Organische Chemie für Dummies

Author: Arthur Winter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527822402

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 7032

Man könnte meinen, dass eine Wissenschaft, die sich hauptsächlich mit Verbindungen eines einzigen Elements auseinandersetzt, vergleichsweise übersichtlich ist. Doch Kohlenstoff ist ein ganz besonderes Element, denn Kohlenstoffverbindungen bilden die Grundlagen des Lebens. "Organische Chemie für Dummies" führt Sie in die Geheimnisse der organischen Verbindungen ein, erklärt Ihnen die Grundlagen der Spektrometrie und Spektroskopie, zeigt Ihnen, welche Reaktionen möglich und welche unmöglich sind und vieles mehr. Nach jedem Kapitel finden Sie Übungsaufgaben mit ausführlichen Lösungen. So unterstützt Sie das Buch bei Ihrem Einstieg in die Organische Chemie.

The Organic Chemistry of Sugars

Author: Daniel E. Levy,Péter Fügedi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420027952

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 2464

Intrigued as much by its complex nature as by its outsider status in traditional organic chemistry, the editors of The Organic Chemistry of Sugars compile a groundbreaking resource in carbohydrate chemistry that illustrates the ease at which sugars can be manipulated in a variety of organic reactions. Each chapter contains numerous examples demonstrating the methods and strategies that apply mainstream organic chemistry to the chemical modification of sugars. The book first describes the discovery, development, and impact of carbohydrates, followed by a discussion of protecting group strategies, glycosylation techniques, and oligosaccharide syntheses. Several chapters focus on reactions that convert sugars and carbohydrates to non-carbohydrate molecules including the substitution of sugar hydroxyl groups to new groups of synthetic or biological interest, cyclitols and carbasugars, as well as endocyclic heteroatom substitutions. Subsequent chapters demonstrate the use of sugars in chiral catalysis, their roles as convenient starting materials for complex syntheses involving multiple stereogenic centers, and syntheses for monosaccharides. The final chapters focus on new and emerging technologies, including approaches to combinatorial carbohydrate chemistry, the biological importance and chemical synthesis of glycopeptides, and the medicinally significant concept of glycomimetics. Presenting the organic chemistry of sugars as a solution to many complex synthetic challenges, The Organic Chemistry of Sugars provides a comprehensive treatment of the manipulation of sugars and their importance in mainstream organic chemistry. Daniel E. Levy, editor of the Drug Discovery Series, is the founder of DEL BioPharma, a consulting service for drug discovery programs. He also maintains a blog that explores organic chemistry.

Organic Chemistry I Workbook For Dummies

Author: Arthur Winter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470405246

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 1408

From models to molecules to mass spectrometry-solve organic chemistry problems with ease Got a grasp on the organic chemistry terms and concepts you need to know, but get lost halfway through a problem or worse yet, not know where to begin? Have no fear - this hands-on guide helps you solve the many types of organic chemistry problems you encounter in a focused, step-by-step manner. With memorization tricks, problem-solving shortcuts, and lots of hands-on practice exercises, you'll sharpen your skills and improve your performance. You'll see how to work with resonance; the triple-threat alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes; functional groups and their reactions; spectroscopy; and more! 100s of Problems! Know how to solve the most common organic chemistry problems Walk through the answers and clearly identify where you went wrong (or right) with each problem Get the inside scoop on acing your exams! Use organic chemistry in practical applications with confidence

Electrochemical Reactions and Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

Author: J. Grimshaw

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080530727

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 1467

Electrochemical reactions make significant contributions to organic synthesis either in the laboratory or on an industrial scale. These methods have the potential for developing more "green" chemical synthesis. Over recent years, modern investigations have clarified the mechanisms of important organic electrochemical reactions. Progress has also been made in controlling the reactivity of intermediates through either radical or ionic pathways. Now is the time to gather all the electrochemical work into a textbook. As an essential addition to the armory of synthetic organic chemists, electrochemical reactions give results not easily achieved by many other chemical routes. This book presents a logical development of reactions and mechanisms in organic electrochemistry at a level suited to research scientists and final year graduate students. It forms an excellent starting point from which synthetic organic chemists, in both academia and industry, can appreciate uses for electrochemical methods in their own work. The book is also a reference guide to the literature.

The Basics of Chemistry

Author: Richard Myers

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313316647

Category: Science

Page: 373

View: 9587

Written for students beginning a formal study of chemistry, this volume encompasses many different topics in and approaches to introductory chemistry. Chapters are devoted to topics such as the atom, elements and the periodic table, bonding, equilibrium and kinetics, solutions, acids and bases, and chemical reactions. Several chapters discuss broad areas of chemistry including organic chemistry, biochemistry, environmental chemistry, and industrial chemistry. Illustrations and diagrams help the student understand chemical structures and reactions, and numerous tables present a wealth of reference information. The historical developments of chemical concepts are traced, and biographical information is provided on key individuals responsible for the development of modern chemistry. Appendices include an extensive bibliography, a glossary of over 400 chemical terms, an overview of Nobel laureates in chemistry, and an element reference table. This book will be of use not only to students, but also to anyone seeking an overview of the field. Teachers of all grades can use Basics of Chemistry as a practical general reference.

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

Author: Audrey Miller,Philippa H. Solomon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124967120

Category: Science

Page: 471

View: 3556

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry, Second Edition, is an invaluable guide to charting the movements of atoms and electrons in the reactions of organic molecules. Miller and Solomon illustrate that understanding organic reactions is based on applying general principles rather than the rote memorization of unrelated processes, and, in turn, emphasize that writing mechanisms is a practical method of applying knowledge of previously encountered reactions and reaction conditions to new reactions. Students and research chemists alike will find this book useful in providing a method of organizing and synthesizing an oftentimes overwhelming quantity of information into a set of general principles and guidelines for determining and describing organic reaction mechanisms. * Essential for those students who need to have mechanisms explained in greater detail than most organic chemistry textbooks provide. * Illustrated with hundreds of chemical structures * Extensively rewritten and reorganized to make the presentation and format even easier for students to use * Contains many problem sets and answers to all problems to help students work through general principles and applications * Appendixes have been added to this edition that contain easily referenced information on Lewis structures, symbols for chemical notation, and the relative acidities of common substances

The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects

Author: Stephen G Rees-Jones

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080570763

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 2113

The Organic Chemistry of Museum Objects provides an account of the composition, chemistry, and analysis of the organic materials which enter into the structures of objects in museum collections. This book is not intended to duplicate the information available in existing handbooks on the materials and techniques of art and conservation but rather to convey the state of knowledge of the chemical composition of such materials and so provide a framework for a general understanding of their properties. The book begins with a review of basic organic chemistry, covering hydrocarbons and compounds with functional groups. It then describes spectrometry and separation methods. This is followed by discussions of the chemistry and composition of oils and fats, natural waxes, bituminous materials, carbohydrates, proteins, and natural resins and lacquers. Subsequent chapters deal with synthetic materials, i.e., high molecular weight polymers of a wholly synthetic nature; and natural and synthetic dyestuffs. Also discussed are the deterioration and other changes in organic materials resulting from both free radical and ionic reactions; and the application of analytical methods to identify the organic materials of actual museum objects. This book is intended for both chemists and nonchemists.

Advanced Organic Chemistry

Author: Francis A. Carey,Richard J. Sundberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306462450

Category: Medical

Page: 958

View: 5645

Concentrating on the most important reactions used for organic synthesis, this upper-level textbook presents the material by reaction type. The final chapter discusses the planning and execution of multi-step synthesis.

Instant Notes in Organic Chemistry

Author: Graham Patrick

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1135321248

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 9413

Instant Notes in Organic Chemistry, Second Edition, is the perfect text for undergraduates looking for a concise introduction to the subject, or a study guide to use before examinations. Each topic begins with a summary of essential facts?an ideal revision checklist?followed by a description of the subject that focuses on core information, with clear, simple diagrams that are easy for students to understand and recall in essays and exams.

Organic Photochemistry

Principles and Applications

Author: Jacques Kagan

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 008098441X

Category: Science

Page: 234

View: 9709

Organic Photochemistry outlines the principles, techniques and well-known reactions occurring in organic molecules and also illustrates more complex photochemical transformations occurring in organic chemistry. Many photochemical transformations convert simple molecules into extremely complex products with an ease not approached by the standard synthetic chemistry practiced in the laboratory. In the earlier chapters, the author outlines the principles, techniques and some of the well-known reactions occurring in organic molecules and later illustrates more complex photochemical transformations occuring in organic chemistry. Experimental techniques are included to encourage novices. Topics are emphasized where structural transformations can be formulated chemically. Practical applications are collected together. The book starts at a comfortably simple level with enough examples to provide an introduction to the diversity of photochemical reactions. * Includes experimental techniques to encourage novices. * Emphasizes topics where structural transformations can be formulated chemically * Collects and presents practical applications * Written in a simple style including enough examples to serve as an introduction to the diversity of photochemical reactions

Succeeding in Organic Chemistry

A Systematic Problem-solving Approach to Mastering Structure, Function and Mechanism

Author: Joseph C. Sloop

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1452017379

Category: Education

Page: 144

View: 1902

This text is specifically designed to help introductory Organic Chemistry students Understand The fundamental concepts covered in undergraduate organic chemistry. The purpose of this book is three-fold: To explode the misconceptions and misgivings that are prevalent regarding this vast subject, provide additional insight for students on a number of concepts essential to mastery of organic chemistry, and explore alternative learning strategies to assist the beginning organic chemistry student in applying a specialized problem solving technique which centers on structure, function and a mechanistic approach. Examples of key chemical transformations are dissected and analyzed to assist students in improving their problem-solving skills. Each chapter contains a number of additional problems And The solutions to those problems are provided at the end of each chapter.

Environmental Organic Chemistry for Engineers

Author: James G. Speight

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128006684

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 538

View: 8155

Environmental Organic Chemistry for Engineers clearly defines the principles of environmental organic chemistry and the role they play in forming remediation strategies. In this reference, the author explores parameter estimation methods, the thermodynamics, and kinetics needed to predict the fate, transports, and reactivity of organic compounds in air, water, and soils. The book's four part treatment starts with the classification of organic molecules and physical properties of natural organic matter, halocarbons, phenols, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, organophosphates, and surfactants. An overview of remediation technologies and a discussion of the interactions that lead to physical properties that affect chemical distribution in the environment is also detailed, as are the important reaction classes of organic molecules, including substituent effects and structure and activity relationships found in Part Two and Three. Part four is devoted to the strengths and weaknesses of different remediation technologies and when they should be employed. Clearly defines the principles of environmental organic chemistry and the role they play in forming remediation strategies Includes the tools and methods for classifying environmental contaminants found in air, water, and soil Presents a wide-range of remediation technologies and when they should be deployed for maximum effect

From Alchemy to Chemistry

Author: John Read

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486170845

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1881

Broad, humanistic treatment focuses on great figures of chemistry and ideas that revolutionized the science. Much on alchemy, also development of modern chemistry, atomic theory, elements, organic chemistry, more. 50 illustrations.

Organische Chemie II für Dummies

Author: John T. Moore,Richard Langley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527707204

Category: Chemistry, Organic

Page: 360

View: 2142

Die Organische Chemie, die Welt des Kohlenstoffs, ist spannend, vielschichtig und manchmal auch ein wenig schwer zu verstehen. Dieses Buch ist das richtige für Sie, wenn Sie etwas mehr als nur die Grundlagen der Organik verstehen müssen und etwas tiefer in die Materie eindringen wollen. Sie erfahren, was Sie über Alkohole, Ether und Spektroskopie wissen sollten, was aromatische Verbindungen ausmacht, was es mit Carbonylen auf sich hat und vieles mehr. Auch kniffelige Themen wie Organometalle, Amine und Biomoleküle kommen nicht zu kurz. So bietet John T. Moore in diesem Buch einen leicht verständlichen Überblick über die etwas fortgeschrittenere Organische Chemie.

Theoretical Organic Chemistry

Author: C. Párkányi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080542720

Category: Science

Page: 621

View: 7019

This volume is devoted to the various aspects of theoretical organic chemistry. In the nineteenth century, organic chemistry was primarily an experimental, empirical science. Throughout the twentieth century, the emphasis has been continually shifting to a more theoretical approach. Today, theoretical organic chemistry is a distinct area of research, with strong links to theoretical physical chemistry, quantum chemistry, computational chemistry, and physical organic chemistry. The objective in this volume has been to provide a cross-section of a number of interesting topics in theoretical organic chemistry, starting with a detailed account of the historical development of this discipline and including topics devoted to quantum chemistry, physical properties of organic compounds, their reactivity, their biological activity, and their excited-state properties.

Organic Chemistry

An Acid—Base Approach

Author: Michael B. Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420079212

Category: Science

Page: 1592

View: 8528

Based on the premise that many, if not most, reactions in organic chemistry can be explained by variations of fundamental acid-base concepts, Organic Chemistry: An Acid–Base Approach provides a framework for understanding the subject that goes beyond mere memorization. The individual steps in many important mechanisms rely on acid–base reactions, and the ability to see these relationships makes understanding organic chemistry easier. Using several techniques to develop a relational understanding, this textbook helps students fully grasp the essential concepts at the root of organic chemistry. Providing a practical learning experience with numerous opportunities for self-testing, the book contains: Checklists of what students need to know before they begin to study a topic Checklists of concepts to be fully understood before moving to the next subject area Homework problems directly tied to each concept at the end of each chapter Embedded problems with answers throughout the material Experimental details and mechanisms for key reactions The reactions and mechanisms contained in the book describe the most fundamental concepts that are used in industry, biological chemistry and biochemistry, molecular biology, and pharmacy. The concepts presented constitute the fundamental basis of life processes, making them critical to the study of medicine. Reflecting this emphasis, most chapters end with a brief section that describes biological applications for each concept. This text provides students with the skills to proceed to the next level of study, offering a fundamental understanding of acids and bases applied to organic transformations and organic molecules.

A TEXTBOOK OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND PROBLEM ANALYSIS

Author: K. L. GHATAK

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120347978

Category: Science

Page: 1340

View: 8699

The book is primarily intended for the students pursuing an honours degree in chemistry. The chapters have been designed to enable the beginners to delve into the subject gradually right from the elementary aspects of organic chemistry, such as properties of molecules and nomenclature, to discussions on organic compounds in the traditional way, that is, beginning with the hydrocarbons and ending up with carboxylic acids and their derivatives with due emphasis on both aliphatic and aromatic compounds. This has been followed by heterocyclic compounds. Chapters on organic reaction mechanism and stereochemistry have been dealt with extra care to enable beginners to master organic chemistry to the core. Natural products, an important part of organic chemistry, have been dealt with due care avoiding too much detail. Each chapter has been supplemented with well chosen worked-out problems to help the students build a strong foundation in the subject.

Elements of Synthesis Planning

Author: R. W. Hoffmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540792208

Category: Science

Page: 227

View: 1619

Synthesis is at the core of organic chemistry. In order for compounds to be studied—be it as drugs, materials, or because of their physical properties— they have to be prepared, often in multistep synthetic sequences. Thus, the target compound is at the outset of synthesis planning. Synthesis involves creating the target compound from smaller, readily available building blocks. Immediately, questions arise: From which bui- ing blocks? In which sequence? By which reactions? Nature creates many highly complex “natural products” via reaction cascades, in which an asso- ment of starting compounds present within the cell is transformed by speci c (for each target structure) combinations of modular enzymes in speci c - quences into the target compounds [1, 2]. To mimic this ef ciency is the dream of an ideal synthesis [2]. However, we are at present so far from - alising such a “one-pot” operation that actual synthesis has to be achieved via a sequence of individual discrete steps. Thus, we are left with the task of planning each synthesis individually in an optimal fashion. Synthesis planning must be conducted with regard for certain speci - tions, some of which are due to the structure of the target molecule, and some of which relate to external parameters such as costs, environmental compatibility, or novelty. We will not consider these external aspects in this context. Planning of a synthesis is based on a pool of information regarding chemical reactions that can be executed reliably and in high chemical yield.

Organic Chemistry I For Dummies

Author: Arthur Winter, PhD

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0764569023

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 7296

A plain-English guide to one of the toughest science courses around Organic chemistry is rated among the most difficult courses that students take and is frequently the cause of washout among pre-med, medical, and nursing students. This book is an easy-to-understand and fun reference to this challenging subject. It explains the principles of organic chemistry in simple terms and includes worked-out problems to help readers get up to speed on the basics.