Basic Principles of Membrane Technology

Author: J. Mulder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401708355

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 6183

Membranes playa central role in our daily life, or as indicated by one of my foreign colleagues, Richard Bowen, 'If you are tired of membranes, you are tired of life' . Biological membranes are hardly used in industrial applications, but separations with synthetic membranes have become increasingly important. Today, membrane processes are used in a wide range of applications and their numbers will certainly increase. Therefore, there is a need for well educated and qualified engineers, chemists, scientists and technicians who have been taught the basic principles of membrane technology. However, despite the growing importance of membrane processes, there are only a few universities that include membrane technology in their regular curricula. One of the reasons for this may be the lack of a comprehensive textbook. For me, this was one of the driving forces for writing a textbook on the basic principles of membrane technology which provides a broad view on the various aspects of membrane technology. I realise that membrane technology covers a broad field but nevertheless I have tried to describe the basic principles of the various disciplines. Although the book was written with the student in mind it can also serve as a first introduction for engineers, chemists, and technicians in all kind of industries who wish to learn the basics of membrane technology.

Membrane Technology and Applications

Author: Richard W. Baker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118359690

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 5663

“… the best handbook on membrane technology, which is currently on the market... ” –Membrane News (on the previous edition) Building on the success of the previous edition, Membrane Technology and Applications Third Edition provides a comprehensive overview of separation membranes, their manufacture and their applications. Beginning with a series of general chapters on membrane preparation, transport theory and concentration polarization, the book then surveys several major areas of membrane application in separate chapters. Written in a readily accessible style, each chapter covers its membrane subject thoroughly, from historical and theoretical backgrounds through to current and potential applications. Topics include reverse osmosis, ultrafiltration, pervaporation, microfiltration, gas separation and coupled and facilitated transport; chapters on electrodialysis and medical applications round out the coverage. NEW TO THE THIRD EDITION New sections on the use of membranes in the chlor-alkali industry, membrane distillation, pressure retarded osmosis and constant flux-variable pressure ultrafiltration Zeolite and ceramic membranes, submerged membrane modules, and fuel cell membranes Substantially enhanced chapters on ultrafiltration, pervaporation and membrane contactors Updates to every chapter to reflect the developments in the field

Membrane-Based Separations in Metallurgy

Principles and Applications

Author: Lan Ying Jiang,Li Na

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780128034101

Category:

Page: 312

View: 8321

Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane's multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities

Author: Enrico Drioli,A. Criscuoli,E. Curcio

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080457017

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 9966

Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities, Volume 11 covers new operations that could be efficiently used to improve the performance of a variety of industrial production cycles in applications ranging from biotechnology to agrofood. This book focuses on the basic "principles of work": required membrane materials and properties; major operating parameters; the importance of module configuration and design and; the performance of membrane contactors in specific processes. The authors’ dynamic approach to this subject makes Membrane Contactors: Fundamentals, Applications and Potentialities, Volume 11 the most comprehensive book currently available on all aspects related to the 'membrane contactor world. * Describes new unit operations in process engineering * Covers a wide variety of industrial applications, from biotechnology to agrofood * Applicable to process intensification and sustainable growth strategies

Liquid Membranes

Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment

Author: Vladimir S Kislik

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080932569

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 462

View: 9224

Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors. - Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes. - Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.

Reverse Osmosis

Design, Processes, and Applications for Engineers

Author: Jane Kucera

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119145783

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 3205

This new edition of the bestselling Reverse Osmosis is the most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the process of reverse osmosis in industrial applications, a technology that is becoming increasingly more important as more and more companies choose to “go green.” This book covers all of the processes and equipment necessary to design, operate, and troubleshoot reverse osmosis systems, from the fundamental principles of reverse osmosis technology and membranes to the much more advanced engineering principles necessary for designing a reverse osmosis system. The second edition is an enhanced version of the original best seller. Each chapter has been reviewed and updated. Revised features include more detail on various pretreatment techniques such as greensand and pyrolusite pretreatment media. The design projection chapter has been edited to include up-to-date information on current projection programs. A new section on microbial fouling control featuring chlorine and alternative techniques is included to address the needs of most RO systems. Also, a discussion on forward osmosis is added as an alternative and/or companion technology to reverse osmosis for water treatment. The second edition includes all updated, basic, in-depth information for design, operation, and optimization of reverse osmosis systems. Earlier chapters cover the basic principles, the history of reverse osmosis, basic terms and definitions, and essential equipment. The book then goes into pretreatment processes and system design, then, finally, operations and troubleshooting. The author includes a section on the impact of other membrane technologies and even includes a “Frequently Asked Questions” chapter.

Principles of Desalination

Author: K Spiegler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323145256

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 582

View: 8829

Principles of Desalination focuses on the principles of the developing technology of large-scale desalting. This book presents the principal desalting methods and explores the process of hyperfiltration or reverse osmosis. Comprised of 11 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the water use and the problem of a potential water shortage. This text then discusses the fundamentals of the major desalting methods in use and explores the basic scientific and design principles that underlie the methods. Other chapters consider the method of vapor reheat distillation, which incorporates the liquid–liquid heat exchange principle. This book discusses as well the various aspects of ion exchange and explores the mechanisms in dual-purpose plants producing both distilled water and steam-turbine raised power. The final chapter considers the cost of conventional water supplies. This book is a valuable resource for technologists and scientists. Students in the graduate courses of engineering will also find this book useful.

Membrane Separation Principles and Applications

From Material Selection to Mechanisms and Industrial Uses

Author: Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Mukhlis A. Rahman,Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman,Takeshi Matsuura

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012812816X

Category: Science

Page: 493

View: 4776

Membrane Separation Principles and Applications: From Material Selection to Mechanisms and Industrial Uses, the latest volume in the Handbooks in Separation Science series, is the first single resource to explore all aspects of this rapidly growing area of study. Membrane technology is now accepted as one of the most effective tools for separation and purification, primarily due to its simple operation. The result has been a proliferation of studies on this topic; however, the relationships between fundamental knowledge and applications are rarely discussed. This book acts as a guideline for those who are interested in exploring membranes at a more progressive level. Covering methods of pressure driving force, partial pressure driving force, concentration driving force, electrical potential driving force, hybrid processes, and more, this volume is more complete than any other known resource on membrane separations. Covers membrane material selection, membrane fabrication, membrane characterization, separation mechanisms and applications in each chapter Authored by contributors who are internationally recognized as experts in their respective fields Organized by the driving force behind each type of membrane separation—a unique approach that more clearly links fundamental principles with their dominant applications

Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications

Author: Angelo Basile,Suzana Pereira Nunes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857093797

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 8881

Membrane materials allow for the selective separation of gas and vapour and for ion transport. Materials research and development continues to drive improvements in the design, manufacture and integration of membrane technologies as critical components in both sustainable energy and clean industry applications. Membrane utilisation offers process simplification and intensification in industry, providing low-cost, and efficient and reliable operation, and contributing towards emissions reductions and energy security. Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications presents a comprehensive review of membrane utilisation and integration within energy and environmental industries. Part one introduces the topic of membrane science and engineering, from the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation to membrane characterization and economic analysis. Part two focuses on membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in coal and gas power plants, including pre- and post-combustion and oxygen transport technologies. Part three reviews membranes for the petrochemical industry, with chapters covering hydrocarbon fuel, natural gas and synthesis gas processing, as well as advanced biofuels production. Part four covers membranes for alternative energy applications and energy storage, such as membrane technology for redox and lithium batteries, fuel cells and hydrogen production. Finally, part five discusses membranes utilisation in industrial and environmental applications, including microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and forward osmosis, as well as water, wastewater and nuclear power applications. With its distinguished editors and team of expert contributors, Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications is an essential reference for membrane and materials engineers and manufacturers, as well as researchers and academics interested in this field. Presents a comprehensive review of membrane science and technology, focusing on developments and applications in sustainable energy and clean-industry Discusses the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation and membrane characterization and economic analysis Addresses the key issues of membrane utilisation in coal and gas power plants and the petrochemical industry, the use of membranes for alternative energy applications and membrane utilisation in industrial and environmental applications

The MBR Book

Principles and Applications of Membrane Bioreactors for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Author: Simon Judd

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465104

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 7466

The use of membranes is increasing throughout industry, and particularly the water industry.The municipal water industry, which is concerned with the provision of clean drinking water to the population, is a big user and developer of membrane technology which helps it to provide water free of pathogens, chemicals, odours and unwanted tastes. Municipal authorities also have to process sewage and waste water, and membranes are used extensively in these processes. The MBR Book covers all important aspects of Membrane BioReactors in water and waste water treatment, from the fundamentals of the processes via design principles to MBR technologies. Industrial case studies help interpret actual results and give pointers for best practice. Useful appendices provide data on commercial membranes and international membrane organisations. * Major growth area in the water industries * Internationally-known author * Principles and practice, backed by case studies

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Benjamin Blass

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012411525X

Category: Medical

Page: 580

View: 2666

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, providing comprehensive explanations of enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine, all areas that have become critical steps in the successful development of marketable therapeutics. The text introduces the fundamental principles of drug discovery and development, also discussing important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process. It is designed to enable new scientists to rapidly understand the key fundamentals of drug discovery, including pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and intellectual property." Provides a clear explanation of how the pharmaceutical industry works Explains the complete drug discovery process, from obtaining a lead, to testing the bioactivity, to producing the drug, and protecting the intellectual propertyIdeal for anyone interested in learning about the drug discovery process and those contemplating careers in the industry Explains the transition process from academia or other industries

Progress in Filtration and Separation

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012398307X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 698

View: 3764

Progress in Filtration and Separation contains reference content on fundamentals, core principles, technologies, processes, and applications. It gives detailed coverage of the latest technologies and research, models, applications and standards, practical implementations, case studies, best practice, and process selection. Extensive worked examples are included that cover basic calculations through to process design, including the effects of key variables. Techniques and topics covered include pervaporation, electrodialysis, ion exchange, magnetic (LIMS, HIMS, HGMS), ultrasonic, and more. Solves the needs of university based researchers and R&D engineers in industry for high-level overviews of sub-topics within the solid-liquid separation field Provides insight and understanding of new technologies and methods Combines the expertise of several separations experts

Membrane Handbook

Author: Winston Ho,Kamalesh Sirkar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461535484

Category: Science

Page: 954

View: 8750

Membrane processes have wide industrial ap This handbook reviews the published litera plications covering many existing and emerging ture, presents an in-depth description of com uses in the chemical, petrochemical, petroleum, mercialized membrane processes, and gives a state-of-the-art review of new membrane pro environmental, water treatment, pharmaceutic al, medical, food, dairy, beverage, paper, tex cess concepts under development. It is intended tile, and electronic industries. The existing ap to be a single source of underlying principles, membranes, membrane modules, process de plications include: (1) dialysis for the purifica tion of human blood (the artificial kidney), (2) sign, applications, and cost estimates. It is also electrodialysis for the desalination of brackish a first attempt to bridge the gap between the water to produce potable water, (3) reverse theory and practice. osmosis for the desalination of seawater, (4) There are several groups which may benefit ultrafiltration for the concentration of large pro from this handbook. It can be used as educa tein molecules from cheese, casein whey, and tional material for industrial personnel engaged milk, and (5) microfiltration for the sterilization in membrane separations. For scientists and of pharmaceutical and medical products, beer, engineers active in research and development in wine, and soft drinks. Since membrane pro synthetic membranes, it will serve as a single cesses generally have low capital investment, as source of reference for the entire field.

Membrane Processes for Water Reuse

Author: Anthony Wachinski

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071748962

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 8671

COST-EFFECTIVE MEMBRANE SOLUTIONS FOR WATER AND WASTEWATER REUSE APPLICATIONS Written by a water and wastewater industry expert with more than 35 years of experience, this book describes how membrane technology can be used alone, coupled with aerobic or anaerobic processes, or as integrated membrane systems to process treated municipal effluent or industrial wastewater for discharge, recycle, or reuse. After reviewing chemistry fundamentals and basic principles, Membrane Processes for Water Reuse covers microfiltration, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, and membrane coupled bioprocesses. The design, sizing, and selection of membrane technologies for water recycling and reuse applications is discussed in detail. Wastewater reuse case studies and example problems illustrate the concepts presented in this practical, authoritative guide. Coverage includes: Water reuse overview Water quality Basic concepts of membrane filtration processes Low pressure membrane technology--microfiltration and ultrafiltration Diffusive membrane technologies--nanofiltration and reverse osmosis Membrane-coupled bioprocess Design of membrane systems for water recycling and reuse Future trends and challenges

Ion-Exchange Membrane Separation Processes

Author: H Strathmann

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080509402

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 360

View: 7168

Today, membranes and membrane processes are used as efficient tools for the separation of liquid mixtures or gases in the chemical and biomedical industry, in water desalination and wastewater purification. Despite the fact that various membrane processes, like reverse osmosis, are described in great detail in a number of books, processes involving ion-exchange membranes are only described in a fragmented way in scientific journals and patents; even though large industrial applications, like electrodialysis, have been around for over half a century. Therefore, this book is emphasizing on the most relevant aspects of ion-exchange membranes. This book provides a comprehensive overview of ion-exchange membrane separation processes covering the fundamentals as well as recent developments of the different products and processes and their applications. The audience for this book is heterogeneous, as it includes plant managers and process engineers as well as research scientists and graduate students. The separate chapters are based on different topics. The first chapter describes the relevant Electromembrane processes in a general overview. The second chapter explains thermodynamic and physicochemical fundamentals. The third chapter gives information about ion-exchange membrane preparation techniques, while the fourth and fifth chapter discusses the processes as unit operations giving examples for the design of specific plants. First work on the principles and applications of electrodialysis and related separation processes Presently no other comprehensive work that can serve as both reference work and text book is available Book is suited for teaching students and as source for detailed information

Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification

Author: J.G. Crespo,Karl W. Böddeker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401583404

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 2224

The chapters of this book are based upon lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Membrane Processes in Separation and Purification (March 21 - April 2, 1993, Curia, Portugal), organized as a successor and update to a similar Institute that took place 10 years ago (p.M.Bungay, H.K. Lonsdale, M.N. de Pinho (Eds.): Synthetic Membranes: Science, Engineering and Applications, NATO ASI Series, Reidel, Dordrecht, 1986). The decade between the two NATO Institutes witnesses the transition from individually researched membrane processes to an applied and established membrane separation technology, as is reflected by the contents of the corresponding proceeding volumes. By and large, the first volume presents itself as a textbook on membrane processes, still valid, while the present volume focuses on areas of separation need as amenable to membrane processing: Biotechnology and Environmental Technology. Accordingly, the contributions to this volume are grouped into "Membranes in Biotechnology" (11 papers), "Membranes in Environmental Technology" (6 papers), and "New Concepts" (4 papers). This is followed by one contribution each on "Energy Requirements" and "Education", i.e., membrane processes within an academic curriculum. The book thus amounts to a state of the art of applied membrane processing and may well augment the more fundamental approach of its predecessor.

Principles of Membrane Bioreactors for Wastewater Treatment

Author: Hee-Deung Park,In-Soung Chang,Kwang-Jin Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466590386

Category: Medical

Page: 445

View: 1540

Principles of Membrane Bioreactors for Wastewater Treatment covers the basic principles of membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology, including biological treatment, membrane filtration, and MBR applications. The book discusses concrete principles, appropriate design, and operational aspects. It covers a wide variety of MBR topics, including filtration theory, membrane materials and geometry, fouling phenomena and properties, and strategies for minimizing fouling. Also covered are the practical aspects such as operation and maintenance. Case studies and examples in the book help readers understand the basic concepts and principles clearly, while problems presented help advance relevant theories more deeply. Readers will find this book a helpful resource to understand the state of the art in MBR technology.

MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES

Author: KAUSHIK NATH

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120352912

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 6656

This concise and systematically organized text, now in its second edition, gives a clear insight into various membrane separation processes. It covers the fundamentals as well as the recent developments of different processes along with their industrial applications and the products. It includes the basic principles, operating parameters, membrane hardware, flux equation, transport mechanism, and applications of membrane-based technologies. Membrane separation processes are largely rate-controlled separations which require rate analysis for complete understanding. Moreover, a higher level of mathematical analysis, along with the understanding of mass transfer, is also required. These are amply treated in different chapters of the book to make the students comprehend the membrane separation principles with ease. This textbook is primarily designed for undergraduate students of chemical engineering, biochemical engineering and biotechnology for the course in membrane separation processes. Besides, the book will also be useful to process engineers and researchers. KEY FEATURES • Provides sufficient number of examples of industrial applications related to chemical, metallurgical, biochemical and food processing industries. • Focuses on important biomedical applications of membrane-based technologies such as blood oxygenator, controlled drug delivery, plasmapheresis, and bioartificial organs. • Includes chapter-end short questions and problems to test students’ comprehension of the subject. NEW TO THIS EDITION • A new section on membrane cleaning is included. Membrane fabrication methods are supplemented with additional information (Chapter 2). • Additional information on silt density index, forward osmosis and sea water desalination (Chapter 3). • Physicochemical parameters affecting nanofiltration, determination of various resistances using resistance in series model and few more industrial applications with additional short questions (Chapter 4). • Membrane cross-linking methods used in pervaporation, factors affecting pervaporation and few more applications (Chapter 9). • Membrane distillation, membrane reactor with different modules, types of membranes and reactions for membrane reactor (Chapter 13).

Industrial Membrane Separation Technology

Author: K. Scott,R. Hughes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401106274

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 9208

Membrane science and technology is an expanding field and has become a prominent part of many activities within the process industries. It is relatively easy to identify the success stories of membranes such as desali nation and microfiltration and to refer to others as developing areas. This, however, does not do justice to the wide field of separations in which membranes are used. No other 'single' process offers the same potential and versatility as that of membranes. The word separation classically conjures up a model of removing one component or species from a second component, for example a mass transfer process such as distillation. In the field of synthetic membranes, the terminology 'separation' is used in a wider context. A range of separations of the chemical/mass transfer type have developed around the use of membranes including distillation, extraction, absorption, adsorption and stripping, as well as separations of the physical type such as filtration. Synthetic membranes are an integral part of devices for analysis, energy generation and reactors (cells) in the electrochemical industry.

Introduction to Membrane Science and Technology

Author: Heinrich Strathmann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527324518

Category: Science

Page: 473

View: 3901

"The objective of this book is to provide a short but reasonably comprehensive introduction to membrane science and technology suitable for graduate students and persons with engieering or natural science background to gain a basic understanding of membranes, their function and application without studying a large number of different reference books."--P. xiii.