An Introduction to Forensic Genetics

Author: William Goodwin,Adrian Linacre,Sibte Hadi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119957613

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 6656

This is a completely revised edition of a comprehensive and popular introduction to the fast moving area of Forensic Genetics. The text begins with key concepts needed to fully appreciate the subject and moves on to examine the latest developments in the field. Now illustrated in full colour throughout, this accessible textbook includes numerous references to relevant casework. With information on the full process of DNA evidence from collection at the scene of a crime to presentation in a legal context this book provides a complete overview of the field. Key Features: Greater in-depth coverage of kinship problems now covered in two separate chapters: one dealing with relationships between living individuals and the other covering identification of human remains. New chapter on non-human forensic genetics, including identification of bacteria and viruses, animals and plants. Self assessment questions to aid student understanding throughout the text. Now with full colour illustrations throughout New companion website Accessible introduction to forensic genetics, from the collection of evidence to the presentation of evidence in a legal context. Included in the Forensic Science Society 'Essentials in Forensic Science' book series. This edition is to be included in the Forensic Science Society 'Essentials of Forensic Science' book series aimed at advanced level undergraduates and new practitioners to the field.

Introduction to Forensic Sciences, Second Edition

Author: William G. Eckert

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439821909

Category: Law

Page: 404

View: 5370

Introduction to Forensic Sciences, Second Edition is the current edition of this bestselling introductory textbook. Dr. William Eckert, one of the world's foremost authorities in the area of forensic medicine, presents each of the distinct fields that collectively comprise the forensic sciences in a logical, relatively non-technical fashion. Each chapter is written by a well-known expert in his/her respective field, and each specialty area is thoroughly treated. When appropriate, the various methods of applying these sciences in different countries are covered. Heavily illustrated, the Second Edition has been updated to include current procedures and techniques that were not available or usefully developed when the first edition was published. Features include:

DNA Fingerprinting

An Introduction

Author: Lorne T. Kirby

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198044372

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 427

DNA fingerprinting is a revolutionary technique that enables scientists to match minute tissue samples and facilitates scientific studies on the composition, reproduction, and evolution of animal and plant populations. As a tool for positive identification of criminals, it plays a particularly important role in forensic science. The first book to be published in the field, , DNA Fingerprinting is a practical guide to basic principles and laboratory methods as applied to a variety of fields including forensic analysis, paternity testing, medical diagnostics, animal and plant sciences, and wildlife poaching.

Forensic Science

An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, Second Edition

Author: Stuart H. James,Jon J. Nordby,Suzanne Bell,Jon J. Nordby, Ph.D.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849327476

Category: Law

Page: 778

View: 7735

Written by highly respected forensic scientists and legal practitioners, Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques, Second Edition covers the latest theories and practices in areas such as DNA testing, toxicology, chemistry of explosives and arson, and vehicle accident reconstruction. This second edition offers a cutting-edge presentation of criminalistics and related laboratory subjects, including many exciting new features. What's New in the Second Edition New chapter on forensic entomology New chapter on forensic nursing Simplified DNA chapter More coverage of the chemistry of explosives and ignitable liquids Additional information on crime reconstruction Revised to include more investigation in computer forensics Complete revisions of engineering chapters New appendices showing basic principles of physics, math, and chemistry in forensic science More questions and answers in the Instructor's Guide Updated references and cases throughout An extensive glossary of terms

An Introduction to Forensic DNA Analysis, Second Edition

Author: Norah Rudin,Keith Inman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420058505

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 2274

Significant advances in DNA analysis techniques have surfaced since the 1997 publication of the bestselling An Introduction to Forensic DNA Analysis. DNA typing has become increasingly automated and miniaturized. Also, with the advent of Short Tandem Repeat (STR) technology, even the most minute sample of degraded DNA can yield a profile, providing valuable case information. However, just as the judicial system slowly and reluctantly accepted RFLP and AmpliType® PM+DQA1 typing, it is now scrutinizing the admissibility of STRs. Acknowledging STR typing as the current system of choice, An Introduction to Forensic DNA Analysis, Second Edition translates new and established concepts into plain English so that laypeople can gain insight into how DNA analysis works, from sample collection to interpretation of results. In response to the shift toward more efficient techniques, the authors cover the legal admissibility of STR typing, expand the chapter on DNA databases, and revise the section on automated analysis. They also present key decisions and appellate or supreme court rulings that provide precedent at the state and federal levels. Discussing forensic DNA issues from both a scientific and a legal perspective, the authors of An Introduction to Forensic DNA Analysis, Second Edition present the material in a manner understandable by professionals in the legal system, law enforcement, and forensic science. They cover general principles in a clear fashion and include a glossary of terms and other useful appendices for easy reference.

Wildlife DNA Analysis

Applications in Forensic Science

Author: Adrian Linacre,Shanan Tobe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118496523

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 471

Clearly structured throughout, the introduction highlights thedifferent types of crime where these techniques are regularly used.This chapter includes a discussion as to who performs forensicwildlife examinations, the standardisation and validation ofmethods, and the role of the expert witness in this type of allegedcrime. This is followed by a detailed section on the science behindDNA typing including the problems in isolating DNA from tracematerial and subsequent genetic analysis are also covered. The bookthen undertakes a comprehensive review of species testing usingDNA, including a step-by-step guide to sequence comparisons. Acomparison of the different markers used in species testinghighlights the criteria for a genetic marker. A full set of casehistories illustrates the use of the different markers used. Thebook details the use of genetic markers to link two or morehairs/feather/leaves/needles to the same individual organism andthe software used in population assignment. The problems andpossibilities in isolating markers, along with the construction ofallele databases are discussed in this chapter. The book concludeswith evaluation and reporting of genetic evidence in wildlifeforensic science illustrated by examples of witnessstatements.

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing

Author: John M. Butler

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080961767

Category: Law

Page: 520

View: 2555

Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing is written with a broad viewpoint. It examines the methods of current forensic DNA typing, focusing on short tandem repeats (STRs). It encompasses current forensic DNA analysis methods, as well as biology, technology and genetic interpretation. This book reviews the methods of forensic DNA testing used in the first two decades since early 1980’s, and it offers perspectives on future trends in this field, including new genetic markers and new technologies. Furthermore, it explains the process of DNA testing from collection of samples through DNA extraction, DNA quantitation, DNA amplification, and statistical interpretation. The book also discusses DNA databases, which play an important role in law enforcement investigations. In addition, there is a discussion about ethical concerns in retaining DNA profiles and the issues involved when people use a database to search for close relatives. Students of forensic DNA analysis, forensic scientists, and members of the law enforcement and legal professions who want to know more about STR typing will find this book invaluable. Includes a glossary with over 400 terms for quick reference of unfamiliar terms as well as an acronym guide to decipher the DNA dialect Continues in the style of Forensic DNA Typing, 2e, with high-profile cases addressed in D.N.A.Boxes-- "Data, Notes & Applications" sections throughout Ancillaries include: instructor manual Web site, with tailored set of 1000+ PowerPoint slides (including figures), links to online training websites and a test bank with key

Forensic DNA Typing Protocols

Author: Angel Carracedo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592598676

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 572

In recent years, the rapid emergence of different markers and technologies for DNA typing has transformed the field of forensic identification with breathtaking speed. In Forensic DNA Typing Protocols, leading forensic geneticists from around the world describe in step-by-step detail the cutting-edge laboratory methods they now use for DNA identity analysis, including Y chromosome haplotyping, mtDNA, and SNP typing. The book offers well-tested protocols for DNA quantification using real-time PCR on forensic samples and for the determination of the number of amelogenine gene copies. Additional chapters address new applications in the forensic genetics lab, such a species identification, ancient DNA, or typing of CYP polymorphisms for the analysis of adverse to drugs. The protocols follow the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, each offering step-by-step laboratory instructions, an introduction outlining the principle behind the technique, lists of the necessary equipment and reagents, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Up-to-date and highly practical, Forensic DNA Typing Protocols captures and makes practical for all laboratories the whole array of new technologies and techniques that have revolutionized forensic science.

Forensic DNA Evidence Interpretation

Author: Christopher M. Triggs,John S. Buckleton,Simon J. Walsh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849330179

Category: Law

Page: 552

View: 6649

Forensic DNA Evidence Interpretation is the most comprehensive resource for DNA casework available today. Written by leaders in the fields of biology and statistics, the book emphasizes the interpretation of test results and provides the necessary formulae in an easily accessible manner. The book begins by reviewing all pertinent biology, and then provides information on every aspect of DNA analysis, including modern interpretation methods and issues, and contemporary population genetic models available for estimating DNA frequencies or likelihood ratios. Following a chapter on procedures for validating databases, the text presents overviews and performance assessments of both modern sampling uncertainty methods and current paternity testing techniques. Later chapters discuss the latest methods for mixture analysis, LCN (ultra trace) analysis, and non-autosomal (mito, X, and Y) DNA analysis. The text concludes with procedures for disaster victim identification and information on DNA intelligence databases. Supported by numerous tables and over 800 references, this authoritative book provides a link among the biological, forensic, and interpretative domains of the DNA profiling field. It is a valuable resource that allows forensic scientists and technicians, molecular biologists, and attorneys to use forensic DNA evidence to its greatest potential.

Handbook Of Forensic Genetics: Biodiversity And Heredity In Civil And Criminal Investigation

Author: Amorim Antonio,Budowle Bruce

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1786340798

Category: Medical

Page: 652

View: 1076

The use of genetics for the resolution of legal conflicts has recently been gaining a higher profile, largely as a result of scientific and technological advancements and the substantial broadening of applications. The theoretical framework underlying forensic genetics is the same irrespective of the materials and technology involved, however a great divide still exists in the manner and processes related to human and non-human analyses.This advanced handbook intends to overcome the historical barriers between the scientific fields of legal medicine, biodiversity and conservation, and food analysis by presenting a unifying, global perspective on the implications of genetic analyses on forensic affairs. This global perspective is presented in three parts: modes of inheritance and reproduction and taxonomic implications; current technological approaches and future perspectives; and a comprehensive systematization of the types of applications and organisms. Finally, a critical revision of the current investigative/expert systems and future perspectives is undertaken.This book provides a collection of international research, thereby constituting a reference platform for the forensic community and an advanced textbook for graduate students. It encompasses the theoretical bases of the field, and presents in the context of both perspectives of forensic action — probative and investigative — a comprehensive coverage of the current applications and technological state of the art.

A Guide to Forensic DNA Profiling

Author: Scott Bader

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118751523

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 8999

The increasingly arcane world of DNA profiling demands that those needing to understand at least some of it must find a source of reliable and understandable information. Combining material from the successful Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science with newly commissioned and updated material, the Editors have used their own extensive experience in criminal casework across the world to compile an informative guide that will provide knowledge and thought-provoking articles of interest to anyone involved or interested in the use of DNA in the forensic context. Following extensive introductory chapters covering forensic DNA profiling and forensic genetics, this comprehensive volume presents a substantial breadth of material covering: Fundamental material – including sources of DNA, validation, and accreditation Analysis and interpretation – including, extraction, quantification, amplification and interpretation of electropherograms (epgs) Evaluation – including mixtures, low template, and transfer Applications – databases, paternity and kinship, mitochondrial-DNA, wildlife DNA, single-nucleotide polymorphism, phenotyping and familial searching Court - report writing, discovery, cross examination, and current controversies With contributions from leading experts across the whole gamut of forensic science, this volume is intended to be authoritative but not authoritarian, informative but comprehensible, and comprehensive but concise. It will prove to be a valuable addition, and useful resource, for scientists, lawyers, teachers, criminologists, and judges.

Encyclopedia of Forensic Science

Author: Suzanne Bell

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438118805

Category: Forensic sciences

Page: 402

View: 6846

Presents an alphabetical encyclopedia of the forensic science principles used in investigating crime scenes and suspects.

Forensic Science

Author: Andrew R. W. Jackson,Julie M. Jackson

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780130432513

Category: Law

Page: 395

View: 718

This text aims to provide a broad, scientifically rigorous introduction to Forensic Science. It covers processes from the crime scene to presentation of forensic science in court. It focuses on the chemical, biological and physical methods used in forensic examination. Techniques and procedures used in forensic science are fully covered. The book includes real-life case studies.

Forensic DNA Typing

Biology & Technology Behind STR Markers

Author: John Marshall Butler

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121479510

Category: Medical

Page: 322

View: 2570

This comprehensive handbook offers crime laboratory personnel, investigators and members of the legal community the latest information on STR typing. It covers new genetic markers and information on rapidly changing technologies to help professionals accurately identify the perpetrators of crimes -- or those falsely accused of a crime -- when DNA samples are available.

CSI-Forensik für Dummies

Author: Douglas P. Lyle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527704698

Category:

Page: 400

View: 1568

CSI, CSI Miami, CSI New York, Crossing Jordan: Der Ermittler von heute ist Wissenschaftler, klug und manchmal exzentrisch. So ist das zumindest im Fernsehen, aber wie sieht es in der Wirklichkeit aus? Wie erkennt man an einer Schädelverletzung die Todesursache, wie funktioniert die Untersuchung von Projektilen, welche Möglichkeiten bietet die DNA-Analyse? Douglas P. Lyle klärt Sie in diesem preisgekrönten Buch über die Arbeit der Kriminaltechniker auf und stellt Ihnen bekannte und kuriose Fälle sowie deren Lösung vor.

Forensic Chemistry Handbook

Author: Lawrence Kobilinsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118062234

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 4618

A concise, robust introduction to the various topics covered by the discipline of forensic chemistry The Forensic Chemistry Handbook focuses on topics in each of the major chemistry-related areas of forensic science. With chapter authors that span the forensic chemistry field, this book exposes readers to the state of the art on subjects such as serology (including blood, semen, and saliva), DNA/molecular biology, explosives and ballistics, toxicology, pharmacology, instrumental analysis, arson investigation, and various other types of chemical residue analysis. In addition, the Forensic Chemistry Handbook: Covers forensic chemistry in a clear, concise, and authoritative way Brings together in one volume the key topics in forensics where chemistry plays an important role, such as blood analysis, drug analysis, urine analysis, and DNA analysis Explains how to use analytical instruments to analyze crime scene evidence Contains numerous charts, illustrations, graphs, and tables to give quick access to pertinent information Media focus on high-profile trials like those of Scott Peterson or Kobe Bryant have peaked a growing interest in the fascinating subject of forensic chemistry. For those readers who want to understand the mechanisms of reactions used in laboratories to piece together crime scenes—and to fully grasp the chemistry behind it—this book is a must-have.

Gentechnologie für Einsteiger

Author: Terence A. Brown

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783827413024

Category:

Page: 409

View: 9312

T. A. Browns "Gentechnologie fA1/4r Einsteiger" hat sich in mehreren Auflagen international als StandardeinfA1/4hrung in die Genklonierung und DNA-Analyse etabliert. Das Grundlagenlehrbuch setzt nur wenig Kenntnisse in Molekularbiologie und Genetik voraus und erlAutert in klarer Sprache sowohl die fundamentalen Prinzipien der wichtigsten gentechnologischen Methoden als auch die immer breiter werdende Palette ihrer Anwendungen. Die groAe Bedeutung der Gentechnologie fA1/4r die Grundlagenforschung und fA1/4r neue Entwicklungen in Biotechnologie und Medizin wird klar herausgearbeitet. Aoeber 250 zweifarbige Illustrationen erleichtern das VerstAndnis des Stoffes und machen die Konzepte und Arbeitstechniken der Gentechnologen anschaulich. Die neue Auflage ist vollstAndig A1/4berarbeitet und enthAlt zwei neue Kapitel. Eines prAsentiert die Methoden, mit denen man ganze Genome sequenziert, und beschreibt, was man aus den gewonnenen Sequenzinformationen ablesen kann. Das zweite widmet sich den Anwendungen der Gentechnologie in der Gerichtsmedizin - ein spannendes und aufschlussreiches Beispiel des Einsatzpotenzials der DNA-Analyse. Der groAen Bedeutung der Polymerasekettenreaktion (PCR) entsprechend wird diese Technik jetzt in einem frA1/4hen Abschnitt des Buches behandelt und durchgehend stArker berA1/4cksichtigt.

Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis

An Introduction

Author: T. A. Brown

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780632059010

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 6747

The previous edition of Gene Cloning, has become known world-wide as the standard introductory text to this important and exciting subject. Now, the current importance of non-cloning approaches, notably PCR, in gene cloning has led to the creation of this fourth edition which explores DNA analysis. Retaining the philosophy of the previous editions, Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis assumes the reader has little prior knowledge of the subject and clearly explains its importance, the principles of the techniques used and their applications. It is carefully laid out, with over 250 two-colour illustrations. In addition to some organisational changes within the re-written text, the fourth edition has two new chapters. The first covers the methods used to sequence genomes and how to understand a sequence after it has been obtained. The second looks in detail at the applications of gene cloning and DNA analysis in forensic science; providing an excellent illustration of the applications of DNA analysis in the real world. In Gene Cloning and DNA Analysis Terry Brown has once again provided a resource of exceptional clarity, an essential introductory text to a wide range of biological sciences students, including genetics and genomics, molecular biology, biochemistry, immunology and applied biology. Also, as well as being required reading for many course modules, it is a perfect introductory text for any professional who needs to learn the basics of the subject. All libraries in universities where medical, life and biological sciences are studied or taught should have multiple copies of the book available on their shelves. Terry Brown is Professor of Biomolecular Archaeology at the Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, Manchester, UK. Visit the companion website for more details about the book: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/genecloning/ Fourth edition of internationally popular undergraduate text. Terry Brown is world famous for his work and writing in the area of genomes, genetics and gene cloning. Fully updated and revised. Two-colour text including approximately 250 two-colour line illustrations. New dedicated web pages for the book, including student questions, illustrations and supplementary material.

Criminalistics

Forensic Science, Crime and Terrorism

Author: James E. Girard,James Girard

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 0763777315

Category: Law

Page: 520

View: 5031

Criminal Investigations & Forensic Science

Forensic Botany

Principles and Applications to Criminal Casework

Author: Heather Miller Coyle

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203484593

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 2886

Increasingly, forensic scientists use plant evidence to reconstruct crimes. The forensic aspects of this subject require an understanding of what is necessary for botanical evidence to be accepted in our judicial system. Bringing together the latest information into a single resource, Forensic Botany: Principles and Applications to Criminal Casework introduces the basic science underlying this emerging field of forensic botany. Contributors discuss the recognition of pertinent plant evidence at a crime scene, the appropriate collection and preservation of the material, and maintenance of a chain of custody. They also explain scientific testing methods, the validation of new forensic techniques, and admissibility criteria for court. An overview of plant biology and historical developments in forensic DNA analysis is also included, as well as case examples featuring the use of botanical evidence in a variety of criminal cases. In an effort to build the scientific foundation for this promising field, this book provides definitive coverage of forensic botany with detailed applications and case examples. It familiarizes forensic scientists with the role of botanical evidence in criminal investigations and its potential value in the pursuit of justice.