Introduction to Classical Nahuatl

Author: James Richard Andrews

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806134529

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 678

View: 6025

Nahuatl is the language used by the ancient Aztecs and the Nahua Indians of Central Mexico. This text introduces the language using an anthropological approach, teaching learners to understand Nahuatl according to its own distinctive grammar and to reject translationalist descriptions based on English or Spanish notions of grammar. In particular, the author emphasizes the nonexistence of words in Nahuatl (except for the few so-called particles) and stresses the nuclear clause as the basis for Nahuatl linguistic organization.

An Analytical Dictionary of Nahuatl

Author: Frances E. Karttunen

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806124216

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 349

View: 7295

This is a comprehensive modern dictionary of the major indigenous language of Mexico, the language of the Aztecs and many of their neighbors. Nahuatl speakers became literate within a generation of contact with Europeans, and a vast literature has been composed in Nahuatl beginning in the mid-sixteenth century and continuing to the present.

Workbook for Introduction to Classical Nahuatl

Author: James Richard Andrews

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780806134536

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 269

View: 8970

For many years, J. Richard Andrews’s Introduction to Classical Nahuatl has been the standard reference work for scholars and students of Nahuatl, the language used by the ancient Aztecs and the Nahua Indians of Central Mexico. Andrews’s work was the first book to make Nahuatl accessible as a coherent language system and to recognize such crucial linguistic features as vowel length and the glottal stop. Accompanied by a workbook, this long-awaited new edition is extensively revised, enlarged, and updated with the latest research. The revised edition is guided by the same intentions as those behind the first. Andrews’s approach is "anthropological," teaching us to understand Nahuatl according to its own distinctive grammar and to reject translationalist descriptions based on English or Spanish notions of grammar. In particular, Andrews emphasizes the nonexistence of words in Nahuatl (except for the few so-called particles) and stresses the nuclear clause as the basis for Nahuatl linguistic organization. Besides an increase in the number of chapters (from forty-eight to fifty-seven, including a more detailed treatment of place names), the new edition contains an innovative approach to personal names and the introduction of the square zero to indicate irregular morphological silence. The accompanying workbook provides exercises linked to the text, a key to the exercises, and an extensive vocabulary list.

Maya for Travelers and Students

A Guide to Language and Culture in Yucatan

Author: Gary Bevington

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292708129

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 239

View: 3595

The Yucatan Peninsula draws many North American and European travelers each year to view the ruins of the pre-Columbian Classical Maya civilization and the abundant native flora and fauna. For these travelers, as well as armchair travelers and students, Gary Bevington has prepared the first general English-language introduction to Yucatec Maya, the native language of the people indigenous to the region. Written in nontechnical terms for learners who have a basic knowledge of simple Mexican Spanish, the book presents easily understood, practical information for anyone who would like to communicate with the Maya in their native language. In addition to covering the pronunciation and grammar of Maya, Bevington includes invaluable tips on learning indigenous languages "in the field." Most helpful are his discussions of the cultural and material worlds of the Maya, accompanied by essential words and expressions for common objects and experiences. A Maya-English-Spanish glossary with extensive usage examples and an English-Maya glossary conclude the book. Note: The supplemental audiocasette, Spoken Maya for Travelers and Students, is now available as a free download.

Treatise on the Heathen Superstitions that Today Live Among the Indians Native to this New Spain, 1629

Author: Hernando Ruiz de Alarcón

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806120317

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 6789

The Treatise of Hernando Ruiz de Alarcón is one of the most important surviving documents of early colonial Mexico. It was written in 1629 as an aid to Roman Catholic churchmen in their efforts to root out the vestiges of pre-Columbian Aztec religious beliefs and practices. For the student of Aztec religion and culture is a valuable source of information. Hernando Ruiz de Alarcón was born in Taxco, Guerrero, Mexico, in the latter part of the sixteenth century. He attended the University of Mexico and later took holy orders. Sometime after he was assigned to the parish of Atenango, he began writing the Treatise for his fellow priests and church superiors to use as a guide in suppressing native "heresy." With great care and attention to detail Ruiz de Alarcón collected and recorded Aztec religious practices and incantations that had survived a century of Spanish domination (sometimes in his zeal extracting information from his informants through force and guile). He wrote down the incantations in Nahuatl and translated them into Spanish for his readers. He recorded rites for such everyday activities as woodcutting, traveling, hunting, fishing, farming, harvesting, fortune telling, lovemaking, and the curing of many diseases, from toothache to scorpion stings. Although Ruiz de Alarcón was scornful of native medical practices, we know now that in many aspects of medicine the Aztec curers were far ahead of their European counterparts.

Nahuatl-English/English-Nahuatl (Aztec)

Author: Fermin Herrera

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 407

View: 1680

Nahuatl, also known as Aztec or Mexican is the most widely spoken indigenous language in Mexico and Central America. Spoken by the Aztecs centuries ago, 1.5 million people in Mexico and Central America continue to speak it today. This bilingual dictionary reflects usage largely based on classical norms of the Nahuatl literary tradition, but also includes more contemporary vocabulary. Entries contain the part of speech and the preterit stems. An extensive grammar section and a guide to Nahuatl pronunciation complete this work, which is sure to be of interest to scholars, students and travellers alike.

Nahuatl as Written

Lessons in Older Written Nahuatl, with Copious Examples and Texts

Author: James Lockhart

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804744580

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 251

View: 1077

This book, based on many years of teaching the natural language, is a set of lessons that can be understood by students working alone or used in organized classes and contains an abundance of examples that serve as exercises.

History and Mythology of the Aztecs

The Codex Chimalpopoca

Author: N.A

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816518869

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 5009

One of the great documents of colonial Mexico, the Codex Chimalpopoca chronicles the rise of Aztec civilization and preserves the mythology on which it was based. Its two complementary texts, Annals of Cuauhtitlan and Legend of the Suns, record the pre-CortŽsian history of the Valley of Mexico together with firsthand versions of that region's myths. Of particular interest are the stories of the hero-god Quetzalcoatl, for which the Chimalpopoca is the premier source. John Bierhorst's work is the first major scholarship on the Codex Chimalpopoca in more than forty years. His is the first edition in English and the first in any language to include the complete text of the Legend of the Suns. The precise, readable translation not only contributes to the study of Aztec history and literature but also makes the codex an indispensable reference for Aztec cultural topics, including land tenure, statecraft, the role of women, the tribute system, warfare, and human sacrifice.

Aztec Thought and Culture

A Study of the Ancient Nahuatl Mind

Author: Miguel Leon-Portilla

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806170611

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 7743

For at least two millennia before the advent of the Spaniards in 1519, there was a flourishing civilization in central Mexico. During that long span of time a cultural evolution took place which saw a high development of the arts and literature, the formulation of complex religious doctrines, systems of education, and diverse political and social organization. The rich documentation concerning these people, commonly called Aztecs, includes, in addition to a few codices written before the Conquest, thousands of folios in the Nahuatl or Aztec language written by natives after the Conquest. Adapting the Latin alphabet, which they had been taught by the missionary friars, to their native tongue, they recorded poems, chronicles, and traditions. The fundamental concepts of ancient Mexico presented and examined in this book have been taken from more than ninety original Aztec documents. They concern the origin of the universe and of life, conjectures on the mystery of God, the possibility of comprehending things beyond the realm of experience, life after death, and the meaning of education, history, and art. The philosophy of the Nahuatl wise men, which probably stemmed from the ancient doctrines and traditions of the Teotihuacans and Toltecs, quite often reveals profound intuition and in some instances is remarkably “modern.” This English edition is not a direct translation of the original Spanish, but an adaptation and rewriting of the text for the English-speaking reader.

Holy Wednesday

A Nahua Drama from Early Colonial Mexico

Author: Louise M. Burkhart

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812200241

Category: Drama

Page: 328

View: 9199

Identified only in 1986, the Nahuatl Holy Week play is the earliest known dramatic script in any Native American language. In Holy Wednesday, Louise Burkhart presents side-by-side English translations of the Nahuatl play and its Spanish source. An accompanying commentary analyzes the differences between the two versions to reveal how the native author altered the Spanish text to fit his own aesthetic sensibility and the broader discursive universe of the Nahua church. A richly detailed introduction places both works and their creators within the cultural and political contexts of late sixteenth-century Mexico and Spain.

Learn Nahuatl

Language of the Aztecs and Modern Nahuas

Author: Yan Garcia

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781532960543

Category:

Page: 188

View: 9758

Learn Nahuatl, the language used by the Mexica (Aztec) civilization and still preserved by over a million people in Mexico. This guide is not written for the expert linguist, but rather for the beginner. Included are hundreds of examples and dozens of practice sets. An emphasis is placed on the Huasteca variety of Chicontepec, Veracruz.

The Art of Nahuatl Speech

The Bancroft Dialogues

Author: Frances E. Karttunen,James Lockhart

Publisher: University of California at LA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 219

View: 6676

The Grammar of Words

An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology

Author: Geert Booij

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199691835

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 376

View: 7578

Geert Booij's popular textbook has been revised and updated. It covers every aspect of morphological theory and the analysis of words, examines the relation between morphology and other modules of grammar, and is the only introductory text to explore the role of morphology in language processing and change.

Making Dictionaries

Preserving Indigenous Languages of the Americas

Author: William Frawley,Kenneth C. Hill,Pamela Munro

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520229969

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 449

View: 945

A collection of essays about the theory and practice of Native American lexicography, and more specifically the making of dictionaries, by some of the top scholars working in Native American language studies.

Totacho

Our Way of Talking: The Nawatl Presence in New Mexico and Southern Colorado

Author: Kurly Tlapoyawa

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781535149976

Category:

Page: 54

View: 1154

Perhaps the most pervasive myth among New Mexican Spanish speakers is the notion that New Mexican Spanish is an archaic form of Castilian. This idea comes from the misconception that New Mexico existed in a continuous state of isolation, separated from the rest of New Spain and the later Mexican Republic by hundreds of miles and for hundreds of years, causing its colonial inhabitants to retain the language of sixteenth-century Spain. This idealized vision of Spanish "purity" has been repeated so often, and with such near-religious zeal, that is has come to be accepted as fact in many circles. However, this romanticized version of New Mexican Spanish simply doesn't exist. To cling to this myth is to ignore the complexity of New Mexico's colonial-era history, which in reality is quite different, and far more fascinating than any notion of Spanish "purity" can offer. The Indios Mexicanos that made up the bulk of New Spain's northward expansion brought with them many rich linguistic and cultural traditions, the impact of which can be felt to this very day. These Indios Mexicanos spoke a variety of Mesoamerican languages, but it was the Nawatl (Nahuatl) language of the Aztecs that would have the largest impact on the way Spanish is spoken in New Mexico. The influence and contributions made by Mesoamerican people to the state of New Mexico and Southern Colorado have been ignored for far too long. Regardless, Mesoamericans have left an indelible mark on New Mexico, and totacho - our way of talking - remains.

Philosophy of the Ancient Maya

Lords of Time

Author: Alexus McLeod

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498531393

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 8324

This book offers an interpretation of the philosophical thought of the ancient Maya, in the classic and postclassic periods. Alexus McLeod adopts philosophical methodology, comparative philosophy, and history of philosophy to reveal and understand the ancient Maya by engaging with Maya thought as philosophy.

The Epic of America

An Introduction to Rafael Landivar and the Rusticatio Mexicana

Author: Andrew Laird

Publisher: Bristol Classical Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 9782

A lively introduction to the rich and complex tradition of Latin literature from colonial Spanish America, and to its best known author, the poet Rafael Landivar. Rafael Landivar is the best known of all the poets from the Americas to write in Latin. In the 15 books of his Rusticatio Mexicana (1782), he described - in vivid epic verse - the lakes, volcanoes, and wildlife of Mexico and his native Guatemala, as well as the livelihoods and recreations of the people of the region. This panorama of nature, culture and production in colonial New Spain took classical didactic poetry into a new world of political conflict. But Landivar also writes with a strongly personal voice: elegiac and pastoral modes convey the pathos of displacement and the poet's overwhelming nostalgia for his American homeland. Andrew Laird's introduction provides information about Landivar's life and exile to Italy, explains his diverse intellectual heritage, and collects his shorter works (translated into English here for the first time). A 1948 text of the Rusticatio Mexicana, with a translation by Graydon W. Regenos, is included in this volume. This accessible and stimulating account of 'the American Virgil' hi

An Introduction to the Shoshoni Language

Dammen Da̲igwape

Author: Drusilla Gould,Christopher Loether

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874807301

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 205

View: 3413

Cassette tapes, which are available separately, complete the first instructional text to the Shoshoni language."--BOOK JACKET.

Ancient Rome

A Military and Political History

Author: Christopher S. Mackay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521711494

Category: History

Page: 412

View: 781

Ancient Rome is a concise, comprehensive political and military history of the Roman Republic and Empire, from the origins of the city in the Italian Iron Age, until the deposition of the last emperor in 476 AD. Christopher Mackay describes how military events undermined the political institutions of the Republic, how the Empire was administered and controlled, why Christianity was adopted as the state religion under Constantine, and how military and economic pressures of the third and fourth centuries eventually led to the downfall of the Western empire. Illustrated with relevant art works from Rome's long history, this volume serves as an up-to-date overview of one of the most extraordinary civilizations in human history.

Literatures of Latin America

From Antiquity to the Present

Author: Willis Barnstone

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 475

View: 8951

This extraordinary anthology gathers together a broad selection of representative, authoritative writings—spanning antiquity to the present—from the non-Western civilizations of Latin America. It combines extensive introductions, headnotes, and bibliographies with excellent literary translations of the best contemporary and classical writers.The selections reflect literary, religious, and philosophical traditions and reveal—despite cultural differences—the universality of life experiences. Primary literary genres (poetry, fiction and drama) as well as key religious, philosophical, historical, aesthetic, biographical and political texts are covered. For readers of Latin American, World, and Non-Western Literature.