An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals

A Critical Edition

Author: David Hume

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199266333

Category: Philosophy

Page: 308

View: 9030

An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, first published in 1751, was the third of David Hume's major philosophical treatises. Hume's aim in this elegant and lucid work was to present in an accessible way his theory of the foundation of morality in human nature, a theory which had developed significantly since he first addressed the subject in A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-40). He considered this Enquiry to be 'of all my writings, historical, philosophical, or literary, incomparably the best'.

David Hume

Der Philosoph und sein Zeitalter

Author: Gerhard Streminger

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406718590

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 797

View: 6393

Zusammen mit John Locke und George Berkeley zählt David Hume (1711– 1776) zu den Hauptvertretern des englischen Empirismus. Mit seinem Plädoyer für eine «experimentelle», allein auf Beobachtung und Erfahrung gegründete Methode, mit seiner radikalen Kritik gängiger Meinungen und metaphysischer Spekulationen avancierte Hume zu einem der einflussreichsten Denker des 18. Jahrhunderts. Detailliert und anschaulich zeichnet Streminger in seiner großen Biographie, der einzigen umfassenden Darstellung in deutscher Sprache, Humes ereignisreichen Werdegang nach und entwirft zugleich das politische, gesellschaftliche und kulturelle Panorama einer ganzen Epoche: von Humes Kindheit im streng calvinistischen Süden Schottlands über seine Reisejahre und seine Tätigkeit als Bibliothekar in Edinburgh bis zu seinem Diplomatenleben in Paris, wo er mit den französischen Aufklärern um Diderot und d’Alembert in Kontakt kam. Streminger verknüpft die Lebenserzählung des schottischen Philosophen, Ökonomen und Historikers mit ebenso fundierten wie verständlichen Einführungen in sämtliche Schriften Humes und macht deutlich, warum seine Fragestellungen noch heute herausfordern. Ein besonderes Augenmerk gilt Humes weitreichender Religionskritik. Die kommentierte Erstübersetzung des Reisejournals von 1748, in dem Hume seine Gesandtschaftsreise durch die Niederlande, Deutschland, Österreich und Norditalien beschreibt, rundet dieses Standardwerk ab. «Ein packendes Buch» (Patrick Bahners, FAZ) «Streminger präsentiert Hume als einen Ahnherrn moderner Philosophie, der es nie ertragen hat, Denken und Leben zynisch auseinanderfallen zu lassen.» (Kurt Oesterle, Süddeutsche Zeitung)

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

A Critical Edition

Author: David Hume

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198250609

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 1551

David Hume (1711-1776) probably ranks highest of all British philosophers in terms of influence and philosophical standing. His philosophical work ranges across morals, the mind, metaphysics, epistemology and aesthetics; he had broad interests not only in philosophy as it is now conceived but in history, politics, economics, religion and the arts.

Hume's 'Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding'

A Reader's Guide

Author: Alan Bailey,Dan O'Brien

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826485083

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 3290

Provides introductions to classic works of philosophy. This book guides the reader to an understanding of the text as a whole, exploring the reception and influence of this philosophical work.

The Bloomsbury Companion to Hume

Author: Alan Bailey,Dan O'Brien

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474243940

Category: Philosophy

Page: 472

View: 6534

David Hume (1711-1776), philosopher, historian, and essayist, is widely considered to be Britain's greatest philosopher. One of the leading intellectual figures of the Scottish Enlightenment, his major works and central ideas, especially his radical empiricism and his critique of the pretensions of philosophical rationalism, remain hugely influential on contemporary philosophers. This comprehensive and accessible guide to Hume's life and work includes 21 specially commissioned essays, written by a team of leading experts, covering every aspect of Hume's thought. The Companion presents details of Hume's life, historical and philosophical context, providing students with a comprehensive overview of all the key themes and topics apparent in his work, including his accounts of causal reasoning, scepticism, the soul and the self, action, reason, free will, miracles, natural religion, politics, human nature, women, economics and history, and an account of his reception and enduring influence. This textbook is indispensable to anyone studying in the areas of Hume Studies, British, and eighteenth-century philosophy.

David Hume

Author: Jens Kulenkampff

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406494185

Category:

Page: 195

View: 4568

The Oxford Handbook of Causation

Author: Helen Beebee,Christopher Hitchcock,Peter Menzies

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019927973X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 790

View: 7384

Causation is a central topic in many areas of philosophy, including metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mind, ethics, history of philosophy, and philosophy of science. Thirty-seven specially written chapters by some of the world's leading philosophers provide the most comprehensive critical guide available to issues surrounding causation.

Reading Hume on Human Understanding : Essays on the First Enquiry

Essays on the First Enquiry

Author: Peter Millican

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191591971

Category:

Page: 512

View: 3487

Reading Hume on Human Understanding is a companion to the study of one of the great works of Western philosophy. David Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding (1748) has long been recognized as one of the best 'classics' for introducing students to the subject; these essays, most of them specially written for this volume, show how much more than this it is. The aims of the volume are: to provide a general overview of the Enquiry, especially for those approaching it for the first time; to set it in the context of Hume's philosophical work as a whole and establish its importance in that context: to elucidate, analyse, and assess the philosophy of the Enquiry, and clarify its interpretation; and to discuss recent developments in Hume scholarship that are relevant to the Enquiry. The eminent contributors to this volume cover a broad range of topics: meaning, induction, scepticism, belief, personal identity, causation, freedom, miracles, probability, and religious belief. These topics remain at the centre of philosophical debate today, and Hume's treatment of them in the Enquiry continues to demand attention and attract controversy.

Die Naturgeschichte der Religion. Über Aberglaube und Schwärmerei. Über die Unsterblichkeit der Seele. Über Selbstmord

Author: David Hume

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787323562

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 6706

In der Naturgeschichte der Religion (1757) trägt Hume eine Entwicklungsgeschichte des Religiösen vor und ergänzt damit die systematisch orientierte Fragestellung der Dialoge. Über Aberglaube und Schwärmerei ist ausschließlich religionsphilosophisch orientiert. In Über die Unsterblichleit der Seele und Über Selbstmord systematisiert Hume zunächst die jeweils entgegenstehenden Argumente, entkräftet sie dann und hält so nicht nur ein Plädoyer für die moralische wie politisch-rechtliche Legalität des Selbstmords, sondern erweist auch die Unsterblichkeitslehre als philosophisch unbegründet.

Dialoge über die natürliche Religion

Author: David Hume

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843018995

Category: Philosophy

Page: 100

View: 2507

David Hume: Dialoge über die natürliche Religion Demea, ein orthodox Gläubiger, der Skeptiker Philo und der Deist Cleanthes diskutieren den physiko-teleologischen Gottesbeweis, also die Frage, ob aus der Existenz von Ordnung und Zweck in der Welt auf einen intelligenten Schöpfer oder Baumeister zu schließen ist. Entstanden um 1751, revidierte Fassung 1761. Erstdruck (postum) unter dem Titel »Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion«: London 1779. Erste deutsche Übersetzung durch Karl Gottfried Schreiter unter dem Titel »Gespräche über natürliche Religion«: Leipzig (Weygand) 1781. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Friedrich Paulsen von 1877. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: David Hume: Dialoge über natürliche Religion. Über Selbstmord und Unsterblichkeit der Seele. Ins Deutsche übersetzt und mit einer Einleitung versehen von Friedrich Paulsen, 3. Auflage, Leipzig: Felix Meiner, 1905 (Philosophische Bibliothek, Bd. 36). Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: David Hume (1766) Porträt von Allan Ramsay. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.

The Epistemology of Religious Disagreement

A Better Understanding

Author: J. Kraft

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137015101

Category: Philosophy

Page: 182

View: 9453

Many assume falsely that religious disagreements engage rules of evidence presentation and belief justification radically different than the ordinary disagreements people have every day, whether those religious disagreements are in Sri Lanka between Hindus and Buddhists or in the Middle East among Jews, Christians, and Muslims.

Politische und ökonomische Essays

Author: David Hume

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787326278

Category: Philosophy

Page: 173

View: 7630

Diese Essays können als literarische Neu- und Umformulierung der philosophischen Absichten des Traktats gelten und lassen sich auch als Reaktionen Humes auf aktuelle Probleme lesen. In ihnen dokumentiert sich ein Politikverständnis, das aus der Tradition einer umfassenden philosophia practica lebt und eingebettet ist in eine weite, gesellschaftstheoretische Perspektive. Die Ausgabe bietet die erste umfassende Neuausgabe der Essays in deutscher Sprache seit 1800.

Hume's Critique of Religion: 'Sick Men's Dreams'

Author: Alan Bailey,Dan O'Brien

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400766157

Category: Philosophy

Page: 247

View: 3880

In this volume, authors Alan Bailey and Dan O’Brien examine the full import of David Hume’s arguments and the context of the society in which his work came to fruition. They analyze the nuanced natured of Hume's philosophical discourse and provide an informed look into his position on the possible content and rational justification of religious belief. The authors first detail the pressures and forms of repression that confronted any 18th century thinker wishing to challenge publicly the truth of Christian theism. From there, they offer an overview of Hume's writings on religion, paying particular attention to the inter-relationships between the various works. They show that Hume's writings on religion are best seen as an artfully constructed web of irreligious argument that seeks to push forward a radical outlook, one that only emerges when the attention shifts from the individual sections of the web to its overall structure and context. Even though there is no explicit denial in any of Hume's published writings or private correspondence of the existence of God, the implications of his arguments often seem to point strongly towards atheism. David Hume was one of the leading British critics of Christianity and all forms of religion at a time when public utterances or published writings denying the truth of Christianity were liable to legal prosecution. His philosophical and historical writings offer a sustained and remarkably open critique of religion that is unmatched by any previous author writing in English. Yet, despite Hume’s widespread reputation amongst his contemporaries for extreme irreligion, the subtle and measured manner in which he presents his position means that it remains far from clear how radical his views actually were.

An Enquiry Concerning Political Justice

Author: William Godwin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191662224

Category: Fiction

Page: 560

View: 9692

'To a rational being there can be but one rule of conduct, justice, and one mode of ascertaining that rule, the exercise of his understanding.' Godwin's Political Justice is the founding text of philosophical anarchism. Written in the immediate aftermath of the French Revolution, it exemplifies the political optimism felt by many writers and intellectuals. Godwin drew on enlightenment ideas and his background in religious dissent for the principles of justice, utility, and the sanctity of individual judgement that drove his powerful critique of all forms of secular and religious authority. He predicts the triumph of justice and equality over injustice, and of mind over matter, and the eventual vanquishing of human frailty and mortality. He also foresees the gradual elimination of practices governing property, punishment, law, and marriage and the displacement of politics by an expanded personal morality resulting from reasoned argument and candid discussion. Political Justice raises deep philosophical questions about the nature of our duty to others that remain central to modern debates on ethics and politics. This edition reprints the first-edition text of 1793, and examines Godwin's evolving philosophy in the context of his life and work. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

A Dissertation on the Passions

The Natural History of Religion : a Critical Edition

Author: David Hume,Tom L. Beauchamp

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199251889

Category: Religion

Page: 317

View: 1173

This edition features two famous works by David Hume. In 'A Dissertation on the Passions', Hume sets out his original view of the nature and central role of passion and emotion. 'The Natural History of Religion' is a landmark work in the study of religion as a natural phenomenon.

Reflection and the Stability of Belief

Essays on Descartes, Hume, and Reid

Author: Louis E. Loeb

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195368762

Category: Philosophy

Page: 369

View: 3436

A unifying theme of Loeb's work is epistemological - that Descartes and Hume advance theories of knowledge that rely on a substantial 'naturalistic' component, adopting one or another member of a cluster of psychological properties of beliefs as the goal of inquiry and the standard for assessing belief-forming mechanisms. Thus Loeb shows a surprising affinity between the epistemologies of the two figures -- surprising because they are often thought of as polar opposites in this respect. Descartes and Hume are unique in that their philosophical texts are accessible beyond just a narrow audience in the history of philosophy; their ideas continue to be a vital part of the field at large. This volume will thus appeal to advanced students and scholars not just in the history of early modern philosophy but in epistemology and other core areas of the discipline.

Denken

Die großen Fragen der Philosophie

Author: Simon Blackburn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783863120511

Category:

Page: 260

View: 9951