Anthropology

The Exploration of Human Diversity, with Living Anthropology Student CD and PowerWeb

Author: Conrad Phillip Kottak

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

ISBN: 9780073137476

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

View: 7811

The new edition of Kottak's best selling text continues to offer a holistic introduction to anthropology that approaches the course from a four-field perspective. To emphasize anthropology's integrated and comparative nature, "Bringing It All Together" essays show how anthropology's sub-fields and dimensions combine to interpret and explain a common topic. Another distinctive feature, "Understanding Ourselves," illustrates the relevance of anthropological facts and theories to students' everyday lives. In addition, every new copy of the eleventh edition is packaged free with a new student CD-ROM as well as PowerWeb!

Physical Anthropology and Archaeology

Author: Conrad Phillip Kottak

Publisher: McGraw-Hill

ISBN: 9780072952490

Category: Nature

Page: 249

View: 8984

About the Author Preface Walkthrough Part One: The Dimensions of Anthropology Chapter 1: What Is Anthropology? Human Adaptability Adaptation, Variation, and Change General Anthropology Cultural Forces Shape Human Biology The Subdisciplines of Anthropology Cultural.

Dancing Skeletons

Life and Death in West Africa, 20th Anniversary Edition

Author: Katherine A. Dettwyler

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478611588

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 3068

One of the most widely used ethnographies published in the last twenty years, this Margaret Mead Award winner has been used as required reading at more than 600 colleges and universities. This personal account by a biocultural anthropologist illuminates not-soon-forgotten messages involving the sobering aspects of fieldwork among malnourished children in West Africa. With nutritional anthropology at its core, Dancing Skeletons presents informal, engaging, and oftentimes dramatic stories that relate the author’s experiences conducting research on infant feeding and health in Mali. Through fascinating vignettes and honest, vivid descriptions, Dettwyler explores such diverse topics as ethnocentrism, culture shock, population control, breastfeeding, child care, the meaning of disability and child death in different cultures, female circumcision, women’s roles in patrilineal societies, the dangers of fieldwork, and facing emotionally draining realities. Readers will laugh and cry as they meet the author’s friends and informants, follow her through a series of encounters with both peri-urban and rural Bambara culture, and struggle with her as she attempts to reconcile her very different roles as objective ethnographer, subjective friend, and mother in the field. The 20th Anniversary Edition includes a 13-page “Q&A with the Author” in which Dettwyler responds to typical questions she has received individually from students who have been assigned Dancing Skeletons as well as audience questions at lectures on various campuses. The new 23-page “Update on Mali, 2013” chapter is a factual update about economic and health conditions in Mali as well as a brief summary of the recent political unrest.

Environmental Anthropology

From Pigs to Policies, Third Edition

Author: Patricia K. Townsend

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478636947

Category: Social Science

Page: 139

View: 3616

Environmental anthropologists organize the realities of interdependent lands, plants, animals, and human beings; advocate for the neediest among them; and provide guidance for conservation efforts. But can anthropologists’ studies of small-scale systems contribute to policies that address profoundly interconnected global problems? Townsend explores this question in her concise introduction to environmental anthropology. While maintaining the structure and clarity of previous editions, the third edition has been thoroughly revised to include new research. Newly added are a chapter on the environmental impact of war and recommended readings and films. Townsend begins with a historical overview of the field, illustrating how earlier ideas and approaches help to understand how today’s populations adapt to their physical and biological environments. She then transitions to a closer look at global environmental issues, including such topics as rapid expansion of the world economic system and inequality, loss of biodiversity and its implications for human health, and injustices of climate change, resource extraction, and toxic waste disposal. The final chapters caution that meaningful change requires social movements and policy changes in addition to individual actions.

Culture and International History

Author: Jessica C. E. Gienow-Hecht,Frank Schumacher

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571813831

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 3983

Combining the perspectives of 18 international scholars from Europe and the United States with a critical discussion of the role of culture in international relations, this volume introduces recent trends in the study of Culture and International History. It systematically explores the cultural dimension of international history, mapping existing approaches and conceptual lenses for the study of cultural factors and thus hopes to sharpen the awareness for the cultural approach to international history among both American and non-American scholars. The first part provides a methodological introduction, explores the cultural underpinnings of foreign policy, and the role of culture in international affairs by reviewing the historiography and examining the meaning of the word culture in the context of foreign relations. In the second part, contributors analyze culture as a tool of foreign policy. They demonstrate how culture was instrumentalized for diplomatic goals and purposes in different historical periods and world regions. The essays in the third part expand the state-centered view and retrace informal cultural relations among nations and peoples. This exploration of non-state cultural interaction focuses on the role of science, art, religion, and tourism. The fourth part collects the findings and arguments of part one, two, and three to define a roadmap for further scholarly inquiry. A group of" commentators" survey the preceding essays, place them into a larger research context, and address the question "Where do we go from here?" The last and fifth part presents a selection of primary sources along with individual comments highlighting a new genre of resources scholars interested in culture and international relations can consult.

The Routledge Handbook of Medical Anthropology

Author: Lenore Manderson,Elizabeth Cartwright,Anita Hardon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317743784

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 6530

The Routledge Handbook of Medical Anthropology provides a contemporary overview of the key themes in medical anthropology. In this exciting departure from conventional handbooks, compendia and encyclopedias, the three editors have written the core chapters of the volume, and in so doing, invite the reader to reflect on the ethnographic richness and theoretical contributions of research on the clinic and the field, bioscience and medical research, infectious and non-communicable diseases, biomedicine, complementary and alternative modalities, structural violence and vulnerability, gender and ageing, reproduction and sexuality. As a way of illustrating the themes, a rich variety of case studies are included, presented by over 60 authors from around the world, reflecting the diverse cultural contexts in which people experience health, illness, and healing. Each chapter and its case studies are introduced by a photograph, reflecting medical and visual anthropological responses to inequality and vulnerability. An indispensible reference in this fastest growing area of anthropological study, The Routledge Handbook of Medical Anthropology is a unique and innovative contribution to the field.

Cultural Anthropology

A Global Perspective, Books a la Carte Edition

Author: Raymond Scupin

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 9780134005256

Category: Social Science

Page: 768

View: 3536

The Anthropology of the Enlightenment

Author: Larry Wolff,Marco Cipolloni

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804779430

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 477

The modern enterprise of anthropology, with all of its important implications for cross-cultural perceptions, perspectives, and self-consciousness emerged from the eighteenth-century intellectual context of the Enlightenment. If the Renaissance discovered perspective in art, it was the Enlightenment that articulated and explored the problem of perspective in viewing history, culture, and society. If the Renaissance was the age of oceanic discovery—most dramatically the discovery of the New World of America—the critical reflections of the Enlightenment brought about an intellectual rediscovery of the New World and thus laid the foundations for modern anthropology. The contributions that constitute this book present the multiple anthropological facets of the Enlightenment, and suggest that the character of its intellectual engagements—acknowledging global diversity, interpreting human societies, and bridging cultural difference—must be understood as a whole to be fundamentally anthropological.

Cultural Anthropology

Author: Conrad Kottak

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

ISBN: 0077780124

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1883

A leading name in anthropology, Conrad Philip Kottak continues to define student learning in the cultural anthropology course. Cultural Anthropology offers an up-to-date holistic introduction to general anthropology from the four-field perspective. Key themes of appreciating the experiences students bring to the classroom, appreciating human diversity, and appreciating the field of anthropology are showcased throughout the text. Focusing on an increasingly interconnected, and technological, world, the new Integrated Coverage of the Impact of Technology and Social Media pays systematic attention to the key role of the Internet and social media in today’s globalizing world through new sections like “Resistance via Social Media” when discussing political systems.

In the Way of Development

Indigenous Peoples, Life Projects and Globalization

Author: Mario Blaser,Harvey A. Feit,Glenn McRae

Publisher: IDRC

ISBN: 1552500047

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 4981

Authored as a result of a remarkable collaboration between indigenous people's own leaders, other social activists and scholars from a wide range of disciplines, this volume explores what is happening today to indigenous peoples as they are enmeshed, almost inevitably, in the remorseless expansion of the modern economy and development, at the behest of the pressures of the market-place and government. It is particularly timely, given the rise in criticism of free market capitalism generally, as well as of development. The volume seeks to capture the complex, power-laden, often contradictory features of indigenous agency and relationships. It shows how peoples do not just resist or react to the pressures of market and state, but also initiate and sustain "life projects" of their own which embody local history and incorporate plans to improve their social and economic ways of living.

Human Diversity in Education

Author: Kenneth Cushner

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

ISBN: 0077825977

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 8014

This eighth edition of Human Diversity in Education: An Intercultural Approach continues to focus on the preparation of teachers and other human-service providers who not only can teach and interact more effectively with the wide diversity of students they are certain to encounter, but are also able to transmit this knowledge and skill to the individuals in their charge. The book continues to provide a broad treatment of the various forms of diversity common in today's schools, including nationality, ethnicity, race, religion, gender, social class, language acquisition and use, sexual orientation, health concerns, and disability. We also maintain its research-based approach, with an increased cross-cultural and intercultural emphasis. We continue to stress that it is both at the level of the individual teacher as well as the organizational structure of the school where significant change must occur with regard to how diversity is understood and accommodated.

Anthropology and Cryptozoology

Exploring Encounters with Mysterious Creatures

Author: Samantha Hurn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317180453

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 7404

Cryptozoology is best understood as the study of animals which, in the eyes of Western science, are extinct, unclassified or unrecognised. In consequence, and in part because of its selective methods and lack of epistemological rigour, cryptozoology is often dismissed as a pseudo-science. However, there is a growing recognition that social science can benefit from engaging with it, for as as social scientists are very well aware, ’scientific’ categorisation and explanation represents just one of a myriad of systems used by humans to enable them to classify and make sense of the world around them. In many cultural contexts, myth, folk classification and lived experience challenge the ’truth’ expounded by scientists. With a reflexive, anthropological approach and drawing on rich empirical and ethnographic studies from around the world, this volume engages with the theoretical and methodological issues raised by reported sightings of unrecognised animals. Bringing into sharp focus the anthropological value and challenges for methodology posed by beliefs about unclassified creatures, Anthropology and Cryptozoology: Exploring encounters with mysterious creatures will be of interest to anthropologists, sociologists and geographers working in the fields of research methods, anthrozoology, mythology and folklore and human-animal interaction.

Essentials of Physical Anthropology

Author: Robert Jurmain,Lynn Kilgore,Wenda Trevathan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 113371093X

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 7586

Best-selling ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Ninth Edition, presents a concise and authoritative introduction to physical anthropology with the goal of helping students understand why it is important to know about human evolution by showing how humans are biologically connected to all other life. These biological connections link our species with our ancient ancestors, our contemporary primate cousins, and show how closely modern human populations are related to each other. The text has been reframed to emphasize this theme of biological connections as well as the connections between chapters in the material presented. This new framework will better help students grasp the big picture of human evolution and better navigate the material. Supported by new chapter opening Learning Objectives, new visual diagrams (see Chapter One)and other summation pedagogy such as What's Important boxes that put key chapter concepts into perspective for students, this text continues to help students master basic biological principles of physical anthropology and so be able to better understand human origins and our place in the biological world. Altogether, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Ninth Edition integrates coverage of the latest finds with relevant technologies to be the most up-to-date text available. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Modes of Thought

A Study in the Anthropology of Law and Religion

Author: Wolfgang Fikentscher

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161479137

Category: Philosophy

Page: 633

View: 7709

Investing in Cultural Diversity and Intercultural Dialogue

Author: Unesco

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231040774

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 2686

This report analyses all aspects of cultural diversity, which has emerged as a key concern of the international community in recent decades, and maps out new approaches to monitoring and shaping the changes that are taking place. It highlights, in particular, the interrelated challenges of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue and the way in which strong homogenizing forces are matched by persistent diversifying trends. The report proposes a series of ten policy-oriented recommendations, to the attention of States, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, international and regional bodies, national institutions and the private sector on how to invest in cultural diversity. Emphasizing the importance of cultural diversity in different areas (languages, education, communication and new media development, and creativity and the marketplace) based on data and examples collected from around the world, the report is also intended for the general public. It proposes a coherent vision of cultural diversity and clarifies how, far from being a threat, it can become beneficial to the action of the international community.

The Interpretation of Cultures

Author: Clifford Geertz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465093566

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5432

In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

The Social Conquest of Earth

Author: Edward O. Wilson

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0871403307

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 9459

New York Times Bestseller From the most celebrated heir to Darwin comes a groundbreaking book on evolution, the summa work of Edward O. Wilson's legendary career. Sparking vigorous debate in the sciences, The Social Conquest of Earth upends “the famous theory that evolution naturally encourages creatures to put family first” (Discover). Refashioning the story of human evolution, Wilson draws on his remarkable knowledge of biology and social behavior to demonstrate that group selection, not kin selection, is the premier driving force of human evolution. In a work that James D. Watson calls “a monumental exploration of the biological origins of the human condition,” Wilson explains how our innate drive to belong to a group is both a “great blessing and a terrible curse” (Smithsonian). Demonstrating that the sources of morality, religion, and the creative arts are fundamentally biological in nature, the renowned Harvard University biologist presents us with the clearest explanation ever produced as to the origin of the human condition and why it resulted in our domination of the Earth’s biosphere.

Understanding Human Differences

Multicultural Education for a Diverse America

Author: Kent L. Koppelman

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0133949761

Category: Education

Page: 408

View: 7506

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. This well-written, accessible, widely popular resource uses a stimulating inquiry approach to engage readers in discussion and debate around the most critical issues of diversity in America. Grounded in research from behavioral and social sciences–including education, psychology, history, sociology, biology, anthropology, women’s studies, and ethnic studies–the book uses the question and answer format to bring real meaning and understanding to the topics. The book’s conceptual framework focuses on culture, the individual, and institutions. The first section examines individual concerns, the second section describes the cultural/historical context, and the third section explores racism, classism, sexism, heterosexism, and ableism by addressing all three areas such as historical biases based on cultural norms, individual prejudices based on myths, misconceptions, and stereotypes about diverse groups, and how institutional discrimination advantages dominant group members and disadvantages oppressed groups. The last section focuses on changes already achieved or that need to be implemented in schools and other areas of society to create a more just society.

Annihilating Difference

The Anthropology of Genocide

Author: Alexander Laban Hinton

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520230293

Category: Social Science

Page: 405

View: 5211

This text presents a collection of original essays on genocide. It explores a wide range of cases, including Nazi Germany, Cambodia, Guatemala, Rwanda, and Bosnia.

Political Ecology Across Spaces, Scales, and Social Groups

Author: Susan Paulson,Lisa L. Gezon,Arturo Escobar,Andrew Gardner,Mette Brodgen,James Greenberg,Hanne Svarstad,Michael Dove,Alf Hornborg,Charles Stevens,Josiah Heyman,Fiona Mackenzie,Anne Ferguson,William Derman

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813542545

Category: Nature

Page: 304

View: 4301

Environmental issues have become increasingly prominent in local struggles, national debates, and international policies. In response, scholars are paying more attention to conventional politics and to more broadly defined relations of power and difference in the interactions between human groups and their biophysical environments. Such issues are at the heart of the relatively new interdisciplinary field of political ecology, forged at the intersection of political economy and cultural ecology. This volume provides a toolkit of vital concepts and a set of research models and analytic frameworks for researchers at all levels. The two opening chapters trace rich traditions of thought and practice that inform current approaches to political ecology. They point to the entangled relationship between humans, politics, economies, and environments at the dawn of the twenty-first century and address challenges that scholars face in navigating the blurring boundaries among relevant fields of enquiry. The twelve case studies that follow demonstrate ways that culture and politics serve to mediate human-environmental relationships in specific ecological and geographical contexts. Taken together, they describe uses of and conflicts over resources including land, water, soil, trees, biodiversity, money, knowledge, and information; they exemplify wide-ranging ecological settings including deserts, coasts, rainforests, high mountains, and modern cities; and they explore sites located around the world, from Canada to Tonga and cyberspace.