Agriculture and Rural Development in a Globalizing World

Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Prabhu Pingali,Gershon Feder

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315314045

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 2216

Rapid structural transformation and urbanization are transforming agriculture and food production in rural areas across the world. This textbook provides a comprehensive review and assessment of the multi-faceted nature of agriculture and rural development, particularly in the developing world, where the greatest challenges occur. It is designed around five thematic parts: Agricultural Intensification and Technical Change; Political Economy of Agricultural Policies; Community and Rural Institutions; Agriculture, Nutrition, and Health; and Future Relevance of International Institutions. Each chapter presents a detailed but accessible review of the literature on the specific topic and discusses the frontiers in research and institutional changes needed as societies adapt to the transformation processes. All authors are eminent scholars with international reputations, who have been actively engaged in the contemporary debates around agricultural development and rural transformation.

Gender and Rural Globalization

International Perspectives on Gender and Rural Development

Author: Jose Quero-Garcia,Amy Iezzoni,Joanna Pulawska,Gregory A Lang

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780646259

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 2019

This book explores how rural gender relations are changing in a globalizing world that fundamentally impacts on the structure of agricultural life in rural areas and urban-rural relations. It analyses the development of rural gender relations in specific places around the world and looks into the effects of the increasing connectivity and mobility of people across places. The themes covered are: gender and mobility, gender and agriculture, Gender and rural politics, rurality and Gender identity and women and international development. Each theme has an overview of the state of the art in that specific thematic area and integrates the case-studies that follow.

Globalization and Agriculture

Redefining Unequal Development

Author: Antônio Márcio Buainain,Miguel Rocha de Sousa,Zander Navarro

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498542271

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 7501

This book provides a detailed analysis of recent agricultural development in selected countries of Latin America, Africa, and Asia within the context of globalization. It reveals the different and often contradictory facets of globalization in terms of social and economic benefits, and also its consequences on agricultural and rural development.

Impact of Globalization on Rural Development

Author: Md. Mizanur Rahman

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656379742

Category: Political Science

Page: 28

View: 4080

Research paper from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Globalization, Political Economics, Thammasat University, Bangkok (National Institute of Development Administration(NIDA), Bangkok, Thailand ), language: English, abstract: In a globalized world the dynamics of rural development in Bangladesh has changed immensely. Globalization, free trade and privatization have brought about many positive and negative impacts on rural development. This article tries to focus on three major impacts of globalization on rural development such as impact on environment, poverty and women. In responding to the research questions that how globalization affected environmental degradation, what impact it has done on poverty reduction and women in Bangladesh, the author used a combination of both quantitative and qualitative methods. From the content analysis it was observed that globalization has seriously affected environment such as land degradation; deforestation; soil erosion; soil fertility loss; water logging; salinity and toxification of soils; damage and destruction of coral reefs, mangroves, fisheries; loss of bio-diversity and ecosystem; pollution of air and water bodies etc. that caused huge environmental disasters in Bangladesh. The research findings relating to impact of globalization on poverty reduction unearthed the fact that due to huge remittance from the expatriate foreign labours, exponential increases of agricultural growth especially in cereal crops and increase in labour cost have contributed to reduction of rural poverty in Bangladesh. The increase of agricultural growth was the end result of massive privatization of agricultural sector in Bangladesh that in fact helped the rich farmers to adopt HYV and modern agricultural practices, agrochemicals, pesticides, fertilizers; and privatization also helped them availing of low cost tube wells and agricultural inputs, increase of irrigation facilities. But the poor farmers were hardly affected by the privatization strategy. But the negative scenario in case of poverty is that globalization has increased income inequality in Bangladesh. Lastly, from both content analysis and case studies, it was found that globalization has created employment opportunities of women in the garments industries (RMG) in the export processing zones of Bangladesh. Mostly these women are the poverty stricken women who migrated to city areas from rural areas for employment but the foreign investors are exploited these women by providing a low salary and employed them excessive hours for ensuring their optimum production. [...]

Science for Agriculture and Rural Development in Low-income Countries

Author: Reimund Roetter,Herman van Keulen,Marijke Kuiper,J. Verhagen,H. H. van Laar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402066163

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 220

View: 2543

Facing new challenges with respect to sustainable agriculture and rural development strategies for low-income countries, related to global environmental change and globalization of markets, an interdisciplinary Wageningen University and Research Centre group set out to draw lessons from the DLO-IC projects of the last eight years. In discussing the way ahead and a future agenda, a number of major research challenges, as well as policy questions are outlined.

International Agricultural Development

Author: Carl K. Eicher,John M. Staatz

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801858796

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 615

View: 2533

Other topics include market failures, food insecurity, rural poverty, environmental degradation, income and asset inequality, fiscally sustainable organizations, the changing roles of the public and private sector in research, input delivery systems, marketing and low rates of agricultural growth in much of sub-Saharan Africa.

Economics of Agricultural Development

World Food Systems and Resource Use

Author: George W. Norton,Jeffrey Alwang,William A. Masters

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135124078

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 468

View: 3597

Economics of Agricultural Development examines the causes, severity, and effects of poverty, population growth, and malnutrition in developing countries. It discusses potential solutions to these problems, progress made in many countries in recent years, and the implications of globalization for agriculture, poverty, and the environment. Topics covered in the book include: • Means for utilizing agricultural surpluses to further overall economic development • The sustainability of the natural resource environment • Gender issues in relation to agriculture and resource use • The contribution of agricultural technologies • The importance of agricultural and macroeconomic policies as related to development and trade, and the successes and failures of such policies • Actions to encourage more rapid agricultural and economic development The globalization of trade in goods, services, and capital has been fundamental to changes being experienced in the agricultural and rural sectors of developing countries. It has major implications for the fight against poverty and food insecurity and for environmental sustainability. Recently, agriculture has returned to a position of center stage in the development dialog as food price volatility has increased along with water scarcity, and concerns grow over the effects of climate change on food supply and food security. This new edition of the essential textbook in the field builds on the 2010 edition and reflects the following developments: • Growth in foreign demand for land and other natural resources • Significant progress in agricultural and economic development in some low-income countries while others are being left behind • Continued growth in demand for higher-valued farm products This book is essential reading for undergraduate students seeking to understand the economics of agricultural development and the world food system, including environmental and human consequences, international trade, and capital flows. This book contains a wealth of real world case studies, and is accompanied by a website that includes powerpoint lectures, a photo bank, and a large set of discussion and exam questions at http://ecagdev.agecon.vt.edu/.

Globalization and the Developing Countries

Emerging Strategies for Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation

Author: David Bigman

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 0851995756

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 9365

The globalization process and the internal policy reforms that the developing countries have implemented during the past decade have changed the relative prices of practically all their inputs and outputs. Agricultural producers have therefore been forced to change the structure and methods of their production. The objective of this book is to review the impact of globalization on a number of issues. These include the effects of changes in global trading rules and regulations, the removal of trade barriers and the elimination of many country-specific trade agreements.

India in a Globalising World

Some Aspects of Macroeconomy, Agriculture, and Poverty : Essays in Honour of C.H. Hanumantha Rao

Author: Rokkam Radhakrishna,C. H. Hanumantha Rao,S. K. Rao,K. Subbarao,S. Mahendra Dev

Publisher: Academic Foundation

ISBN: 9788171885169

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 1207

Chennamaneni H. Hanumantha Rao, b. 1929, Indian economist; revised version of papers presented at a seminar held at Hyderabad, during 16-17 November 2004.

Natural Disasters and Development in a Globalizing World

Author: Mark Pelling

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415279581

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 6721

The number of humanitarian disasters triggered by a natural hazard has doubled every decade since the 1960s. At the same time, the global economic growth rate per capita is twice its 1960s value. Does this mean economic growth is independent of the impacts of natural disaster? Natural Disaster and Development in a Globalizing World is the first book to acknowledge the full implications of globalization for disaster and development. The contributors to this book fully examine: global processes and how they might affect disaster risk at the global scale. links between international issues - such as diplomatic relations, the growth of non-governmental organizations and the health of the international insurance industry - and disaster risk the interaction of these large scale forces with local conditions through case study analysis of individual disaster events. In his revealing work, author Pelling makes clear the links between global scale processes and local experiences of disaster, and underlies the difficulty of attributing blame for individual disasters on specific global pressures. He argues that action to reduce disaster must be coordinated at the local, national and global scales and that there is a need for greater integration across the physical and social sciences. In this context, the human rights agenda is seen as a way of moving disaster reduction efforts forward.

E-Agriculture and Rural Development: Global Innovations and Future Prospects

Global Innovations and Future Prospects

Author: Maumbe, Blessing

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466626860

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 310

View: 1362

"This book is a comprehensive collection of research on the emerging trends and advances in the global application of information and communication technology use in agriculture and rural development"--Provided by publisher.

The Family Farm in a Globalizing World

The Role of Crop Science in Alleviating Poverty

Author: Michael Lipton

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 0896296547

Category: Social Science

Page: 29

View: 9428

References p. 25-28.

Structural Transformation and Rural Change Revisited

Challenges for Late Developing Countries in a Globalizing World

Author: Bruno Losch,Sandrine Freguin-Gresh,Eric Thomas White

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395130

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 3778

Based on new evidence from in-depth field surveys, this book addresses the unique situation of countries that remain deeply engaged in agriculture, and proposes a set of policy orientations which could facilitate the process of rural change.

Rural Development in the Era of Globalization

Author: Banoth Suresh Lal

Publisher: Serials Publications

ISBN: 9788183872133

Category: Globalization

Page: 459

View: 1621

Ever Since Rural Development Emerged As An Independent Field Of Inenquiry In The 1950 S It Has Been Subjected To Many Changes In Emphasis And Ideology These Changing Perspectives Have Resulted In Shifts In Policies And Programmes Influencing The Global Discourse On Rural Development. The New Economic Policy (1991) Initiated In Its Wake Has Spured Rethinking On The Most Appropriate Approach To Rural Development. Conceived Against This Back Ground, This Volume Examines The Impact Of The Changing Scenario Of Rural Development On Rural Poverty, Health, Education, Agriculture, Rural Infrastructure, Information Technology, Gender Discrimination, And Good Governance In Local Governance Etc. The Volume S Major Concern Is. Are The Goals Of Rural Development Achievable In A Globalized World? In Addition, This Volume Besides, Providing A Unique And Analytical Perspective, It Will Be Useful To Sociologists, Economists, Social Scientists, Social Activist And Bureaucrats In Understanding And Handling Governance. It Also Identifies The Commonalities And Differences In Prevailing Approaches To Rural Development. It Will Be Of Considerable Interest To Students And Research Scholars Of Development Studies And Professional In The Field.

Global Agriculture and the American Farmer

Opportunities for U.S. Leadership

Author: Kimberly Ann Elliott

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 1944691006

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 3419

The United States is one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of a range of agricultural commodities, and the largest provider of foreign assistance, so U.S. policies have big effects on global food security and other global public goods linked to agriculture. On the positive side of the ledger, President Obama created the Feed the Future aid initiative to promote agricultural development in poorer countries as a tool to achieve the global goals of ending hunger and extreme poverty, which are mostly rural. But that generosity is undercut by U.S. support for farmers that distorts global markets and ignores negative spillovers for the rest of the world. In this book, Elliott focuses on three policy areas that are particularly damaging for developing countries: traditional agricultural subsidy and trade policies that support the incomes of American farmers at the expense of farmers elsewhere; the biofuels mandate, which in its current form increases market volatility while doing little if anything to mitigate climate change; and weak regulation of antibiotic use in livestock, which contributes to the global spread of drug-resistant super bugs. While noting that broad reforms are needed to fix these problems, Elliott also identifies practical steps that U.S. policymakers could take in the relatively short run to improve farm policies—for American taxpayers and consumers as well as for the poor and vulnerable in developing countries.

Fostering Global Well-being

A New Paradigm to Revitalize Agricultural and Rural Development

Author: David D. Bathrick

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: 089629630X

Category: Social Science

Page: 27

View: 7065

This paper, describes the almost revolutionary changes that have taken place in the economic arena in recent years. This is story of paradigm shift, where government-led growth we see now. The emergence of the market in the context of globalizaction has meant the reduction of biases against agriculture, an amphases on flexible responses in the production of goods and services, strengthened links between local, national, and international economies, greater integration of different sectors of the economy, and increased importance of the private sector.

The Economic Integration of Roman Italy

Rural Communities in a Globalising World

Author: Tymon C.A. de Haas,Gijs Tol

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004345027

Category: History

Page: 532

View: 6701

The papers in The Economic Integration of Roman Italy use various archaeological data, particularly recent field survey and excavation data, to explore the changes Rome’s territorial and economic expansion brought about in the Italian countryside.

Peasants and Globalization

Political Economy, Agrarian Transformation and Development

Author: A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi,Cristóbal Kay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134064640

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 3112

In 2007, for the first time in human history, a majority of the world’s population lived in cities. However, on a global scale, poverty overwhelmingly retains a rural face. This book assembles an unparalleled group of internationally-eminent scholars in the field of rural development and social change in order to explore historical and contemporary processes of agrarian change and transformation and their consequent impact upon the livelihoods, poverty and well-being of those who live in the countryside. The book provides a critical analysis of the extent to which rural development trajectories have in the past and are now promoting a change in rural production processes, the accumulation of rural resources, and shifts in rural politics, and the implications of such trajectories for peasant livelihoods and rural workers in an era of globalization. Peasants and Globalization thus explores continuity and change in the debate on the ‘agrarian question’, from its early formulation in the late 19th century to the continuing relevance it has in our times, including chapters from Terence Byres, Amiya Bagchi, Ellen Wood, Farshad Araghi, Henry Bernstein, Saturnino M Borras, Ray Kiely, Michael Watts and Philip McMichael. Collectively, the contributors argue that neoliberal social and economic policies have, in deepening the market imperative governing the contemporary world food system, not only failed to tackle to underlying causes of rural poverty but have indeed deepened the agrarian crisis currently confronting the livelihoods of peasant farmers and rural workers. This crisis does not go unchallenged, as rural social movements have emerged, for the first time, on a transnational scale. Confronting development policies that are unable to reduce, let alone eliminate, rural poverty, transnational rural social movements are attempting to construct a more just future for the world’s farmers and rural workers.