An Introduction to Particle Accelerators

Author: Edmund Wilson,Edward J. N. Wilson

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780198508298

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 5640

This book is a very simple introduction for those who would like to learn about the particle accelerators or 'atom-smashers' used in hospitals, industry and large research institutes where physicists probe deep into the nature of matter itself. The reader with a basic knowledge of mathematics and physics will discover a wide spectrum of technologies.

An Introduction to the Physics of Particle Accelerators

Author: Mario Conte,William W. MacKay

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812779604

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 7309

"This book provides a concise and coherent introduction to the physics of particle accelerators, with attention being paid to the design of an accelerator for use as an experimental tool. In the second edition, new chapters on spin dynamics of polarized beams as well as instrumentation and measurements are included, with a discussion of frequency spectra and Schottky signals. The additional material also covers quadratic Lie groups and integration highlighting new techniques using Cayley transforms, detailed estimation of collider luminosities, and new problems."--BOOK JACKET.

The Physics of Particle Accelerators

An Introduction

Author: Klaus Wille (prof.)

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780198505495

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 5574

This text provides the reader with a comprehensive understanding of the key ideas behind the physics of particle accelerators. Supported by a clear mathematical treatment and a range of calculations which develop a genuine feeling for the subject, it is a thorough introduction to the many aspects of accelerator physics.

An Introduction to the Physics of High Energy Accelerators

Author: D. A. Edwards,M. J. Syphers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527617280

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 1802

The first half deals with the motion of a single particle under the influence of electronic and magnetic fields. The basic language of linear and circular accelerators is developed. The principle of phase stability is introduced along with phase oscillations in linear accelerators and synchrotrons. Presents a treatment of betatron oscillations followed by an excursion into nonlinear dynamics and its application to accelerators. The second half discusses intensity dependent effects, particularly space charge and coherent instabilities. Includes tables of parameters for a selection of accelerators which are used in the numerous problems provided at the end of each chapter.

Particle Accelerator Physics

Author: Helmut Wiedemann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540490450

Category: Science

Page: 948

View: 6803

This book provides an in-depth and comprehensive introduction to the field of high-energy particle acceleration and beam dynamics. This is the first modern and comprehensive textbook in the field. It begins by gathering the basic tools, recalling the essentials of electrostatics and electrodynamics as well as of particle dynamics in electromagnetic fields. It includes coverage of advanced topics of coupled beam dynamics. There is an exhaustive treatment of radiation from accelerated charges. Appendices gather useful mathematical and physical formulae, parameters and units, and solutions to the many end-of-chapter problems are given.

Introduction to Accelerator Dynamics

Author: Stephen Peggs,Todd Satogata

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107132843

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 4649

How does a particle accelerator work? The most direct and intuitive answer focuses on the dynamics of single particles as they travel through an accelerator. Particle accelerators are becoming ever more sophisticated and diverse, from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN to multi-MW linear accelerators and small medical synchrotrons. This self-contained book presents a pedagogical account of the important field of accelerator physics, which has grown rapidly since its inception in the latter half of the last century. Key topics covered include the physics of particle acceleration, collision and beam dynamics, and the engineering considerations intrinsic to the effective construction and operation of particle accelerators. By drawing direct connections between accelerator technology and the parallel development of computational capability, this book offers an accessible introduction to this exciting field at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, accelerator scientists, and engineers.

Particle Accelerator Physics I

Vol. 1-

Author: Helmut Wiedemann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540646716

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7022

A Practical Introduction to Beam Physics and Particle Accelerators

Author: Santiago Bernal

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1681741407

Category: Science

Page: 120

View: 1479

This book is a brief exposition of the principles of beam physics and particle accelerators with emphasis on numerical examples employing readily available computer tools. Avoiding detailed derivations, we invite the reader to use general high-end languages such as Mathcad and Matlab, as well as specialized particle accelerator codes (e.g. MAD, WinAgile, Elegant, and others) to explore the principles presented. This approach allows the student to readily identify relevant design parameters and their scaling and easily adapt computer input files to other related situations.

Particles and Fundamental Interactions

An Introduction to Particle Physics

Author: Sylvie Braibant,Giorgio Giacomelli,Maurizio Spurio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400724632

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 2063

The book provides theoretical and phenomenological insights on the structure of matter, presenting concepts and features of elementary particle physics and fundamental aspects of nuclear physics. Starting with the basics (nomenclature, classification, acceleration techniques, detection of elementary particles), the properties of fundamental interactions (electromagnetic, weak and strong) are introduced with a mathematical formalism suited to undergraduate students. Some experimental results (the discovery of neutral currents and of the W± and Z0 bosons; the quark structure observed using deep inelastic scattering experiments) show the necessity of an evolution of the formalism. This motivates a more detailed description of the weak and strong interactions, of the Standard Model of the microcosm with its experimental tests, and of the Higgs mechanism. The open problems in the Standard Model of the microcosm and macrocosm are presented at the end of the book. For example, the CP violation currently measured does not explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the observable universe; the neutrino oscillations and the estimated amount of cosmological dark matter seem to require new physics beyond the Standard Model. A list of other introductory texts, work reviews and some specialized publications is reported in the bibliography. Translation from the Italian Language Edition "Particelle e interazioni fondamentali" by Sylvie Braibant, Giorgio Giacomelli, and Maurizio Spurio Copyright © Springer-Verlag Italia, 2009 Springer-Verlag Italia is part of Springer Science+Business Media All Rights Reserved

An Introduction to Particle Physics and the Standard Model

Author: Robert Mann

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439887608

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 9128

An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics familiarizes readers with what is considered tested and accepted and in so doing, gives them a grounding in particle physics in general. Whenever possible, Dr. Mann takes an historical approach showing how the model is linked to the physics that most of us have learned in less challenging areas. Dr. Mann reviews special relativity and classical mechanics, symmetries, conservation laws, and particle classification; then working from the tested paradigm of the model itself, he: Describes the Standard Model in terms of its electromagnetic, strong, and weak components Explores the experimental tools and methods of particle physics Introduces Feynman diagrams, wave equations, and gauge invariance, building up to the theory of Quantum Electrodynamics Describes the theories of the Strong and Electroweak interactions Uncovers frontier areas and explores what might lie beyond our current concepts of the subatomic world Those who work through the material will develop a solid command of the basics of particle physics. The book does require a knowledge of special relativity, quantum mechanics, and electromagnetism, but most importantly it requires a hunger to understand at the most fundamental level: why things exist and how it is that anything happens. This book will prepare students and others for further study, but most importantly it will prepare them to open their minds to the mysteries that lie ahead. Ultimately, the Large Hadron Collider may prove the model correct, helping so many realize their greatest dreams ... or it might poke holes in the model, leaving us to wonder an even more exciting possibility: that the answers lie in possibilities so unique that we have not even dreamt of them.

An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics

Author: W. Noel Cottingham,Derek A. Greenwood

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521588324

Category: Science

Page: 235

View: 5433

This graduate textbook provides a concise, accessible introduction to the Standard Model of particle physics. Theoretical concepts are developed clearly and carefully throughout the book--from the electromagnetic and weak interactions of leptons and quarks to the strong interactions of quarks. Chapters developing the theory are interspersed with chapters describing some of the wealth of experimental data supporting the model. The book assumes only the standard mathematics taught in an undergraduate physics course; more sophisticated mathematical ideas are developed in the text and in appendices. For graduate students in particle physics and physicists working in other fields who are interested in the current understanding of the ultimate constituents of matter, this textbook provides a lucid and up-to-date introduction.

Accelerator Physics

Example Problems with Solutions

Author: William W MacKay,Mario Conte

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813100931

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 504

This manual provides solutions to the problems given in the second edition of the textbook entitled An Introduction to the Physics of Particle Accelerators. Simple-to-solve problems play a useful role as a first check of the student's level of knowledge whereas difficult problems will test the student's capacity of finding the bearing of the problems in an interdisciplinary environment. The solutions to several problems will require strong engagement of the student, not only in accelerator physics but also in more general physical subjects, such as the profound approach to classical mechanics (discussed in Chapter 3) and the subtleties of spin dynamics (Chapter 13).

Beam Dynamics in High Energy Particle Accelerators

Author: Andrzej Wolski

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783262796

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 3746

Particle accelerators are essential tools for scientific research in fields as diverse as high energy physics, materials science and structural biology. They are also widely used in industry and medicine. Producing the optimum design and achieving the best performance for an accelerator depends on a detailed understanding of many (often complex and sometimes subtle) effects that determine the properties and behavior of the particle beam. Beam Dynamics in High Energy Particle Accelerators provides an introduction to the concepts underlying accelerator beam line design and analysis, taking an approach that emphasizes the elegance of the subject and leads into the development of a range of powerful techniques for understanding and modeling charged particle beams. Contents:Electromagnetism and Classical Mechanics:Electromagnetic Fields in Accelerator ComponentsHamiltonian for a Particle in an Accelerator Beam LineSingle-Particle Linear Dynamics:Linear Transfer Maps for Common ComponentsLinear Optics in Uncoupled Beam LinesCoupled OpticsLinear Imperfections in Storage RingsEffects of Synchrotron RadiationSingle-Particle Nonlinear Dynamics:Examples of Nonlinear Effects in Accelerator Beam LinesRepresentations of Transfer MapsSymplectic IntegratorsMethods for Analysis of Single-Particle DynamicsCollective Effects:Space ChargeScattering EffectsWake Fields, Wake Functions and ImpedanceCoherent Instabilities Readership: Undergraduate students who are looking for an introduction to beam dynamics, and graduate students and researchers in the field. Key Features:Basic ideas are introduced from the start using an approach that leads logically into the development of more advanced concepts and techniques. In particular, linear dynamics is treated consistently using a Hamiltonian formalism, which provides a suitable foundation not only for perturbation theory, but also for more modern techniques based on Lie operators. The use of a consistent approach makes the progress from introductory to advanced material as straightforward as possibleThe treatment of nonlinear dynamics using Lie operators provides a number of powerful techniques for the analysis of accelerator beam lines. Lie operators are generally found only in more advanced and specialized treatments of nonlinear dynamics. Beam Dynamics in High Energy Particle Accelerators provides an accessible introduction to the subject, and illustrates the use of techniques such as Lie transforms and normal form analysis through examples of particular relevance for beam dynamicsAs well as providing a clear description of the important topics in beam dynamics and an explanation of the physical principles, attention is given to techniques of particular importance for computer modeling of beam dynamics. For example, there is a chapter on symplectic integration that gives explicit formulae for methods that are of some importance in accelerator modeling codes, but have not previously been presented in a book of this kindKeywords:Accelerator Physics;Beam Dynamics;Particle AcceleratorsReviews: “This is a recommendable addition to the literature, covering its topics clearly and thoroughly.” CERN Courier

Beam Measurement

Author: S I Kurokawa,S Y Lee,E Perevedentsev,S Turner

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981455684X

Category: Science

Page: 740

View: 9603

This volume comprises the proceedings of the 8th Joint School on accelerator physics. On this occasion, the US, CERN, Japan and Russia Particle Accelerator Schools collaborated to present the topic of “Beam Measurements”. The aim was to provide an introduction to the principles of beam dynamics and measurements in circular particle accelerators. This was achieved by a series of lectures under the headings of “single-particle dynamics”, “multi-particle dynamics” and then “beam measurements”, along with practical courses on feedback and signal processing, maps and (no) simulations, practical diagnostic measurements, and spectrum and network analyzers. The resulting proceedings represent a unique summary of the currently available knowledge on beam measurements applied to circular particle accelerators. Contents: Single-Particle Dynamics:Basic Phase Space (A Hofmann)Measurement and Correction of Accelerator Optics (F Zimmerman)Longitudinal Motion in Storage Rings and Quantum Excitation (N A Vinokurov)Multi-Particle Dynamics:Space Charge (K Schindl)Impedance and Wakefields (Y H Chin)Robinson and Coupled-Bunch Instabilities (Y H Chin)Beam Lifetime (K Hirata)The Beam-Beam Effect (J Gareyte)Beam Cooling (D V Pestrikov)Beam Measurement:Bunched Beam Signals in Time and Frequency Domain (J M Byrd)Beam-Line Instruments (U Raich)Closed Orbit Control (J Safranek)Beam-Based Lattice Diagnostics (J Safranek)Detection and Correction of Nonlinear Resonances (D V Pestrikov)Dynamic Aperture, Theoretical Aspects and Observational Features (F Willeke)Signatures of Microwave Instability (E Shaposhnikova)Overview of RF Systems for Storage Rings and Their Diagnostics (K Akai)Beam Profile and Size Measurement by the Use of SR Interferometers (T Mitsuhashi)Noise Effects in Accelerators (J Ellison)Seminars and Round-Table Discussions:Accelerators for Medicine (U Amaldi)Performance Related Measurements on LEP (S Myers)The LHC: Beam Measurements and Instrumentation (H Schmickler)Particle Acceleration in Plasmas (R Bingham)Larger Circular Colliders (E Keil)Future Linear Colliders (R Brinkmann)Practical Courses:Bunch Feedback Systems and Signal Processing (J D Fox & E Kikutani)Maps and (no) Simulations (E Forest)Practical Diagnostic Measurements (M Lamont et al.)Spectrum and Network Analyzers (J M Byrd & F Caspers) Readership: Nuclear and accelerator physicists. Keywords:Accelerator Optics;Beam-Beam Effect;Nonlinear Resonances;Interferometers;Linear Colliders

Radiation and Detectors

Introduction to the Physics of Radiation and Detection Devices

Author: Lucio Cerrito

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319531816

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 8064

This textbook provides an introduction to radiation, the principles of interaction between radiation and matter, and the exploitation of those principles in the design of modern radiation detectors. Both radiation and detectors are given equal attention and their interplay is carefully laid out with few assumptions made about the prior knowledge of the student. Part I is dedicated to radiation, broadly interpreted in terms of energy and type, starting with an overview of particles and forces, an extended review of common natural and man-made sources of radiation, and an introduction to particle accelerators. Particular attention is paid to real life examples, which place the types of radiation and their energy in context. Dosimetry is presented from a modern, user-led point of view, and relativistic kinematics is introduced to give the basic knowledge needed to handle the more formal aspects of radiation dynamics and interaction. The explanation of the physics principles of interaction between radiation and matter is given significant space to allow a deeper understanding of the various technologies based on those principles. Following an introduction to the ionisation mechanism, detectors are introduced in Part II, grouped according to the physical principle that underpins their functionality, with chapters covering gaseous detectors, semiconductor detectors, the scintillation process and light detectors. The final two chapters describe the phenomenology of showers and the design of calorimeters, and cover additional phenomena including Cherenkov and transition radiation and the detection of neutrinos. An appendix offers the reader a useful review of statistics and probability distributions. The mathematical formalism is kept to a minimum throughout and simple derivations are presented to guide the reasoning and facilitate understanding of the working principles. The book is unique in its wide scope and introductory level, and is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students in physics and engineering. The reader will acquire an awareness of how radiation and its exploitation are becoming increasingly relevant in the modern world, with over 140 experimental figures, detector schematics and photographs helping to relate the material to a broader research context.

Povh, B: Teilchen und Kerne.

Eine Einführung in die physikalischen Konzepte.

Author: Bogdan Povh,Klaus Rith,Christoph Scholz,Frank Zetsche

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540210658

Category: Particles (Nuclear physics)

Page: 416

View: 4341

Die Grundidee dieses einf]hrenden Lehrbuchs besteht darin, eine einheitliche Darstellung von Kern- und Teilchenphysik aus experimenteller Sicht zu geben. Die Reduktion der komplex aufgebauten Materie der Atomkerne und Nukleonen auf wenige Grundbausteine und Wechselwirkungen ist die erste Botschaft dieses Buchs. Der zweite Teil, der den Aufbau von Nukleonen und Kernen aus diesen Grundbausteinen beschreibt, macht deutlich, dass Komplexitdt, die aus der Vielkvrperwechselwirkung entsteht, in immer grv_erem Ma_ die Gesetzmd_igkeiten der zusammengesetzten Systeme bestimmt. Behandelt wird die Kernmaterie bei hohen Temperaturen und die Rolle von Kern- und Teilchenphysik bei astrophysikalischen Vorgdngen. Die neue Auflage bietet stark ]berarbeitete \bungsaufgaben und eine ganze Reihe von Ergdnzungen und Verbesserungen, besonders in der Neutrinophysik und beim doppelten Betazerfall. Das in straffem und klarem Stil abgefasste Lehrbuch eignet sich gut als Begleittext zu den einf]hrenden Vorlesungen an Hochschulen.

Nuclei and particles

an introduction to nuclear and subnuclear physics

Author: Emilio Segrè

Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Pub Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 966

View: 6602

Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Frank Close

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192804340

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 5780

Particle Physics provides a compelling introduction to the fundamental constituents of the universe. Beginning with a guide to what matter is made of and how it evolved, the author goes on to describe the techniques used to study it. He discusses quarks, electrons, and the neutrino, exotic matter, and antimatter. He also investigates the forces of nature, accelerators and detectors, and the future of particle physics.

Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Author: Giles Barr,Robin Devenish,Roman Walczak,Tony Weidberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191065455

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 9715

This text gives an introduction to particle physics at a level accessible to advanced undergraduate students. It is based on lectures given to 4th year physics students over a number of years, and reflects the feedback from the students. The aim is to explain the theoretical and experimental basis of the Standard Model (SM) of Particle Physics with the simplest mathematical treatment possible. All the experimental discoveries that led to the understanding of the SM relied on particle detectors and most of them required advanced particle accelerators. A unique feature of this book is that it gives a serious introduction to the fundamental accelerator and detector physics, which is currently only available in advanced graduate textbooks. The mathematical tools that are required such as group theory are covered in one chapter. A modern treatment of the Dirac equation is given in which the free particle Dirac equation is seen as being equivalent to the Lorentz transformation. The idea of generating the SM interactions from fundamental gauge symmetries is explained. The core of the book covers the SM. The tools developed are used to explain its theoretical basis and a clear discussion is given of the critical experimental evidence which underpins it. A thorough account is given of quark flavour and neutrino oscillations based on published experimental results, including some from running experiments. A simple introduction to the Higgs sector of the SM is given. This explains the key idea of how spontaneous symmetry breaking can generate particle masses without violating the underlying gauge symmetry. A key feature of this book is that it gives an accessible explanation of the discovery of the Higgs boson, including the advanced statistical techniques required. The final chapter gives an introduction to LHC physics beyond the standard model and the techniques used in searches for new physics. There is an outline of the shortcomings of the SM and a discussion of possible solutions and future experiments to resolve these outstanding questions. For updates, new results, useful links as well as corrections to errata in this book, please see the book website maintained by the authors: https://pplhcera.physics.ox.ac.uk/