Animal Manure Recycling

Treatment and Management

Author: Sven G. Sommer,Morten L. Christensen,Thomas Schmidt,Lars Stoumann Jensen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118676726

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 1872

A rapidly changing and expanding livestock and poultry production sector is causing a range of environmental problems on local, regional and global scales. Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management presents an accessible overview of environmentally friendly technologies for managing animal manure more efficiently and in a sustainable manner. The book describes the physical and chemical characteristics of animal manure and microbial processes, featuring detailed examples and case studies showing how this knowledge can be used in practice. Readers are introduced to the sustainable use of animal manure for crop fertilisation and soil amelioration. Environmentally friendly technologies for reducing emissions of ammonia, odour and the greenhouse gases nitrous oxide and methane are presented, and reduction of plant nutrient losses using separation technologies is introduced. Finally and most importantly, the book describes methods to commercialise and transfer knowledge about innovations to end-users. Topics covered include: Regulation of animal manure management Manure organic matter: characteristics and microbial transformations Greenhouse gas emissions from animal manures and technologies for their reduction Technologies and logistics for handling, transport and distribution of animal manures Bioenergy production Animal manure residue upgrading and nutrient recovery in bio-fertilisers Life cycle assessment of manure management systems Innovation in animal manure management and recycling Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management presents state-of-the-art coverage of the entire animal manure chain, providing practical information for engineers, environmental consultants, academics and advanced students involved in scientific, technical and regulatory issues related to animal manure management.

Environment, Energy and Climate Change I

Environmental Chemistry of Pollutants and Wastes

Author: Elena Jiménez,Beatriz Cabañas,Gilles Lefebvre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319129074

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 4324

This volume offers a comprehensive overview of advanced research in the field of environmental green chemistry for air, soil and water pollutants, and presents emerging technologies on the chemical treatment of polluted sites and wastes. The 15 chapters, prepared by internationally respected experts, address the following topics: (1) monitoring of indoor and outdoor air pollutants; (2) atmospheric degradation processes and formation mechanisms of secondary pollutants; (3) the environmental assessment and impacts of soils polluted by heavy metals and hydrocarbons; (4) sustainable and emerging technologies for the chemical treatment of organic and animal wastes and wastewaters; (5) photocatalytic CO2 conversion methods for the mitigation of greenhouse effects; and (6) non-conventional methods in green chemistry synthesis. Lastly, the authors outline the future perspectives of each topic. Given its multidisciplinary approach, combining environmental analysis and engineering, the book offers a valuable resource for all researchers and students interested in environmental chemistry and engineering.

Energie aus Biomasse

Grundlagen, Techniken und Verfahren

Author: Martin Kaltschmitt,Hans Hartmann,Hermann Hofbauer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662474387

Category: Science

Page: 1867

View: 619

Dieses Standardwerk beschreibt umfassend die biologischen, physikalischen, chemischen und technischen Grundlagen einer Energiegewinnung aus Biomasse. Dies beinhaltet eine Beschreibung der verfügbaren Biomasseressourcen, eine Systematisierung möglicher Bereitstellungsketten und -techniken zur Verfügbarmachung der Biomassen an der jeweiligen Konversionsanlage und eine Darstellung der thermo-chemischen, der physikalisch-chemischen sowie derbiochemischen Umwandlungsmöglichkeiten in Bioenergieträger (z. B. Holzkohle, Biodiesel, Biogas) bzw. Bioenergie (d. h. Wärme, Strom). · Die thermo-chemische Biomasseumwandlung umfasst die Verbrennung biogener Festbrennstoffe in Klein- und Großanlagen zur Strom- und Wärmeerzeugung und – jeweils in der Gasatmosphäre – die Biomassevergasung u. a. zur Kraftstoffsynthese (z. B. Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel) sowie die schnelle und langsame Pyrolyse (d. h. Bioöl- und Holzkohleerzeugung). Zusätzlich wird auf die thermo-chemische Umwandlung in hydrothermaler Atmosphäre (z. B. hydrothermale Karbonisierung) eingegangen. · Die physikalisch-chemische Umwandlung beinhaltet die Pflanzenölerzeugung und die entsprechenden Umwandlungsmöglichkeiten in einen normenkonformen Biokraftstoff. · Unter einer biochemischen Umwandlung wird eine Alkoholherstellung als Kraftstoffkomponente und eine Biogaserzeugung als Brenn- und Kraftstoff verstanden. Im Vergleich zur 2. Auflage wurde die 3. Auflage vollständig überarbeitet, z. T. neu strukturiert, stark erweitert und an den aktuellen Stand des Wissens und der Technik angepasst. Hinzu gekommen sind u. a. die Bereitstellung von Algenbiomasse, hydrothermale Biomasseumwandlungsverfahren, innovative Optionen zur Pflanzenölhydrierung, die Butanolerzeugung und die Synthesegasfermentation sowie Verfahren zur Erzeugung von flüssigen und gasförmigen Biokraftstoffen aus Biogas. Das Buch bietet einen umfassenden Überblick der naturwissenschaftlichen Grundlagen und des aktuellen Standes der Technik. Den Herausgebern ist es gelungen, unter Mitarbeit einer Vielzahl kompetenter Fachleute ein umfassendes Werk mit allen wesentlichen Möglichkeiten einer Energiegewinnung aus Biomasse "aus einem Guss" zu erarbeiten. Die Zielgruppen Das Buch wendet sich an Studierende, Anlagenbetreiber, Berater, Wissenschaftler sowie interessierte Laien.

Supply Chain Management for Sustainable Food Networks

Author: Eleftherios Iakovou,Dionysis Bochtis,Dimitrios Vlachos,Dimitrios Aidonis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118937503

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 965

An interdisciplinary framework for managing sustainable agrifood supply chains Supply Chain Management for Sustainable Food Networks provides an up-to-date and interdisciplinary framework for designing and operating sustainable supply chains for agri-food products. Focus is given to decision-making procedures and methodologies enabling policy-makers, managers and practitioners to design and manage effectively sustainable agrifood supply chain networks. Authored by high profile researchers with global expertise in designing and operating sustainable supply chains in the agri-food industry, this book: Features the entire hierarchical decision-making process for managing sustainable agrifood supply chains. Covers knowledge-based farming, management of agricultural wastes, sustainability, green supply chain network design, safety, security and traceability, IT in agrifood supply chains, carbon footprint management, quality management, risk management and policy- making. Explores green supply chain management, sustainable knowledge-based farming, corporate social responsibility, environmental management and emerging trends in agri-food retail supply chain operations. Examines sustainable practices that are unique for agriculture as well as practices that already have been implemented in other industrial sectors such as green logistics and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Supply Chain Management for Sustainable Food Networks provides a useful resource for researchers, practitioners, policy-makers, regulators and C-level executives that deal with strategic decision-making. Post-graduate students in the field of agriculture sciences, engineering, operations management, logistics and supply chain management will also benefit from this book.

Reducing Your Carbon Footprint At Home

Author: Sarah B. David

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 140421772X

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 6313

Explores how to "live green" at home, including ways for people to change their habits and increase sustainability.

Hog Manure Management, the Environment and Human Health

Author: Tiffany T.Y. Guan,Richard A. Holley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306478079

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 168

View: 7929

This volume provides a current look at how development of intensive live stock production, particularly hogs, has affected human health with respect to zoonotic diseases primarily transmitted by food but also by water, air and oc cupational activity. While information presented focuses on the development of increasing livestock production in Canada, examples are given and compar isons are made with other countries (Denmark, Taiwan, the Netherlands and the United States) where the levels of livestock production are much more intense and where the industry is more mature. Canada is also searching for solutions to enable handling the growing volume of its livestock waste properly. Lessons learned from the experience of those who have gone before are invaluable and are drawn together in this volume to serve as useful guidance for others in plot ting the courses of action possible to avoid serious environmental setbacks and negative human health effects through foodborne illness. A significant portion of the text is devoted to a discussion of enteric illness in humans caused by zoonotic pathogens. The second chapter deals with sur vival of pathogens (which cause foodborne illness) in manure environments. An evaluation of the human health hazard likely to occur from the use of ma nure as fertilizer is important because of the recent trend toward an increase in foodborne illness from the consumption of minimally processed fruits and vegetables that may have been fertilized with animal-derived organic materials.

Recycling and Reuse of Sewage Sludge

Proceedings of the International Symposium Organised by the Concrete Technology Unit and Held at the University of Dundee, Scotland, UK on 19-20 March 2001

Author: Ravindra K. Dhir,Mukesh C. Limbachiya,Michael J. McCarthy

Publisher: Thomas Telford

ISBN: 9780727729927

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 5102

Varying degrees of environmental impact by sewage sludge disposals alternatives, present challenges for waste management practice and policy. Many regulating bodies throughout the world are implementing measures which actively promote environmentally sound and economically viable routes to convert this waste into a valuable resource. These provide opportunities, but at the same time, given the nature of the material and obstacles that may exist, require that responsible and proven practices are followed. This book presents the proceedings of an International Symposium organised by the Concrete Technology Unit, University of Dundee, which brings together some of the worlds leading experts in the field of sewage sludge recycling.

Integrated animal waste management

Author: Council for Agricultural Science and Technology

Publisher: Council for Agricultural

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 87

View: 8186

Organic Waste Recycling

Technology and Management

Author: Chongrak Polprasert

Publisher: IWA Publishing

ISBN: 184339121X

Category: Science

Page: 516

View: 8067

This book covers the principles and practices of technologies for the control of pollution originating from organic wastes (e.g. human faeces and urine, wastewater, solid wastes, animal manure and agro-industrial wastes) and the recycling of these organic wastes into valuable products such as fertilizer, biofuels, algal and fish protein and irrigated crops. Each recycling technology is described with respect to: -Objectives -Benefits and limitations -Environmental requirements -Design criteria of the process -Use of the recycled products -Pubic health aspects This new edition, an update of the previous book, is a response to the emerging environmental problems caused by rapid population growth and industrialization. It describes the current technology and management options for organic waste recycling which are environmentally friendly, effective in pollution control and yield valuable by-products. Every chapter has been revised to include successful case studies, new references, design examples and exercises. New sections added to the 3rd edition include: Millennium development goals, waste minimization and cleaner production, methanol and ethanol production, chitin and chitosan production, constructed wetlands, management and institutional development. This is a textbook for environmental science, engineering and management students who are interested in the current environmental problems and seeking solutions to the emerging issues. It should be a valuable reference book for policy makers, planners and consultants working in the environmental fields.

Optimizing Nitrogen Management in Food and Energy Production and Environmental Protection

Proceedings of the 2nd International Nitrogen Conference on Science and Policy, Potomac, MD, USA, 14-18 October 2001

Author: J. Galloway,C. Jordan,Joe Wisniewski,J.W. Erisman,E. Cowling

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789026519277

Category: Science

Page: 1022

View: 1522

The production of food and energy interfere with the natural nitrogen cycle of the earth. Many of these changes are beneficial, while others are detrimental to societies and the environment. The changing nature of nitrogen in the global environment crosses scientific disciplines, geographical boundaries and political divisions and challenges the creative minds of natural and social scientists, economists, engineers, business leaders and planners. The papers in this book give readers a panoramic view of the changing nature of reactive nitrogen in the global environment, enabling them to make better choices about nitrogen management in food production and consumption, energy production and use, and environmental protection.

Manure Management

Treatment Strategies for Sustainable Agriculture

Author: C. H. Burton,C. Turner

Publisher: Editions Quae

ISBN: 9780953128266

Category: Farm manure

Page: 451

View: 8695

Manure management for environmental protection

Author: Pennsylvania. Dept. of Environmental Resources. Agricultural Advisory Committee. Manure Management Work Group,Robert Edwin Graves

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Farm manure

Page: N.A

View: 9388

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Continuation of Residue Reviews

Author: George W. Ware

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461215285

Category: Science

Page: 163

View: 8517

International concern in scientific, industrial, and governmental communities over traces of xenobiotics in foods and in both abiotic and biotic environments has justified the present triumvirate of specialized publications in this field: comprehensive reviews, rapidly published research papers and progress reports, and archival documentations. These three international publications are inte grated and scheduled to provide the coherency essential for nonduplicative and current progress in a field as dynamic and complex as environmental contamina tion and toxicology. This series is reserved exclusively for the diversified litera ture on ''toxic'' chemicals in our food, our feeds, our homes, recreational and working surroundings, our domestic animals, our wildlife and ourselves. Tre mendous efforts worldwide have been mobilized to evaluate the nature, pres ence, magnitude, fate, and toxicology of the chemicals loosed upon the earth. Among the sequelae of this broad new emphasis is an undeniable need for an articulated set of authoritative publications, where one can find the latest impor tant world literature produced by these emerging areas of science together with documentation of pertinent ancillary legislation. Research directors and legislative or administrative advisers do not have the time to scan the escalating number of technical publications that may contain articles important to current responsibility. Rather, these individuals need the background provided by detailed reviews and the assurance that the latest infor mation is made available to them, all with minimal literature searching.

EPA 600/2

Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development,United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Monitoring,National Environmental Research Center (Corvallis, Or.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Environmental engineering

Page: N.A

View: 9130

Biosolids Engineering and Management

Author: Lawrence K. Wang,Nazih K. Shammas,Yung-Tse Hung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781597451741

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 802

View: 2700

This is a collection of methods of practical design, calculation and numerical examples that illustrate how organized, analytical reasoning can lead to the discovery of clear, direct solutions to pollution especially in the areas of biosolids management, treatment, disposal and beneficial use. The book contains an extensive collection of detailed design examples and case histories, and a distinguished panel of authors provides insight into a range of topics.

The 10 Principles of Food Industry Sustainability

Author: Cheryl J. Baldwin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118447719

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 1364

Although the food industry is beginning to make headway with itssustainability initiatives, substantially more progress is neededin order to feed the world’s growing population sustainably.The challenge is that the topic of sustainability can seemoverwhelming and there is limited information that is specific tothe food industry. Written by an experienced food industry professional with yearsof experience in sustainability, The 10 Principles ofFood Industry Sustainability inspires and informs the progressrequired to nourish the population, revitalize natural resources,enhance economic development, and close resource loops. The bookmakes this complex topic approachable and actionable by identifyingthe most pressing sustainability priorities across the entire foodsupply chain and showing, with tools and examples, how producers,processors, packers, distributors, marketers and retailers all playa role in advancing improvement. The book begins with an overviewof the Principles of sustainability in the food industry: what theyare and why they matter. Subsequent chapters focus on each of theTen Principles in detail: how they relate to the food industry,their global relevance (including their environmental, health, andsocial impacts), and the best practices to achieve the potential ofmeaningful and positive progress that the Principles offer.Specific examples from industry are presented in order to providescalable solutions and bring the concepts to life, along with topresources for further exploration. The Principles, practices, and potential of sustainability inthe food industry covered in this book are designed to bemotivating and to offer a much-needed and clear way forward towardsa sustainable food supply.

Perspectives in World Food and Agriculture 2004

Author: Colin G. Scanes,John A. Miranowski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470290072

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 485

View: 7673

Written by a team of international researchers, scientists, and academics, Perspectives of World Food and Agriculture 2004 comprises the latest, most up-to-date information in global agricultural. With a list of international contributors that reads like a "Who’s Who?" in agricultural research, this volume brings together some of the most cutting-edge agricultural research being done today. This popular annual publication includes: Global agricultural statistics Trends in the food marketing system Agricultural policies Global food insecurity (a contribution from UNFAO) Ethics of agriculture Success in developing sustainable agriculture systems Efficacy and safety of plant biotechnology An invited review by the World Food Laureate Researchers and research libraries alike will delight in the "Frontiers" portion of this book. As its name suggests, this section delivers reports on the latest breakthroughs in agriculture research. Aimed at faculty in colleges of agriculture, undergraduate and graduate students, policy makers, government and industry scientists, public libraries, farmers and agribusiness operators, this book is the key to keeping current on agricultural research and policy.

Mastitis in Dairy Cows, An Issue of Veterinary Clinics: Food Animal Practice - E-Book

Author: Pamela L. Ruegg

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455747963

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 7497

Current, important information on mastitis for all food animal practitioners! Topics will include new perspectives in mastitis control, treatment of clinical mastitis, antimicrobial resistance in mastitis pathogens, the role of diagnostic microbiology in mastitis control programs, update on control of Staph aureus and Strep ag, epidemiology and control of mycoplasma mastitis, managing environmental mastitis, mastitis vaccine strategies, using mastitis records and somatic cell count data, the role of the milking machine in mastitis control, stray voltage and milk quality, communicating and implementing udder health programs, and more!