Ancient and Medieval Dyes

Author: William Ferguson Leggett

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781258347925

Category:

Page: 102

View: 3607

Die Textilfärberei vom Spätmittelalter bis zur Frühen Neuzeit (14.-16. Jahrhundert)

Eine naturwissenschaftlich-technische Analyse deutschsprachiger Quellen

Author: Sabine Struckmeier

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830975279

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 3125

Farbige Materialien sind seit prähistorischer Zeit Mittel zur Gestaltung der menschlichen Umwelt. Insbesondere die Textilfärberei unterliegt im Laufe der Zeit verschiedenen durch Handel, Handwerk und Technik beeinflussten Veränderungen. Der Aufwand beim Färben und die Seltenheit von reinen leuchtenden Farbtönen sorgen dafür, dass Farben während des Mittelalters und der Frühen Neuzeit eine zentrale Rolle spielen. Sie dienen zur Verdeutlichung sozialer Hierarchien in der ständischen Gesellschaft und zur Ausgrenzung von Minderheiten. Anhand edierter deutschsprachiger Färbeanleitungen aus dieser Zeit wird mit Bezug zum modernen textilchemischen Wissen der belegbare Kenntnisstand analysiert. Durch nachgestellte Färbungen können die erreichbaren Farbtöne beurteilt werden und anhand von Licht- und Waschechtheitsprüfungen werden Hinweise für die Restaurierung und Erhaltung historischer Textilien diskutiert. Sabine Struckmeier studierte Textil- und Bekleidungstechnik sowie Chemie für das Lehramt an berufsbildenden Schulen. Nach langjähriger Tätigkeit am Institut für Textil- und Bekleidungstechnik im Bereich Textilchemie/Veredlung ist sie seit 2009 Mitarbeiterin im Bereich Chemiedidaktik des Instituts für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften der Leibniz Universität Hannover.

Discoveries: Colors

The Story of Dyes and Pigments

Author: François Delamare,Bernard Guineau

Publisher: Harry N Abrams Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 159

View: 1260

Chronicles the history of dyes and pigments and their related industries, discussing colors in the Middle Ages; the explosion of supply and demand in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries; and advances in industrial chemistry.

Transnationalism in Ancient and Medieval Societies

The Role of Cross-Border Trade and Travel

Author: Michael C. Howard

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786490330

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 3269

While scholars have long documented the migration of people in ancient and medieval times, they have paid less attention to those who traveled across borders with some regularity. This study of early transnational relations explores the routine interaction of people across the boundaries of empires, tribal confederacies, kingdoms, and city-states, paying particular attention to the role of long-distance trade along the Silk Road and maritime trade routes. It examines the obstacles voyagers faced, including limited travel and communication capabilities, relatively poor geographical knowledge, and the dangers of a fragmented and shifting political landscape, and offers profiles of better-known transnational elites such as the Hellenic scholar Herodotus and the Venetian merchant Marco Polo, as well lesser known servants, merchants, and sailors. By revealing the important political, economic, and cultural role cross-border trade and travel played in ancient society, this work demonstrates that transnationalism is not unique to modern times. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Vegetable Dyes

Being a Book of Recipes and Other Information Useful to the Dyer

Author: Ethel M. Mairet

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781482745047

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 104

View: 1956

Vegetable Dyes: Being a book of Recipes and other information useful to the Dyer by Ethel M. Mairet. Natural dyes are dyes or colorants derived from plants, invertebrates, or minerals. The majority of natural dyes are vegetable dyes from plant sources -roots, berries, bark, leaves, and wood - and other organic sources such as fungi and lichens. Archaeologists have found evidence of textile dyeing dating back to the Neolithic period. In China, dyeing with plants, barks and insects has been traced back more than 5,000 years. The essential process of dyeing changed little over time. Typically, the dye material is put in a pot of water and then the textiles to be dyed are added to the pot, which is heated and stirred until the color is transferred. Textile fiber may be dyed before spinning ("dyed in the wool"), but most textiles are "yarn-dyed" or "piece-dyed" after weaving. Many natural dyes require the use of chemicals called mordants to bind the dye to the textile fibers; tannin from oak galls, salt, natural alum, vinegar, and ammonia from stale urine were used by early dyers. Many mordants, and some dyes themselves, produce strong odors, and large-scale dyeworks were often isolated in their own districts. Throughout history, people have dyed their textiles using common, locally available materials, but scarce dyestuffs that produced brilliant and permanent colors such as the natural invertebrate dyes, Tyrian purple and crimson kermes, became highly prized luxury items in the ancient and medieval world. Plant-based dyes such as woad (Isatis tinctoria), indigo, saffron, and madder were raised commercially and were important trade goods in the economies of Asia and Europe. Across Asia and Africa, patterned fabrics were produced using resist dyeing techniques to control the absorption of color in piece-dyed cloth. such as cochineal and logwood (Haematoxylum campechianum) were brought to Europe by the Spanish treasure fleets, and the dyestuffs of Europe were carried by colonists to America.

Cloth and Clothing in Medieval Europe

Essays in Memory of Professor E.M. Carus-Wilson

Author: Eleanora Mary Carus-Wilson,N. B. Harte,Kenneth G. Ponting

Publisher: London : Heinemann Educational Books ; [Edington] : Pasold Research Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 401

View: 2278

Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde

Zweite vollig neu bearbeitete und stark erweiterte Auflage unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher Fachgeleharter

Author: Johannes Hoops

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Germanic antiquities

Page: N.A

View: 9305

צבע מהטבע

על צבעים טבעיים בעת העתיקה

Author: Ḥagit Śoreḳ,Etan Ayalon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civilization, Ancient

Page: 139

View: 330

Colour

Making and Using Dyes and Pigments

Author: François Delamare,Bernard Guineau

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780500301029

Category: Color

Page: 159

View: 3928

Colour is all around us; we take it for granted as a naturally occurring element of all things. Yet colours are also manufactured, and the science of pigments, hues and dyes has an ancient and fascinating history. This book surveys the story of dyes and pigments, the invention of new colours and the industries that were fuelled by them. What were the colours of ancient Egypt? What did its artists use to paint their magnificent frescoes? Where do indigo and ochre come from? Why is purple the colour of royalty? What are pastels? How many colours are there? Why do we dye our food? Who invented ink? What is the symbolism of yellow? From cerise to crimson, from puce to periwinkle, this book is as rich, varied and delightful as a box of crayons.

Textile Colorist

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Dyes and dyeing

Page: N.A

View: 1784

Mounted samples.

Bulletin

Author: Garden Club of America

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Gardening

Page: N.A

View: 3744