Applied Cyber Security and the Smart Grid

Implementing Security Controls into the Modern Power Infrastructure

Author: Eric D. Knapp,Raj Samani

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 012404638X

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 3629

Many people think of the Smart Grid as a power distribution group built on advanced smart metering—but that’s just one aspect of a much larger and more complex system. The "Smart Grid" requires new technologies throughout energy generation, transmission and distribution, and even the homes and businesses being served by the grid. This also represents new information paths between these new systems and services, all of which represents risk, requiring a more thorough approach to where and how cyber security controls are implemented. This insight provides a detailed architecture of the entire Smart Grid, with recommended cyber security measures for everything from the supply chain to the consumer. Discover the potential of the Smart Grid Learn in depth about its systems See its vulnerabilities and how best to protect it

Applied Cyber Security and the Smart Grid

Implementing Security Controls Into the Modern Power Infrastructure

Author: Eric D. Knapp,Raj Samani

Publisher: Syngress Press

ISBN: 9781597499989

Category: Computers

Page: 202

View: 1568

"Understanding how the Smart Grid works first requires an understanding of how industrial networks operate, which in turn requires a basic understanding of the underlying communications protocols that are used, where they are used, and why. There are many systems that comprise the larger system of the "Smart Grid," which utilize both common and open protocols as well as many highly specialized protocols used for industrial automation and control, most of which are designed for efficiency and reliability to support the economic and operational requirements of large distributed control systems. Similarly, industrial protocols are designed for real-time operation requiring deterministic results with continuous availability. Combined together, this blend of open and proprietary networks enables the much larger network of measurements, controls, metering and automation that is the Smart Grid. This amalgam of disparate systems and networks is also a major factor in the cyber security concerns facing the Smart Grid today"--

Smart Grid Security

An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid

Author: Gilbert N. Sorebo,Michael C. Echols

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439855897

Category: Computers

Page: 328

View: 8871

The Smart Grid has the potential to revolutionize electricity delivery systems, and the security of its infrastructure is a vital concern not only for cyber-security practitioners, engineers, policy makers, and utility executives, but also for the media and consumers. Smart Grid Security: An End-to-End View of Security in the New Electrical Grid explores the important techniques, challenges, and forces that will shape how we achieve a secure twenty-first century electric grid. Includes a Foreword by Michael Assante, President and CEO, National Board of Information Security Examiners Following an overview of the components of the Smart Grid, the book delves into the evolution of security standards and regulations and examines ways in which the Smart Grid might be regulated. The authors discuss the technical details about how metering technology is being implemented and the likely threats and vulnerabilities that utilities will face. They address the home area network (HAN) and examine distribution and transmission—the foundation for the delivery of electricity, along with distributed generation, micro-grids, and operations. The book explores future concepts—such as energy storage and the use of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs)—in addition to the concomitant risk for fraud and manipulation with stored energy. Consumer-related issues are discussed as they pertain to emerging ways of receiving and generating energy. The book examines dysfunctions ranging from inadvertent outages to cyber-attack and presents recommendations on how to respond to these incidents. It concludes with speculation of future cyber-security challenges and discusses new ways that the grid can be defended, such as better key management and protection. Written in a style rigorous enough for the practitioner yet accessible to a broad audience, this comprehensive volume covers a topic that is becoming more critical to industry and consumers everywhere.

Industrial Network Security

Securing Critical Infrastructure Networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and Other Industrial Control Systems

Author: Eric D. Knapp,Joel Thomas Langill

Publisher: Syngress

ISBN: 0124201849

Category: Computers

Page: 460

View: 6782

As the sophistication of cyber-attacks increases, understanding how to defend critical infrastructure systems—energy production, water, gas, and other vital systems—becomes more important, and heavily mandated. Industrial Network Security, Second Edition arms you with the knowledge you need to understand the vulnerabilities of these distributed supervisory and control systems. The book examines the unique protocols and applications that are the foundation of industrial control systems, and provides clear guidelines for their protection. This how-to guide gives you thorough understanding of the unique challenges facing critical infrastructures, new guidelines and security measures for critical infrastructure protection, knowledge of new and evolving security tools, and pointers on SCADA protocols and security implementation. All-new real-world examples of attacks against control systems, and more diagrams of systems Expanded coverage of protocols such as 61850, Ethernet/IP, CIP, ISA-99, and the evolution to IEC62443 Expanded coverage of Smart Grid security New coverage of signature-based detection, exploit-based vs. vulnerability-based detection, and signature reverse engineering

Smart Grid Security

Innovative Solutions for a Modernized Grid

Author: Florian Skopik,Paul Dr. Smith

Publisher: Syngress

ISBN: 0128023546

Category: Computers

Page: 324

View: 6853

The Smart Grid security ecosystem is complex and multi-disciplinary, and relatively under-researched compared to the traditional information and network security disciplines. While the Smart Grid has provided increased efficiencies in monitoring power usage, directing power supplies to serve peak power needs and improving efficiency of power delivery, the Smart Grid has also opened the way for information security breaches and other types of security breaches. Potential threats range from meter manipulation to directed, high-impact attacks on critical infrastructure that could bring down regional or national power grids. It is essential that security measures are put in place to ensure that the Smart Grid does not succumb to these threats and to safeguard this critical infrastructure at all times. Dr. Florian Skopik is one of the leading researchers in Smart Grid security, having organized and led research consortia and panel discussions in this field. Smart Grid Security will provide the first truly holistic view of leading edge Smart Grid security research. This book does not focus on vendor-specific solutions, instead providing a complete presentation of forward-looking research in all areas of Smart Grid security. The book will enable practitioners to learn about upcoming trends, scientists to share new directions in research, and government and industry decision-makers to prepare for major strategic decisions regarding implementation of Smart Grid technology. Presents the most current and leading edge research on Smart Grid security from a holistic standpoint, featuring a panel of top experts in the field. Includes coverage of risk management, operational security, and secure development of the Smart Grid. Covers key technical topics, including threat types and attack vectors, threat case studies, smart metering, smart home, e- mobility, smart buildings, DERs, demand response management, distribution grid operators, transmission grid operators, virtual power plants, resilient architectures, communications protocols and encryption, as well as physical security.

Security Solutions and Applied Cryptography in Smart Grid Communications

Author: Ferrag, Mohamed Amine,Ahmim, Ahmed

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522518304

Category: Computers

Page: 464

View: 6036

Electrical energy usage is increasing every year due to population growth and new forms of consumption. As such, it is increasingly imperative to research methods of energy control and safe use. Security Solutions and Applied Cryptography in Smart Grid Communications is a pivotal reference source for the latest research on the development of smart grid technology and best practices of utilization. Featuring extensive coverage across a range of relevant perspectives and topics, such as threat detection, authentication, and intrusion detection, this book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, engineers and students seeking current research on ways in which to implement smart grid platforms all over the globe.

Securing the Smart Grid

Next Generation Power Grid Security

Author: Tony Flick,Justin Morehouse

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781597495714

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 9645

Securing the Smart Grid discusses the features of the smart grid, particularly its strengths and weaknesses, to better understand threats and attacks, and to prevent insecure deployments of smart grid technologies. A smart grid is a modernized electric grid that uses information and communications technology to be able to process information, such as the behaviors of suppliers and consumers. The book discusses different infrastructures in a smart grid, such as the automatic metering infrastructure (AMI). It also discusses the controls that consumers, device manufacturers, and utility companies can use to minimize the risk associated with the smart grid. It explains the smart grid components in detail so readers can understand how the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of these components can be secured or compromised. This book will be a valuable reference for readers who secure the networks of smart grid deployments, as well as consumers who use smart grid devices. Details how old and new hacking techniques can be used against the grid and how to defend against them Discusses current security initiatives and how they fall short of what is needed Find out how hackers can use the new infrastructure against itself

Robust Control System Networks

How to Achieve Reliable Control After Stuxnet

Author: Ralph Langner

Publisher: Momentum Press

ISBN: 1606503022

Category: Computers

Page: 206

View: 3201

From the researcher who was one of the first to identify and analyze the infamous industrial control system malware "Stuxnet," comes a book that takes a new, radical approach to making Industrial control systems safe from such cyber attacks: design the controls systems themselves to be "robust." Other security experts advocate risk management, implementing more firewalls and carefully managing passwords and access. Not so this book: those measures, while necessary, can still be circumvented. Instead, this book shows in clear, concise detail how a system that has been set up with an eye toward quality design in the first place is much more likely to remain secure and less vulnerable to hacking, sabotage or malicious control. It blends several well-established concepts and methods from control theory, systems theory, cybernetics and quality engineering to create the ideal protected system. The book's maxim is taken from the famous quality engineer William Edwards Deming, "If I had to reduce my message to management to just a few words, I'd say it all has to do with reducing variation." Highlights include: - An overview of the problem of "cyber fragility" in industrial control systems - How to make an industrial control system "robust," including principal design objectives and overall strategic planning - Why using the methods of quality engineering like the Taguchi method, SOP and UML will help to design more "armored" industrial control systems.

Big Data Analytics Strategies for the Smart Grid

Author: Carol L. Stimmel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482218291

Category: Computers

Page: 256

View: 6321

By implementing a comprehensive data analytics program, utility companies can meet the continually evolving challenges of modern grids that are operationally efficient, while reconciling the demands of greenhouse gas legislation and establishing a meaningful return on investment from smart grid deployments. Readable and accessible, Big Data Analytics Strategies for the Smart Grid addresses the needs of applying big data technologies and approaches, including Big Data cybersecurity, to the critical infrastructure that makes up the electrical utility grid. It supplies industry stakeholders with an in-depth understanding of the engineering, business, and customer domains within the power delivery market. The book explores the unique needs of electrical utility grids, including operational technology, IT, storage, processing, and how to transform grid assets for the benefit of both the utility business and energy consumers. It not only provides specific examples that illustrate how analytics work and how they are best applied, but also describes how to avoid potential problems and pitfalls. Discussing security and data privacy, it explores the role of the utility in protecting their customers’ right to privacy while still engaging in forward-looking business practices. The book includes discussions of: SAS for asset management tools The AutoGrid approach to commercial analytics Space-Time Insight’s work at the California ISO (CAISO) This book is an ideal resource for mid- to upper-level utility executives who need to understand the business value of smart grid data analytics. It explains critical concepts in a manner that will better position executives to make the right decisions about building their analytics programs. At the same time, the book provides sufficient technical depth that it is useful for data analytics professionals who need to better understand the nuances of the engineering and business challenges unique to the utilities industry.

Smart Energy Grid Engineering

Author: Hossam Gabbar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128092327

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 2480

Smart Energy Grid Engineering provides in-depth detail on the various important engineering challenges of smart energy grid design and operation by focusing on advanced methods and practices for designing different components and their integration within the grid. Governments around the world are investing heavily in smart energy grids to ensure optimum energy use and supply, enable better planning for outage responses and recovery, and facilitate the integration of heterogeneous technologies such as renewable energy systems, electrical vehicle networks, and smart homes around the grid. By looking at case studies and best practices that illustrate how to implement smart energy grid infrastructures and analyze the technical details involved in tackling emerging challenges, this valuable reference considers the important engineering aspects of design and implementation, energy generation, utilization and energy conservation, intelligent control and monitoring data analysis security, and asset integrity. Includes detailed support to integrate systems for smart grid infrastructures Features global case studies outlining design components and their integration within the grid Provides examples and best practices from industry that will assist in the migration to smart grids

Cyber-security of SCADA and Other Industrial Control Systems

Author: Edward J. M. Colbert,Alexander Kott

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319321250

Category: Computers

Page: 355

View: 4025

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the fundamental security of Industrial Control Systems (ICSs), including Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems and touching on cyber-physical systems in general. Careful attention is given to providing the reader with clear and comprehensive background and reference material for each topic pertinent to ICS security. This book offers answers to such questions as: Which specific operating and security issues may lead to a loss of efficiency and operation? What methods can be used to monitor and protect my system? How can I design my system to reduce threats?This book offers chapters on ICS cyber threats, attacks, metrics, risk, situational awareness, intrusion detection, and security testing, providing an advantageous reference set for current system owners who wish to securely configure and operate their ICSs. This book is appropriate for non-specialists as well. Tutorial information is provided in two initial chapters and in the beginnings of other chapters as needed. The book concludes with advanced topics on ICS governance, responses to attacks on ICS, and future security of the Internet of Things.

Protecting Industrial Control Systems from Electronic Threats

Author: Joseph Weiss

Publisher: Momentum Press

ISBN: 1606501976

Category: Computers

Page: 327

View: 4758

Aimed at both the novice and expert in IT security and industrial control systems (ICS), this book will help readers gain a better understanding of protecting ICSs from electronic threats. Cyber security is getting much more attention and SCADA security (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) is a particularly important part of this field, as are Distributed Control Systems (DCS), Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs), Remote Terminal Units (RTUs), Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs)-and all the other, field controllers, sensors, and drives, emission controls, and that make up the intelligence of modern industrial buildings and facilities. This book will help the reader better understand what is industrial control system cyber security, why is it different than IT security, what has really happened to date, and what needs to be done. Loads of practical advice is offered on everything from clarity on current cyber-security systems and how they can be integrated into general IT systems, to how to conduct risk assessments and how to obtain certifications, to future trends in legislative and regulatory issues affecting industrial security.

Smart Grids: Security and Privacy Issues

Author: Kianoosh G. Boroojeni,M. Hadi Amini,S. S. Iyengar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319450506

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 113

View: 5152

This book provides a thorough treatment of privacy and security issues for researchers in the fields of smart grids, engineering, and computer science. It presents comprehensive insight to understanding the big picture of privacy and security challenges in both physical and information aspects of smart grids. The authors utilize an advanced interdisciplinary approach to address the existing security and privacy issues and propose legitimate countermeasures for each of them in the standpoint of both computing and electrical engineering. The proposed methods are theoretically proofed by mathematical tools and illustrated by real-world examples.

Advances in Swarm Intelligence

First International Conference, ICSI 2010, Beijing, China, June 12-15, 2010, Proceedings

Author: Ying Tan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642134947

Category: Computers

Page: 746

View: 9947

The LNCS series reports state-of-the-art results in computer science research, development, and education, at a high level and in both printed and electronic form. Enjoying tight cooperation with the R&D community, with numerous individuals, as well as with prestigious organizations and societies, LNCS has grown into the most comprehensive computer science research forum available. The scope of LNCS, including its subseries LNAI and LNBI, spans the whole range of computer science and information technology including interdisciplinary topics in a variety of application fields. The type of material published traditionally includes More recently, several color-cover sublines have been added featuring, beyond a collection of papers, various added-value components; these sublines include In paallel to the printed book, each new volume is published electronically in LNCS Online.

Distributed Control and Optimization Technologies in Smart Grid Systems

Author: Fanghong Guo,Changyun Wen,Yong-Duan Song

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351613960

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 4859

The book aims to equalize the theoretical involvement with industrial practicality and build a bridge between academia and industry by reducing the mathematical difficulties. It provides an overview of distributed control and distributed optimization theory, followed by specific details on industrial applications to smart grid systems, with a special focus on micro grid systems. Each of the chapters is written and organized with an introductory section tailored to provide the essential background of the theories required. The text includes industrial applications to realistic renewable energy systems problems and illustrates the application of proposed toolsets to control and optimization of smart grid systems.

Smart Grid Systems

Modeling and Control

Author: N. Ramesh Babu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351618105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 290

View: 3122

Electric power systems are being transformed from older grid systems to smart grids across the globe. The goals of this transition are to address today’s electric power issues, which include reducing carbon footprints, finding alternate sources of decaying fossil fuels, eradicating losses that occur in the current available systems, and introducing the latest information and communication technologies (ICT) for electric grids. The development of smart grid technology is advancing dramatically along with and in reaction to the continued growth of renewable energy technologies (especially wind and solar power), the growing popularity of electric vehicles, and the continuing huge demand for electricity. Smart Grid Systems: Modeling and Control advances the basic understanding of smart grids and focuses on recent technological advancements in the field. This book provides a comprehensive discussion from a number of experts and practitioners and describes the challenges and the future scope of the technologies related to smart grid. Key features: provides an overview of the smart grid, with its needs, benefits, challenges, existing structure, and possible future technologies discusses solar photovoltaic (PV) system modeling and control along with battery storage, an integral part of smart grids discusses control strategies for renewable energy systems, including solar PV, wind, and hybrid systems describes the inverter topologies adopted for integrating renewable power covers the basics of the energy storage system and the need for micro grids describes forecast techniques for renewable energy systems presents the basics and structure of the energy management system in smart grids, including advanced metering, various communication protocols, and the cyber security challenges explores electric vehicle technology and its interaction with smart grids

Security and Resiliency Analytics for Smart Grids

Static and Dynamic Approaches

Author: Ehab Al-Shaer,Mohammad Ashiqur Rahman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319328719

Category: Computers

Page: 144

View: 5958

This book targets the key concern of protecting critical infrastructures such as smart grids. It explains various static and dynamic security analysis techniques that can automatically verify smart grid security and resiliency and identify potential attacks in a proactive manner. This book includes three main sections. The first presents the idea of formally verifying the compliance of smart grid configurations with the security and resiliency guidelines. It provides a formal framework that verifies the compliance of the advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) configurations with the security and resiliency requirements, and generates remediation plans for potential security violations. The second section covers the formal verification of the security and resiliency of smart grid control systems by using a formal model to analyze attack evasions on state estimation, a core control module of the supervisory control system in smart grids. The model identifies attack vectors that can compromise state estimation. This section also covers risk mitigation techniques that synthesize proactive security plans that make such attacks infeasible. The last part of the book discusses the dynamic security analysis for smart grids. It shows that AMI behavior can be modeled using event logs collected at smart collectors, which in turn can be verified using the specification invariants generated from the configurations of the AMI devices. Although the focus of this book is smart grid security and resiliency, the included formal analytics are generic enough to be extended to other cyber-physical systems, especially those related to industrial control systems (ICS). Therefore, industry professionals and academic researchers will find this book an exceptional resource to learn theoretical and practical aspects of applying formal methods for the protection of critical infrastructures.

A Systems Approach to Cyber Security

Proceedings of the 2nd Singapore Cyber-Security R&D Conference (SG-CRC 2017)

Author: A. Roychoudhury,Y. Liu

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614997446

Category: Computers

Page: 172

View: 9811

With our ever-increasing reliance on computer technology in every field of modern life, the need for continuously evolving and improving cyber security remains a constant imperative. This book presents the 3 keynote speeches and 10 papers delivered at the 2nd Singapore Cyber Security R&D Conference (SG-CRC 2017), held in Singapore, on 21-22 February 2017. SG-CRC 2017 focuses on the latest research into the techniques and methodologies of cyber security. The goal is to construct systems which are resistant to cyber-attack, enabling the construction of safe execution environments and improving the security of both hardware and software by means of mathematical tools and engineering approaches for the design, verification and monitoring of cyber-physical systems. Covering subjects which range from messaging in the public cloud and the use of scholarly digital libraries as a platform for malware distribution, to low-dimensional bigram analysis for mobile data fragment classification, this book will be of interest to all those whose business it is to improve cyber security.

Smart Grid Security

Author: Sanjay Goel,Yuan Hong,Vagelis Papakonstantinou,Dariusz Kloza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447166639

Category: Computers

Page: 129

View: 4244

This book on smart grid security is meant for a broad audience from managers to technical experts. It highlights security challenges that are faced in the smart grid as we widely deploy it across the landscape. It starts with a brief overview of the smart grid and then discusses some of the reported attacks on the grid. It covers network threats, cyber physical threats, smart metering threats, as well as privacy issues in the smart grid. Along with the threats the book discusses the means to improve smart grid security and the standards that are emerging in the field. The second part of the book discusses the legal issues in smart grid implementations, particularly from a privacy (EU data protection) point of view.

Big Data Application in Power Systems

Author: Reza Arghandeh,Yuxun Zhou

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128119691

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 8273

Big Data Application in Power Systems brings together experts from academia, industry and regulatory agencies who share their understanding and discuss the big data analytics applications for power systems diagnostics, operation and control. Recent developments in monitoring systems and sensor networks dramatically increase the variety, volume and velocity of measurement data in electricity transmission and distribution level. The book focuses on rapidly modernizing monitoring systems, measurement data availability, big data handling and machine learning approaches to process high dimensional, heterogeneous and spatiotemporal data. The book chapters discuss challenges, opportunities, success stories and pathways for utilizing big data value in smart grids. Provides expert analysis of the latest developments by global authorities Contains detailed references for further reading and extended research Provides additional cross-disciplinary lessons learned from broad disciplines such as statistics, computer science and bioinformatics Focuses on rapidly modernizing monitoring systems, measurement data availability, big data handling and machine learning approaches to process high dimensional, heterogeneous and spatiotemporal data