Author: Steven E. Sidebotham
Publisher: Univ of California Press
The legendary overland silk road was not the only way to reach Asia for ancient travelers from the Mediterranean. During the Roman Empire’s heyday, equally important maritime routes reached from the Egyptian Red Sea across the Indian Ocean. The ancient city of Berenike, located approximately 500 miles south of today’s Suez Canal, was a significant port among these conduits. In this book, Steven E. Sidebotham, the archaeologist who excavated Berenike, uncovers the role the city played in the regional, local, and "global" economies during the eight centuries of its existence. Sidebotham analyzes many of the artifacts, botanical and faunal remains, and hundreds of the texts he and his team found in excavations, providing a profoundly intimate glimpse of the people who lived, worked, and died in this emporium between the classical Mediterranean world and Asia.
Author: Stefan Pfeiffer
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Author: Kathryn A. Bard
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Social Science
This student-friendly introduction to the archaeology of ancientEgypt guides readers from the Paleolithic to the Greco-Romanperiods, and has now been updated to include recent discoveries andnew illustrations. • Superbly illustrated with photographs, maps, and siteplans, with additional illustrations in this new edition • Organized into 11 chapters, covering: thehistory of Egyptology and Egyptian archaeology; prehistoric andpharaonic chronology and the ancient Egyptian language; geography,resources, and environment; and seven chapters organizedchronologically and devoted to specific archaeological sites andevidence • Includes sections on salient topics such as theconstructing the Great Pyramid at Giza and the process ofmummification
Author: Timothy Power
This book examines the historic process traditionally referred to as the fall of Rome and rise of Islam from the perspective of the Red Sea, a strategic waterway linking the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean and a distinct region incorporating Africa with Arabia. The transition from Byzantium to the Caliphate is contextualized in the contestation of regional hegemony between Aksumite Ethiopia, Sasanian Iran, and the Islamic Hijaz. The economic stimulus associated with Arab colonization is then considered, including the foundation of ports and roads linking new metropolises and facilitating commercial expansion, particularly gold mining and the slave trade. Finally, the economic inheritance of the Fatimids and the formation of the commercial networks glimpsed in the Cairo Geniza is contextualized in the diffusion of the Abbasid ‘bourgeois revolution’ and resumption of the ‘India trade’ under the Tulunids and Ziyadids. Timothy Power’s careful analysis reveals the complex cultural and economic factors that provided a fertile ground for the origins of the Islamic civilization to take root in the Red Sea region, offering a new perspective on a vital period of history.
Author: Peregrine Horden,Sharon Kinoshita
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A Companion to Mediterranean History presents awide-ranging overview of this vibrant field of historical research,drawing together scholars from a range of disciplines to discussthe development of the region from Neolithic times to thepresent. Provides a valuable introduction to current debates onMediterranean history and helps define the field for a newgeneration Covers developments in the Mediterranean world from Neolithictimes to the modern era Enables fruitful dialogue among a wide range of disciplines,including history, archaeology, art, literature, andanthropology
Proceedings of Red Sea Project I Held in the British Museum, October 2002
Author: Paul Lunde,Alexandra Porter
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Category: Social Science
18 papers from the 1st Red Sea Project, held at the British Museum in October 2002. Contents: The Red Sea: the wind regime and location of ports (W. Facey); Arabian trade with ethiopia and the Horn of Africa: from ancient times to the 16th Century (R. Pankhurst); The elusive land of punt revisited (K.A. Kitchen); Pharaonic Egypt and the Red Sea arms trade (D.M. Dixon); Possible connections in Antiquity between the Red Sea coast of Yemen and the Horn of Africa (E.J. Keall); Ancient interaction across the southern Red Sea: new suggestions for investigating cultural exchange and complex societies during the 1st millennium BC (M.C. Curtis); The pre-Aksumite state in northern Ethiopia and Eritrea reconsidered (R. Fattovich); Pre-Aksumite Aksum and its neighbours (J. Phillips); Adulis to Aksum: charting the course of Antiquitys most important trade route in East Africa (W. Raunig); The Egyptp-Graeco-Romans and Panchaea/Azania: sailing in the Erythraean Sea (F. Chami); Reflections of ethnicity in the Red Sea commerce in Antiquity: evidence of trade goods, languages and religions from the excavations at Berenike (S.E Sidebottom); Gold dinars and silver dirhams in the Red Sea trade: the evidence of the Quseir documents (L. Guo); The merchants diet: food remains from Roman and medieval Quseir al-Qadim (M. Van der Veen); What the devil are you doing here? Arabic source for the arrival of the Portugese in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean (P. Lunde); Mamluk and Ottoman activity in Yemen in the 16th Century: coastal security and commercial significance (C. Smith); Quseir Fort and the archaeology of the Hajj (C. LeQuesne); Les echanges commerciaux entre les rives Africaine et Arabe de lespace Mer Rouge Golfe DAden aux seizieme et dix-septieme siecles (M. Tuchscherer); Luxury wares in the Red Sea: the Sadana Island shipwreck (C. Ward).
Author: Edward A. Alpers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The Indian Ocean remains the least studied of the world's geographic regions. Yet there have been major cultural exchanges across its waters and around its shores from the third millennium B.C.E. to the present day. Historian Edward A. Alpers explores the complex issues involved in cultural exchange in the Indian Ocean Rim region over the course of this long period of time by combining a historical approach with the insights of anthropology, art history, ethnomusicology, and geography. The Indian Ocean witnessed several significant diasporas during the past two millennia, including migrations of traders, indentured laborers, civil servants, sailors, and slaves throughout the entire basin. Persians and Arabs from the Gulf came to eastern Africa and Madagascar as traders and settlers, while Hadramis dispersed from south Yemen as traders and Muslim teachers to the Comoro Islands, Zanzibar, South India, and Indonesia. Southeast Asians migrated to Madagascar, and Chinese dispersed from Southeast Asia to the Mascarene Islands to South Africa. Alpers also explores the cultural exchanges that diasporas cause, telling stories of identity and cultural transformation through language, popular religion, music, dance, art and architecture, and social organization. For example, architectural and decorative styles in eastern Africa, the Red Sea, the Hadramaut, the Persian Gulf, and western India reflect cultural interchanges in multiple directions. Similarly, the popular musical form of taarab in Zanzibar and coastal East Africa incorporates elements of Arab, Indian, and African musical traditions, while the characteristic frame drum (ravanne) of s?ga, the widespread Afro-Creole dance of the Mascarene and Seychelles Islands, probably owes its ultimate origins to Arabia by way of Mozambique. The Indian Ocean in World History also discusses issues of trade and production that show the long history of exchange throughout the Indian Ocean world; politics and empire-building by both regional and European powers; and the role of religion and religious conversion, focusing mainly on Islam, but also mentioning Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity. Using a broad geographic perspective, the book includes references to connections between the Indian Ocean world and the Americas. Moving into the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, Alpers looks at issues including the new configuration of colonial territorial boundaries after World War I, and the search for oil reserves.
Age of Transition, 7th-9th Century
Author: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art New York
A groundbreaking investigation of the extraordinary art and material culture of the southern provinces of the Byzantine Empire during the momentous 7th to 9th century
Author: Marijke van der Veen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Social Science
This volume presents a completely new and very substantial body of information about the origin of agriculture and plant use in Africa. All the evidence is very recent and for the first time all this archaeobotanical evidence is brought together in one volume (at present the information is unpublished or published in many disparate journals, confer ence reports, monographs, site reports, etc. ). Early publications concerned with the origins of African plant domestication relied almost exclusively on inferences made from the modem distribution of the wild progenitors of African cultivars; there existed virtually no archaeobotanical data at that time. Even as recently as the early 1990s direct evidence for the transition to farming and the relative roles of indigenous versus Near Eastern crops was lacking for most of Africa. This volume changes that and presents a wide range of ex citing new evidence, including case studies from Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Uganda, Egypt, and Sudan, which range in date from 8000 BP to the present day. The volume ad dresses topics such as the role of wild plant resources in hunter-gatherer and farming com munities, the origins of agriculture, the agricultural foundation of complex societies, long-distance trade, the exchange of foods and crops, and the human impact on local vege tation-all key issues of current research in archaeology, anthropology, agronomy, ecol ogy, and economic history.
Category: Middle Eastern philology
From the Earliest Periods to the Present Time; Or, Universal History: in which the History of Every Nation, Ancient and Modern, is Seperately Given. Illustrated by 70 Stylographic Maps, and 700 Engravings
Author: Samuel Griswold Goodrich
Category: World history
Author: American Research Center in Egypt
A Maritime History of the World
Author: Lincoln Paine
Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd
A monumental, wholly accessible work of scholarship that retells human history through the story of mankind's relationship with the sea. An accomplishment of both great sweep and illuminating detail, The Sea and Civilization is a stunning work of history that reveals in breathtaking depth how people first came into contact with one another by ocean and river, and how goods, languages, religions, and entire cultures spread across and along the world's waterways. Lincoln Paine takes us back to the origins of long-distance migration by sea with our ancestors' first forays from Africa and Eurasia to Australia and the Americas. He demonstrates the critical role of maritime trade to the civilizations of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley. He reacquaints us with the great seafaring cultures of antiquity like those of the Phoenicians and Greeks, as well as those of India, Southeast and East Asia who parlayed their navigational skills, shipbuilding techniques, and commercial acumen to establish vibrant overseas colonies and trade routes in the centuries leading up to the age of European overseas expansion. His narrative traces subsequent developments in commercial and naval shipping through the post-Cold War era. Above all, Paine makes clear how the rise and fall of civilizations can be traced to the sea.
Author: Himanshu Prabha Ray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This is an archaeological study of the Indian subcontinent's ancient maritime history, before European expansion.
Author: Parameśa Caudhurī
Category: Hindu diaspora
Rezepte und Geschichten aus dem World Food Café
Author: Carolyn Caldicott,Chris Caldicott
Category: Technical assistance
The magazine of technical co-operation among developing countries, TCDC.