Agriculture and Rural Development in a Globalizing World

Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Prabhu Pingali,Gershon Feder

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315314045

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 2226

Rapid structural transformation and urbanization are transforming agriculture and food production in rural areas across the world. This textbook provides a comprehensive review and assessment of the multi-faceted nature of agriculture and rural development, particularly in the developing world, where the greatest challenges occur. It is designed around five thematic parts: Agricultural Intensification and Technical Change; Political Economy of Agricultural Policies; Community and Rural Institutions; Agriculture, Nutrition, and Health; and Future Relevance of International Institutions. Each chapter presents a detailed but accessible review of the literature on the specific topic and discusses the frontiers in research and institutional changes needed as societies adapt to the transformation processes. All authors are eminent scholars with international reputations, who have been actively engaged in the contemporary debates around agricultural development and rural transformation.

Gender and Rural Globalization

International Perspectives on Gender and Rural Development

Author: Jose Quero-Garcia,Amy Iezzoni,Joanna Pulawska,Gregory A Lang

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780646259

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 6909

This book explores how rural gender relations are changing in a globalizing world that fundamentally impacts on the structure of agricultural life in rural areas and urban-rural relations. It analyses the development of rural gender relations in specific places around the world and looks into the effects of the increasing connectivity and mobility of people across places. The themes covered are: gender and mobility, gender and agriculture, Gender and rural politics, rurality and Gender identity and women and international development. Each theme has an overview of the state of the art in that specific thematic area and integrates the case-studies that follow.

Globalization and Agriculture

Redefining Unequal Development

Author: Antônio Márcio Buainain,Miguel Rocha de Sousa,Zander Navarro

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498542271

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 6123

This book provides a detailed analysis of recent agricultural development in selected countries of Latin America, Africa, and Asia within the context of globalization. It reveals the different and often contradictory facets of globalization in terms of social and economic benefits, and also its consequences on agricultural and rural development.

India in a Globalising World

Some Aspects of Macroeconomy, Agriculture, and Poverty : Essays in Honour of C.H. Hanumantha Rao

Author: Rokkam Radhakrishna,C. H. Hanumantha Rao,S. K. Rao,K. Subbarao,S. Mahendra Dev

Publisher: Academic Foundation

ISBN: 9788171885169

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 3536

Chennamaneni H. Hanumantha Rao, b. 1929, Indian economist; revised version of papers presented at a seminar held at Hyderabad, during 16-17 November 2004.

Science for Agriculture and Rural Development in Low-income Countries

Author: Reimund Roetter,Herman van Keulen,Marijke Kuiper,J. Verhagen,H. H. van Laar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402066163

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 220

View: 5896

Facing new challenges with respect to sustainable agriculture and rural development strategies for low-income countries, related to global environmental change and globalization of markets, an interdisciplinary Wageningen University and Research Centre group set out to draw lessons from the DLO-IC projects of the last eight years. In discussing the way ahead and a future agenda, a number of major research challenges, as well as policy questions are outlined.

International Agricultural Development

Author: Carl K. Eicher,John M. Staatz

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801858796

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 615

View: 9314

Other topics include market failures, food insecurity, rural poverty, environmental degradation, income and asset inequality, fiscally sustainable organizations, the changing roles of the public and private sector in research, input delivery systems, marketing and low rates of agricultural growth in much of sub-Saharan Africa.

Structural Transformation and Rural Change Revisited

Challenges for Late Developing Countries in a Globalizing World

Author: Bruno Losch,Sandrine Freguin-Gresh,Eric Thomas White

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395130

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 1023

Based on new evidence from in-depth field surveys, this book addresses the unique situation of countries that remain deeply engaged in agriculture, and proposes a set of policy orientations which could facilitate the process of rural change.

Impact of Globalization on Rural Development

Author: Md. Mizanur Rahman

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656379742

Category: Political Science

Page: 28

View: 9759

Research paper from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, Thammasat University, Bangkok (National Institute of Development Administration(NIDA), Bangkok, Thailand ), language: English, abstract: In a globalized world the dynamics of rural development in Bangladesh has changed immensely. Globalization, free trade and privatization have brought about many positive and negative impacts on rural development. This article tries to focus on three major impacts of globalization on rural development such as impact on environment, poverty and women. In responding to the research questions that how globalization affected environmental degradation, what impact it has done on poverty reduction and women in Bangladesh, the author used a combination of both quantitative and qualitative methods. From the content analysis it was observed that globalization has seriously affected environment such as land degradation; deforestation; soil erosion; soil fertility loss; water logging; salinity and toxification of soils; damage and destruction of coral reefs, mangroves, fisheries; loss of bio-diversity and ecosystem; pollution of air and water bodies etc. that caused huge environmental disasters in Bangladesh. The research findings relating to impact of globalization on poverty reduction unearthed the fact that due to huge remittance from the expatriate foreign labours, exponential increases of agricultural growth especially in cereal crops and increase in labour cost have contributed to reduction of rural poverty in Bangladesh. The increase of agricultural growth was the end result of massive privatization of agricultural sector in Bangladesh that in fact helped the rich farmers to adopt HYV and modern agricultural practices, agrochemicals, pesticides, fertilizers; and privatization also helped them availing of low cost tube wells and agricultural inputs, increase of irrigation facilities. But the poor farmers were hardly affected by the privatization strategy. But the negative scenario in case of poverty is that globalization has increased income inequality in Bangladesh. Lastly, from both content analysis and case studies, it was found that globalization has created employment opportunities of women in the garments industries (RMG) in the export processing zones of Bangladesh. Mostly these women are the poverty stricken women who migrated to city areas from rural areas for employment but the foreign investors are exploited these women by providing a low salary and employed them excessive hours for ensuring their optimum production. [...]

Natural Disasters and Development in a Globalizing World

Author: Mark Pelling

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415279581

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 3311

The number of humanitarian disasters triggered by a natural hazard has doubled every decade since the 1960s. At the same time, the global economic growth rate per capita is twice its 1960s value. Does this mean economic growth is independent of the impacts of natural disaster? Natural Disaster and Development in a Globalizing World is the first book to acknowledge the full implications of globalization for disaster and development. The contributors to this book fully examine: global processes and how they might affect disaster risk at the global scale. links between international issues - such as diplomatic relations, the growth of non-governmental organizations and the health of the international insurance industry - and disaster risk the interaction of these large scale forces with local conditions through case study analysis of individual disaster events. In his revealing work, author Pelling makes clear the links between global scale processes and local experiences of disaster, and underlies the difficulty of attributing blame for individual disasters on specific global pressures. He argues that action to reduce disaster must be coordinated at the local, national and global scales and that there is a need for greater integration across the physical and social sciences. In this context, the human rights agenda is seen as a way of moving disaster reduction efforts forward.

E-Agriculture and Rural Development: Global Innovations and Future Prospects

Global Innovations and Future Prospects

Author: Maumbe, Blessing

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466626860

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 310

View: 6730

"This book is a comprehensive collection of research on the emerging trends and advances in the global application of information and communication technology use in agriculture and rural development"--Provided by publisher.

The Family Farm in a Globalizing World

The Role of Crop Science in Alleviating Poverty

Author: Michael Lipton

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896296547

Category: Social Science

Page: 29

View: 7871

References p. 25-28.

Global Agriculture and the American Farmer

Opportunities for U.S. Leadership

Author: Kimberly Ann Elliott

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 1944691006

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 1508

The United States is one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of a range of agricultural commodities, and the largest provider of foreign assistance, so U.S. policies have big effects on global food security and other global public goods linked to agriculture. On the positive side of the ledger, President Obama created the Feed the Future aid initiative to promote agricultural development in poorer countries as a tool to achieve the global goals of ending hunger and extreme poverty, which are mostly rural. But that generosity is undercut by U.S. support for farmers that distorts global markets and ignores negative spillovers for the rest of the world. In this book, Elliott focuses on three policy areas that are particularly damaging for developing countries: traditional agricultural subsidy and trade policies that support the incomes of American farmers at the expense of farmers elsewhere; the biofuels mandate, which in its current form increases market volatility while doing little if anything to mitigate climate change; and weak regulation of antibiotic use in livestock, which contributes to the global spread of drug-resistant super bugs. While noting that broad reforms are needed to fix these problems, Elliott also identifies practical steps that U.S. policymakers could take in the relatively short run to improve farm policies—for American taxpayers and consumers as well as for the poor and vulnerable in developing countries.

Fostering Global Well-being

A New Paradigm to Revitalize Agricultural and Rural Development

Author: David D. Bathrick

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 089629630X

Category: Social Science

Page: 27

View: 5021

This paper, describes the almost revolutionary changes that have taken place in the economic arena in recent years. This is story of paradigm shift, where government-led growth we see now. The emergence of the market in the context of globalizaction has meant the reduction of biases against agriculture, an amphases on flexible responses in the production of goods and services, strengthened links between local, national, and international economies, greater integration of different sectors of the economy, and increased importance of the private sector.

Globalization and the Developing Countries

Emerging Strategies for Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation

Author: David Bigman

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845933338

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 900

The objective of this book is to review the impact of globalization on a number of issues. Key issues highlighted include: the high risk or producing traditional commodity crops for export; and the removal of many non-tariff trade barriers, which threaten the livelihoods of many farmers.

Peasants and Globalization

Political Economy, Agrarian Transformation and Development

Author: A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi,Cristóbal Kay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134064640

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 8857

In 2007, for the first time in human history, a majority of the world’s population lived in cities. However, on a global scale, poverty overwhelmingly retains a rural face. This book assembles an unparalleled group of internationally-eminent scholars in the field of rural development and social change in order to explore historical and contemporary processes of agrarian change and transformation and their consequent impact upon the livelihoods, poverty and well-being of those who live in the countryside. The book provides a critical analysis of the extent to which rural development trajectories have in the past and are now promoting a change in rural production processes, the accumulation of rural resources, and shifts in rural politics, and the implications of such trajectories for peasant livelihoods and rural workers in an era of globalization. Peasants and Globalization thus explores continuity and change in the debate on the ‘agrarian question’, from its early formulation in the late 19th century to the continuing relevance it has in our times, including chapters from Terence Byres, Amiya Bagchi, Ellen Wood, Farshad Araghi, Henry Bernstein, Saturnino M Borras, Ray Kiely, Michael Watts and Philip McMichael. Collectively, the contributors argue that neoliberal social and economic policies have, in deepening the market imperative governing the contemporary world food system, not only failed to tackle to underlying causes of rural poverty but have indeed deepened the agrarian crisis currently confronting the livelihoods of peasant farmers and rural workers. This crisis does not go unchallenged, as rural social movements have emerged, for the first time, on a transnational scale. Confronting development policies that are unable to reduce, let alone eliminate, rural poverty, transnational rural social movements are attempting to construct a more just future for the world’s farmers and rural workers.

Labor Relations in a Globalizing World

Author: Harry C. Katz,Thomas A. Kochan,Alexander J. S. Colvin

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455510

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 5743

Compelled by the extent to which globalization has changed the nature of labor relations, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, and Alexander J. S. Colvin give us the first textbook to focus on the workplace outcomes of the production of goods and services in emerging countries. In Labor Relations in a Globalizing World, they draw lessons from the United States and other advanced industrial countries to provide a menu of options for management, labor, and government leaders in emerging countries. They include discussions based in countries such as China, Brazil, India, and South Africa which, given the advanced levels of economic development they have already achieved, are often described as “transitional,” because the labor relations practices and procedures used in those countries are still in a state of flux. Katz, Kochan, and Colvin analyze how labor relations functions in emerging countries in a manner that is useful to practitioners, policymakers, and academics. They take account of the fact that labor relations are much more politicized in emerging countries than in advanced industrialized countries. They also address the traditional role played by state-dominated unions in emerging countries and the recent increased importance of independent unions that have emerged as alternatives. These independent unions tend to promote firm- or workplace-level collective bargaining in contrast to the more traditional top-down systems. Katz, Kochan, and Colvin explain how multinational corporations, nongovernmental organizations, and other groups that act across national borders increasingly influence work and employment outcomes.

Villages in the Future

Crops, Jobs and Livelihood

Author: Detlef Virchow,Joachim von Braun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642565751

Category: Political Science

Page: 410

View: 799

Life in rural communities is bound to change with historically unprecedented speed in the coming decades. How will this change be guided by local, national and global policies in order to enhance the livelihoods of rural inhabitants and to overcome the growing division of rural and urban areas? The contributions in this publication, ranging from scientific papers to short reports from practitioners, are grouped around 4 major themes: political and institutional frameworks to foster rural development; natural resources management; broadening the technological base of rural economies; and improved linkages between urban and rural areas. The overall message is unanimous: there is a promising future for the rural areas worldwide if adequate policies can be enforced and more efficient and fair institutions can be created.

Sustainable Solutions for Modern Economies

Author: Rainer Höfer

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847559050

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 2365

Limited supplies of fossil fuels and concerns about global warming have created a strong desire to solve the resource issue in the age "beyond petroleum". This reference book, from the "Green Chemistry Series", contains the essential areas of green chemistry and sustainability in modern economies. It is the first book to outline the contribution of chemistry, and of renewable chemical or biological resources, to the sustainability concept and to the potential resolution of the world's energy problems. It describes the current status of technical research, and industrial application, as well as the potential of biomass as a renewable resource for energy generation in power stations, as alternative fuels, and for various uses in chemistry. It outlines the historical routes of the sustainability concept and specifies sustainability in metrics, facts and figures. The book is written by European experts from academia, industry and investment banking who are world leaders in research and technology regarding sustainability, alternative energies and renewable resources. The sustainability aspects covered include: * consumer behaviour and demands, lifestyles and mega trends, and their impact on innovation in the industry * consumer industry requirements and their impact on suppliers * emerging paradigm changes in raw material demand, availability, sourcing, and logistics * the contribution of the industry to restore the life support systems of the Earth * socially responsible banking and investment * sustainability metrics The book highlights the potential of the different forms of renewable raw materials including: * natural fats and oils * plant-based biologically active ingredients * industrial starch * sucrose * natural rubber * wood * natural fibres It also covers the actual status of biomass usage for green energy generation, green transportation, green chemistry and sustainable nutrition and consumer goods, and it depicts the potentials of green solvents and white biotechnology for modern synthesis and manufacturing technologies. The book is aimed at technical and marketing people in industry, universities and institutions as well as readers in administrations and NGOs. The book will also be of value to the worldwide public interested in sustainability issues and strategies as well as others interested in the practical means that are being used to reduce the environmental impact of chemical processes and products, to further eco-efficiency, and to advance the utilization of renewable resources.