Applied Behavior Analysis

Author: John O. Cooper,Timothy E. Heron,William L. Heward

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781292023212

Category: Behaviorism (Psychology)

Page: 758

View: 3587

The long-awaited second edition of the classic textbook, Applied Behavior Analysis, provides a comprehensive, in-depth discussion of the field, providing a complete description of the principles and procedures needed to systematically change socially significant behavior and to understand the reasons for that change. The authors' goal in revising this best-selling text was to introduce students to ABA in as complete, technically accurate, and contemporary manner as possible. As a result, the book's scope, treatment of various principles, procedures, and issues suggest that it is intended for concentrated and serious study.Readers of the new second edition will appreciate the inclusion of: more than 1,400 citations to primary-source literature, including both classic and contemporary studies; a glossary of more than 400 technical terms and concepts; more than 100 graphs displaying original data from peer-reviewed research, with detailed descriptions of the procedures used to collect the data represented; five new chapters written by leading scholars in the field of behavior analysis; and the addition of The Behavior Analyst Certification Board(r) BCBA(r) and BCABA(r) Behavior Analyst Task List, Third Edition. First published in 1987, Applied Behavior Analysis remains the top-choice primary text for appropriate courses at universities in the United States and abroad with leading programs in behavior analysis. This comprehensive text, best-suited for all upper-level courses in basic principles, applications, and behavioral research methods, helps students, educators, and practitioners appreciate and begin to acquire the conceptual and technical skills necessary to foster socially adaptive behavior in diverse individuals.

Research Methods in Applied Behavior Analysis

Author: Jon S. Bailey,Mary R. Burch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134859201

Category: Psychology

Page: 238

View: 1243

Research Methods in Applied Behavior Analysis, 2nd edition, is a practical text that provides the beginning researcher with a clear description of how behavior analysts conduct applied research and submit it for publication. In a sequence of ten logical steps, the text covers the elements of single-case research design and the practices involved in organizing, implementing, and evaluating research studies. This revision includes new material on how to critique a journal article and how to extract treatment ideas from published studies. The novice researcher receives a "steps for success" approach that is brief, useful, to the point, and clearly delineated.

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 7810

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

Algorithmen - Eine Einführung

Author: Thomas H. Cormen,Charles E. Leiserson,Ronald Rivest,Clifford Stein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110522012

Category: Computers

Page: 1339

View: 5605

Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.

Compiler

Prinzipien, Techniken und Werkzeuge

Author: Alfred V. Aho

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 9783827370976

Category: Compiler

Page: 1253

View: 2988

Applied Behavior Analysis Advanced Guidebook

A Manual for Professional Practice

Author: James K. Luiselli

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128111283

Category: Psychology

Page: 438

View: 3940

The Applied Behavior Analysis Practice Guidebook: A Manual for Professional Practice gives behavioral practitioners pragmatic advice, direction and recommendations for being an effective clinician, consultant, supervisor and performance manager. The book adopts a how to do it perspective featuring contributions from expert scientist-practitioners. Each chapter introduces the relevance of the topic for practicing professionals, describes and synthesizes the empirical basis of the topic, and then presents practitioner recommendations. With this format, readers can navigate the chapters with familiarity and confidence to facilitate the understanding of content and integration of the many practice areas addressed. Focuses on the professional practice areas of board certified behavior analysts Includes forms, tables, flowcharts and other visual aids to assist in BCBA work Concludes each chapter with a practice guidelines checklist Features contributions from notable experts in distinct specialty areas Helps readers build skills and competencies as an applied behavior analyst

Applied Behavior Analysis for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Author: Johnny L. Matson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441900883

Category: Psychology

Page: 270

View: 5527

Autism was once thought of as a rare condition, until the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network released the statistic that about 1 in every 150 eight-year-old children in various areas across the United States is afflicted by an autism spectrum disorder, or ASD. This news led to a dramatic expansion of research into autism spectrum disorders and to the emergence of applied behavior analysis (ABA) as the preferred method of treatment, even among prescribing practitioners. Applied Behavioral Analysis for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders ably synthesizes research data and trends with best-practice interventions into a comprehensive, state-of-the-art resource. Within its chapters, leading experts review current ABA literature in depth; identify interventions most relevant to children across the autism spectrum; and discuss potential developments in these core areas: Assessment methods, from functional assessment to single case research designs. Treatment methods, including reinforcement, replacement behaviors, and other effective strategies. The role of the differential diagnosis in ABA treatment planning. Specific deficit areas: communication, social skills, stereotypies/rituals. Target behaviors, such as self-injury, aggression, adaptive and self-help problems. ASD-related training concerns, including maintenance and transition issues, and parent training programs. This volume is a vital resource for researchers, graduate students, and professionals in clinical child and school psychology as well as the related fields of education and mental health.

Der falsch vermessene Mensch

Author: Stephen Jay Gould

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518281833

Category: Kraniometrie - Intelligenzdiagnostik - Bewertung

Page: 394

View: 8601

Applied Behavior Analysis in Early Childhood Education

An Introduction to Evidence-based Interventions and Teaching Strategies

Author: Laura Baylot Casey,Stacy L. Carter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317687248

Category: Education

Page: 238

View: 9789

Applied Behavior Analysis in Early Childhood Education provides a basic introduction to applied behavior analysis and the highly beneficial role that it can play in early childhood education for both typically developing children and those with special needs. The objective is to provide future and current early childhood professionals with the tools that they need to positively impact the lives of young children. Specifically, the book will describe and provide useful examples related to the following: Implementing effective techniques for changing behavior; Strategies for every day challenges both in the classroom and at home; Strategies for addressing less frequent issues; Suggestions for how to consult and correspond with parents and caretakers. Applied Behavior Analysis in Early Childhood Education is written for professionals preparing for—or those already in—careers in child development, behavior analysis, early childhood education, developmental therapy, counseling, special education, and other helping professions. A Companion Website featuring additional information and resources for students and instructors can be accessed at www.routledge.com/cw/casey.

UML 2 und Patterns angewendet - objektorientierte Softwareentwicklung

Author: Craig Larman

Publisher: mitp Verlags GmbH & Co. KG

ISBN: 9783826614538

Category:

Page: 716

View: 2642

Dieses Lehrbuch des international bekannten Autors und Software-Entwicklers Craig Larman ist ein Standardwerk zur objektorientierten Analyse und Design unter Verwendung von UML 2.0 und Patterns. Das Buch zeichnet sich insbesondere durch die Fahigkeit des Autors aus, komplexe Sachverhalte anschaulich und praxisnah darzustellen. Es vermittelt grundlegende OOA/D-Fertigkeiten und bietet umfassende Erlauterungen zur iterativen Entwicklung und zum Unified Process (UP). Anschliessend werden zwei Fallstudien vorgestellt, anhand derer die einzelnen Analyse- und Designprozesse des UP in Form einer Inception-, Elaboration- und Construction-Phase durchgespielt werden

Understanding Applied Behavior Analysis

An Introduction to ABA for Parents, Teachers, and other Professionals

Author: Albert J. Kearney

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 9781846427268

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 120

View: 1330

'Understanding applied behaviour analysis is a book that I have been waiting for, for quite some time. It is easy to read, factually correct, scientifically rigorous, and not to long (116 pages, including index). I enjoyed reading it and I will be recommending it to my students.' - British Journal of Social Work Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is based on the premise that behavior can be influenced by changes in environment and by the reinforcing consequences of that behavior. This introductory guide to ABA demystifies the basic terminology, the underlying principles, and commonly-used procedures of ABA using accessible, everyday language. Albert J. Kearney explains the kinds of learning and reinforcement processes that form the basis of ABA programs. Having covered these essential principles, he describes how the science of behavior analysis can be effectively applied to real life behavior problems. He looks at how behavior is assessed and various intervention techniques that are often employed with children who have autism and other special needs. Having laid these essential foundations, Kearney touches on more advanced topics: the applications of ABA in behavioral education, such as precision teaching and programmed instruction. Clear, accessible, and with a structure that is easy-to-follow, this book is an essential introduction to the discipline of ABA and its applications for parents and professionals.

Behavioral Sport Psychology

Evidence-Based Approaches to Performance Enhancement

Author: James K. Luiselli,Derek D. Reed

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461400707

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 5944

Sport psychology is a topic of growing interest. Many professionals read journals such as The International Journal of Sports, Journal of Sport Behavior, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, and The Sport Psychologist. In August 2008, Monitor on Psychology, the monthly publication of the American Psychological Association (APA), featured a special issue on sport psychology. Indeed, Division 47 of APA is devoted to "the scientific, educational, and clinical foundations of exercise and sport psychology." The North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) and the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP) convene conferences each year to present scientific findings and new developments in a rapidly expanding field. The AAASP and other organizations also qualify professionals as certified sport and exercise psychology consultants. Finally, a visit to any bookstore will reveal the lay public’s fascination with sports, as revealed in numerous self-help books and guides to perfecting athletic performance. Behavioral psychologists have studied sport psychology for more than three decades (Martin, Thompson, & Regehr, 2004). Applied behavior analysis (ABA), in particular, has been an instrumental approach to behavioral coaching in many sports, including baseball (Osborne, Rudrud, & Zezoney, 1990), basketball (Pates, Cummings, & Maynard, 2002), figure skating (Ming & Martin, 1996), football (Ward & Carnes, 2002), golf (Pates, Oliver, & Maynard, 2001), ice hockey (Rogerson & Hrycaiko, 2002), soccer (Brobst & Ward, 2002), swimming (Hume & Crossman, 1992), and tennis (Allison & Ayllon, 1980). ABA stresses the application of learning theory principles, objective measurement of athletic skills, controlled outcome evaluation, and socially significant behavior-change. Cognitive behavior therapy, or CBT, also has been a dominant approach to psychological intervention in sports (Meyers, Whelan, & Murphy, 1996; Weinberg & Comar, 1994). CBT addresses athletic performance through cognitive-change methods combined with behavioral practice and environmental modifications. The purpose of the book described in this proposal is to compile the most recent experimental and applied research in behavioral sport psychology. Several journal articles have reviewed critical dimensions of behavioral sport psychology (Martin et al., 2004; Martin, Vause, & Schwartzman, 2005) but no book has covered the topic with an emphasis on ABA and CBT methodology and practice. Accordingly, Behavioral Sport Psychology: Evidence-Based Approaches to Performance Enhancement is a first of its kind volume.

Exotic Animal Training and Learning, An Issue of Veterinary Clinics: Exotic Animal Practice

Author: Barbara Heidenreich

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455747955

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 5731

The latest information on training and behavior of exotic pet animals for the exotic animal veterinarian. Topics to be covered include the application of science based training technology, a framework for solving behavior problems, training avian patients and their caregivers, trained falconry birds and veterinary medicine: preserving the client/veterinarian relationship, technicians and animal training, small mammal training in the veterinary practice, training reptiles and amphibians for medical and husbandry, training fish and invertebrates for husbandry and medical behaviors, marine mammal training, training birds and small mammals for medical behaviors, and more.

Datenanalyse mit Python

Auswertung von Daten mit Pandas, NumPy und IPython

Author: Wes McKinney

Publisher: O'Reilly

ISBN: 3960102143

Category: Computers

Page: 542

View: 9275

Erfahren Sie alles über das Manipulieren, Bereinigen, Verarbeiten und Aufbereiten von Datensätzen mit Python: Aktualisiert auf Python 3.6, zeigt Ihnen dieses konsequent praxisbezogene Buch anhand konkreter Fallbeispiele, wie Sie eine Vielzahl von typischen Datenanalyse-Problemen effektiv lösen. Gleichzeitig lernen Sie die neuesten Versionen von pandas, NumPy, IPython und Jupyter kennen.Geschrieben von Wes McKinney, dem Begründer des pandas-Projekts, bietet Datenanalyse mit Python einen praktischen Einstieg in die Data-Science-Tools von Python. Das Buch eignet sich sowohl für Datenanalysten, für die Python Neuland ist, als auch für Python-Programmierer, die sich in Data Science und Scientific Computing einarbeiten wollen. Daten und zugehöriges Material des Buchs sind auf GitHub verfügbar.Aus dem Inhalt:Nutzen Sie die IPython-Shell und Jupyter Notebook für das explorative ComputingLernen Sie Grundfunktionen und fortgeschrittene Features von NumPy kennenSetzen Sie die Datenanalyse-Tools der pandasBibliothek einVerwenden Sie flexible Werkzeuge zum Laden, Bereinigen, Transformieren, Zusammenführen und Umformen von DatenErstellen Sie interformative Visualisierungen mit matplotlibWenden Sie die GroupBy-Mechanismen von pandas an, um Datensätzen zurechtzuschneiden, umzugestalten und zusammenzufassenAnalysieren und manipulieren Sie verschiedenste Zeitreihen-DatenFür diese aktualisierte 2. Auflage wurde der gesamte Code an Python 3.6 und die neuesten Versionen der pandas-Bibliothek angepasst. Neu in dieser Auflage: Informationen zu fortgeschrittenen pandas-Tools sowie eine kurze Einführung in statsmodels und scikit-learn.

Lernen und Verhalten

Author: James E. Mazur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827372185

Category: Behavior modification

Page: 659

View: 8563

ADHD: Non-Pharmacologic Interventions, An Issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America,

Author: Stephen V. Faraone

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323326021

Category: Medical

Page: 313

View: 8203

This issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics focuses on non-pharmacologic interventions for ADHD in children and adolescents. Editors Stephen Faraone's and Kevin Antshel's goal with this publication is to help the clinician decipher the literature base in an attempt to make informed decisions and recommendations for the families that they treat in light of new non-pharmacologic interventions. To guide readers of this issue, Authors present information in a specific structure designed to describe the non-pharmacologic intervention theoretically and practically, as well as provide clinically useful information regarding who is most likely to respond and which outcomes are most likely to be affected by treatment. Likewise, Authors include information on adverse effects / contraindications of the non-pharmacologic treatments and how treatments should be sequenced and/or integrated with other treatments. Science is translated into clinical practice that can be easily applied; this volume strikes a balance between reviewing the evidence base and providing clinically useful information. Among the topics are: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adolescents with ADHD; Nutritional Supplements for the Treatment of ADHD; School-Based Interventions for Elementary School Students with ADHD; Middle and High School Based Interventions for Adolescents with ADHD; Healthy Body, Healthy Mind? The Effectiveness of Physical Activity to Treat ADHD in Children; Neurofeedback for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Review of Current Evidence; Social Skills Training; Behavior Management for Preschool-Aged Children; Computer-based Cognitive Training for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A review of current evidence; Restriction and Elimination Diets in ADHD Treatment; Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of ADHD: A Review; Summer Treatment Programs for Youth with ADHD; Non-Pharmacologic Treatments for ADHD; Behavior Management for School Aged Children with ADHD; Family Therapy for Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder; An Integrated Dietary/Nutritional Approach to ADHD; Toward an Evidence-Based Taxonomy of Non-Pharmacologic Treatments for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Behavior Analysis and Learning

Author: W. David Pierce,Carl D. Cheney

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0805862609

Category: Psychology

Page: 431

View: 3408

Behavior Analysis and Learning, Fourth Edition is an essential textbook covering the basic principles in the field of behavior analysis and learned behaviors, as pioneered by B. F. Skinner. The textbook provides an advanced introduction to operant conditioning from a very consistent Skinnerian perspective. It covers a range of principles from basic respondent conditioning through applied behavior analysis into cultural design. Elaborating on Darwinian components and biological connections with behavior, the book treats the topic from a consistent worldview of selectionism. The functional relations between the organism and the environment are described, and their application in accounting for old behavior and generating new behavior is illustrated. Expanding on concepts of past editions, the fourth edition provides updated coverage of recent literature and the latest findings. There is increased inclusion of biological and neuroscience material, as well as more data correlating behavior with neurological and genetic factors. The material presented in this book provides the reader with the best available foundation in behavior science and is a valuable resource for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in psychology or other behavior-based disciplines. In addition, a website of supplemental resources for instructors and students makes this new edition even more accessible and student-friendly.