An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, 2nd Edition

Author: David Hume

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781539801924

Category:

Page: 132

View: 5961

The second edition of Hume's excellent account regarding human nature and mental functioning is published here complete and inclusive of the author's original notes. Often referred to by scholars as simply 'The Enquiry', this work is notable for setting forth a number of the concepts which would come to define David Hume's contribution to empirical philosophy. Although it sold poorly at the time of first publication in 1748, the text enjoyed greater recognition following Hume's death as his ideas became increasingly appreciated in academic circles. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding has an intuitive layout: it commences with an introduction to the philosophic matters at hand, then Hume delves incrementally into his beliefs on the nature of the human being. The ways in which people mentally formulate ideas occupies a large tract of the work, while the process of learning, assimilating and memorising information is also discussed. Later chapters focus on abstract topics, including the relation of probability to human activity, the inter-relatedness of individual ideas, and the merits of societal liberty in allowing man to exert his free will. Comparisons of human perception and behaviour with members of the animal kingdom, together with an examination of human testimony in the context of miraculous circumstances. Today, this work by Hume is considered a classic of Enlightenment era philosophy, and remains a required text in many university courses.

Narrative Naturalism

An Alternative Framework for Philosophy of Mind

Author: Jessica Wahman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0739187988

Category: Philosophy

Page: 226

View: 9324

This book addresses the nature of consciousness and the relation of mind to brain, body, and the material world. Against mechanistic and physicalist approaches, it employs a literary worldview that accommodates plural narratives, including those of neuroscience, pharmacology, psychology, and everyday experience.

Critique of Pure Reason (abridged)

Author: Immanuel Kant,Werner S. Pluhar

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872204485

Category: Philosophy

Page: 229

View: 4206

This thoughtful abridgment makes an ideal introduction to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Key selections include: the Preface in B, the Introduction, the Transcendental Aesthetic, the Second Analogy, the Refutation of Idealism, the first three Antinomies, the Transcendental Deduction in B, and the Canon of Pure Reason. A brief introduction provides biographical information, descriptions of the nature of Kant's project and of how each major section of the Critique contributes to that project. A select bibliography and index are also included.

David Hume - Collected Writings (Complete and Unabridged), a Treatise of Human Nature, an Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, an Enquiry Concernin

Author: David Hume

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781781393598

Category: Philosophy

Page: 796

View: 2715

Philosopher David Hume was considered to one of the most important figures in the age of Scottish enlightenment. "A Treatise of Human Nature" broke new ground by attempting to base philosophy on human nature, making it one of the most important texts in Western Philosophy. Human passions and the ability to distinguish between virtue and vice are elucidated in the text. In "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding" Hume discusses the weaknesses that humans have in their abilities to understand the world around them. This book is often a textbook for Philosophy Courses. "An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals" is an elegant enquiry into ethical theory, explained clearly and comprehensively. In Hume's "Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion" he explores the very idea of God, the possibility of his existence, and his alleged nature as a good, perfect, omniscient, omnipotent Supreme Being.

Descartes: Selected Philosophical Writings

Author: René Descartes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110726832X

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 2197

Based on the new and much acclaimed two-volume Cambridge edition of The Philosophical Writings of Descartes by Cottingham, Stoothoff and Murdoch, this anthology of essential texts contains the most important and widely studied of those writings, including the Discourse and Meditations and substantial extracts from the Regulae, Optics, Principles, Objectives and Replies, Comments on a Broadsheet, and Passions of the Soul. In clear, readable, modern English, with a full text and running references to the standard Franco-Latin edition of Descartes, this book is planned as the definitive one-volume reader for all English-speaking students of Descartes.

Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 9379

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Logic, metaphysics, and the natural sociability of mankind

Author: Francis Hutcheson

Publisher: Liberty Fund Inc.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 237

View: 8517

"With the publication of Logic, Metaphysics, and the Natural Sociability of Mankind, Liberty Fund presents, for the first time in English, Francis Hutcheson's teachings regarding logic and metaphysics. The texts of A Compend of Logic and A Synopsis of Metaphysics represent Hutcheson's only systematic treatments of logic, ontology, and pneumatology, or the science of the soul, topics that were considered indispensable for the instruction of students in the eighteenth century. Originally composed in Latin, they were intended for classroom use and belong to a textbook tradition of commentary on the writings of others. James Moore states that "some of the most distinctive and central arguments of Hutcheson's philosophy - the importance of ideas brought to mind by the internal senses, the presence in human nature of calm desires, of generous and benevolent instincts - will be found to emerge in the course of these writings.""--BOOK JACKET.

Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings

Author: Rene Descartes

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141936061

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 4361

Of all the works of the man claimed by many as the father of modern philosophy, the MEDITATIONS, first published in 1641, must surely be Rene Descartes' masterpiece. This volume consists of not only a new translation of the original Latin text and the expanded objections and replies, but also includes selected correspondence and other metaphysical writings from the period 1641-49.

Five Dialogues

Author: Plato

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1387675311

Category:

Page: 287

View: 3153

The Infidel and the Professor

David Hume, Adam Smith, and the Friendship That Shaped Modern Thought

Author: Dennis C. Rasmussen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400888468

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 7031

The story of the greatest of all philosophical friendships—and how it influenced modern thought David Hume is widely regarded as the most important philosopher ever to write in English, but during his lifetime he was attacked as “the Great Infidel” for his skeptical religious views and deemed unfit to teach the young. In contrast, Adam Smith was a revered professor of moral philosophy, and is now often hailed as the founding father of capitalism. Remarkably, the two were best friends for most of their adult lives, sharing what Dennis Rasmussen calls the greatest of all philosophical friendships. The Infidel and the Professor is the first book to tell the fascinating story of the friendship of these towering Enlightenment thinkers—and how it influenced their world-changing ideas. The book follows Hume and Smith’s relationship from their first meeting in 1749 until Hume’s death in 1776. It describes how they commented on each other’s writings, supported each other’s careers and literary ambitions, and advised each other on personal matters, most notably after Hume’s quarrel with Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Members of a vibrant intellectual scene in Enlightenment Scotland, Hume and Smith made many of the same friends (and enemies), joined the same clubs, and were interested in many of the same subjects well beyond philosophy and economics—from psychology and history to politics and Britain’s conflict with the American colonies. The book reveals that Smith’s private religious views were considerably closer to Hume’s public ones than is usually believed. It also shows that Hume contributed more to economics—and Smith contributed more to philosophy—than is generally recognized. Vividly written, The Infidel and the Professor is a compelling account of a great friendship that had great consequences for modern thought.

The End of the Dinosaurs

Chicxulub Crater and Mass Extinctions

Author: Charles Frankel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521474474

Category: Science

Page: 223

View: 5268

Investigates the idea that the natural disaster many scientists suspect caused the extinction of the dinosaurs occurred near Puerto Chicxulub, Mexico, when an asteroid collided with Earth, releasing deadly amounts of energy.

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

Author: David Hume

Publisher: BookRix

ISBN: 3736807635

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 5277

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is a book by the Scottish empiricist philosopher David Hume. This book has proven highly influential, both in the years that would immediately follow and today. Immanuel Kant points to it as the book which woke him from his self-described "dogmatic slumber". The argument of the Enquiry proceeds by a series of incremental steps, separated into chapters which logically succeed one another. After expounding his epistemology, Hume explains how to apply his principles to specific topics. I. Of the Different Species of Philosophy II. Of the Origin of Ideas III. Of the Association of Ideas IV. Sceptical Doubts Concerning the Operations of the Understanding V. Sceptical Solution of these Doubts VI. Of Probability VII. Of the Idea of Necessary Connexion VIII. Of Liberty and Necessity IX. Of the Reason of Animals X. Of Miracles XI. Of a Particular Providence and of a Future State XII. Of the Academical or Sceptical Philosophy

Hume

Author: James A. Harris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521837251

Category: Philosophy

Page: 575

View: 8920

This is the first intellectual biography of the British philosopher and historian David Hume.

The Poetics of Natural History

From John Bartram to William James

Author: Christoph Irmscher

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813526157

Category: Nature

Page: 354

View: 7958

The Poetics of Natural History is about the "daydreams" of early American naturalists (from 1730 to 1868) and the collections they created around these dreams. Christoph Irmscher explores how, through the acts of organizing physical artifacts and reflecting upon their collections through writings and images, naturalists from John Bartram to Louis Agassiz were making sense of themselves and their world. These collections allowed them, in a way, to collect themselves. In the first part of his book, Irmscher offers us a guided tour of the actual collections, beginning in Bartram's disorderly botanical garden in Philadelphia and taking us through the artful display of animals in Charles Wilson Peale's collections and, finally, to the "halls of humbug" of P. T. Barnum's American Museum. The second part of the book moves away from the collections, and explores natural history words and images. Irmscher unforgettably describes American collectors' fascination and horror with the American rattlesnake, and invokes the violent and beautiful world of American birds as described in John James Audubon's paintings and writings. His book ends with a description of Louis Agassiz's 1865 expedition to Brazil as seen through the eyes of the young William James, who reluctantly gathered Brazilian fish while his mentor assembled "proof" that some human beings were less human than others.

Hume: Moral Philosophy

Author: David Hume

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603840125

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 3578

A genuine understanding of Hume's extraordinarily rich, important, and influential moral philosophy requires familiarity with all of his writings on vice and virtue, the passions, the will, and even judgments of beauty--and that means familiarity not only with large portions of A Treatise of Human Nature, but also with An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals and many of his essays as well. This volume is the one truly comprehensive collection of Hume's work on all of these topics. Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, a leading moral philosopher and Hume scholar, has done a meticulous job of editing the texts and has provided an extensive Introduction that is at once accessible, accurate, and philosophically engaging, revealing the deep structure of Hume's moral philosophy. --Don Garrett, New York University