'origins of revolution'; the different dimensions of personal and social experience that illuminate the political moment of 1789 itself; the goals and dilemmas of the period of constitutional monarchy; the processes of destabilisation and ongoing conflict that ended that experiment; the key issues surrounding the emergence and experience of 'terror'; and the short- and long-term legacies, for both good and ill, of the revolutionary trauma - for France, and for global politics.

The National Interest in Question

Foreign Policy in Multicultural Societies

Author: Christopher Hill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199652767

Category: Political Science

Page: 315

View: 9653

European societies, congratulating themselves after the end of the Cold War on living in a zone of unparalleled peace and prosperity, have been shocked to find themselves once again involved in faraway wars, while at home a new wave of terrorism followed on the events of 9.11 in the United States. On top of this they have been grappling with rapid social change associated with inward migration and increased ethnic and cultural diversity. If in the age of empireEurope went out to the world, the world is now turning up on Europe's doorstep. This book analyses the problems arising from the interplay between international politics and the changing nature ofsociety in ten Member States of the European Union, weighing up the relative importance of the kind of national foreign policy pursued and the approach taken towards multiculturalism at home

Heart of Darkness

(Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition)

Author: Joseph Conrad

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101613688

Category: Fiction

Page: 160

View: 9673

In a novella which remains highly controversial to this day, Conrad explores the relations between Africa and Europe. On the surface, this is a horrifying tale of colonial exploitation. The narrator, Marlowe journeys on business deep into the heart of Africa. But there he encounters Kurtz, an idealist apparently crazed and depraved by his power over the natives, and the meeting prompts Marlowe to reflect on the darkness at the heart of all men. This short but complex and often ambiguous story, which has been the basis of several films and plays, continues to provoke interpretation and discussion. Heart of Darkness grew out of a journey Joseph Conrad took up the Congo River; the verisimilitude that the great novelist thereby brought to his most famous tale everywhere enhances its dense and shattering power. Apparently a sailor’s yarn, it is in fact a grim parody of the adventure story, in which the narrator, Marlow, travels deep into the heart of the Congo where he encounters the crazed idealist Kurtz and discovers that the relative values of the civilized and the primitive are not what they seem. Heart of Darkness is a model of economic storytelling, an indictment of the inner and outer turmoil caused by the European imperial misadventure, and a piercing account of the fragility of the human soul. (Book Jacket Status: Jacketed)

Journal of the Civil War Era

Fall 2014 Issue

Author: William A. Blair

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469615991

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 9714

The Journal of the Civil War Era Volume 4, Number 3, September 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS Editor's Note, William Blair Articles Felicity Turner Rights and the Ambiguities of Law: Infanticide in the Nineteenth-Century U.S. South Paul Quigley Civil War Conscription and the International Boundaries of Citizenship Jay Sexton William H. Seward in the World Review Essay Patick J. Kelly the European Revolutions of 1848 and the Transnational turn in Civil War History Book Reviews Books Received Notes on Contributors

Imperien

Die Logik der Weltherrschaft - vom Alten Rom bis zu den Vereinigten Staaten

Author: Herfried Münkler

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644118213

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 9729

Wodurch zeichnen sich Imperien aus? Welche Gefahren birgt eine imperiale Ordnung? Und welche Chancen bietet sie? Mit einem Mal sind diese Fragen nicht mehr nur von historischem Interesse. Die USA haben inzwischen eine Vormachtstellung inne, die viele für bedrohlich halten. Bestimmen die Politiker in Washington die Regeln, denen der Rest der Welt zu folgen hat? Oder gibt es eine Logik der Weltherrschaft, der auch sie sich beugen müssen? Herfried Münkler zeigt, wie ein Imperium funktioniert und welche Arten von Imperien es in der Vergangenheit gegeben hat. Ein souveräner Gang durch die Geschichte und zugleich die brillante Analyse eines hochaktuellen Themas.

Unfinished Empire

The Global Expansion of Britain

Author: John Darwin

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 1846140889

Category: Commonwealth countries

Page: 478

View: 3993

The enormous influence of the British Empire cannot be escaped. It has shaped the world in countless ways, repopulating continents, carving out nations, imposing its language, technology and values. For perhaps two centuries its existence, expansion, and final collapse could be seen as the single largest determinant of historical events. Now that it has gone, it seems to us baffling that such a strange global system could have once been so powerful. What was the dynamic that led English-speakers to stand on the shores of the Pacific, to control the world's seaways, and create the financial institutions that transformed the global economy? John Darwin's provocative and richly enjoyable new book is an attempt to make us see anew how diverse, unpredictable and even chaotic the British Empire really was, controlled by interests that were often at loggerheads, and as much driven on by the weakness of others as by its own strength. Unfinished Empire explains what allowed the makers of Empire to be so sure of their right to claim North America, New Zealand or the African savannah, to be the greatest slave-traders but the first to abolish the trade, to use astonishing violence against their opponents but also claim to uphold the rule of law. By exploring the varying patterns of conquest, the ferocious rebellions, the urge to convert as well as to rule, the quarrels and conflicts between missionaries, farmers and merchants, and the sudden descent towards the Empire's final collapse, Unfinished Empire presents a surprising, original and often critical account of an extraordinary phenomenon.

Oswaldus Crollius und Daniel Sennert im frühneuzeitlichen Istanbul

Studien zur Rezeption des Paracelsismus im Werk des osmanischen Arztes Ṣāliḥ b. Naṣrullāh Ibn Sallūm al-Ḥalabī

Author: Natalia Bachour

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3862269655

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 7338

Die vorliegende Studie untersucht die Rezeption des Paracelsismus im Osmanischen Reich des 17. Jahrhunderts. Im Mittelpunkt der Arbeit steht die Erforschung der arabischen Übersetzungen von Oswaldus Crollius‘ Basilica Chymica und Daniel Sennerts De Chymicorum cum Aristotelicis et Galenicis consensu ac dissensu (al-Kīmiyā’ al-malakiyya und at-Tibb al-kīmiyā’i al-dschadīd). Sie werden dem Obermedicus Ibn Sallum al-Halabi zugeschrieben, der als Erneuerer der Medizin im Osmanischen Reich gilt und durch sein Werk den Orient mit neuen Krankheiten, mit dem Paracelsismus und der Nova medicina bekanntgemacht haben soll. Diese Arbeit weist jedoch nach, dass Ibn Sallum nicht als Übersetzer der genannten Schriften gelten und eine Paracelsusrezeption nicht auf ihn zurückgeführt werden kann. Vielmehr ergibt die Erforschung seiner Werke und der Quellen in ihrem Umfeld, dass Ibn Sallum ein pragmatischer Eklektiker war und der Qualitäten- und Gradelehre treu blieb. Allerdings läßt die Erforschung der Ibn Sallum zugeschriebenen Schriften eine breitere Übersetzungsaktivität erkennen, die das rege Interesse der osmanischen Gelehrten am medizinischen und pharmazeutischen Schrifttum der westeuropäischen Länder in der Mitte des 17. Jahrhunderts widerspiegelt. Die Studie arbeitet die textlichen und kulturellen Bedingungen und Merkmale dieses Rezeptionsprozesses medizinischer und pharmazeutischer Schriften heraus. Natalia Bachours Dissertation über "Oswaldus Crollius und Daniel Sennert im frühneuzeitlichen Istanbul" wurde von der internationalen Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Pharmazie mit dem renommierten "Prix Carmen Francés" ausgezeichnet

Endless Empire

Spain's Retreat, Europe's Eclipse, America's Decline

Author: Alfred W. McCoy,Josep Maria Fradera,Stephen Jacobson (PhD.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 477

View: 4732

Throughout four millennia of recorded history there has been no end to empire, but instead an endless succession of empires. After five centuries of sustained expansion, the half-dozen European powers that ruled half of humanity collapsed with stunning speed after World War II, creating a hundred emerging nations in Asia and Africa. Amid this imperial transition, the United States became the new global hegemon, dominating this world order with an array of power that closely resembled that of its European predecessors. As Brazil, Russia, India, China, and the European Union now rise in global influence, twenty leading historians from four continents take a timely look backward and forward to discover patterns of eclipse in past empires that are already shaping a decline in U.S. global power, including: * erosion of economic and fiscal strength needed for military power on a global scale * misuse of military power through micro-military misadventures * breakdown of alliances among major powers * weakened controls over the subordinate elites critical for any empire's exercise of global power * insufficient technological innovation to sustain global force projection.

Die unbarmherzige Revolution

eine Geschichte des Kapitalismus

Author: Joyce Oldham Appleby

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783867741354

Category:

Page: 686

View: 7666

In ihrer großen Geschichte des Kapitalismus erzählt Joyce Appleby die Geschichte unseres Wirtschaftssystems: von den großen Entdeckungen der Portugiesen, vom Sklavenhandel über die industrielle Revolution bis zur Globalisierung der Gegenwart, und beschreibt schließlich unsere ökonomische und auch kulturelle Identität, die so sehr vom Kapitalismus geprägt ist. Messerscharf seziert sie die guten und die schlechten Seiten des Kapitalismus und beschreibt, was der Kapitalismus mit den Menschen macht. Eine mitreißende Lektüre für alle, die von der "unbarmherzigen Revolution" profitieren oder an ihr verzweifeln.