Bioeconomies

Life, Technology, and Capital in the 21st Century

Author: Vincenzo Pavone,Joanna Goven

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319556517

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 6433

This book explores the promissory discourses and practices associated with the bioeconomy, focusing especially on the transformation of institutions; the creation, appropriation, and distribution of value; the struggle over resources, power, and meaning; and the role of altruism, kinship, and care practices. Governments and science enthusiasts worldwide are embracing the bioeconomy, championing it as the key to health, wealth, and sustainability, while citing it as justification to transform research and regulatory institutions, health and agricultural practices, ethics of privacy and ownership, and conceptions of self and kin. Drawing together studies from Asia, Australia, the Americas, and Europe, this volume encompasses subjects as diverse as regenerative medicine, population health research, agricultural finance, biobanking, assisted reproduction, immigration, breastfeeding, self-help groups, GM fish, and mining sewage.

Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Thomas Piketty

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406671322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 6174

Wie entstehen die Akkumulation und die Distribution von Kapital? Welche Dynamiken sind dafür maßgeblich? Fragen der langfristigen Evolution von Ungleichheit, der Konzentration von Wohlstand in wenigen Händen und nach den Chancen für ökonomisches Wachstum bilden den Kern der Politischen Ökonomie. Aber befriedigende Antworten darauf gab es bislang kaum, weil aussagekräftige Daten und eine überzeugende Theorie fehlten. In Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert analysiert Thomas Piketty ein beeindruckendes Datenmaterial aus 20 Ländern, zurückgehend bis ins 18. Jahrhundert, um auf dieser Basis die entscheidenden ökonomischen und sozialen Abläufe freizulegen. Seine Ergebnisse stellen die Debatte auf eine neue Grundlage und definieren zugleich die Agenda für das künftige Nachdenken über Wohlstand und Ungleichheit. Piketty zeigt uns, dass das ökonomische Wachstum in der Moderne und die Verbreitung des Wissens es uns ermöglicht haben, den Ungleichheiten in jenem apokalyptischen Ausmaß zu entgehen, das Karl Marx prophezeit hatte. Aber wir haben die Strukturen von Kapital und Ungleichheit andererseits nicht so tiefgreifend modifiziert, wie es in den prosperierenden Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg den Anschein hatte. Der wichtigste Treiber der Ungleichheit – nämlich die Tendenz von Kapitalgewinnen, die Wachstumsrate zu übertreffen – droht heute extreme Ungleichheiten hervorzubringen, die am Ende auch den sozialen Frieden gefährden und unsere demokratischen Werte in Frage stellen. Doch ökonomische Trends sind keine Gottesurteile. Politisches Handeln hat gefährliche Ungleichheiten in der Vergangenheit korrigiert, so Piketty, und kann das auch wieder tun.

Moving People, Goods and Information in the 21st Century

The Cutting-Edge Infrastructures of Networked Cities

Author: Richard Hanley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134461682

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

View: 9959

Globalisation and technological innovation have changed the way people, goods, and information move through and about cities. To remain, or become, economically and environmentally sustainable, cities and their regions must adapt to these changes by creating cutting-edge infrastructures that integrate advanced technologies, communications, and multiple modes of transportation. The book defines cutting-edge infrastructures, details their importance to cities and their regions, and addresses the obstacles to creating those infrastructures.

Local Economic Development in the 21st Century: Quality of Life and Sustainability

Quality of Life and Sustainability

Author: Daphne T Greenwood,Richard P F Holt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131746592X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 5849

Provides a comprehensive look at local economic development and public policy, placing special emphasis on quality of life and sustainability. It draws extensively on case studies, and includes both mainstream and alternative perspectives in dealing with economic growth and development issues. The contributions of economic theories and empirical research to the policy debates, and the relationship of both to quality of life and sustainability are explored and clarified.

Innovating in Urban Economies

Economic Transformation in Canadian City-Regions

Author: David A. Wolfe

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666978

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 7625

In a globalizing, knowledge-based economy, innovation and creative capacity lead to economic prosperity. Starting in 2006, the Innovation Systems Research Network began a six year-long study on how city-regions in Canada were surviving and thriving in a globalized world. That study resulted in the “Innovation, Creativity, and Governance in Canadian City-Regions” series, which examines the impact of innovation, talent, and institutions on sixteen city-regions across Canada. This volume explores how the social dynamics that influence innovation and knowledge flows in Canadian city-regions contribute to transformation and long-term growth. With case studies examining cities of all sizes, from Toronto to Moncton, Innovating in Urban Economies analyzes the impact of size, location, and the regional economy on innovation and knowledge in Canada’s cities.

21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141297464X

Category: Science

Page: 883

View: 1439

This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Governing Childhood into the 21st Century

Biopolitical Technologies of Childhood Management and Education

Author: M. Nadesan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230106498

Category: Education

Page: 245

View: 8936

Neoliberal logics of government shaping childhood today produce market-based frameworks for understanding childhood risks. In this timely work, Nadesan argues that these frameworks encourage affluent parents to pursue individualized technologies of the self to reduce risks posed to their children's future success.

21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook

Author: Rhona C. Free

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412961424

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1000

View: 2548

Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Americans are debating the proper role of the government in company bailouts, the effectiveness of tax cuts versus increased government spending to stimulate the economy, and potential effects of deflation. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance. Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is intended to meet the needs of several types of readers. Undergraduate students preparing for exams will find summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics. Readers interested in learning about economic analysis of an issue as well students embarking on research projects will find introductions to relevant theory and empirical evidence. And economists seeking to learn about extensions of analysis into new areas or about new approaches will benefit from chapters that introduce cutting-edge topics. To make the book accessible to undergraduate students, models have been presented only in graphical format (minimal calculus) and empirical evidence has been summarized in ways that do not require much background in statistics or econometrics. It is thereby hoped that chapters will provide both crucial information and inspiration in a non-threatening, highly readable format.

Closing the Digital Divide

Transforming Regional Economies and Communities with Information Technology

Author: Stewart Marshall,Wallace Taylor,Xing Huo Yu

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567206029

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 222

View: 9037

Provides examples of best practice, case studies, and principles for transforming communities and regional economies using information technology.

Urban Social Capital

Civil Society and City Life

Author: Professor Gregory W Streich,Professor Joseph D Lewandowski

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409490440

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 8215

This volume presents a kaleidoscopic view of the norms and forms of contemporary city life, focusing especially on the processes of social capital (de)formation in the urban milieu. It brings together studies from highly diverse urban settings, such as squatter re-settlement projects in Kathmandu, urban funeral societies in Africa, an HIV/AIDS community in Los Angeles, the poor of Harare, pensioners in Shanghai, Maori gangs in Auckland, and a Roma boxing club in Prague, among others. Contributors draw on contemporary theory and research in social capital, political economy, urban planning and policy, social movements, civil society and democracy to explore how social norms, networks, connections and ties are created, deployed - and often frayed - under conditions of social complexity, inequality, cultural pluralism, and the ethno-racial diversity and division characteristic of urban contexts throughout the world. In this way, the volume engages in a genuinely globalized - and globalizing - discussion of contemporary urban social life and stands as a unique and timely interdisciplinary contribution to the ever-expanding literature devoted to social capital.

The American Economy

The Struggle for Supremacy in the 21st Century

Author: Nicolas Spulber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521595834

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 367

This work focuses on the economic challenges the American economy has met during the post-World War II era, and on the new challenges--represented notably by the competing economies of Japan, Germany, and the entire European union--that confront it as the twenty-first century approaches. The book shows how the transformations brought about by international competition fit the long-term processes of economic growth and change with respect to structural mutations, technological development, the role of the government, and the evolution of government-business relations. Nicholas Spulber presents a detailed critique of the thesis alleging that the American economy had experienced some kind of decline, and argues that the economy will continue to move forward energetically and successfully if growth and change are primarily left to emerge from the impulses and incentives of the private economy.

Towards a Better Global Economy

Policy Implications for Citizens Worldwide in the 21st Century

Author: Franklin Allen,Jere R. Behrman,Nancy Birdsall,Shahrokh Fardoust,Dani Rodrik,Andrew Steer,Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191035130

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 1367

Substantial progress in the fight against extreme poverty was made in the last two decades. But the slowdown in global economic growth and significant increases in income inequality in many developed and developing countries raise serious concerns about the continuation of this trend into the 21st century. The time has come to seriously think about how improvements in official global governance, coupled with and reinforced by rising activism of 'global citizens' can lead to welfare-enhancing and more equitable results for global citizens through better national and international policies. This book examines the factors that are most likely to facilitate the process of beneficial economic growth in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. It examines past, present, and future economic growth; demographic changes; the hyperglobalization of trade; the effect of finance on growth; climate change and resource depletion; and the sense of global citizenship and the need for global governance in order to draw longer-term implications, identify policy options for improving the lives of average citizens around the world, and make the case for the need to confront new challenges with truly global policy responses. The book documents how demographic changes, convergence, and competition are likely to bring about massive shifts in the sectoral and geographical composition of global output and employment, as the center of gravity of the global economy moves toward Asia and emerging economies elsewhere. It shows that the legacies of the 2008-09 crisis-high unemployment levels, massive excess capacities, and high debt levels-are likely to reduce the standard of living of millions of people in many countries over a long period of adjustment and that fluctuations in international trade, financial markets, and commodity prices, as well as the tendency of institutions at both the national and international level to favor the interests of the better-off and more powerful pose substantial risks for citizens of all countries. The chapters and their policy implications are intended to stimulate public interest and facilitate the exchange of ideas and policy dialogue.

Artificial Intelligence and Integrated Intelligent Information Systems: Emerging Technologies and Applications

Emerging Technologies and Applications

Author: Zha, Xuan

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599042517

Category: Computers

Page: 478

View: 4136

Researchers in the evolving fields of artificial intelligence and information systems are constantly presented with new challenges. Artificial Intelligence and Integrated Intelligent Information Systems: Emerging Technologies and Applications provides both researchers and professionals with the latest knowledge applied to customized logic systems, agent-based approaches to modeling, and human-based models. Artificial Intelligence and Integrated Intelligent Information Systems: Emerging Technologies and Applications presents the recent advances in multi-mobile agent systems, the product development process, fuzzy logic systems, neural networks, and ambient intelligent environments among many other innovations in this exciting field.

Key Concepts in Development Geography

Author: Rob Potter,Dennis Conway,Ruth Evans,Sally Lloyd-Evans

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446267997

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3805

"An excellent and supremely accessible guide to some key issues in development geography" - Stuart Corbridge, London School of Economics "Provides a clearly stated, informed and strongly structured pathway through the key literatures and debates" - Jonathan Rigg, Durham University Organized around 24 short essays, Key Concepts in Development Geography is an introductory text that provides students with the core concepts that form contemporary research and ideas within the development geography discipline. Written in a clear and transparent style, the book includes: an introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field over 24 key concept entries that provide comprehensive definitions, explanations and evolutions of the subject excellent pedagogy to enhance students' understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams, and further reading. Organized around five of the most important areas of concern, the book covers: the meanings and measurement of development; its theory and practice; work, employment and development; people, culture and development; and contemporary issues in development. The perfect companion for undergraduate and postgraduate students on geography degrees, the book is a timely look at the pressingly important field of international development studies today.

Global Gardening

Bioökonomie - Neuer Raubbau oder Wirtschaftsform der Zukunft?

Author: Christiane Grefe

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956140796

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4898

Autoreifen aus Löwenzahn, Plastik aus Kartoffeln, Sprit aus Zucker oder Flugkerosin aus Algen: von einer »wissensbasierten Bioökonomie« erhoffen sich deren Förderer Lösungen für die zentrale Frage des 21. Jahrhunderts. Wie können in Zeiten des Klimawandels immer mehr Menschen von immer weniger Ressourcen mit Nahrung, Energie und Materialien zugleich versorgt werden? Dabei konkurrieren Getreide und Futtermittel, Energiepflanzen, Fasern und Naturlandschaften für den Erhalt der Biodiversität schon jetzt um Flächen, Wasser und Boden. Wer in Ministerien, Konzernlaboren und Biotechnologie-Startups nachfragt, stößt auch auf andere Interessen:?an neuen Forschungsgeldern, Produktideen, Märkten und der Sicherung der Ressourcen in Entwicklungsländern. In Zukunft soll die synthetische Biologie Lebensformen neu konstruieren. Ist Bioökonomie also ein »totalitärer Ansatz«, wie Kritiker warnen oder sind neue Technologien sinnvoll? Wie müssen sich Handelsregeln, Forschungspolitik und Agrarsubventionen ändern, damit globale Vielfalt erhalten bleibt? Und wer entscheidet darüber? Die Journalistin Christiane Grefe ist diesen Fragen nachgegangen, hat mit Politikern gesprochen, mit Ökologen, Naturschützern und Bauern. In spannenden Reportagen, Streitgesprächen und Analysen zeigt sie die Risiken wie die Chancen der Bioökonomie – und wie nötig eine Debatte darüber ist, welche Natur wir in Zukunft wollen.

Social Work in the 21st Century

Author: Michael Reisch,Eileen Gambrill

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452246416

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 4040

This collection of original essays from leaders in the profession comments on the current state of social work in the United States, and how it ought to change, in light of social change in the US and the world as a whole.

Understanding Economics

Author: Harlan M. Smith

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765604835

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 188

View: 2792

This accessible workbook has been developed to provide readers with a solid grounding in economic principles. It offers a critical examination of 40 economic theorems and concepts - such as wealth distribution, supply and demand and finance - and the contexts in which they should be understood.