Anthropolinguistic Aspect of English Polysemy

Author: Marina Zhadeyko


ISBN: 1446189554

Category: Anthropological linguistics

Page: 100

View: 7940

Anthropolinguistics is a core topic of the majority of books on linguistics today. Still there are different approaches to word study within this field. This book provides a comprehensive survey of historic semantic changes of English polysemous words. Anthropolinguistic Aspect of English Polysemy is a wide-ranging account not only of how words witness history, but also of how evolution change is reflected in word semantics and of links between our past and present. It is available to a large audience as it sheds light on problems of evolution of human cognition that remain at the centre of contemporary linguistics.

Indeterminacy in Terminology and LSP

Studies in honour of Heribert Picht

Author: Bassey Antia

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027292418

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 236

View: 2556

This book deals with the oft-neglected tensions between perspicuity and fuzziness in specialised communication. It describes the manifestations, functions and implications of indeterminacy phenomena in a range of LSP specialisations where it has been customary to expect precision and consistency. The volume presents case studies and methodological frameworks that draw on theoretical, anthropological and cognitive linguistics, safety-critical translating, history and theory of terminology studies, development of ontologies, software localisation, jurisprudence, macroeconomics and interoperability of digital knowledge representation resources. With chapters by leading scholars drawn from eleven countries, this book contributes to the benchmarking of indeterminacy scholarship in LSP studies and is a fitting tribute to its dedicatee, Professor Heribert Picht who, even in retirement, remains a constant presence in LSP and terminology studies. The book should be of interest to scholars of the aforementioned areas.

Basic Color Terms

Their Universality and Evolution

Author: Brent Berlin,Paul Kay

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520076358

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 196

View: 7455

Explores the psychophysical and neurophysical determinants of cross-linguistic constraints on the shape of color lexicons.

The Americas and the Caribbean

Author: Edgar W. Schneider

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110208407

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 829

View: 4076

This volume gives a detailed overview of the varieties of English spoken in the Americas and the Caribbean, including regional, social and ethnic dialects (such as Southern US, Canadian or Chicano English) as well as Caribbean creoles from the Bahamas to Suriname. The chapters, written by widely acclaimed specialists, provide concise and comprehensive information on the phonological, morphological and syntactic characteristics of each variety discussed. The articles are followed by exercises and study questions. The exercises are geared towards students and can be used for classroom assignments as well as for self study in preparation for exams. Instructors can use the exercises, sound samples and interactive maps to enhance their classroom presentations and to highlight important language features. The accompanying CD-ROM contains interactive maps and speech samples that supplement the printed articles and offer material and data for further research. The rich detail found in the chapters as well as the valuable tools on the CD-Rom make this survey of English Varieties a mainstay for researchers and teachers. The content of the CD-ROM is online:

Ruta Tannenbaum

A Novel

Author: Miljenko Jergovic,Stephen M. Dickey

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810127539

Category: Fiction

Page: 282

View: 5607

Set in the Croatian city of Zagreb, then a part of Yugoslavia, in the period between the world wars Ruta Tannenbaum’s central character is an ingenue inspired by the real-life figure Lea Deutsch, the now-forgotten Shirley Temple of Yugoslavia who was murdered in the Holocaust. Using their shared Jewish heritage as a starting point, Jergovic ́ constructs a fictional family history populated by historical figures with the precocious Ruta at the center. Stephen Dickey’s translation masterfully captures Jergovic ́’s colloquial yet deeply observed style, which animates the tangled and troubled history of persecution and war in Croatia.

Language, communication, and culture

current directions

Author: Stella Ting-Toomey,Felípe Korzenny

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 271

View: 5831

Published in cooperation with the Speech Communication Association Division on International and Intercultural Communication. A diverse multicultural team of experts assembled for this compelling volume voice the importance of understanding language, communication, and culture. They discuss the critical role of language usage through communication to assert and negotiate different facets of identity, and relate the different levels and functions of language usage to the collective life of a culture. Each author discusses the interlinkage between language and communication based on his or her points of research interest and orientation. Topics addressed include the importance of studying the relationships between language and society; the relationship between language and identities--personal identity, social role identity, and cultural/ethnolinguistic identity; and the multiple functions and meanings of language and communication in relationship to culture. Taken together, the three approaches in this volume reflect the current trends and directions of multidisciplinary nature of studying language, communication and culture. Language, Communication, and Culture reflects the current ideas and approaches of scholars working in the disciplines of psychology, linguistics, sociolinguistics, intergroup relations, and communication. It will appeal to scholars, researchers, and students who are intrigued and enticed by the fascinating, multifaceted aspects of language. "The book makes a unique contribution to the literature in that it includes a balance of theoretical discussion of issues such as language development, use, and function, as well as a variety of analytical approaches and intergroup data-based studies. . . .Language, Communication and Culture is a book which extends our knowledge about the structures, functions, and implications of language use across cultures. Ting-Toomey and Korzenny have provided a worthwhile sourcebook for those of us researching culture, and a particularly useful book for graduate level or advanced undergraduate coursework in language and/or culture." --International Journal of Intercultural Relations "This is an important volume and will prove invaluable to gamers interested in the communication and the cultural aspects of simulation." --Simulation & Gaming "This collection . . . is a well-organized presentation of current research on the relationships among intercultural communication processes from differing perspectives." --The Modern Language Journal "This book will interest academic specialists in language and communication and their graduate students." --Academic Library Book Review "On the whole, the papers are coherent and well integrated into the research literature." --Canadian Journal of Communication "The contributors'arguments are diverse but interlinked and provide a critical perspective on the theme of language and communication in cross-cultural contexts. . . . Adds to several important studies about the language/culture nexus and favors the current climate of cultural pluralism and multilingualism to promote liberal ethnic identity." --Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

Culture in Mind

Cognition, Culture, and the Problem of Meaning

Author: Bradd Shore

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195352092

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 5571

Despite the recognized importance of cultural diversity in understanding the modern world, the emerging science of cognitive psychology has relied far more on experimental psychology, neurobiology, and computer science than on cultural anthropology for its models of how we think. In this exciting new book, anthropologist Bradd Shore has created the first study linking multi-culturalism to cognitive psychology, exploring the complex relationship between culture in public institutions and in mental representations. In so doing, he answers in a completely new way the age old question of whether humans are basically the same psychologically, independent of cultures, or basically diverse because of cultural differences. The first half of the book emphasizes cultural models, from Australian Aboriginal rituals and Samoan comedy skits, to more familiar terrain, including a study of baseball as a cultural model for Americans. Along the way, the author sheds new and novel light on many familiar institutions, from educational curricula and shopping malls to modular furniture and cyberpunk fiction. These observations are then linked to theoretical developments in linguistics, semiotics, and neuroscience, creating a bold new approach to understanding the role of culture in everyday meaning making. The author argues that culture must be considered an intrinsic component of the human mind to a degree that most psychologists and even many anthropologists have not recognized. This new position of cultural models will make absorbing reading for psychologists, anthropologists, linguists, and philosophers, and to anyone interested in the issues of cultural diversity, multiculturalism, or cognitive science in general.

Invitation to Computer Science

Author: G.Michael Schneider,Judith Gersting

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337561916

Category: Computers

Page: 50

View: 8635

Discover a contemporary overview of today's computer science with Schneider/Gersting's best-selling INVITATION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE, 8E. This flexible, non-language-specific approach provides a solid foundation in computer science using an algorithm-centered approach that's ideal for the reader's first introduction to the field. Measurable learning objectives and an easy-to-follow hierarchy guide readers through algorithms, hardware, virtual machines, software development, applications of computing, and social issues. Readers connect the dots as the book emphasizes real-life context throughout each chapter. Updates introduce the latest developments concerning privacy, drones, cloud computing, and net neutrality. Visual and hands-on activities let readers experience the fundamentals of today's computer science. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Linguistic Diversity in Europe

Current Trends and Discourses

Author: Patrick Studer,Iwar Werlen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110270889

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 349

View: 4259

This book, which emerges in the context of the European research network LINEE (Languages in a Network of European Excellence), is concerned with European multilingualism both as a political concept and as a social reality. It features cutting-edge studies by linguists and anthropologists who perceive multilingualism as a discursive phenomenon which can be revealed and analyzed through empirical fieldwork. The book presents a fresh perspective of European multilingualism as it takes the reader through key themes of social consciousness – identity, policy, education, economy – and relevant societal levels of organization (European, national, regional). With its distinct focus on post-national society caught in unifying as well as diversifying socio-political currents, the volume problematizes emerging contradictions inherent in the idea of a Europe beyond the nation state –between speech minorities and majorities, economic realities, or socio-political ideologies.

The Mind and Its World

Author: Gregory McCulloch

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415093309

Category: Philosophy

Page: 227

View: 1019

First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Spaces of Polyphony

Author: Clara-Ubaldina Lorda,Patrick Zabalbeascoa

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027210322

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 299

View: 6759

Spaces of Polyphony covers a lot of ground. It echoes the voices of researchers and their informants from many different places and backgrounds. Among the variety of languages under study and methodological approaches there is also a common ground and narrative thread underpinning the polyphonic chorus of the contributors. From a shared starting point of discourse analysis and inspiration from Bakhtin, the various authors span from East to West, from Moscow to Texas, from Romania and Czech Republic to Mexico. They look into all ages, starting from early childhood, and many walks of life, ranging from casual chatting among relatives to parliamentary speeches and TV shows, including formal education, literary inner monologue and translation. Irony, humour and self-awareness are recurrent themes. The array of voices and dialogism studied in this book is such that it even includes the silent (silenced) voices of people forced to express their heritage by weaving their discourse.

The Politics of Language and Nationalism in Modern Central Europe

Author: T. Kamusella

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230583474

Category: History

Page: 1140

View: 9992

This work focuses on the ideological intertwining between Czech, Magyar, Polish and Slovak, and the corresponding nationalisms steeped in these languages. The analysis is set against the earlier political and ideological history of these languages, and the panorama of the emergence and political uses of other languages of the region.

An Introduction to Historical Linguistics

Author: Terry Crowley,Claire Bowern

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195365542

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 376

View: 7823

The new edition of this popular introductory text on historical linguistics covers all areas of language change, with a focus on Australia and the Pacific. Topics include sound change, the comparative method, cultural reconstruction and morphological and syntactic change.

New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521658225

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 230

View: 3074

Outstanding and unique contribution to the philosophical study of language and mind by Noam Chomsky.

Cultural Models in Language and Thought

Author: Dorothy Holland,Naomi Quinn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521311687

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 9083

A multidisciplinary collaboration exploring the role of cultural knowledge in everyday language and understanding.

Semantics, Culture, and Cognition

Universal Human Concepts in Culture-specific Configurations

Author: Anna Wierzbicka

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195073266

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 487

View: 2103

To what extent are languages 'essentially the same'? Is every word in our language translatable into every other language or are some of our words and concepts 'culture specific'? In this innovative study, Wierzbicka ranges across a wide variety of languages and cultures, attempting to identify concepts which are truly universal, while at the same time arguing that every language constitutes a different 'guide to reality'. The lexicons of different languages, she shows, do indeed suggest different conceptual universes. Not everything that can be said in one language can be said in another, and this is not just a matter of certain things being easier to say in one language than in another. In the development of her argument, Wierzbicka focuses on the words for emotion, moral concepts, names, and titles.