Biogeodynamics of Pollutants in Soils and Sediments

Risk Assessment of Delayed and Non-Linear Responses

Author: Wim Salomons,William M. Stigliani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642794181

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 8343

In the USA, Western and Central Europe, there are many large-scale polluted sites that are too large to be cleaned up economically with available technologies. The pollution is caused by heavy industries to soils and sediments in waterways and reservoirs. Since these areas are expected to remain polluted for many years, it is necessary to take a long-term view to insure that the capacity to retain the contaminants is not diminished and to understand the potential for large-scale contaminant mobilization at these sites triggered by changing environmental conditions. This book provides information for predicting long-term changes and making risk assessments and describes the approach of geochemical engineering to handling large-scale polluted sites.

Contaminated Rivers

A Geomorphological-Geochemical Approach to Site Assessment and Remediation

Author: Jerry R. Miller,Suzanne M. Orbock Miller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402056024

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 8201

This book provides an introductory understanding of fluvial geomorphic principles and how these principles can be integrated with geochemical data to cost-effectively characterize, assess and remediate contaminated rivers. The book stresses the importance of needing to understand both geomorphic and geochemical processes. Thus, the overall presentation is first an analysis of physical and chemical processes and, second, a discussion of how an understanding of these processes can be applied to specific aspects of site assessment and remediation. Such analyses provide the basis for a realistic prediction of the kinds of environmental responses that might be expected, for example, during future changes in climate or land-use.

Bulletin of the International Society of Soil Science

Bulletin de L'Association Internationale de la Science Du Sol. Mitteilungen Der Internationalen Bodenkundlichen Gesellschaft

Author: International Society of Soil Science

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Soil science

Page: N.A

View: 7673

Sediments and Toxic Substances

Environmental Effects and Ecotoxicity

Author: Wolfgang Calmano,Ulrich Förstner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364279890X

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 679

In modern sediment research on contaminants five aspects are discussed which, in an overlapping succession, also reflect develop ment of knowledge on particle-associated pollutants during the past twenty-five years: (1) identification of sources and their distribution; (2) evaluation of solid/solution relations; (3) study of transfer mecha nisms to biological systems; (4) assessment of environment impact; and (5) selection and further development of remedial measures, in par ticular, of dredged materials. Scientific research and practical develop ment are still expanding in all these individual aspects. Similar to other waste materials, management of contaminated sed iments requires a holistic approach. This means that assessment of biogeochemical reactions, interfacial processes and transfer mecha nisms as well as the prognosis of long-term borderline conditions, in particular of capacity-controlling properties, should be an integrated part of the wider management scheme, i.e., the analytical and experi mental parameters should always be related to potential remediation options for a specific sediment problem. The underlying coordinated project, which was funded by the German Federal Ministry for Science and Technology (now the Federal Ministry for Education, Science, Research and Technology) provided excellent opportunities for multidisciplinary effort, bringing together biologists, chemists, engineers, geologists and other researchers. During its active phase, the group attracted much interest nationally and internationally. The group members highly appreciate the manifold contacts and invitations during the past five years.

Mercury from Gold and Silver Mining

A Chemical Time Bomb?

Author: Luiz D.de Lacerda,Wim Salomons

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642587933

Category: Nature

Page: 147

View: 6503

Due to its inherent characteristics, mercury contamination from gold mining is a major environmental problem compared to past mercury contamination from industrial point sources. The worsening of social-economical conditions and increasing gold prices in the late 1970s resulted in a new rush for gold by individual entrepreneurs for whom Hg amalgamation is a cheap and easily carried out operation. Even after the present-day mining areas are exhausted, the mercury left behind will remain part of the biochemical cycle of the tropical forest. This book reviews the current information on mercury from gold mining, its cycling in the environment and its long-term ecotoxicological impact. The book is illustrated with numerous diagrams and photographs.

Soil Chemical Pollution, Risk Assessment, Remediation and Security

Author: Vardan Sargsyan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402082576

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 7459

The objective of this hugely important text is to contribute to the existing knowledge on soil pollution and remediation. Stress is given to the critical assessment of the used analyses and methods for study effects in combined chemical pollution (organic pollutants and pesticides, metals) on soil biota and fertility. Also featured is, among other things, an evaluation of specific aspects of risk assessment, and an assessment of advanced technologies for soil remediation.

Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 1359

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

Coastal Fluxes in the Anthropocene

The Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone Project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme

Author: Christopher J. Crossland,Hartwig H. Kremer,Han Lindeboom,Janet I. Marshall Crossland,Martin D. A. Le Tissier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540278516

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 4747

This book synthesizes knowledge of coastal and riverine material fluxes, biogeochemical processes and indications of change, both natural, and increasingly human-initiated. Here, the authors assess coastal flux in the past and present, and in future under the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP) and the LOICZ II (Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone) Project.

Environmental Contamination

Health Risks and Ecological Restoration

Author: Ming Hung Wong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439892385

Category: Science

Page: 518

View: 4306

Bringing together the research of 62 distinguished scientists in one volume, Environmental Contamination: Health Risks and Ecological Restoration offers a comprehensive view of the remediation of contaminated land. A one-stop resource, it covers historical and emerging contaminants, the issues of bioavailability of chemicals and their associated human health risks, and the latest remediation technologies. The book also contains numerous case studies, many of them drawn from the Asia-Pacific region, that look at the effects of rapid industrialization. The chapters are inspired by presentations and discussions held during the 2010 Croucher Advanced Study Institute workshop, entitled Remediation of Contaminated Land—Bioavailability and Health Risk. With the speed and scale of recent socioeconomic development, particularly in regions with less stringent environmental regulations, it is evident that various industrial activities have given rise to tremendous environmental degradation and severe health problems. The book begins with a description of current problems and future trends of pollutants, as well as their impact on the environment and human health. It then focuses on emerging contaminants, such as flame retardants and electronic waste. The book also examines research on environmentally friendly and sustainable solutions to remediate contaminated lands, exploring cutting-edge bioremediation and phytoremediation technologies. Chapters discuss arsenic biomethylation, copper homeostasis, microbial transformation of phthalate esters, the potential function of paddy fields in phytoremediation, the use of constructed wetlands for pollution control, phytostabilization of arsenic-contaminated sites, and more. This timely book provides readers with a highly focused reference on some of the most urgent environmental and health issues and research topics. These include e-waste recycling and arsenic and heavy metal contamination of rice—issues that are relevant for many countries around the world.

Introduction to Environmental Soil Physics

Author: Daniel Hillel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008049577X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 494

View: 7736

An abridged, student-oriented edition of Hillel's earlier published Environmental Soil Physics, Introduction to Environmental Soil Physics is a more succinct elucidation of the physical principles and processes governing the behavior of soil and the vital role it plays in both natural and managed ecosystems. The textbook is self-contained and self-explanatory, with numerous illustrations and sample problems. Based on sound fundamental theory, the textbook leads to a practical consideration of soil as a living system in nature and illustrates the influences of human activity upon soil structure and function. Students, as well as other readers, will better understand the importance of soils and the pivotal possition they occupy with respect to careful and knowledgeable conservation. Written in an engaging and clear style, posing and resolving issues relevant to the terrestrial environment Explores the gamut of the interactions among the phases in the soil and the dynamic interconnection of the soil with the subterranean and atmospheric domains Reveals the salient ideas, approaches, and methods of environmental soil physics Includes numerous illustrative exercises, which are explicitly solved Designed to serve for classroom and laboratory instruction, for self-study, and for reference Oriented toward practical problems in ecology, field-scale hydrology, agronomy, and civil engineering Differs from earlier texts in its wider scope and holistic environmental conception

Perspectives on Integrated Coastal Zone Management

Author: Wim Salomons,Kerry Turner,Luiz D. de Lacerda,S. Ramachandran

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642601030

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 8294

All coastal areas are facing a growing range of stresses and shocks, the scale of which now poses threats to the resilience of both human and environmental coastal systems. Responsible agencies are seeking better ways of managing the causes and consequences of the environmental change process in coastal zones. This volume discusses the basic principles underpinning a more integrated approach to coastal management and highlights the obstacles that may be met in practice in both developed and developing countries. Successful strategies will have to encompass all the elements of management, from planning and design through financing and implementation, as highlighted in this book.

Contaminated Sediments

Lectures on Environmental Aspects of Particle-Associated Chemicals in Aquatic Systems

Author: Ulrich Förstner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540461442

Category: Science

Page: 157

View: 6875

Sediments are increasingly recognized as both a carrier and a possible source of contaminants in aquatic systems, and they may also affect groundwater quality and agricultural products when disposed on land. Four aspects are covered reflecting the development of knowledge in particle-associated pollutants during the past twenty-five years: - the identification, surveillance, monitoring and control of sources and distribution of pollutants, - the evaluation of solid/solution relations of contaminants in surface waters, - the study of in-situ processes and mechanisms of pollutant transfer in various compartments of the aquatic ecosystems, - the assessment of the environmental impact of particle-bound contaminants, i.e. the development of sediment quality criteria. A final chapter focusses on practical aspects concerning contaminated sediments.

Organo-Clay Complexes and Interactions

Author: Shmuel Yariv,Harold Cross

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824705862

Category: Science

Page: 680

View: 4382

"Provides comprehensive coverage of the structures, properties, and interactions of organo-clay complexes as well as their role in the origin of life. Presents current techniques in nuclear magnetic resonance, differential thermal analysis and thermogravimetry, visible spectroscopy, and infrared and thermal-infrared spectroscopy for the analysis of fine structures in organo-clay complexes."

Trace Elements in Soils

Author: Peter Hooda

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444319485

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 616

View: 3531

Trace elements occur naturally in soils and some are essential nutrients for plant growth as well as human and animal health. However, at elevated levels, all trace elements become potentially toxic. Anthropogenic input of trace elements into the natural environment therefore poses a range of ecological and health problems. As a result of their persistence and potential toxicity, trace elements continue to receive widespread scientific and legislative attention. Trace Elements in Soils reviews the latest research in the field, providing a comprehensive overview of the chemistry, analysis, fate and regulation of trace elements in soils, as well as remediation strategies for contaminated soil. The book is divided into four sections: • Basic principles, processes, sampling and analytical aspects: presents an overview including general soil chemistry, soil sampling, analysis, fractionation and speciation. • Long-term issues, impacts and predictive modelling: reviews major sources of metal inputs, the impact on soil ecology, trace element deficient soils and chemical speciation modelling. • Bioavailability, risk assessment and remediation: discusses bioavailability, regulatory limits and cleanup technology for contaminated soils including phytoremediation and trace element immobilization. • Characteristics and behaviour of individual elements Written as an authoritative guide for scientists working in soil science, geochemistry, environmental science and analytical chemistry, the book is also a valuable resource for professionals involved in land management, environmental planning, protection and regulation.

Heavy Metals

Problems and Solutions

Author: Wim Salomons,Ulrich Forstner,Pavel Mader

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642793169

Category: Nature

Page: 414

View: 8012

"Heavy Metals: Problems and Solutions" is divided into three sections dealing with basic geochemical processes, remediation and case studies. The basic geochemical processes are discussed with respect to mobility in the environment and impact as well as methods to derive guidelines for heavy metals. Remediation focuses on currently available methods to treat contaminated sediments and soils. In addition, it considers the concept of geochemical engineering for remediation of large areas contaminated by metals. A number of case studies of polluted sediments and soils and their environmental impact highlight the principles discussed in the first two sections.

Water Quality Assessments

A Guide to the Use of Biota, Sediments, and Water in Environmental Monitoring

Author: Deborah V. Chapman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780419215905

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 626

View: 7445

This guidebook, now thoroughly updated and revised in its second edition, gives comprehensive advice on the designing and setting up of monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing valid data for water quality assessments in all types of freshwater bodies. It is clearly and concisely written in order to provide the essential information for all agencies and individuals responsible for the water quality.

Heavy Metals In The Environment

Author: Bibudhendra Sarkar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203909300

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 712

View: 6822

This text presents contemporary analytical techniques for the determination of heavy metals in air particles, water, soil and biological samples. It details experimental studies to reduce the occurance of disease, remediate contaminated sites and establish acceptable range of oral intakes (AROI) guidelines.

Phytoremediation

Management of Environmental Contaminants

Author: Abid A. Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Ritu Gill,Guy R. Lanza,Lee Newman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319523813

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 1104

This text details the plant-assisted remediation method, “phytoremediation”, which involves the interaction of plant roots and associated rhizospheric microorganisms for the remediation of soil contaminated with high levels of metals, pesticides, solvents, radionuclides, explosives, crude oil, organic compounds and various other contaminants. Many chapters highlight and compare the efficiency and economic advantages of phytoremediation to currently practiced soil and water treatment practices. Volume 5 of Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants provides the capstone of the series. Taken together, the five volumes provide a broad–based global synopsis of the current applications of phytoremediation using plants and the microbial communities associated with their roots to decontaminate terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.