Autonomous Vehicle Navigation

From Behavioral to Hybrid Multi-Controller Architectures

Author: Lounis Adouane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498715591

Category: Computers

Page: 228

View: 1898

Improve the Safety, Flexibility, and Reliability of Autonomous Navigation in Complex Environments Autonomous Vehicle Navigation: From Behavioral to Hybrid Multi-Controller Architectures explores the use of multi-controller architectures in fully autonomous robot navigation—even in highly dynamic and cluttered environments. Accessible to researchers and graduate students involved in mobile robotics and fully autonomous vehicle navigation, the book presents novel techniques and concepts that address different complex mobile robot tasks. The author examines the development of reliable elementary controllers and proposes mechanisms to manage the interaction of these multi-controller architectures while addressing different constraints and enhancing metrics/criteria linked to the safety, flexibility, and reliability of the proposed control architectures. He covers the modeling of subtasks, reliable obstacle avoidance, appropriate stable control laws for target reaching/tracking, short- and long-term trajectory/waypoint planning, navigation through sequential waypoints, and the cooperative control and interaction of a group of mobile robots. The author’s website provides MATLAB® and Simulink® source code of the main procedures related to the task modeling, planning, and control of mobile robots. It also includes videos showing the main simulations and experiments given in the text. In addition to flexible and bottom-up construction, multi-controller architectures can be formally analyzed to achieve reliable navigation in complex environments. This book reveals innovative control architectures that can lead to fully autonomous vehicle navigation in these challenging situations.

The Brain from Inside Out

Author: Gyorgy Buzsaki

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190905387

Category: Medical

Page: 464

View: 679

Is there a right way to study how the brain works? Following the empiricist's tradition, the most common approach involves the study of neural reactions to stimuli presented by an experimenter. This 'outside-in' method fueled a generation of brain research and now must confront hidden assumptions about causation and concepts that may not hold neatly for systems that act and react. György Buzsáki's The Brain from Inside Out examines why the outside-in framework for understanding brain function have become stagnant and points to new directions for understanding neural function. Building upon the success of Rhythms of the Brain, Professor Buzsáki presents the brain as a foretelling device that interacts with its environment through action and the examination of action's consequence. Consider that our brains are initially filled with nonsense patterns, all of which are gibberish until grounded by action-based interactions. By matching these nonsense "words" to the outcomes of action, they acquire meaning. Once its circuits are "calibrated" by action and experience, the brain can disengage from its sensors and actuators, and examine "what happens if" scenarios by peeking into its own computation, a process that we refer to as cognition. The Brain from Inside Out explains why our brain is not an information-absorbing coding device, as it is often portrayed, but a venture-seeking explorer constantly controlling the body to test hypotheses. Our brain does not process information: it creates it.

Predictive Computing and Information Security

Author: P.K. Gupta,Vipin Tyagi,S.K. Singh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811051070

Category: Computers

Page: 162

View: 4816

This book describes various methods and recent advances in predictive computing and information security. It highlights various predictive application scenarios to discuss these breakthroughs in real-world settings. Further, it addresses state-of-art techniques and the design, development and innovative use of technologies for enhancing predictive computing and information security. Coverage also includes the frameworks for eTransportation and eHealth, security techniques, and algorithms for predictive computing and information security based on Internet-of-Things and Cloud computing. As such, the book offers a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers interested in exploring predictive modeling techniques and architectures to solve information security, privacy and protection issues in future communication.

Autonomes Fahren

Technische, rechtliche und gesellschaftliche Aspekte

Author: Markus Maurer,J. Christian Gerdes,Barbara Lenz,Hermann Winner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662458543

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 732

View: 8537

Ist das voll automatisierte, autonom fahrende Auto zum Greifen nah? Testfahrzeuge und Zulassungen in den USA erwecken diesen Eindruck, werfen aber gleichzeitig viele neue Fragestellungen auf. Wie werden autonome Fahrzeuge in das aktuelle Verkehrssystem integriert? Wie erfolgt ihre rechtliche Einbettung? Welche Risiken bestehen und wie wird mit diesen umgegangen? Und welche Akzeptanz seitens der Gesellschaft sowie des Marktes kann hinsichtlich dieser Entwicklungen überhaupt erwartet werden? Das vorliegende Buch gibt Antworten auf ein breites Spektrum dieser und weiterer Fragen. Expertinnen und Experten aus Deutschland und den USA beschreiben aus ingenieur- und gesellschaftswissenschaftlicher Sicht zentrale Themen im Zusammenhang mit der Automatisierung von Fahrzeugen im öffentlichen Straßenverkehr. Sie zeigen auf, welche „Entscheidungen“ einem autonomen Fahrzeug abverlangt werden beziehungsweise welche „Ethik“ programmiert werden muss. Die Autorinnen und Autoren diskutieren Erwartungen und Bedenken, die die individuelle wie auch die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz des autonomen Fahrens kennzeichnen. Ein durch autonome Fahrzeuge erhöhtes Sicherheitspotenzial wird den Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätzen, die bei der Absicherung des Sicherheitskonzeptes eine Rolle spielen, gegenübergestellt. Zudem erläutern sie, welche Veränderungsmöglichkeiten und Chancen sich für unsere Mobilität und die Neuorganisation des Verkehrsgeschehens ergeben, nicht zuletzt auch für den Güterverkehr. Das Buch bietet somit eine aktuelle, umfassende und wissenschaftlich fundierte Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema „Autonomes Fahren“.

Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles 1998 (IAV'98)

A Proceedings Volume from the 3rd IFAC Symposium : Madrid, Spain, 25-27 March 1998

Author: Miguel Á. Salichs,Aarne Halme

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 664

View: 8084

These proceedings contain papers presented at the 3rd IFAC Symposium on Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles held in Madrid, Spain. The aim of the symposium was to present and discuss research and development on advanced applications in the field of land-based marine and aerospace intelligent autonomous vehicles. The papers describe not only new methods and technologies on solving classic problems related with intelligent autonomous vehicles, but also new approaches to their design, such as new architectures, topological navigation and self-learning systems.

Proceedings 2002 IEEE

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780780373983

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: N.A

View: 1399

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5429

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology

Author: Grant R. Gerhart,Chuck M. Shoemaker,Douglas Whitney Gage

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN: 9780819457899

Category: Robots

Page: N.A

View: 3072

Robot Control 2003 (SYROCO '03)

A Proceedings Volume from the 7th IFAC Symposium, Wrocław, Poland, 1-3 September 2003

Author: Ignacy Dulęba,Jurek Sasiadek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080440095

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 594

View: 9747

SYROCO'2003 covered areas and aspects of robot control Topics: Robot control techniques (adaptive, robust, learning) Modeling and identification Control of discrete / continuous-time robotic systems Non-holonomic robotic systems Intelligent control Control based on sensing Control design and architectures Force and compliance control Grasp control Flexible robots Micro robots Mobile robots Walking robots Humanoid robots Teleoperation and man / machine dynamic systems Multi-Robot-Systems, cooperative robots Applications: space, underwater, civil engineering, surgery, entertainment, mining, etc. *Provides the latest research on Robotics *Contains contributions written by experts in the field. *Part of the IFAC Proceedings Series which provides a comprehensive overview of the major topics in control engineering.

Robotics and Manufacturing

Recent Trends in Research, Education, and Applications : Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Robotics and Manufacturing: Research, Education, and Applications (ISRAM '94), Held August 14-18, 1994, in Maui, Hawaii, U.S.A.

Author: Mohammad Jamshidi

Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ISBN: 9780791800447

Category: Robots, Industrial

Page: 791

View: 1824

Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Robotics and Manufacturing: Research, Education, and Applications, August 14-18, 1994, in Maui, Hawaii. Today's breakthrough approaches in robotics and automation give manufacturers greater accuracy in their plants and more favorable impacts on their bottom line. Moreover, advances in software and hardware-plus new technologies derived from artificial intelligence are helping to increase economic growth on a global basis. In robotics and manufacturing, frontline authorities examine which developments are finding acceptance in industrial applications. Contributors also consider environmental issues, as the book provides a glimpse into automation's impact on new approaches to environmentally conscious manufacturing.

Safe, Autonomous and Intelligent Vehicles

Author: Huafeng Yu,Xin Li,Richard M. Murray,S. Ramesh,Claire J. Tomlin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319973010

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 204

View: 6046

This book covers the start-of-the-art research and development for the emerging area of autonomous and intelligent systems. In particular, the authors emphasize design and validation methodologies to address the grand challenges related to safety. This book offers a holistic view of a broad range of technical aspects (including perception, localization and navigation, motion control, etc.) and application domains (including automobile, aerospace, etc.), presents major challenges and discusses possible solutions.

Proceedings of the 2000 Congress on Evolutionary Computation

CEC00 : July 16-19, 2000, La Jolla Marriott Hotel, La Jolla, California, USA

Author: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

Publisher: Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers(IEEE)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 1590

View: 6311

These volumes contain the proceedings of the 2000 Congress on Evolutionary Computation. The papers address: genetic programming; evolutionary optimization; the evolution of neural networks; evolutionary robotics; data mining with evolutionary algorithms; bio-inspired hardware; and more.

Proceedings

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computer engineering

Page: N.A

View: 2443

Autonomous Robots

From Biological Inspiration to Implementation and Control

Author: George A. Bekey

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262025782

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 577

View: 482

An introduction to the science and practice of autonomous robots that reviews over 300 current systems and examines the underlying technology.