Arguing with Anthropology

An Introduction to Critical Theories of the Gift

Author: Karen Sykes,Karen Margaret Sykes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415254434

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 1164

A guide to key elements in anthropology, this work teaches the ability to think, write and argue critically. Its hypothetical approach takes gift-theory - the science of obligation and reciprocity - as the theme of a virtual enquiry, which explores how the discipline has evolved, how it is applied in practice and how it can be argued.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118290585

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 7988

A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

From Land to Mouth

The Agricultural "economy" of the Wola of the New Guinea Highlands

Author: Paul Sillitoe

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300142269

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 575

View: 6577

After 35 years of research in the New Guinea Highlands, esteemed anthropologist Paul Sillitoe offers a comparison of the apparently incomparable: our capitalist economy to the subsistence-cum-exchange order of the Wola people in the Was Valley. This is a seminal work intent on reinstating certain core values in anthropological scholarship.

Matching Organs with Donors

Legality and Kinship in Transplants

Author: Marie-Andree Jacob

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812206500

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 1708

While the traffic in human organs stirs outrage and condemnation, donations of such material are perceived as highly ethical. In reality, the line between illicit trafficking and admirable donation is not so sharply drawn. Those entangled in the legal, social, and commercial dimensions of transplanting organs must reconcile motives, bureaucracy, and medical desperation. Matching Organs with Donors: Legality and Kinship in Transplants examines the tensions between law and practice in the world of organ transplants—and the inventive routes patients may take around the law while going through legal processes. In this sensitive ethnography, Marie-Andrée Jacob reveals the methods and mindsets of doctors, administrators, gray-sector workers, patients, donors, and sellers in Israel's living kidney transplant bureaus. Matching Organs with Donors describes how suitable matches are identified between donor and recipient using terms borrowed from definitions of kinship. Jacob presents a subtle portrait of the shifting relationships between organ donors/sellers, patients, their brokers, and hospital officials who often accept questionably obtained organs. Jacob's incisive look at the cultural landscapes of transplantation in Israel has wider implications. Matching Organs with Donors deepens our understanding of the law and management of informed consent, decision-making among hospital professionals, and the shadowy borders between altruism and commerce.

Paradox in the Contrivance of Human Development

Author: Robert Kowalski

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1491740361

Category: Social Science

Page: 412

View: 3773

Paradox in the Contrivance of Human Development This book crosses disciplinary boundaries in a way that few books on human development do. Its strengths come from the fresh perspectives which emerge from the diverse fields that the author draws upon (e.g. Central Banking; Child Protection; Environment; Extension; Food Security; SMEs; Water and Sanitation to name a few). It is an anthology of the author’s recently published works with a leavening of contemporary material. The objective is to draw this rich material into a coherent whole that will meet the needs and interests of professionals, students and lay-enthusiasts alike. The author’s insights come from his extensive experience juxtaposed with an academic perspective and educative engagement. This experience has been gained over many years working with various international development agencies from multilateral and bilateral donors to International Financial Institutions, UN agencies, non-government organisations, national and local institutions. The supportive, underpinning scholarship is both eclectic and thoroughgoing, augmenting essays on anthropology, economics, environment, management, philosophy, psychology, and sociology. The end result is a unique exploration of the issues that confront the theory and practice of human development.

The Drug Effect

Health, Crime and Society

Author: Suzanne Fraser,David Moore

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139503839

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2269

The Drug Effect: Health, Crime and Society offers new perspectives on critical debates in the field of alcohol and other drug use. Drawing together work by respected scholars in Australia, the US, the UK and Canada, it explores social and cultural meanings of drug use and analyses law enforcement and public health frameworks and objectives related to drug policy and service provision. In doing so, it addresses key questions of drug use and addiction through interdisciplinary, predominantly sociological and criminological, perspectives, mapping and building on recent conceptual and empirical advances in the field. These include questions of materiality and agency, the social constitution of disease and neo-liberal subjectivity and responsibility. This book provides a fresh scholarly perspective on drug use and addiction by collecting top quality original work, written by a mix of international leaders in the field and emerging scholars working at the cutting edge of research.

Island Queens and Mission Wives

How Gender and Empire Remade Hawai'i's Pacific World

Author: Jennifer Thigpen

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469614294

Category: History

Page: 165

View: 647

Island Queens and Mission Wives: How Gender and Empire Remade Hawai i s Pacific World"

The Sign of the Witch

Modernity and the Pagan Revival

Author: David Waldron

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 264

View: 373

The witch is a uniquely powerful image in Western society. It is a symbol alternately vilified, ridiculed and idealised by differing sectors of society and is a powerful symbol in Western mythology. This book traces the evolution of the modern representations of Witchcraft and Paganism from the popular imaginings of witchcraft in 16th-century England to their contemporary manifestations amongst neo-Pagan and Wiccan religious movements in America, Australia and Great Britain today. Tracing how this symbol is continually constructed and reconstructed by the neo-Pagan movement is indicative of broader social, political and cultural issues arising out of the interaction of Romantic and Enlightenment epistemes in Western society. Central to this process is the locating of representations of witchcraft within the twin discourses of romanticism and enlightenment modernity. Beginning with the aftermath of the English witch hunting craze of the 17th century, the book examines how the witch transformed from a symbol of ridicule during the enlightenment to an idealised symbol of romantic rebellion which led to its systemic adoption by romantic religious and political movements. Along the path it examines the development of the neo-Pagan movement from 19th-century Romantic pagan revivals, to Gardners Wiccan movement, the sixties counter culture, the rise of eco-feminist neo-Paganism and the contemporary phenomena of "teen witches" and pop commercialization.

The radical orthodoxy reader

Author: John Milbank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415425124

Category: Political Science

Page: 420

View: 9672

The Radical Orthodoxy Reader presents a selection of key readings in the field of Radical Orthodoxy, the most influential theological movement in contemporary academic theology. Radical Orthodoxy draws on pre-Enlightenment theology and philosophy to engage critically with the assumption and priorities of secularism, modernity, postmodernity and associated theologies. In doing so it explores a wide and exciting range of issues: music, language, society, the body, the city, power, motion, space, time, personhood, sex and gender. As such it is both controversial and extremely stimulating; provoking much fruitful debate amongst contemporary theologians.To assist those encountering Radical Orthodoxy for the first time, each section has an introductory commentary, related reading and helpful questions to encourage in-depth understanding and further study.

Ancestral Lines

The Maisin of Papua New Guinea and the Fate of the Rainforest

Author: John Barker

Publisher: University of Toronto PressHigher education

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 1041

In Ancestral Lines, which is based on 25 years of research among the Maisin people, Barker offers a nuanced understanding of how the Maisin came to reject commercial logging on their traditional lands.

Locating Bourdieu

Author: Deborah Reed-Danahay

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253110466

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7786

Pierre Bourdieu (1930--2002) had an enormous influence on social and cultural thought in the second half of the 20th century, leaving a mark on fields as diverse as sociology, anthropology, critical theory, education, literary criticism, art history, and media studies. From his childhood in a rural French village, to his fieldwork in Algeria, to his ascension to the Chair of Sociology at the Collà ̈ge de France, Bourdieu's life followed a trajectory both complex and contradictory. In this original and eloquent study, Deborah Reed-Danahay offers fresh insights on Bourdieu's work by drawing on the perspectives of ethnography and autobiography. Using Bourdieu's own reflections upon his life and career and considering the totality of his research and writing, this book locates Bourdieu within his French milieu and within the current state of discussion of Europe and its colonial legacy. Locating Bourdieu revisits major themes and concepts such as structure and practice, taste and distinction, habitus, social field, symbolic capital, and symbolic violence, adding new perspectives and discovering implications of Bourdieu's work for understanding emotion, social space, and personal narrative. The result is a work of impressive scholarship and intellectual creativity that will appeal to scholars, students, and non-specialists alike. New Anthropologies of Europe -- Daphne Berdahl, Matti Bunzl, and Michael Herzfeld, editors

Anthropos

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethnology

Page: N.A

View: 9639

Visions of culture

an introduction to anthropological theories and theorists

Author: Jerry D. Moore

Publisher: Altamira Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 379

View: 6876

This new edition of Jerry D. Moore's Visions of Culture presents introductory anthropology students with a brief, readable, and balanced treatment of theoretical developments in the field. New to this edition are pieces on Sherry Ortner, Pierre Bourdieu and Eric Wolf, an Epilogue that describes key current debates over theory. This is an ideal text for classes on the theory or the history of anthropology.

Giving Women

Alliance and Exchange in Victorian Culture

Author: Jill Rappoport

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190208589

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 6809

Altruism and self-assertiveness went hand in hand for Victorian women. During a period when most lacked property rights and professional opportunities, gift transactions allowed them to enter into economic negotiations of power as volatile and potentially profitable as those within the market systems that so frequently excluded or exploited them. They made presents of holiday books and homemade jams, transformed inheritances into intimate or aggressive bequests, and, in both prose and practice, offered up their own bodies in sacrifice. Far more than selfless acts of charity or sure signs of their suitability for marriage, such gifts radically reconstructed women's personal relationships and public activism in the nineteenth century. Giving Women examines the literary expression and cultural consequences of English women's giving from the 1820s to the First World War. Attending to the dynamic action and reaction of gift exchange in fiction and poetry by Charlotte Brontë, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Gaskell, and Christina Rossetti as well as in literary annuals, Salvation Army periodicals, and political pamphlets, Rappoport demonstrates how female authors and fictional protagonists alike mobilized networks outside of marriage and the market. Through giving, women redefined the primary allegiances of their everyday lives, forged public coalitions, and advanced campaigns for abolition, slum reform, eugenics, and suffrage.

Thinking Through Things

Theorising Artefacts Ethnographically

Author: Amiria Henare,Martin Holbraad,Sari Wastell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135392722

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 2655

Drawing upon the work of some of the most influential theorists in the field, Thinking Through Things demonstrates the quiet revolution growing in anthropology and its related disciplines, shifting its philosophical foundations. The first text to offer a direct and provocative challenge to disciplinary fragmentation - arguing for the futility of segregating the study of artefacts and society - this collection expands on the concerns about the place of objects and materiality in analytical strategies, and the obligation of ethnographers to question their assumptions and approaches. The team of leading contributors put forward a positive programme for future research in this highly original and invaluable guide to recent developments in mainstream anthropological theory.

The Sociological Ambition

Elementary Forms of Social and Moral Life

Author: Chris Shilling,Philip A Mellor

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446238830

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 3669

`The Sociological Ambition is a superb book... It is beautifully written, expertly edited and renders complex and original ideas entirely accessible... This is a modern classic' - Journal of Contemporary Religion `For all social scientists who are fed up with corporate-style textbooks, which appeal to the lowest common denominator The Sociological Ambition must come as a relief. Shilling and Mellor have written an account of their discipline but they have done so with a multi-purpose task in mind' - Irish Journal of Sociology In a comprehensive reassessment of the field, Chris Shilling and Philip A Mellor examine the various attempts that have been made to reconstruct sociology over the last century, arguing that classical and contemporary social theories must be studied in relation to the ambition that first shaped and established the discipline. The authors begin by situating sociology in its historical, philosophical and theological contexts; examining how the founders of the discipline developed competing analyses of the processes elementary to social and moral life through their unique contributions. The result is a landmark work in recent sociological study. Accomplished and erudite, this book will be required reading for students of sociology, social theory, religious studies and cultural studies.

Schulden

Die ersten 5000 Jahre

Author: David Graeber

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608103104

Category: Political Science

Page: 536

View: 8101

Ein radikales Buch im doppelten Wortsinn, denn Graeber packt das Problem der Schulden an der Wurzel, indem er bis zu ihren Anfängen in der Geschichte zurückgeht. Das führt ihn mitten hinein in die Krisenherde unserer Zeit: Von der Antike bis in die Gegenwart sind revolutionäre Bewegungen immer in Schuldenkrisen entstanden. Graeber sprengt die moralischen Fesseln, die uns auf das Prinzip der Schulden verpflichten. Denn diese Moral ist eine Waffe in der Hand der Mächtigen. Die weltweite Schuldenwirtschaft ist eine Bankrotterklärung der Ökonomie. Der Autor enttarnt Geld- und Kredittheorien als Mythen, die die Ökonomisierung aller sozialen Beziehungen vorantreiben. Im Kern ist dieses Buch ein hohes Lied auf die Freiheit: Das sumerische Wort »amargi«, das Synonym für Schuldenfreiheit, ist Graeber zufolge das erste Wort für Freiheit in menschlicher Sprache überhaupt. David Graeber ist einer der Begründer der Occupy-Bewegung.

The Work and the Gift

Author: Scott Cutler Shershow

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226752577

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 263

View: 7313

The Work and the Gift considers how working and giving are taken for opposites and revealed as each other's ghostly shadow. We ask ourselves, for instance, to work for a wage and a living, dooming ourselves forever to the curse of daily toil; and yet we imagine the magnum opus or the oeuvre as a labor of love. We ask ourselves to give with no thought of return; yet we still tell ourselves to give only to the deserving and only where our giving will do some good. Ranging from Marx and Derrida to Friedrich Hayek and Alvin Toffler, Scott Cutler Shershow here explores the predictions of political thinkers on both the left and the right that work is fundamentally changing, or even disappearing; the debates among anthropologists and historians about an archaic gift-economy that preceded capitalism and might reemerge in its wake; contemporary political battles over charity and social welfare; and attempts by modern and postmodern artists to destabilize the work of art as we know it. Ultimately, Shershow joins other contemporary thinkers in envisioning a community of unworking, grounded neither in ideals of production and progress, nor in an ethic of liberal generosity, but simply in our fundamental being-in-common. What results is a brilliant intervention in critical theory and social thought that will be of enormous value to students of literary criticism, anthropology, and philosophy alike.