Animal Nutrition Science

Author: Gordon McL. Dryden

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780640560

Category: Animal-Food

Page: 302

View: 5275

Principles of Animal Nutrition

Author: Guoyao Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351646370

Category: Medical

Page: 772

View: 8861

Animals are biological transformers of dietary matter and energy to produce high-quality foods and wools for human consumption and use. Mammals, birds, fish, and shrimp require nutrients to survive, grow, develop, and reproduce. As an interesting, dynamic, and challenging discipline in biological sciences, animal nutrition spans an immense range from chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy and physiology to reproduction, immunology, pathology, and cell biology. Thus, nutrition is a foundational subject in livestock, poultry and fish production, as well as the rearing and health of companion animals. This book entitled Principles of Animal Nutrition consists of 13 chapters. Recent advances in biochemistry, physiology and anatomy provide the foundation to understand how nutrients are utilized by ruminants and non-ruminants. The text begins with an overview of the physiological and biochemical bases of animal nutrition, followed by a detailed description of chemical properties of carbohydrates, lipids, protein, and amino acids. It advances to the coverage of the digestion, absorption, transport, and metabolism of macronutrients, energy, vitamins, and minerals in animals. To integrate the basic knowledge of nutrition with practical animal feeding, the book continues with discussion on nutritional requirements of animals for maintenance and production, as well as the regulation of food intake by animals. Finally, the book closes with feed additives, including those used to enhance animal growth and survival, improve feed efficiency for protein production, and replace feed antibiotics. While the classical and modern concepts of animal nutrition are emphasized throughout the book, every effort has been made to include the most recent progress in this ever-expanding field, so that readers in various biological disciplines can integrate biochemistry and physiology with nutrition, health, and disease in mammals, birds, and other animal species (e.g., fish and shrimp). All chapters clearly provide the essential literature related to the principles of animal nutrition, which should be useful for academic researchers, practitioners, beginners, and government policy makers. This book is an excellent reference for professionals and a comprehensive textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate students in animal science, biochemistry, biomedicine, biology, food science, nutrition, veterinary medicine, and related fields. ?

Small Animal Nutrition

Author: Sandie Agar

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann Medical

ISBN: 9780750645751

Category: Medical

Page: 187

View: 3871

* covers the essentials of nutrition in an impartial and lighthearted way * user-friendly layout makes animal nutrition interesting and fun, helping students easily understand the principles of nutrition * includes excellent section on the nutritional needs of small furries with previously unpublished material * essential reading for every veterinary undergraduate and veterinary nurse * deals with all areas covered in the City & Guilds Small Animal Nutrition Certificate

Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition

Principles and Perspectives

Author: Carlos Simões Nunes,Vikas Kumar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128094265

Category: Medical

Page: 590

View: 2015

Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition is a detailed reference on enzymes covering detailed information on all relevant aspects fundamental for final use of enzymes in human and animal nutrition. Topics explored include selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes, effects of probiotics on enzymes in the digestive tract, potential new sources of enzymes, valorization of plant biomass by food and feed enzymes. Economics and intellectual property issues are also examined. Examines the role of enzymes in nutrition and in the production of food and animal feed so that food industry and academic researchers can understand applications of enzymes in the health of humans and animals Begins with a thorough overview of selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes Examines extremophile organisms as a potential new source of enzymes Includes discussion of analytics, economics and intellectual property to increase applicability of the rest of the book outside of the lab

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition

Author: E Underwood

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323162185

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 9732

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition, Fourth Edition, explores the physiological roles of trace elements in human and animal nutrition. It looks at the needs, tolerances, and interactions of trace elements with each other and with other nutrients and compounds, and it explores how deficient, toxic, or imbalanced intakes of such elements lead to biochemical and pathological changes. It also describes ways of diagnosing and addressing such aberrant intakes of trace elements, along with their principal sources. Organized into 20 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the nature of trace elements and their mode of action, including iron, copper, molybdenum, cobalt, nickel, manganese, zinc, cadmium, chromium, iodine, selenium, fluorine, mercury, vanadium, silicon, lead, and arsenic. It then discusses the presence of these elements in animal tissues and fluids, along with their metabolism, functions, and toxicity. It also considers other elements, such as aluminum, antimony, barium, boron, bromine, germanium, lithium, rubidium, silver, strontium, tin, titanium, and zirconium. The book concludes with an analysis of the interrelationships among soil, plants, and animals. This book should be a valuable resource for students and chemists.

Vitamins in Animal and Human Nutrition

Author: Lee Russell McDowell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470376686

Category: Medical

Page: 793

View: 4086

Vitamins in Animal and Human Nutrition contains concise, up-to-date information on vitamin nutrition for both animals and humans. The author defines these nutrients and describes their fascinating discovery, history and relationship to various diseases and deficiencies. Discussion of vitamins also includes their chemical structure, properties and antagonists; analytical procedures; metabolism; functions; requirements; sources; supplementation and toxicity. Vitamin-like substances, essential fatty acids and vitamin supplementation considerations are also examined. This book will be useful worldwide as a textbook and as an authoritative reference for research and extension specialists, feed manufacturers, teachers, students and others. It provides a well-balanced approach to both animal and clinical human nutrition and compares chemical, metabolic and functional aspects of vitamins and their practical and applied considerations. A unique feature of the book is its description of the implications of vitamin deficiencies and excesses and the conditions that might occur in human and various animal species.

Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition

Author: D.J.A. Cole,,W. Haresign

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483100200

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 242

View: 1643

Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition — 1987 focuses on the advancement of techniques, procedures, and processes in animal nutrition. The selection first discusses techniques for identifying the metabolizable energy (ME) content of poultry feeds and the impact of declaration of ME value of poultry feeds. Methods for determining the ME of feeds; formulation of products and declaration of energy; species and ages of birds; and analytical problems are considered. The book also discusses the effects of diarrhea and wet litter in meat poultry; the inclusion of phosphorus in the diet of laying hens; natural products for egg yolk pigmentation; and the addition of enzymes to enhance the utilization of pig and poultry diets. The text also examines the nutrition of goats and cattle; immunity, nutrition, and performance in animal production; and methods of identifying the amino acid requirement of pigs. The book highlights as well the reactions of consumers to meat quality. Consumption trends; changes in eating patterns, retailing, and consumer purchasing patterns; and fatness and eating quality are considered. The book is a good source of information for readers wanting to study animal nutrition.

Animal Feed Contamination

Effects on Livestock and Food Safety

Author: J Fink-Gremmels

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857093614

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 704

View: 9362

The production of animal feed increasingly relies on the global acquisition of feed material, increasing the risk of chemical and microbiological contaminants being transferred into food-producing animals. Animal feed contamination provides a comprehensive overview of recent research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health. Part one focuses on the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products. Analysis of contamination by persistent organic pollutants and toxic metals follows in part two, before the problem of natural toxins is considered in part three. Veterinary medicinal products as contaminants are explored in part four, along with a discussion of the use of antimicrobials in animal feed. Part five goes on to highlight the risk from emerging technologies. Finally, part six explores feed safety and quality management by considering the safe supply and management of animal feed, the process of sampling for contaminant analysis, and the GMP+ feed safety assurance scheme. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Animal feed contamination is an indispensable reference work for all those responsible for food safety control in the food and feed industries, as well as a key source for researchers in this area. Provides a comprehensive review of research into animal feed contaminants and their negative effects on both animal and human health Examines the contamination of feeds and fodder by microorganisms and animal by-products Analyses contamination by persistant organic pollutants, toxic metals and natural toxins

Applied Animal Nutrition

Feeds and Feeding

Author: Peter R. Cheeke

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 604

View: 4893

Bridging the gap between animal science and agronomy, "Applied Animal Nutrition: Feeds and Feeding, " third edition, enables the reader to learn and master the steps necessary to providing proper nutrition of all types. Feeds are discussed in their agronomic features, nutritive value, special properties, processing needs, suitability for particular kinds of livestock, the presence of deleterious or toxic factors, and any other considerations that relate to their utility as feeds. Features: The latest information on BSE or Mad Cow disease Completely revised to offer the most up-to-date research findings available New material written by experts in specific nutrition fields, such as dairy cattle nutrition, swine nutrition, as well as companion animal nutrition and wild and exotic animal nutrition

Vitamins in Animal Nutrition

Comparative Aspects to Human Nutrition

Author: Lee Russell McDowell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323139043

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 486

View: 7431

Vitamins in Animal Nutrition presents concise, up-to-date information on vitamin nutrition for livestock and poultry; comparisons with vitamin use in human nutrition are also presented. This book describes the basic chemical, metabolic, and functional role of vitamins and vitamin supplementation. A wealth of photographs illustrate the nutritional aspects of vitamin deficiencies and excesses in livestock, along with their concomitant conditions. This authoritative reference is of interest to professionals in animal nutrition and the livestock industry and is suitable as a graduate-level text on vitamin nutrition in animals. First book of its kind Offers practical and broad coverage of nutrition as it relates to farm livestock, humans, and laboratory animals Clinically identifies and outlines the effects of vitamin excesses and deficiencies in animals and humans Emphasizes vitamin supplementation, and vitamin metabolism and function Illustrated with numerous photographs

Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition

Author: H. DeWayne Ashmead

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439897689

Category: Medical

Page: 269

View: 3366

Although introduction of amino acid chelates in mineral nutrition initially met considerable skepticism and controversy, the greater absorption and bioavailability of amino acid chelated minerals compared to nonchelated minerals have been well-documented for decades. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compiles published chemical, nutritional, and clinical studies with new unpublished research. It interprets the combined data for the first time to explain why the body responds to an amino acid chelate differently than it does to inorganic metal salts. Focusing on digestion, the book follows how chelates are absorbed from the stomach and intestines into the mucosal tissue, their movement from the mucosal tissue into the blood, and uptake into tissue and organ cells. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compares amino acid chelate absorption and metabolism and that of inorganic salts of the same minerals. This book mainly focuses on the ingestion of amino acid metal chelates as a way to optimize mineral absorption, but it also provides a fundamental discussion of chelation chemistry. The author includes his own results, as well as alternate interpretations of the results of numerous studies of animal and human amino acid mineral chelate digestion and absorption. The views published in this book are solely the author’s views and do not reflect the views of his company, Albion Laboratories.

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition

Author: Walter Mertz

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080924689

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 1422

From the Preface The major change in the format of the fifth edition is the presentation of the book in two volumes, necessitated by the rapidly increasing knowledge of metabolism, interactions, and requirements of trace elements. The guiding principle was to present the minimum of results that would serve as a logical foundation for the description of the present state of knowledge.

Fats in Animal Nutrition

Author: J. Wiseman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483100359

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 4105

Fats in Animal Nutrition provides a useful text containing information from many diverse disciplines that discuss the nutritional utilization of lipids of domesticated animals. The book is divided into seven parts. Part I covers the chemistry and biochemistry of animal and plant fats and their nutritional importance; Part II discusses the general principles involved in the transport and absorption of fats and how this process is facilitated in ruminant and non-ruminant animals. The book also deals with the role of essential fats in the nutrition of different animals, as well as the protective functions of fat-soluble vitamins . Part IV discusses the use of fats as an energy source for animals; Part V deals with the inclusion of fats in animal feeds and their uses. The deposition of fat in different meats and the practical applications of fat utilization in animals are covered as well. The text is recommended for agriculturists, veterinarians, and zoologists who would like to know more about the importance of the inclusion of fats in animal diets.

Phytogenics in Animal Nutrition

Natural Concepts to Optimize Gut Health and Performance

Author: Tobias Steiner

Publisher: Nottingham University Press

ISBN: 190728429X

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 5088

Focusing on gut health in animals, his accessible study provides an overview of the potential benefits of phytogenic substances and plant-based feed additives to animal nutrition. This up-to-date and well-researched exploration focuses on the latest scientific knowledge regarding these additives and their potential use as flavoring agents and growth promoters in different animals worldwide, from pigs and poultry to ruminant mammals and aquatic species. It also highlights results from in vitro experiments as well as in vivo trials and shows how these tests have practical implication of phytogenic feeding concepts. Recognizing that the mechanisms in these additives are versatile and still need additional elucidation and scientific proof, this examination intends to help scientists and the feed industry further develop the group of feed additives.

Nutrition of Grazing Ruminants in Warm Climates

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 032313887X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 443

View: 8763

From the Preface The objective of this book is to review the basic knowledge and methodology of feeding grazing ruminants in tropical and semitropical countries. It is hoped this information will be of use to farmers, research specialists, teachers, students, extension specialists, feed manufacturers, and others throughout the world concerned with the nutrition of grazing ruminants. A unique feature is the identification of nutritional limitations of grazing ruminants in the tropics, which will be beneficial for increasing animal production efficiency through the application of improved nutrition. A large number of photographs illustrate nutritional deficiencies and conditions in tropical countries. This book contains 18 chapters concerned with the nutrition of grazing ruminants. The first chapter deals with the contributions, locations, and various types of ruminants and their importance to human welfare in the tropics and subtropics. Chapters 2 - 4 progress through nutrient requirements of grazing ruminants in warm climates, the effects of tropical heat on these requirements, and water requirements for ruminant species. Chapters 5 - 7 discuss grass and legume forage species suitable for tropical regions, pasture management procedures, and energy-protein supplementation programs needed during the extensive dry periods. The importance of tropical forages and soils toward meeting mineral requirements is discussed in Chapter 8. Chapters 9 -14 contain concise, up-to-date summaries of minerals emphasizing mineral status, incidence of mineral deficiencies and excesses in tropical regions, and benefits and methods of mineral supplementation for grazing ruminants are discussed in Chapters 15 - 17. Chapter 18 reviews vitamin nutrition considerations for ruminants consuming tropical forages.

BSAVA Manual of Companion Animal Nutrition and Feeding

Author: Noel C Kelly,JM Wills

Publisher: BSAVA

ISBN: 9780905214344

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 5634

This BSAVA Manual is a handbook for veterinary practitioners and students, biological scientists and nutritionists, with an interest in nutrition and feeding of companion animals. It addresses the ever increasing dimension of dietary management, in both health and disease, in the daily conduct of companion animal practice. The book aims to bridge the knowledge gap between theoretical nutrition and the practical feeding of healthy or sick animals. It systematically covers food types, dietary needs and appropriate feeding of dogs, cats, other small mammals, reptiles, birds and fish in health and sickness. BSAVA, BVNA and FECAVA members can claim their member discount by ordering direct from: British Small Animal Veterinary Association Woodrow House, 1 Telford Way, Waterwells Business Park, Quedgeley, Gloucester, GL2 4AB, Tel: 01452 726709, Fax: 01452 726701, E-mail: [email protected]

Nitrogen and Energy Nutrition of Ruminants

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080925790

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 358

View: 1423

This comprehensive volume examines the interrelationships of nitrogen and energy nutrition of ruminants. It provides exhaustive coverage of basic concepts, applications, and new research developments. Rumen microbial activity is emphasized. The author, an expert in animal nutrition, discusses new systems of determining dietary energy requirements, the effect of processing feedstuffs, and stress factors. He reviews the availability of nutrients in grains, distillers' grain residues, oilseed meals, molasses, silages, pastures, crop residues, and aquatic plants. Growth stimulants, nutritional management of ruminants in feedlots and pastures, and the value of feed additives are also among the topics considered. The scope of coverage provided by this volume will make it the leading reference for teachers, researchers, consultants, livestock producers, feed manufacturers, and all others who are involved in ruminant feeding and nutrition. From the Preface: This volume covers research on various nitrogen and energy feedstuffs and defines terminology commonly utilized in nitrogen and energy nutrition. The utilization of nitrogen and energy in oilseed meals, fish meals, cereal grains, distillers' residues, molasses, silages, grasses, hays, crop residues, animal waste, and nonprotein nitrogen sources is discussed. Details are given on development and utilization of net energy systems, systems for balancing total nitrogen, and nonprotein nitrogen with total digestible nutrients (TDN) or energy components of ruminant diets. Discussions are presented on metabolism, feedlot, milking, and grazing trials. Growth stimulants, processing of feedstuffs, type of animal, and environmental and management factors that affect feed intake, growth, feed efficiency, and quality of product are reviewed. Emphasis is given to the contributions of ruminal microbes in upgrading forage and nonprotein nitrogen sources to higher-quality bacterial protein, as well as their ability to downgrade high-quality protein and waste nitrogen when protein is fed in excess of microbial needs. Research is presented on means to increase bypassing of the rumen to prevent nitrogen wastage when ruminants are fed concentrate diets. Contributions of ruminal microbes in utilizing cellulosic materials as lignocellulose and hemicellulose as well as starch and other carbohydrates are discussed.

Animal Feeds, Feeding and Nutrition, and Ration Evaluation CD-ROM

Author: David Tisch

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305450450

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 5474

Feeds, Feeding, and Animal Nutrition is the first book of its kind to finally pair ration formulation software with the book to create a comprehensive learning solution. The animal feeding and nutrition industries are as computerized as any industry in the world, but the challenge has been to find software that can effectively accompany a book and give the reader everything they need to succeed. This is a deficiency that has now been addressed. The ration formulation software has the same functionality as that used in the industry today and covers each species discussed in the book. Along with the software, the book includes the most current information on animal feeding and nutrition available, including full species coverage such as four ruminants, swine, chickens, rabbits, horses, dogs, cats, trout, and catfish. The book also extensively covers dietary energy, water requirements for livestock, and feed milling. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Enzymes in Farm Animal Nutrition

Author: Michael Richard Bedford,Gary G. Partridge

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845937201

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 319

View: 1105

Covering all aspects of the addition of enzymes to animal feeds, this book discusses topics including interactions with animal physiology, economic and environmental impacts and technology. This new edition brings the reader up to date with the considerable advances in feed enzyme technology of the last decade. It includes a discussion of new classes of enzymes introduced into the market place, an exploration of how these products function and the size and scope of their use in the global industry with new methods for evaluation of enzyme responses.

Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals,

Fourth Revised Edition, 1995

Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 173

View: 6841

This book presents the current understanding of the lipid, carbohydrate, protein, mineral, vitamin, and other nutritional needs of laboratory animals. Extensive tables provide easy access to data and resources. Also included is an expanded background discussion of general dietary considerations. New features of this edition include new information on mineral deficiency and toxicity and expanded discussion of diet formulation and preparation.