Automation in Textile Machinery

Instrumentation and Control System Design Principles

Author: L. Ashok Kumar,M Senthil kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498781942

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 426

View: 6670

Book includes comprehensive analysis of the trends and technologies in automation and control systems used in textile engineering. Each of the chapter explain important components of an integrated control system in various facets of textile manufacturing and its applications.

Automation in Garment Manufacturing

Author: Rajkishore Nayak,Rajiv Padhye

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081011334

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 426

View: 1307

Automation in Garment Manufacturing provides systematic and comprehensive insights into this multifaceted process. Chapters cover the role of automation in design and product development, including color matching, fabric inspection, 3D body scanning, computer-aided design and prototyping. Part Two covers automation in garment production, from handling, spreading and cutting, through to finishing and pressing techniques. Final chapters discuss advanced tools for assessing productivity in manufacturing, logistics and supply-chain management. This book is a key resource for all those engaged in textile and apparel development and production, and is also ideal for academics engaged in research on textile science and technology. Delivers theoretical and practical guidance on automated processes that benefit anyone developing or manufacturing textile products Offers a range of perspectives on manufacturing from an international team of authors Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the topic, from fabric construction, through product development, to current and potential applications

Mechatronic Design in Textile Engineering

Author: M. Acar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401102252

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 311

View: 9640

Mechatronic Design in Textile Engineering contains a selection of contributions to the NATO ASI which took place in April 1992, in Turkey. In addition to the introductory sections on the mechatronics concept and design methodology and the impact of advance in technology on the mechatronics concept; the importance of the mechatronic design in the textile industries is highlighted, together with many examples. These include: mechatronics in the design of textile machinery, such as 3-D braiding; weaving and LAN systems for weaving; yarn tension compensation; texturing; spinning: measurement automation and diagnosis, knowledge-based expert systems; automated garment manufacture and assembly; and apparel manufacture. The book is unique in that it brings together many applications of mechatronics in textile machinery and system design. In that respect it will serve as a reference book for designers as well as for students of textile technology and engineering.

Process Control in Textile Manufacturing

Author: Abhijit Majumdar,Apurba Das,R Alagirusamy,V K Kothari

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857095633

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 3666

Complex raw materials and manufacturing processes mean the textile industry is particularly dependent on good process control to produce high and consistent product quality. Monitoring and controlling process variables during the textile manufacturing process also minimises waste, costs and environmental impact. Process control in textile manufacturing provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods. Part one introduces key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing. Testing and statistical quality control are also discussed before part two goes on to consider control in fibre production and yarn manufacture. Chapters review process and quality control in natural and synthetic textile fibre cultivation, blowroom, carding, drawing and combing. Process control in ring and rotor spinning and maintenance of yarn spinning machines are also discussed. Finally part three explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a final discussion of process control in apparel manufacturing. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Process control in textile manufacturing is an essential guide for textile engineers and manufacturers involved in the processing of textiles, as well as academic researchers in this field. Provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods Discusses key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing, before addressing testing and statistical quality control Explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a discussion on process control in apparel manufacturing

Joining Textiles

Principles and Applications

Author: I Jones,G K Stylios

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857093967

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 3653

Understanding the techniques for joining fabrics together in a way that considers durability, strength, leak-tightness, comfort in wear and the aesthetics of the joints is critical to the production of successful, structurally secure fabric products. Joining textiles: Principles and applications is an authoritative guide to the key theories and methods used to join fabrics efficiently. Part one provides a clear overview of sewing technology. The mechanics of stitching, sewing and problems related to sewn textiles are discussed, along with mechanisms of sewing machines and intelligent sewing systems. Part two goes on to explore adhesive bonding of textiles, including principles, methods and applications, along with a review of bonding requirements in coating and laminating of textiles. Welding technologies are the focus of part three. Heat sealing, ultrasonic and dielectric textile welding are covered, as are laser seaming of fabrics and the properties and performance of welded or bonded seams. Finally, part four reviews applications of joining textiles such as seams in non-iron shirts and car seat coverings, joining of wearable electronic components and technical textiles, and the joining techniques involved in industrial and medical products including nonwoven materials. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Joining textiles is an important reference work for textile product manufacturers, designers and technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and academics working in this area. Provides an authoritative guide to the key theories and methods used to efficiently join fabrics Discusses the mechanics of stitching and sewing and problems related to sewn textiles, alongside mechanisms of sewing machines, and intelligent sewing systems Explores adhesive bonding of textiles, including principles, methods and applications, along with a review of bonding requirements in coating and laminating of textiles

Rise of the Robots

Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future

Author: Martin Ford

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465040675

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 7872

Winner of the 2015 FT & McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award A New York Times Bestseller Top Business Book of 2015 at Forbes One of NBCNews.com 12 Notable Science and Technology Books of 2015 What are the jobs of the future? How many will there be? And who will have them? As technology continues to accelerate and machines begin taking care of themselves, fewer people will be necessary. Artificial intelligence is already well on its way to making "good jobs" obsolete: many paralegals, journalists, office workers, and even computer programmers are poised to be replaced by robots and smart software. As progress continues, blue and white collar jobs alike will evaporate, squeezing working- and middle-class families ever further. At the same time, households are under assault from exploding costs, especially from the two major industries-education and health care-that, so far, have not been transformed by information technology. The result could well be massive unemployment and inequality as well as the implosion of the consumer economy itself. The past solutions to technological disruption, especially more training and education, aren't going to work. We must decide, now, whether the future will see broad-based prosperity or catastrophic levels of inequality and economic insecurity. Rise of the Robots is essential reading to understand what accelerating technology means for our economic prospects-not to mention those of our children-as well as for society as a whole.

Electronics in Textiles and Clothing

Design, Products and Applications

Author: L. Ashok Kumar,C. Vigneswaran

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498715516

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 426

View: 698

Electronics in Textiles and Clothing: Design, Products and Applications covers the fundamentals of electronics and their applications in textiles and clothing product development. The book emphasizes the interface between electronics and textile materials, detailing diverse methods and techniques used in industrial practice. It explores ways to integrate textile materials with electronics for communicating/signal transferring applications. It also discusses wearable electronic products for industrial applications based on functional properties and end users in sectors such as defense, medicine, health monitoring, and security. The book details the application of wearable electronics and outlines the textile fibres used for wearable electronics. It includes coverage of different yarn types and fabric production techniques and modifications needed on conventional machines for developing fabrics using specialty yarns. The coverage includes problems faced during the production processes and their solutions. Novel sensors, specialty yarns, Body Sensor Networks (BSN), and the development of flexible solar tents used for power generation round out the coverage. The book then concludes with discussions of the development of fabric-integrated wearable electronic products for use in mobihealth care systems, smart cloth for ambulatory remote monitoring, electronic jerkin, heating gloves, and pneumatic gloves. Based mainly on the authors’ projects and field work, the book takes a practical approach to the issues involved in designing electronic circuits and their possibilities for signals, giving you an understanding of problems that can occur when executing the work. It also describes the future scope of e-textiles using conductive materials for medical, healthcare textile product development, and safety aspects. The text provides guidelines for the development of wearable textiles, giving a new meaning to the term human-machine symbiosis in the context of pervasive/invisible computing.

Modelling, Simulation and Control of the Dyeing Process

Author: R. Shamey,X. Zhao

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 085709758X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 260

View: 2321

With increased environmental awareness and rising costs, manufacturers are investing in real time monitoring and control of dyeing to increase its efficiency and quality. This book reviews ways of automating the dyeing process as well as ways of understanding key processes in dyeing, including dye transport in fluid systems. This understanding is then used to create models to simulate the dyeing process which can then be used to develop appropriate measurement and control systems. Control of variables such as temperature, pH, conductivity and dye concentration can then be used to ensure a more consistent and cost-effective dyeing process. Reviews the dyeing process and dye house automation, and the factors that affect dyeing quality and common difficulties in the process. Explains the principles underlying the dyeing process and provides a thorough understanding of the mathematical models that can be used to approximate it. Discusses techniques for monitoring dyebaths and controlling the dyeing process.

Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems

An Introduction to Theory, Modeling with MATLAB/SIMULINK, and the Role of Soft Computing Techniques

Author: S. Sumathi,L. Ashok Kumar,P. Surekha

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319149415

Category: Science

Page: 790

View: 3768

This textbook starts with a review of the principles of operation, modeling and control of common solar energy and wind-power generation systems before moving on to discuss grid compatibility, power quality issues and hybrid models of Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS). MATLAB/SIMULINK models of fuel cell technology and associated converters are discussed in detail. The impact of soft computing techniques such as neural networks, fuzzy logic and genetic algorithms in the context of solar and wind energy is explained with practical implementation using MATLAB/SIMULINK models. This book is intended for final year undergraduate, post-graduate and research students interested in understanding the modeling and control of Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems based on MATLAB/SIMULINK. - Each chapter includes “Learning Objectives” at the start, a “Summary” at the end and helpful Review Questions - Includes MATLAB/SIMULINK models of different control strategies for power conditioning units in the context of Solar PV - Presents soft computing techniques for Solar PV and WECS, as well as MATLAB/SIMULINK models, e.g. for wind turbine topologies and grid integration - Covers hybrid solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems with converters and MATLAB/SIMULINK models - Reviews harmonic reduction in Solar PV and Wind Energy Conversion Systems in connection with power quality issues - Covers fuel cells and converters with implementation using MATLAB/SIMULINK

Industrial Machinery Repair

Best Maintenance Practices Pocket Guide

Author: Ricky Smith,R. Keith Mobley

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080478476

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 4883

Industrial Machinery Repair provides a practical reference for practicing plant engineers, maintenance supervisors, physical plant supervisors and mechanical maintenance technicians. It focuses on the skills needed to select, install and maintain electro-mechanical equipment in a typical industrial plant or facility. The authors focuses on "Best Maintenance Repair Practices" necessary for maintenance personnel to keep equipment operating at peak reliability and companies functioning more profitably through reduced maintenance costs and increased productivity and capacity. A number of surveys conducted in industries throughout the United States have found that 70% of equipment failures are self-induced. If the principles and techniques in this book are followed, it will result in a serious reduction in "self induced failures". In the pocketbook format, this reference material can be directly used on the plant floor to aid in effectively performing day-to-day duties. Data is presented in a concise, easily understandable format to facilitate use in the adverse conditions associated with the plant floor. Each subject is reduced to it simplest terms so that it will be suitable for the broadest range of users. Since this book is not specific to any one type of industrial plant and is useful in any type of facility. The new standard reference book for industrial and mechanical trades Accessible pocketbook format facilitates on-the-job use Suitable for all types of plant facilities

Power Electronics with MATLAB

Author: L. Ashok Kumar,A. Kalaiarasi,Y. Uma Maheswari

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316642313

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 544

View: 9989

"Discusses the essential concepts of power electronics through MATLAB examples and simulations"--

Textiles for Industrial Applications

Author: R. Senthil Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466566507

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 406

View: 7288

An evolution is currently underway in the textile industry and Textile for Industrial Applications is the guidebook for its growth. This industry can be classified into three categories—clothing, home textile, and industrial textile. Industrial textiles, also known as technical textiles, are a part of the industry that is thriving and showing great promise. Unlike conventional textiles traditionally used for clothing or furnishing by consumers, industrial textiles are used for manufacturing and functionality purposes, and generally by other industries. This book provides an encyclopedic review of industrial textiles, covering all of the latest trends in the development and application of these textiles with advice and suggestions on how to apply them in other industries. Discusses the latest technologies adopted in the industrial textile industry including nano finishing and plasma applications Covers the basic fundamentals about product characteristics and production techniques Caters to students and faculty involved in textile technology, composite technology, and other interdisciplinary courses as it relates to product engineering and product development Textiles for Industrial Applications details the market potential and growth of industrial textiles and explains the steps involved in the product development of industrial textiles. It discusses property requirement, the basic textile manufacturing process, manufacturing techniques and fibers used, as well as application methods. The book highlights recent developments in terms of raw material usage, manufacturing technology, and value-added finishes in this sector. A separate chapter focuses on the testing procedures of various industrial textiles.

Flexible Automation in Japan

Author: J. Hartley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662072491

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 6535

Much has been said and written about Japan's manufacturing prowess. Most ofthe comment comes from people who are merely visitors to the country and can be best cIassified as 'observers looking in from the outside'. Other views come from the Japanese themselves in which the double barrier of culture and language filters out much information that would be of real value to Western industrialists. Neither of these limitations apply to John Hartley, who has been resident in Japan for the past five years. He understands the culture, can speak the language and has extensive contacts at the highest level. Therefore, he is in a unique position to report on the Japanese scene and its activities in advanced manufacturing technology. This he has been doing on a regular basis to IFS magazines: The Industrial Robot, Assembly Automation, Sensor Review and The FMS Magazine. Most of the material in this book is from John Hartley's 'pen' and represents his most significant contributions on flexible automation in Japan to these journals over the last three years. It is augmented with a few other articles written by leading authorities on new technology in Japanese manufacturing industry.

What To Do When Machines Do Everything

How to Get Ahead in a World of AI, Algorithms, Bots, and Big Data

Author: Malcolm Frank,Paul Roehrig,Ben Pring

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119278678

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 5205

The essential playbook for the future of your business What To Do When Machines Do Everything is a guidebook to succeeding in the next generation of the digital economy. When systems running on Artificial Intelligence can drive our cars, diagnose medical patients, and manage our finances more effectively than humans it raises profound questions on the future of work and how companies compete. Illustrated with real-world cases, data, and insight, the authors provide clear strategic guidance and actionable steps to help you and your organization move ahead in a world where exponentially developing new technologies are changing how value is created. Written by a team of business and technology expert practitioners—who also authored Code Halos: How the Digital Lives of People, Things, and Organizations are Changing the Rules of Business—this book provides a clear path to the future of your work. The first part of the book examines the once in a generation upheaval most every organization will soon face as systems of intelligence go mainstream. The authors argue that contrary to the doom and gloom that surrounds much of IT and business at the moment, we are in fact on the cusp of the biggest wave of opportunity creation since the Industrial Revolution. Next, the authors detail a clear-cut business model to help leaders take part in this coming boom; the AHEAD model outlines five strategic initiatives—Automate, Halos, Enhance, Abundance, and Discovery—that are central to competing in the next phase of global business by driving new levels of efficiency, customer intimacy and innovation. Business leaders today have two options: be swallowed up by the ongoing technological evolution, or ride the crest of the wave to new profits and better business. This book shows you how to avoid your own extinction event, and will help you; Understand the untold full extent of technology's impact on the way we work and live. Find out where we're headed, and how soon the future will arrive Leverage the new emerging paradigm into a sustainable business advantage Adopt a strategic model for winning in the new economy The digital world is already transforming how we work, live, and shop, how we are governed and entertained, and how we manage our money, health, security, and relationships. Don't let your business—or your career—get left behind. What To Do When Machines Do Everything is your strategic roadmap to a future full of possibility and success. Or peril.

Computational Intelligence Paradigms for Optimization Problems Using MATLAB®/SIMULINK®

Author: S. Sumathi,L. Ashok Kumar,Surekha. P

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498743714

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 601

View: 8017

Considered one of the most innovative research directions, computational intelligence (CI) embraces techniques that use global search optimization, machine learning, approximate reasoning, and connectionist systems to develop efficient, robust, and easy-to-use solutions amidst multiple decision variables, complex constraints, and tumultuous environments. CI techniques involve a combination of learning, adaptation, and evolution used for intelligent applications. Computational Intelligence Paradigms for Optimization Problems Using MATLAB®/ Simulink® explores the performance of CI in terms of knowledge representation, adaptability, optimality, and processing speed for different real-world optimization problems. Focusing on the practical implementation of CI techniques, this book: Discusses the role of CI paradigms in engineering applications such as unit commitment and economic load dispatch, harmonic reduction, load frequency control and automatic voltage regulation, job shop scheduling, multidepot vehicle routing, and digital image watermarking Explains the impact of CI on power systems, control systems, industrial automation, and image processing through the above-mentioned applications Shows how to apply CI algorithms to constraint-based optimization problems using MATLAB® m-files and Simulink® models Includes experimental analyses and results of test systems Computational Intelligence Paradigms for Optimization Problems Using MATLAB®/ Simulink® provides a valuable reference for industry professionals and advanced undergraduate, postgraduate, and research students.

Colour Measurement

Principles, Advances and Industrial Applications

Author: M. L. Gulrajani

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857090194

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 6814

The measurement of colour is important in many commercial operations and professions, such as bleaching and colouration of textiles, applications of paints, dentistry and colouration of food products. This book will discuss colour measurement theories, the latest technological and scientific developments of measuring colour and the applications of colour measurement. Part one reviews the underlying theories, principles and methods of how to measure colour. It includes topics such as expressing colours numerically, camera based colour measurement, colour shade sorting and determining and improving the accuracy of colour measurement. Part two presents a selection of industrial applications illustrating the use of colour measurement in textiles, paint, teeth, hair and food. With its international range of contributors, Colour measurement: Principles, advances and industrial applications is beneficial to a variety of readers such as colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers, dentists, cosmetologists and anyone who uses colour in their work. It will also be a valuable reference for academics and students studying design, fashion or colour related subjects. Discusses colour measurement theories and the latest technological and scientific developments of measuring colour Case studies illustrate camera based colour measurement and review visual and instrumental evaluation of whiteness and yellowness applications in industries including cosmetics and dentistry Motivations for colour measurement are explored to answer questions raised as to why colours do not match and explain factors such as wet and dry fabric differences

Managing Convergence in Innovation

The new paradigm of technological innovation

Author: Kong-rae Lee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315514877

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 166

View: 8217

Technology in several forms, especially Information Technology (IT), has a strong tendency to converge at varying degrees. This phenomenon of converging innovation is likely to deepen and widen in the future due to intense competition in global markets. Asian manufacturing firms in particular lead the global industrial innovation. Convergent innovation exists as a constant disequilibrium between reference technology and matching technology; innovations of these technologies occur at different degrees to attain an optimal balance. Innovations as a result of convergence are often beneficial, improving welfare and employment. This book sheds light on the little-discussed idea of convergent innovation with examples hailing from Asia. The book also proposes new theories and investigates convergence at the micro level – guaranteed food for thought for academics interested in innovation economics and management.

Process Management in Spinning

Author: R. Senthil Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482208377

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 416

View: 2842

A Straightforward Text Summarizing All Aspects of Process Control Textile manufacturing is one of the largest industries in the world, second only to agriculture. Spinning covers a prominent segment in textile manufacturing, and this budding industry continues to thrive and grow. Process Management in Spinning considers aspect of process management, and offers insight into the process control procedures and methods of spinning. Focusing on the technology as well as the management of the process, it examines both the economic and technological advancements currently taking place in the spinning industry. This text takes a close look at the advancing technology in manufacturing and process, and product quality control. It provides a basic overview of the subject, and also presents applications of this technology for practicing engineers. Incorporates Industry-Based, Real-World Examples The book contains 15 chapters that specifically address the stages of process control, energy management methods, humidification and ventilation systems basics, pollution management, process management tools, productivity, waste control, material handling, and other aspects of spinning mills. It also includes real-time case studies involving typical problems that arise in spinning processes and strategies used to contain them. The author provides a broad outlook on various topics including mixing, winding, raw material and optimizing raw material properties, bale management, yarn engineering systems, processing, and process management systems. He also details the defects associated with each and every process with causes, effects, and control measures. The book addresses process management as it relates to productivity, quality, and costs, as well as process control as it relates to man, machine, and material. Provides the scientific method for optimization/optimizing the properties of the fibers Familiarizes the reader with remedial measures to enhance the quality of the product Addresses productivity measurement and its role in controlling the cost of the manufacturing process Contains detailed examples, as well as linear programming and optimization techniques, and statistical applications Covers the areas of process control methods in spinning, defect analysis and rectification, improving productivity and quality, and using statistical tools Process Management in Spinning establishes the various process management measures required to help improve the process efficiency in spinning mills and the textile industry overall. Aimed at professionals in the textile industry, this text is a perfect resource for textile engineers/technologists/manufacturers, spin quality control engineers, spin quality assurance personnel, and other industry professionals.

Garment Manufacturing Technology

Author: Rajkishore Nayak,Rajiv Padhye

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1782422390

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 498

View: 4646

Garment Manufacturing Technology provides an insiders' look at this multifaceted process, systematically going from design and production to finishing and quality control. As technological improvements are transforming all aspects of garment manufacturing allowing manufacturers to meet the growing demand for greater productivity and flexibility, the text discusses necessary information on product development, production planning, and material selection. Subsequent chapters covers garment design, including computer-aided design (CAD), advances in spreading, cutting and sewing, and new technologies, including alternative joining techniques and seamless garment construction. Garment finishing, quality control, and care-labelling are also presented and explored. Provides an insiders look at garment manufacturing from design and production to finishing and quality control Discusses necessary information on product development, production planning, and material selection Includes discussions of computer-aided design (CAD), advances in spreading, cutting and sewing, and new technologies, including alternative joining techniques and seamless garment construction Explores garment finishing, quality control, and care labelling

Industrial Automation: Hands On

Author: Frank Lamb

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 007181647X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 1203

A practical guide to industrial automation concepts, terminology, and applications Industrial Automation: Hands-On is a single source of essential information for those involved in the design and use of automated machinery. The book emphasizes control systems and offers full coverage of other relevant topics, including machine building, mechanical engineering and devices, manufacturing business systems, and job functions in an industrial environment. Detailed charts and tables serve as handy design aids. This is an invaluable reference for novices and seasoned automation professionals alike. COVERAGE INCLUDES: * Automation and manufacturing * Key concepts used in automation, controls, machinery design, and documentation * Components and hardware * Machine systems * Process systems and automated machinery * Software * Occupations and trades * Industrial and factory business systems, including Lean manufacturing * Machine and system design * Applications