Agricultural Research in Africa

Investing in Future Harvests

Author: Lynam, John,Beintema, Nienke M.,Roseboom, Johannes,Badiane, Ousmane

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896292126

Category: Political Science

Page: 498

View: 9041

This book—prepared by Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI), which is led by IFPRI—offers a comprehensive perspective on the evolution, current status, and future goals of agricultural research and development in Africa, including analyses of the complex underlying issues and challenges involved, as well as insights into how they might be overcome. Agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara is at a prospective tipping point. Growth has accelerated in the past decade, but is unsustainable given increasing use of finite resources. The yield gap in African agriculture is significant, and scenarios on feeding the world’s population into the future highlight the need for Africa to expand its agricultural production. Agricultural Research in Africa: Investing in Future Harvests discusses the need to shift to a growth path based on increased productivity—as in the rest of the developing world— which is essential if Africa is to increase rural incomes and compete in both domestic and international markets. Such a shift ultimately requires building on evolving improvements that collectively translate to deepening rural innovation capacity.

Genetically modified crops in Africa

Economic and policy lessons from countries south of the Sahara

Author: Falck-Zepeda, José Benjamin,Gruère, Guillaume P.,Sithole-Niang, Idah

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896297950

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 2484

A variable climate, political instability, and other constraints have limited agricultural development in African countries south of the Sahara. Genetically modified (GM) crops are one tool for enhancing agricultural productivity and food security despite such constraints. Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Economic and Policy Lessons from Countries South of the Sahara investigates how this tool might be effectively used by evaluating the benefits, costs, and risks for African countries of adopting GM crops. The authors gather together studies on GM crops’ economic effects and impact on trade, how consumers view such crops, and other issues. They find that GM crops have had, on average, a positive economic effect in the nations where they were used and identify future steps for enhancing GM crop adoption’s positive effects. Promising policy initiatives include making biosafety regulations that do not make GM crop development prohibitively expensive, fostering intraregional trade in GM crops, and providing more and better information about GM crops to consumers who might currently be skeptical of them. These and other findings in Genetically Modified Crops in Africa indicate ways biotechnology can contribute to economic development in Africa south of the Sahara.

Farmer Innovation in Africa

A Source of Inspiration for Agricultural Development

Author: Chris Reij,Ann Waters-Bayer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134205058

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 1452

One of Africa's major untapped resources is the creativity of its farmers. This book presents a series of clear and detailed studies that demonstrate how small-scale farmers, both men and women, experiment and innovate in order to improve their livelihoods, despite the adverse conditions and lack of appropriate external support with which they have to contend. The studies are based on fieldwork in a wide variety of farming systems throughout Africa, and have been written primarily by African researchers and extension specialists. Numerous lively examples show how a participatory approach to agricultural research and development that builds on local knowledge and innovation can stimulate the creativity of all involved - not only the farmers. This approach, which recognizes the farmers' capacity to innovate as the crucial component of success, provides a much-needed alternative to the conventional 'transfer of technology' paradigm. This book is a rich source of case studies and analyses of how agricultural research and development policy can be changed. It presents evidence of the resilience and resolution of rural communities in Africa and will be an inspiration for development workers, researchers and policy-makers, as well as for students and teachers of agriculture, environment and sustainable development.

Advances in Integrated Soil Fertility Management in sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Andre Bationo,Boaz Waswa,Job Kihara,Joseph Kimetu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402057601

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1091

View: 7648

Food insecurity is a fundamental challenge to human welfare and economic growth in Africa. Low agricultural production leads to low incomes, poor nutrition, vulnerability to risk and threat and lack of empowerment. This book offers a comprehensive synthesis of agricultural research and development experiences from sub-Saharan Africa. The text highlights practical lessons from the sub-Saharan Africa region.

Agricultural Research Policy in an Era of Privatization

Author: Ruben G. Echeverri ?a

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851998800

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 9993

Late 20th century decades witnessed a dramatic shift from public to private sector funding and execution of agricultural research in many developed countries. This book assesses the implications of these changes and discusses the nature of public-private research partnership.

Financing Higher Education in Africa

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821383377

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 5919

The training and development of human capital in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) will help countries in the region diversify their economies, carry out economic transformation, and support sustainable growth. Higher education plays a key role in training qualified individuals who will be able to implement new technologies and use innovative methods to establish cost-efficient and effective enterprises and institutions. However, in order for SSA to reap the benefits of this investment in human capital, higher education institutions must secure financing to provide quality training and sound professional prospects to their students. Currently, tertiary education development is unsustainable resources per student are declining and the quality of education is affected. These issues are particularly pressing in times of financial global crisis, when available resources for tertiary education tend to diminish. The impact of the crisis that started in 2008 provides a clear illustration of the need to explore innovative ways to diversify and secure financing for higher education in SSA. 'Financing Higher Education in Africa' provides a comprehensive overview of higher education financing in SSA. The book begins with an explanation of the fundamental problems faced by higher education institutions and students in SSA, namely the combined pressure of a rapid growth in demand and a growing scarcity of public resources, and it presents the dramatic consequences of these trends on quality. The book then turns to analyzing and comparing the current funding policies in SSA countries and it provides recommendations for improvement. Finally, the book examines the alternatives to the status quo and the policy tools needed to both diversify resources and allocate them based on performance. It will be of great interest to governments, universities, research institutions, and international organizations throughout the region.

Who Talks to Whom in African Agricultural Research Information Networks?

The Malawi Case

Author: Klaus Droppelmann,Mariam A. T. J. Mapila,John Mazunda,Paul Thangata,Jason Yauney

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 24

View: 7798

The sector-wide approach currently dominates as the strategy for developing the agricultural sector of many African countries. Although it is recognized that agricultural research plays a vital role in ensuring success of sectorwide agricultural development strategies, there has been little or no effort to explicitly link the research strategies of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) in African countries to the research agenda that is articulated in sectorwide agricultural development strategies. This study fills that gap by analyzing the readiness of Malawi’s NARS to respond to the research needs of the national agricultural sector development strategy, namely the Agriculture Sector Wide Approach (ASWAp) program. Results of a social network analysis demonstrate that public agricultural research departments play a central coordinating role in facilitating information sharing, with other actors remaining on the periphery. However, that analysis also shows the important role other actors play in relaying information to a wider network of stakeholders. These secondary information pathways can play a crucial role in ensuring successful implementation of the national agricultural research agenda. Policymakers and managers of public research programs are called upon to integrate other research actors into the mainstream national agricultural research information network. This is vital as other research actors are, at the global level, increasingly taking up a greater role in financing and disseminating research and research results, and in enhancing the scaling up and out of new agricultural technologies.

Agricultural Research in an Era of Adjustment

Policies, Institutions, and Progress

Author: Steven R. Tabor

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821331972

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 201

View: 5211

Where does theory lead us? Structural adjustment and agriculture; Structural adjustment and institucional change; Learning from experience; Managing the reform process; Technical progress and structural change in OECD agriculture; Policy conditionality in agricultural research projects; Action planning adjustment and research system reform; Structural and agricultural research: summing up.