Attention Deficit Democracy

The Paradox of Civic Engagement

Author: Ben Berger

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400840317

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8864

Handwringing about political apathy is as old as democracy itself. As early as 425 BC, the playwright Aristophanes ridiculed his fellow Athenians for gossiping in the market instead of voting. In more recent decades, calls for greater civic engagement as a democratic cure-all have met with widespread agreement. But how realistic--or helpful--is it to expect citizens to devote more attention and energy to politics? In Attention Deficit Democracy, Ben Berger provides a surprising new perspective on the problem of civic engagement, challenging idealists who aspire to revolutionize democracies and their citizens, but also taking issue with cynics who think that citizens cannot--and need not--do better. "Civic engagement" has become an unwieldy and confusing catchall, Berger argues. We should talk instead of political, social, and moral engagement, figuring out which kinds of engagement make democracy work better, and how we might promote them. Focusing on political engagement and taking Alexis de Tocqueville and Hannah Arendt as his guides, Berger identifies ways to achieve the political engagement we want and need without resorting to coercive measures such as compulsory national service or mandatory voting. By providing a realistic account of the value of political engagement and practical strategies for improving it, while avoiding proposals we can never hope to achieve, Attention Deficit Democracy makes a persuasive case for a public philosophy that much of the public can actually endorse.

Attention Deficit Democracy

Author: James Bovard

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1466892757

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3465

Does the people's need to believe in the president trump their duty to understand, to think critically, and demand truth? Have Americans been conditioned to ignore political frauds and believe the lies perpetuated by campaign ads? James Bovard diagnoses a national malady called "Attention Deficit Democracy," characterized by a citizenry that seems to be paying less attention to facts, and is less capable of judging when their rights and liberties are under attack. Bovard's careful research combined with his characteristically caustic style will give "ADD" a whole new meaning that pundits, politicians, and we the people will find hard to ignore.

Civics Beyond Critics

Character Education in a Liberal Democracy

Author: Ian MacMullen

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191053333

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7926

Should character formation be a goal of civic education in a liberal democracy? In addition to teaching knowledge and skills, should civic education shape children's values, beliefs, preferences, habits, identities, and sentiments? Most contemporary political and educational theorists who address these questions respond with a heavily qualified yes. They argue that education for civil character is vital to the survival and flourishing of liberal democracy but its content must be strictly limited to avoid compromising its recipients' ability to think and act as critically autonomous citizens. This means that civic character education should not extend beyond inculcating in children the basic and universal moral values that constitute the ideal of liberal democracy itself. Civics Beyond Critics argues that this orthodox view is wrong to prioritize critical autonomy over three other valuable character traits that have traditionally been fostered by civic education: law-abidingness, civic identification, and support for the fundamental political institutions of one's society. But the best alternative is not simply to reverse the priority. The goal of this book is to show how we can recognize the value of the kinds of character formation that civic education has traditionally involved without losing the portion of the truth that can be found in the orthodox view. Civics Beyond Critics warns against neglecting character traits that, although commonly labeled 'conservative', are realistically essential for the future of all liberal democracies. Oxford Political Theory presents the best new work in contemporary political theory. It is intended to be broad in scope, including original contributions to political philosophy, and also work in applied political theory. The series will contain works of outstanding quality with no restriction as to approach or subject matter. Series Editors: Will Kymlicka, David Miller, and Alan Ryan.

Inclusion, Participation and Democracy: What is the Purpose?

Author: J. Allan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402012648

Category: Education

Page: 233

View: 5332

The question of inclusive education is one which many societies are attempting to address. It is a fundamentally serious and complex issue raising challenges that cover conceptual, organizational, pedagogical, curricular and socio-economic concerns and questions. In this edited collection of papers the reader is confronted with these challenges through, on the one hand, a critical informative analysis of some of the key existing ideas and, on the other, a series of alternative insights and questions requiring further exploration and debate. Adding to the overall qu- ity of the book is the much needed cross-cultural dimension in terms of insights, knowledge, understanding and difficult questions. This is an important book in which new research and interpretations are reported on and discussed. Overall, the papers provide a serious critique of such factors as: the limitations of existing definitions of inclusive education; the narrowness of the focus within which inclusive issues are too often presented; the negative impacts of marketisation, performativity and the standards agenda on the realisation of inclusive values and practice and the constraints of significant socio-economic inequalities and disadvantages within and between communities and schools. These raise serious questions concerning the extent to which schools can make a positive difference in the lives of many pupils.

The Democracy Deficit

Taming Globalization Through Law Reform

Author: Alfred C. Aman

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814707005

Category: Law

Page: 253

View: 341

Economic globalization has had a chilling effect on democracy since markets now do some of the work that governments used to do through the political process. More than two decades of deregulation have made a healthy economy appear to depend on unrestrained markets. But appearances are misleading—globalization is also a legal and political process. The future of democracy in the twenty-first century depends on the ability of citizens to reclaim a voice in taming globalization through domestic politics and law reform. "The book's topic could not be more important: how do we adapt contemporary democratic governance- and contemporary administrative law- to the challenge of a globalizing world?"—Kal Raustiala, UCLA School of Law Can citizens govern globalization? Aman argues that they can, and that domestic law has a crucial role to play in this process. He proposes to redefine the legal distinction between public and private to correspond to the realities of the new role of the private sector in delivering public services, and thereby to bring crucial sectors of globalization back within the scope of democratic reform. Basing his argument on the history of the policies that led to globalization, and the current policies that sustain it, Aman advocates specific reforms meant to increase private citizens' influence on globalization. He looks at particular problem areas usually thought to be domestic in nature, such as privatization, prisons, prescription drugs, and the minimum wage, as well as constitutional structural issues such as federalism and separation of powers.

Deficits, Debt, and Democracy

Wrestling with Tragedy on the Fiscal Commons

Author: Richard E. Wagner

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857934600

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 6730

This timely book reveals that the budget deficits and accumulating debts that plague modern democracies reflect a clash between two rationalities of governance: one of private property and one of common property. The clashing of these rationalities at various places in society creates forms of societal tectonics that play out through budgeting. The book demonstrates that while this clash is an inherent feature of democratic political economy, it can nonetheless be limited through embracing once again a constitution of liberty. Not all commons settings have tragic outcomes, of course, but tragic outcomes loom large in democratic processes because they entail conflict between two very different forms of substantive rationality; the political and market rationalities. These are both orders that contain interactions among participants, but the institutional frameworks that govern those interactions differ, generating democratic budgetary tragedies. Those tragedies, moreover, are inherent in the conflict between the different rationalities and so cannot be eliminated. They can, as this book argues, be reduced by restoring a constitution of liberty in place of the constitution of control that has taken shape throughout the west over the past century. Economists interested in public finance, public policy and political economy along with scholars of political science, public administration, law and political philosophy will find this book intriguing.

Buyer's Guide


Author: William White

Publisher: N.A


Category: Library science

Page: N.A

View: 6628

After multiculturalism

the politics of race and the dialectics of liberty

Author: John F. Welsh

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739118825

Category: Social Science

Page: 211

View: 4947

After Multiculturalism: The Discourse on Race and the Dialectics of Liberty provides an individualistic critique of multiculturalist thought in social theory and public policy through a survey of the discourses on race by major individualist theorists. The ideas of Ayn Rand, Murray Rothbard, Benjamin Tucker, Lysander Spooner, Max Stirner and contemporary libertarian scholars on race and racism are discussed to lay the foundation for the individualist critique of racism and multiculturalism.

Democracy's Dilemma

Environment, Social Equity, and the Global Economy

Author: Robert C. Paehlke,Robert Paehlke

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262661881

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 792

A call for a balancing of economic, environmental, and social concerns in the age of global economic integration. The realities of global economic integration are far more complex than many of its supporters or detractors acknowledge. One consequence of simplistic thinking about globalization, claims Robert Paehlke, is that we tend to focus on economic prosperity to the neglect of such other important considerations as environmental and social well-being. A first step toward righting this imbalance is the recognition that economic gains do not guarantee better lives or better communities and societies. Democratic societies face a dilemma. Global economic integration produces a need for global political integration. Without it, national, state, and local governments are under pressure to forego environmental protection and social programs in order to be competitive. At the same time, global governance presents problems because of its scale and its inaccessibility to citizens. This book describes the consequences of this dilemma--such as political cynicism and lack of democratic participation--and proposes ways of dealing with it. Paehlke seeks a middle ground between those who reject globalization and those who claim that it will create the best of all possible worlds. Because there is no returning to a world that is less economically, culturally, and politically integrated, he argues, we should make every effort to advance global cooperation and equity. He suggests specific interventions that could be built into international trade agreements, including global minimum wages and provisos that natural commodities from developing economies such as energy and forest cuttings not be allowed to decline in price relative to the manufactured goods of more advanced economies. He also suggests ways to improve domestic democratic effectiveness.

Public Intellectuals, Radical Democracy and Social Movements

A Book of Interviews

Author: Carmel Borg,Peter Mayo

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820470764

Category: Education

Page: 214

View: 6803

Against a backdrop of a hegemonic, global economic arrangement that has spawned astounding disparities in wealth, this book foregrounds seventeen intellectuals who are engaged in resisting corporate values and in promoting social justice and human dignity. Ranging from socially engaged professors with a track record in grassroots involvement to popular educators, the interviewees challenge the manufactured consent produced by armies of intellectuals organic to dominant ideologies. "Public Intellectuals, Radical Democracy and Social Movements "reminds us that strategic silence and/or indifference reproduces a common sense arrangement where critical -reading of the world- (Freire, 1987) is relegated to the periphery."

Exodus from empire

the fall of America's empire and the rise of the global community

Author: Terrence Edward Paupp

Publisher: Pluto Pr

ISBN: 9780745326139

Category: Political Science

Page: 424

View: 638

This book lays out a comprehensive vision for a new world order based on cooperation between the developing world and leading Left countries in Latin America. Arguing that the ravages off corporate capitalism are unsustainable, Terrence E. Paupp presents an energetic critique of the problems of empire and looks ahead to a global the against hte IMF and U.S. hegemony. "There is no book quite like this. . . . Paupp has achieved a well-articulated alternative vision of a future world order based on law, equity, and sustainability." ---Richard Falk, Princeton University and Visiting Professor at the University of California, Santa Barbara "A brilliant treasure-trove of wisdom aimed at putting equity to work for all of mankind rather than a favoured few." ---Larry Birns, Director, Council on Hemispheric Affairs "Paupp proposes a comprehensive strategy which calls for the development of a new global ethic based on the idea of an inclusive global community." ---Bill Wickersham, Adjunct Professor of Peace Studies, University of Missouri, Columbia "Exodus from Empire offers, confidently, a way to see that another world is possible. It's light in a time of darkness." ---Brian Foley, Florida Coastal School of Law

Demokratische Legitimität

Unparteilichkeit - Reflexivität - Nähe

Author: Pierre Rosanvallon

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 3868549064

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 1757

Alle demokratische Macht geht vom Volk aus. Und doch bieten Wahlen keine alleinige Gewähr dafür, dass die Regierung dem Gemeinwohl tatsächlich dient oder ihm verpflichtet bleibt. Das Wählervotum kann also nicht das einzige Kriterium demokratischer Legetimität sein, und den Bürgern wird dies immer stärker bewusst. Als wirklich demokratisch kann ein Staat heute nur noch dann gelten, wenn er sich Kontrollmechanismen und Validierungsverfahren aussetzt, die konkurrierend und gleichzeitig komplementär zum Mehrheitswillen wirken. Pierre Rosanvallon fragt mit seiner theoretischen Untersuchung zur Legitimität von Demokratien, was wir verändern müssen, damit die Demokratie als Regierungsform nicht eines Tages ohne Volk dasteht.

The Code for Global Ethics

Ten Humanist Principles

Author: Rodrigue Tremblay,Paul Kurtz

Publisher: N.A


Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 1657

This forward-looking, optimistic, and eminently reasonable discussion of humanist ideals makes an important contribution to laying the foundations for a just and peaceable global community.

Democracy at Risk

How Political Choices Undermine Citizen Participation, and What We Can Do About It

Author: Stephen Macedo

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815797869

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 9634

Voter turnout was unusually high in the 2004 U.S. presidential election. At first glance, that level of participation—largely spurred by war in Iraq and a burgeoning culture war at home—might look like vindication of democracy. If the recent past is any indication, however, too many Americans will soon return to apathy and inactivity. Clearly, all is not well in our civic life. Citizens are participating in public affairs too infrequently, too unequally, and in too few venues to develop and sustain a robust democracy. This important new book explores the problem of America's decreasing involvement in its own affairs. D emocracy at Risk reveals the dangers of civic disengagement for the future of representative democracy. The authors, all eminent scholars, undertake three main tasks: documenting recent trends in civic engagement, exploring the influence that the design of political institutions and public policies have had on those trends, and recommending steps that will increase the amount and quality of civic engagement in America. The authors focus their attention on three key areas: the electoral process, including elections and the way people get involved; the impact of location, including demographic shifts and changing development patterns; and the critical role of nonprofit organizations and voluntary associations, including the philanthropy that help keep them going. This important project, initially sponsored by the American Political Science Association, tests the proposition that social science has useful insights on the state of our democratic life. Most importantly, it charts a course for reinvigorating civic participation in the world's oldest democracy. The authors: Stephen Macedo (Princeton University), Yvette Alex-Assensoh (Indiana University), Jeffrey M. Berry (Tufts), Michael Brintnall (American Political Science Association), David E. Campbell (Notre Dame), Luis Ricardo Fraga (Stanford), Archon Fung (Harvard), William A. Galston (University of Maryland), Christopher F. Karpowitz (Princeton), Margaret Levi (University of Washington), Meira Levinson (Radcliffe Institute), Keena Lipsitz (California–Berkeley), Richard G. Niemi (University of Rochester), Robert D. Putnam (Harvard), Wendy M. Rahn (University of Minnesota), Keith Reeves (Swarthmore), Rob Reich (Stanford), Robert R. Rodgers (Princeton), Todd Swanstrom (Saint Louis University), and Katherine Cramer Walsh (University of Wisconsin).

Rethinking attention deficit disorders

Author: Miriam Cherkes-Julkowski,Susan Sharp,Jonathan Stolzenberg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781571290373

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 9381

Groundbreaking analysis of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A



Page: N.A

View: 6664

Terrorism and Tyranny

Trampling Freedom, Justice, and Peace to Rid the World of Evil

Author: James Bovard

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1466892765

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 4861

"The war on terrorism is the first political growth industry of the new Millennium." So begins Jim Bovard's newest and, in some ways, most provocative book as he casts yet another jaundiced eye on Washington and the motives behind protecting "the homeland" and prosecuting a wildly unpopular war with Iraq. For James Bovard, as always, it all comes down to a trampling of personal liberty and an end to privacy as we know it. From airport security follies that protect no one to increased surveillance of individuals and skyrocketing numbers of detainees, the war on terrorism is taking a toll on individual liberty and no one tells the whole grisly story better than Bovard.

Democracy Gone

A Chronicle of the Last Chapters of the Great American Democratic Experiment

Author: Robert P. Abele

Publisher: Hamilton Books

ISBN: 076184676X

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 9859

This book argues that the last eight years in particular have shown us that our democracy has largely evaporated, leaving behind only an exoskeleton that was once its original vertebrae of ends and principles. It is critical to our form of democracy in the U.S. that citizens become active participants.

Is there hope for Uncle Sam?

beyond the American bubble

Author: Jan Nederveen Pieterse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848130234

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 1971

For over a century now, America has dominated global politics and the global imagination. Yet as the dollar declines, inequality increases, rates of consumption are unprecedented and American unilateralism comes under fire, such hegemony is increasingly unsustainable. In this provocative new book, leading sociologist Jan Nederveen Pieterse asks whether it’s possible for America to chart a different course. In this book, he argues that correcting the course of decline would mean taking drastic steps. Only a reinvention of New Deal politics could address social inequality, while repositioning itself in world politics would mean adopting genuine multilateralism.