Ancient and Medieval Dyes

Author: William Ferguson Leggett

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781258347925

Category:

Page: 102

View: 7906

Die Textilfärberei vom Spätmittelalter bis zur Frühen Neuzeit (14.-16. Jahrhundert)

Eine naturwissenschaftlich-technische Analyse deutschsprachiger Quellen

Author: Sabine Struckmeier

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 3830975279

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 8547

Farbige Materialien sind seit prähistorischer Zeit Mittel zur Gestaltung der menschlichen Umwelt. Insbesondere die Textilfärberei unterliegt im Laufe der Zeit verschiedenen durch Handel, Handwerk und Technik beeinflussten Veränderungen. Der Aufwand beim Färben und die Seltenheit von reinen leuchtenden Farbtönen sorgen dafür, dass Farben während des Mittelalters und der Frühen Neuzeit eine zentrale Rolle spielen. Sie dienen zur Verdeutlichung sozialer Hierarchien in der ständischen Gesellschaft und zur Ausgrenzung von Minderheiten. Anhand edierter deutschsprachiger Färbeanleitungen aus dieser Zeit wird mit Bezug zum modernen textilchemischen Wissen der belegbare Kenntnisstand analysiert. Durch nachgestellte Färbungen können die erreichbaren Farbtöne beurteilt werden und anhand von Licht- und Waschechtheitsprüfungen werden Hinweise für die Restaurierung und Erhaltung historischer Textilien diskutiert. Sabine Struckmeier studierte Textil- und Bekleidungstechnik sowie Chemie für das Lehramt an berufsbildenden Schulen. Nach langjähriger Tätigkeit am Institut für Textil- und Bekleidungstechnik im Bereich Textilchemie/Veredlung ist sie seit 2009 Mitarbeiterin im Bereich Chemiedidaktik des Instituts für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften der Leibniz Universität Hannover.

Transnationalism in Ancient and Medieval Societies

The Role of Cross-Border Trade and Travel

Author: Michael C. Howard

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786490330

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 6339

While scholars have long documented the migration of people in ancient and medieval times, they have paid less attention to those who traveled across borders with some regularity. This study of early transnational relations explores the routine interaction of people across the boundaries of empires, tribal confederacies, kingdoms, and city-states, paying particular attention to the role of long-distance trade along the Silk Road and maritime trade routes. It examines the obstacles voyagers faced, including limited travel and communication capabilities, relatively poor geographical knowledge, and the dangers of a fragmented and shifting political landscape, and offers profiles of better-known transnational elites such as the Hellenic scholar Herodotus and the Venetian merchant Marco Polo, as well lesser known servants, merchants, and sailors. By revealing the important political, economic, and cultural role cross-border trade and travel played in ancient society, this work demonstrates that transnationalism is not unique to modern times. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Cloth and Clothing in Medieval Europe

Essays in Memory of Professor E.M. Carus-Wilson

Author: Eleanora Mary Carus-Wilson,N. B. Harte,Kenneth G. Ponting

Publisher: London : Heinemann Educational Books ; [Edington] : Pasold Research Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 401

View: 1398

Reallexikon der germanischen Altertumskunde

Zweite vollig neu bearbeitete und stark erweiterte Auflage unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher Fachgeleharter

Author: Johannes Hoops

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Germanic antiquities

Page: N.A

View: 2288

Vegetable Dyes

Being a Book of Recipes and Other Information Useful to the Dyer

Author: Ethel M. Mairet

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781482745047

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 104

View: 2463

Vegetable Dyes: Being a book of Recipes and other information useful to the Dyer by Ethel M. Mairet. Natural dyes are dyes or colorants derived from plants, invertebrates, or minerals. The majority of natural dyes are vegetable dyes from plant sources -roots, berries, bark, leaves, and wood - and other organic sources such as fungi and lichens. Archaeologists have found evidence of textile dyeing dating back to the Neolithic period. In China, dyeing with plants, barks and insects has been traced back more than 5,000 years. The essential process of dyeing changed little over time. Typically, the dye material is put in a pot of water and then the textiles to be dyed are added to the pot, which is heated and stirred until the color is transferred. Textile fiber may be dyed before spinning ("dyed in the wool"), but most textiles are "yarn-dyed" or "piece-dyed" after weaving. Many natural dyes require the use of chemicals called mordants to bind the dye to the textile fibers; tannin from oak galls, salt, natural alum, vinegar, and ammonia from stale urine were used by early dyers. Many mordants, and some dyes themselves, produce strong odors, and large-scale dyeworks were often isolated in their own districts. Throughout history, people have dyed their textiles using common, locally available materials, but scarce dyestuffs that produced brilliant and permanent colors such as the natural invertebrate dyes, Tyrian purple and crimson kermes, became highly prized luxury items in the ancient and medieval world. Plant-based dyes such as woad (Isatis tinctoria), indigo, saffron, and madder were raised commercially and were important trade goods in the economies of Asia and Europe. Across Asia and Africa, patterned fabrics were produced using resist dyeing techniques to control the absorption of color in piece-dyed cloth. such as cochineal and logwood (Haematoxylum campechianum) were brought to Europe by the Spanish treasure fleets, and the dyestuffs of Europe were carried by colonists to America.

Textual Studies in Ancient and Medieval Geometry

Author: W.R. Knorr

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817633875

Category: Mathematics

Page: 864

View: 7287

For textual studies relating to the ancient mathematical corpus the efforts by the Danish philologist, 1. L. Heiberg (1854-1928), are especially significant. Beginning with his doctoral dissertation, Quaestiones Archimedeae (Copen hagen, 1879), Heiberg produced an astonishing series of editions and critical studies that remain the foundation of scholarship on Greek mathematical 4 science. For comprehensiveness and accuracy, his editions are exemplary. In his textual studies, as also in the prolegomena to his editions, he carefully described the extant evidence, organized the manuscripts into stemmata, and drew out the implications for the state of the text. 5 With regard to his Archimedean work, Heiberg sometimes betrayed signs of the philologist's occupational disease - the tendency to rewrite a text deemed on subjective grounds to be unworthy. 6 But he did so less often than his prominent 7 contemporaries, and not as to detract appreciably from the value of his editions. In examining textual questions bearing on the Archimedean corpus, he attempted to exploit as much as possible evidence from the ancient commentators, and in some instances from the medieval translations. It is here that opportunities abound for new work, extending, and in some instances superseding, Heiberg's findings. For at his time the availability of the medieval materials was limited. In recent years Marshall Clagett has completed a mammoth critical edition of the medieval Latin tradition of Archimedes,8 while the bibliographical instruments for the Arabic tradition are in good order thanks to the work of Fuat Sezgin.

צבע מהטבע

על צבעים טבעיים בעת העתיקה

Author: Ḥagit Śoreḳ,Etan Ayalon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civilization, Ancient

Page: 139

View: 6540

Textile Colorist

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Dyes and dyeing

Page: N.A

View: 4425

Mounted samples.

Bulletin

Author: Garden Club of America

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Gardening

Page: N.A

View: 397

The Cave of the Warrior

A Fourth Millennium Burial in the Judean Desert

Author: Tamar Schick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: 137

View: 7672