Anthropology Through a Double Lens

Public and Personal Worlds in Human Theory

Author: Daniel Touro Linger

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812203690

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 8077

How can we hold both public and personal worlds in the eye of a unified theory of meaning? What ethnographic and theoretical possibilities do we create in the balance? Anthropology Through a Double Lens offers a theoretical framework encompassing both of these domains—a "double lens." Daniel Touro Linger argues that the literary turn in anthropology, which treats culture as text, has been a wrong turn. Cultural analysis of the interpretive or discursive variety, which focuses on public symbols, has difficulty seeing—much less dealing convincingly with—actual persons. While emphasizing the importance of social environments, Linger insists on equal sensitivity to the experiential immediacies of human lives. He develops a sustained critique of interpretive and discursive trends in contemporary anthropology, which have too strongly emphasized social determinism and public symbols while too readily dismissing psychological and biographical realities. Anthropology Through a Double Lens demonstrates the power of an alternative dual perspective through a blend of critical essays and ethnographic studies drawn from the author's field research in São Luís, a northeastern Brazilian state capital, and Toyota City, a Japanese factory town. To span the gap between the public and the personal, Linger provides a set of analytical tools that include the ideas of an arena of meaning, systems of systems, bridging theory, singular lives, and reflective consciousness. The tools open theoretical and ethnographic horizons for exploring the process of meaning-making, the force of symbolism and rhetoric, the politics of representation, and the propagation and formation of identities. Linger uses these tools to focus on key issues in current theoretical and philosophical debates across a host of disciplines, including anthropology, psychology, history, and the other human sciences.

A Companion to Psychological Anthropology

Modernity and Psychocultural Change

Author: Conerly Casey,Robert B. Edgerton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470997222

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 7797

This Companion provides the first definitive overview of psychocultural anthropology: a subject that focuses on cultural, psychological, and social interrelations across cultures. Brings together original essays by leading scholars in the field Offers an in-depth exploration of the concepts and topics that have emerged through contemporary ethnographic work and the processes of global change Key issues range from studies of consciousness and time, emotion, cognition, dreaming, and memory, to the lingering effects of racism and ethnocentrism, violence, identity and subjectivity

Knowing how to Know

Fieldwork and the Ethnographic Present

Author: Narmala Halstead,Eric Hirsch,Judith Okely

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845454388

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 9305

"Through the idea of the 'extended field', this volume examines current issues in fieldwork and ethnography and provides new insights into the problems of ethnographic knowledge construction. It is a text for new fieldworkers, established researchers and those looking for material to support modules on these issues. Nine anthropologists reflect on their experiential processes of knowing by considering how different aspects of fieldwork and the writing-up process informed their accounts. Drawing on both theory and empirical material, this volume actively engages with the dilemmas faced by fieldworkers and relates them to current debates and the notion of crisis in academe, whilst illustrating the complexities of knowing how to know by probing material from different historical periods and various regions."--BOOK JACKET.

Political Sentiments and Social Movements

The Person in Politics and Culture

Author: Claudia Strauss,Jack R. Friedman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319723413

Category: Psychology

Page: 306

View: 3557

This unique volume is about how ordinary people construct political meanings, form political emotions and identities, and become involved in or disengaged from political contests. Drawing on psychological anthropology, it illustrates the complexities of political subjectivities through engaging personal stories that complicate our understanding of the relationship between culture and politics. Chapters examine the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street in the United States, third gender activism in India, Rastafari in Jamaica, Courage to Refuse in Israel, the environmental movement in the U.S., Salafi movements in northern Nigeria, post-socialist labor politics in Romania, and anti-immigrant activism in Denmark.

Caged in on the Outside

Moral Subjectivity, Selfhood, and Islam in Minangkabau, Indonesia

Author: Gregory M. Simon

Publisher: Southeast Asia: Politics, Mean

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 5985

Caged in on the Outside is an intimate ethnographic exploration of the ways in which Minangkabau people understand human value. Minangkabau, an Islamic society in Indonesia that is also the largest matrilineal society in the world, has long fascinated anthropologists. Gregory Simon's book, based on extended ethnographic research in the small city of Bukittinggi, shines new light on Minangkabau social life by delving into people's interior lives, calling into question many assumptions about Southeast Asian values and the nature of Islamic practice. It offers a deeply human portrait that will engage readers interested in Indonesia, Islam, and psychological anthropology and those concerned with how human beings fashion and reflect on the moral meanings of their lives. Simon focuses on the tension between the values of social integration and individual autonomy--both of which are celebrated in this Islamic trading society. The book explores a series of ethnographic themes, each one illustrating a facet of this tension and its management in contemporary Minangkabau society: the moral structure of the city and its economic life, the nature of Minangkabau ethnic identity, the etiquette of everyday interactions, conceptions of self and its boundaries, hidden spaces of personal identity, and engagements with Islamic traditions. Simon draws on interviews with Minangkabau men and women, demonstrating how individuals engage with cultural forms and refashion them in the process: forms of etiquette are transformed into a series of symbols tattooed on and then erased from a man's skin; a woman shares a poem expressing an identity rooted in what cannot be directly revealed; a man puzzles over his neglect of Islamic prayers that have the power to bring him happiness. Applying the lessons of the Minangkabau case more broadly to debates on moral life and subjectivity, Simon makes the case that a deep understanding of moral conceptions and practices, including those of Islam, can never be reached simply by delineating their abstract logics or the public messages they send. Instead, we must examine the subtle meanings these conceptions and practices have for the people who live them and how they interact with the enduring tensions of multidimensional human selves. Borrowing a Minangkabau saying, he maintains that whether emerging in moments of suffering or flourishing, moral subjectivity is always complex, organized by ambitions as elusive as being "caged in on the outside."

Subjectivity and Suffering in American Culture

Possible Selves

Author: Steven M. Parish

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230605381

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8512

Winner of The Boyer Prize from the Society for Psychological Anthropology!!! This book explores the experience of suffering in order to shed light on the nature of the human self. Using an intimate life history approach, it examines ways people struggle to cope with experiences that can shatter their lives: a diagnosis of cancer, the death of a spouse, a parent’s mental illness. The volume takes readers deep into private worlds of suffering in American culture, and invites reflection on what the subjectivity of suffering tells us about being human. Addressing universal themes in a way that fully recognizes the individuality of those who experience a personal crisis, Parish shows how individuals personalize the cultural and psychological resources in which they find their possible selves.

Anthropos

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethnology

Page: N.A

View: 8280

Genealogies for the Present in Cultural Anthropology

Author: Bruce M. Knauft

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415912648

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9290

Considering recent theoretical developments, this volume takes stock of the relationship between culture, power and representation that informs fields such as anthropology. From the 1960s to the early 1990s, anthropology has struggled with the tense relation between modern and postmodern sensibilities. Today the field requires humanism to self-consciously mediate an appreciation of cultural diversity with a critique of representation and inequality. By so doing, important perspective is gained on theoretical initiatives such as postmodernism, cultural studies, post-Marxism, modern/postmodern feminism, and multiculturalism. This work critically evaluates a range of perspectives that implicate culture, power and representation in anthropology, and examines how cultural anthropology can remain both ethically committed and ethnographically rigorous.

Gramsci, Culture and Anthropology

Author: Kate Crehan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520236028

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 9883

Gramsci, Culture and Anthropology provides an in-depth guide to Gramsci's theories on culture, and their significance for contemporary anthropologists.

Fields of Wheat, Hills of Blood

Passages to Nationhood in Greek Macedonia, 1870-1990

Author: Anastasia N. Karakasidou

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226424996

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 5872

Deftly combining archival sources with evocative life histories, Anastasia Karakasidou brings welcome clarity to the contentious debate over ethnic identities and nationalist ideologies in Greek Macedonia. Her vivid and detailed account demonstrates that contrary to official rhetoric, the current people of Greek Macedonia ultimately derive from profoundly diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Throughout the last century, a succession of regional and world conflicts, economic migrations, and shifting state formations has engendered an intricate pattern of population movements and refugee resettlements across the region. Unraveling the complex social, political, and economic processes through which these disparate peoples have become culturally amalgamated within an overarchingly Greek national identity, this book provides an important corrective to the Macedonian picture and an insightful analysis of the often volatile conjunction of ethnicities and nationalisms in the twentieth century. "Combining the thoughtful use of theory with a vivid historical ethnography, this is an important, courageous, and pioneering work which opens up the whole issue of nation-building in northern Greece."—Mark Mazower, University of Sussex

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118290585

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 9272

A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Intersecting Journeys

The Anthropology of Pilgrimage and Tourism

Author: Ellen Badone

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252090438

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 6041

The appeal of sacred sites remains undiminished at the start of the twenty-first century, as unprecedented numbers of visitors travel to Lourdes, Rome, Jerusalem, Santiago de Compostela, and even Star Trek conventions. Ethnographic analysis of the conflicts over resources and meanings associated with such sites, as well as the sense of community they inspire, provides compelling evidence re-emphasizing the links between pilgrimage and tourism. As the papers in this collection demonstrate, studies of these forms of journeying are at the forefront of postmodern debates about movement and centers, global flows, social identities, and the negotiation of meanings.

"Something" that you can't say

indescribable intelligibility and "otherness" in the making of art and ethnography

Author: Hisato Kawata

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 240

View: 1674

There is "something" that is intelligible yet indescribable in human experience; I explain this "something" as a process of creative discovery in both making and appreciating artwork. This "something" frequently surfaced as artists critically discussed their artwork in an art school where I conducted ethnographic research. "There was something in it," an artist would recall when he/she discovered the potential of a visual object(s) within his/her art making. When positively evaluating their artwork, the artists often commented, "There is something in it." When criticizing artwork, the artists indicated this "something" was absent from the work. This dissertation records my theoretical search for this "something" through conducting ethnography among artists who pursue it by making artwork. There are two sections in the dissertation. The first section lays out theoretical characterizations of indescribable intelligibility that arise from my ethnographic findings. I argue the potential for anthropology of exploring indescribable intelligibility through a line of reflective criticism of its scientific reductionism. I highlight qualities of artistic and ethnographic relationships that are irreducible to a human intellectuality that is dominated by structural discourse of culture(s), even though those qualities work as a core faculty of artwork, which is a cultural product. I call these qualities gap---an otherness within the individual---and argue that the gap creates room for creativity when a human engages him/herself with his/her object(s) of creation, which can lead to a humans creation of the self and culture anew. In the second part, I consider my theory of gap and its creative potential within two case studies of art students in pursuit of "something", which the first student looked for within her self in order to express it through her work. The second student found "something" while including a complex interpersonal relationship between her friends in her art making. Comparing my ethnographic engagement with artists to their art making relationships with their artistic subject/objects, I suggest the potential of ethnography to evoke its own "something", or the indescribable-intelligible, as a communicative vehicle for cultural creation.

Through the Lens of Anthropology

An Introduction to Human Evolution and Culture

Author: Robert J. Muckle,Laura Tubelle de González

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442608633

Category: Social Science

Page: 420

View: 3952

No One Home

Brazilian Selves Remade in Japan

Author: Daniel Touro Linger

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804741828

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 6773

This is an ethnographic study, based on fieldwork and extensive personal interviews, of Brazilians of Japanese descent who have migrated to Japan in response to the government's call for ethnically acceptable unskilled workers. These people of Toyota City are among 200,000 Brazilians of Japanese descent who live in Japan today, forming Japan's third-largest minority group.

Dangerous Encounters

Meanings of Violence in a Brazilian City

Author: Daniel Touro Linger

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804725897

Category: Social Science

Page: 289

View: 8715

This book is about violence in the Brazilian city of Sao Luis. It describes how people think about and negotiate dangerous encounters - vital and disturbing experiences that, when they go wrong, yield moral failure, humiliation, and death. Brazilians, like people elsewhere, worry about the perils of coming face-to-face with the wrong person, at the wrong time, under the wrong circumstances. The book discusses two conceptually linked forms of perilous face-to-face encounters: Carnival, a bacchanalian festival, and briga, a potentially lethal street confrontation. When playing becomes fighting, Carnival's samba, fueled by the controlled venting of dangerous passions, gives way to the explosive pas de deux of the street fight. Sao-luisenses tell vivid, sometimes terrifying, stories of verbal and physical confrontations. Their narratives, based on cultural models of Carnivals and brigas, highlight the vulnerability of the self to humiliation by others and the vulnerability of moral controls to one's own hostile emotions. The book argues that this double sense of social and psychological vulnerability is a product of Brazilian interpersonal relations, which are profoundly marked by the arbitrary exercise of power and the stifling of resentment in subordinates. Culture here consists not of shared symbols but of shared quandaries. The author suggests that Brazilian street fighting is an alarm bell - an inarticulate representation of pressing but poorly understood social and psychological dilemmas. Violence in Sao Luis may therefore be a desperate attempt to understand and come to grips with the very resentment, rooted in the city's harsh social transactions, that engenders it.