Biology Today: An Issues Approach

Author: Eli Minkoff,Pamela Baker

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1136838759

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 3391

Biology Today is a truly innovative introductory biology text. Designed to combine the teaching of biological concepts within the context of current societal issues, Biology Today encourages introductory biology students to think critically about the role that science plays in their world. The Third Edition has been revised and updated, and contains three new chapters: Genetic Engineering and Genomics, New Infectious Threats, and Protecting the Biosphere.

Biology: The Unity and Diversity of Life

Author: Cecie Starr,Ralph Taggart,Christine Evers,Lisa Starr

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305544706

Category: Science

Page: 1024

View: 552

Written by a team of best-selling authors, BIOLOGY: THE UNITY AND DIVERSITY OF LIFE, 14th Edition reveals the biological world in wondrous detail. Packed with eye-catching photos and images, this text engages students with applications and activities that encourage critical thinking. Chapter opening Learning Roadmaps help students focus on the topics that matter most and section-ending “Take Home Messages” reinforce key concepts. Helpful in-text features include a running glossary, case studies, issue-related essays, linked concepts, self-test questions, data analysis problems, and more. The accompanying MindTap for Biology is the most engaging and easiest to customize online solution in Biology. Known for a clear, accessible style, BIOLOGY: THE UNITY AND DIVERSITY OF LIFE, 14th Edition puts the living world of biology under a microscope for students to analyze, understand, and enjoy! Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

A Problems Approach to Introductory Biology

Author: Brian T. White,Michelle Mischke

Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology

ISBN: 9781555813727

Category: Science

Page: 265

View: 1495

A Problems Approach to Introductory Biology is an excellent teaching supplement for introductory biology courses. The book introduces a set of problems that guide students through the fundamental steps necessary to develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills. Exercises are designed to measure student learning and help individual students focus their efforts on those areas that need improvement. Both computer-based and "pen-and-paper-based" exercises present problems at various levels of difficulty. Each of the first three chapters provides problems that focus on one of three main topic areas: genetics, biochemistry, and molecular biology. The final chapter offers practice problems that combine two or more subject areas that illustrate connections and broaden student understanding of the material. Collectively, the problems teach students the process of synthesizing information and applying knowledge to scientific questions. An important feature of A Problems Approach to Introductory Biology is the detailed solutions provided on the accompanying CD-ROM. The solutions serve to guide students through each problem listed in the workbook, from beginning to end, highlighting common misunderstandings, reinforcing the concepts covered, and assisting each student in the development of a logical approach to problem solving.

Scientific Process and Social Issues in Biology Education

Author: Garland E. Allen,Jeffrey J.W. Baker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319443801

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 8422

This book complements fact-drive textbooks in introductory biology courses, or courses in biology and society, by focusing on several important points: (1) Biology as a process of doing science, emphasizing how we know what we know. (2) It stresses the role of science as a social as well as intellectual process, one that is always embedded in its time and place in history. In dealing with the issue of science as a process, the book introduces students to the elements of inductive and deductive logic, hypothesis formulation and testing, the design of experiments and the interpretation of data. An appendix presents the basics of statistical analysis for students with no background in statistical reasoning and manipulation. Reasoning processes are always illustrated with specific examples from both the past (eighteenth and nineteenth century) as well as the present. In dealing with science and social issues, this book introduces students to historical, sociological and philosophical issues such as Thomas Kuhn’s concept of paradigms and paradigm shifts, the social-constructions view of the history of science, as well as political and ethical issues such human experimentation, the eugenics movement and compulsory sterilization, and religious arguments against stem cell research and the teaching of evolution in schools. In addition to specific examples illustrating one point or another about the process of biology or social-political context, a number of in-depth case studies are used to show how scientific investigations are originated, designed, carried out in particular social/cultural contexts. Among those included are: Migration of monarch butterflies, John Snow’s investigations on the cause of cholera, Louis Pasteur’s controversy over spontaneous generation, the mass extinction of the dinosaurs, and the Tuskegee syphilis experiment.

Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics

Author: Mark Chang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441998422

Category: Medical

Page: 307

View: 4426

Classic biostatistics, a branch of statistical science, has as its main focus the applications of statistics in public health, the life sciences, and the pharmaceutical industry. Modern biostatistics, beyond just a simple application of statistics, is a confluence of statistics and knowledge of multiple intertwined fields. The application demands, the advancements in computer technology, and the rapid growth of life science data (e.g., genomics data) have promoted the formation of modern biostatistics. There are at least three characteristics of modern biostatistics: (1) in-depth engagement in the application fields that require penetration of knowledge across several fields, (2) high-level complexity of data because they are longitudinal, incomplete, or latent because they are heterogeneous due to a mixture of data or experiment types, because of high-dimensionality, which may make meaningful reduction impossible, or because of extremely small or large size; and (3) dynamics, the speed of development in methodology and analyses, has to match the fast growth of data with a constantly changing face. This book is written for researchers, biostatisticians/statisticians, and scientists who are interested in quantitative analyses. The goal is to introduce modern methods in biostatistics and help researchers and students quickly grasp key concepts and methods. Many methods can solve the same problem and many problems can be solved by the same method, which becomes apparent when those topics are discussed in this single volume.

Biology Today and Tomorrow with Physiology

Author: Cecie Starr

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495016543

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 7887

Cecie Starr is the most successful author in non-majors biology because of her clear and engaging writing, trend-setting art, and unparalleled media. BIOLOGY TODAY AND TOMORROW, her most concise text, provides a precise, issues-oriented approach and solves some of the toughest course challenges: engaging students, linking concepts from chapter to chapter, easily monitoring students' progress and simplifying lecture prep. Show students how biology matters: opening each chapter with engaging essays on hot issues and related online voting, the text highlights the connections between biology and real-life. Online exercises promote critical thinking about issues students will face as consumers, parents and citizens. Link concepts from chapter to chapter: since students have a difficult time linking concepts, the authors created a new linking tool. A list at the start of each chapter reminds students of related topics that were explained earlier. Within chapters, a key icon identifies cross-references to relevant sections in earlier chapters. As students work through the text, they see how topics build upon one another. Monitor students' progress with ease: BiologyNowTM offers diagnostic quizzes with automatically graded results that flow directly into your instructor grade book (iLrn, WebCT or BlackBoard). And, to assess students' progress instantly with in-class quizzes and polls, you can use JoinIn on TurningPoint content and software. Enjoy easier lecture prep: The new PowerLecture tool integrates all electronic chapter assets - art, photos, animations, videos, links to InfoTrac articles, web links, bulleted text slides, and everything else you need into each chapter's lecture slides. This buffet of media resources-arranged by chapter section-is at your fingertips. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Kernel Methods in Computational Biology

Author: Bernhard Schölkopf,Koji Tsuda,Jean-Philippe Vert

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262195096

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 9064

A detailed overview of current research in kernel methods and their application to computational biology.

Wildlife Contraception

Issues, Methods, and Applications

Author: Cheryl S. Asa,Ingrid J. Porton

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801883040

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 2445

This collection of essays is the first major work in more than a decade to discuss the critical issue of wildlife contraception and the first ever to take up contraception for wild animals in captivity, including both theory and practice.

Using the Biological Literature

A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition

Author: Diane Schmidt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 146655858X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 412

View: 9912

The biological sciences cover a broad array of literature types, from younger fields like molecular biology with its reliance on recent journal articles, genomic databases, and protocol manuals to classic fields such as taxonomy with its scattered literature found in monographs and journals from the past three centuries. Using the Biological Literature: A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition is an annotated guide to selected resources in the biological sciences, presenting a wide-ranging list of important sources. This completely revised edition contains numerous new resources and descriptions of all entries including textbooks. The guide emphasizes current materials in the English language and includes retrospective references for historical perspective and to provide access to the taxonomic literature. It covers both print and electronic resources including monographs, journals, databases, indexes and abstracting tools, websites, and associations—providing users with listings of authoritative informational resources of both classical and recently published works. With chapters devoted to each of the main fields in the basic biological sciences, this book offers a guide to the best and most up-to-date resources in biology. It is appropriate for anyone interested in searching the biological literature, from undergraduate students to faculty, researchers, and librarians. The guide includes a supplementary website dedicated to keeping URLs of electronic and web-based resources up to date, a popular feature continued from the third edition.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Author: Bruce Alberts

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1317563743

Category: Science

Page: 1464

View: 7718

As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

Algorithms in Structural Molecular Biology

Author: Bruce R. Donald

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262297841

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 3539

Using the tools of information technology to understand the molecular machinery of the cell offers both challenges and opportunities to computational scientists. Over the past decade, novel algorithms have been developed both for analyzing biological data and for synthetic biology problems such as protein engineering. This book explains the algorithmic foundations and computational approaches underlying areas of structural biology including NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance); X-ray crystallography; and the design and analysis of proteins, peptides, and small molecules.Each chapter offers a concise overview of important concepts, focusing on a key topic in the field. Four chapters offer a short course in algorithmic and computational issues related to NMR structural biology, giving the reader a useful toolkit with which to approach the fascinating yet thorny computational problems in this area. A recurrent theme is understanding the interplay between biophysical experiments and computational algorithms. The text emphasizes the mathematical foundations of structural biology while maintaining a balance between algorithms and a nuanced understanding of experimental data. Three emerging areas, particularly fertile ground for research students, are highlighted: NMR methodology, design of proteins and other molecules, and the modeling of protein flexibility.The next generation of computational structural biologists will need training in geometric algorithms, provably good approximation algorithms, scientific computation, and an array of techniques for handling noise and uncertainty in combinatorial geometry and computational biophysics. This book is an essential guide for young scientists on their way to research success in this exciting field.

Statistical Methods in Molecular Evolution

Author: Rasmus Nielsen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387277331

Category: Science

Page: 505

View: 7633

In the field of molecular evolution, inferences about past evolutionary events are made using molecular data from currently living species. With the availability of genomic data from multiple related species, molecular evolution has become one of the most active and fastest growing fields of study in genomics and bioinformatics. Most studies in molecular evolution rely heavily on statistical procedures based on stochastic process modelling and advanced computational methods including high-dimensional numerical optimization and Markov Chain Monte Carlo. This book provides an overview of the statistical theory and methods used in studies of molecular evolution. It includes an introductory section suitable for readers that are new to the field, a section discussing practical methods for data analysis, and more specialized sections discussing specific models and addressing statistical issues relating to estimation and model choice. The chapters are written by the leaders of field and they will take the reader from basic introductory material to the state-of-the-art statistical methods. This book is suitable for statisticians seeking to learn more about applications in molecular evolution and molecular evolutionary biologists with an interest in learning more about the theory behind the statistical methods applied in the field. The chapters of the book assume no advanced mathematical skills beyond basic calculus, although familiarity with basic probability theory will help the reader. Most relevant statistical concepts are introduced in the book in the context of their application in molecular evolution, and the book should be accessible for most biology graduate students with an interest in quantitative methods and theory. Rasmus Nielsen received his Ph.D. form the University of California at Berkeley in 1998 and after a postdoc at Harvard University, he assumed a faculty position in Statistical Genomics at Cornell University. He is currently an Ole Rømer Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and holds a Sloan Research Fellowship. His is an associate editor of the Journal of Molecular Evolution and has published more than fifty original papers in peer-reviewed journals on the topic of this book. From the reviews: "...Overall this is a very useful book in an area of increasing importance." Journal of the Royal Statistical Society "I find Statistical Methods in Molecular Evolution very interesting and useful. It delves into problems that were considered very difficult just several years ago...the book is likely to stimulate the interest of statisticians that are unaware of this exciting field of applications. It is my hope that it will also help the 'wet lab' molecular evolutionist to better understand mathematical and statistical methods." Marek Kimmel for the Journal of the American Statistical Association, September 2006 "Who should read this book? We suggest that anyone who deals with molecular data (who does not?) and anyone who asks evolutionary questions (who should not?) ought to consult the relevant chapters in this book." Dan Graur and Dror Berel for Biometrics, September 2006 "Coalescence theory facilitates the merger of population genetics theory with phylogenetic approaches, but still, there are mostly two camps: phylogeneticists and population geneticists. Only a few people are moving freely between them. Rasmus Nielsen is certainly one of these researchers, and his work so far has merged many population genetic and phylogenetic aspects of biological research under the umbrella of molecular evolution. Although Nielsen did not contribute a chapter to his book, his work permeates all its chapters. This book gives an overview of his interests and current achievements in molecular evolution. In short, this book should be on your bookshelf." Peter Beerli for Evolution, 60(2), 2006

Behavioral Approaches to Conservation in the Wild

Author: Janine R. Clemmons,Richard Buchholz,Animal Behavior Society. Meeting

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521589604

Category: Nature

Page: 382

View: 9809

Investigates the role animal behavior has to play in the conservation of animals in the wild.

High-School Biology Today and Tomorrow

Author: Committee on High-School Biology Education,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: 0309040280

Category: Education

Page: 364

View: 2399

Biology is where many of science's most exciting and relevant advances are taking place. Yet, many students leave school without having learned basic biology principles, and few are excited enough to continue in the sciences. Why is biology education failing? How can reform be accomplished? This book presents information and expert views from curriculum developers, teachers, and others, offering suggestions about major issues in biology education: what should we teach in biology and how should it be taught? How can we measure results? How should teachers be educated and certified? What obstacles are blocking reform?

Abstract Algebra

Theory and Applications

Author: Thomas W. Judson

Publisher: Orthogonal Publishing L3c

ISBN: 9781944325053

Category: Mathematics

Page: 434

View: 9915

Abstract Algebra: Theory and Applications is an open-source textbook that is designed to teach the principles and theory of abstract algebra to college juniors and seniors in a rigorous manner. Its strengths include a wide range of exercises, both computational and theoretical, plus many non-trivial applications. The first half of the book presents group theory, through the Sylow theorems, with enough material for a semester-long course. The second-half is suitable for a second semester and presents rings, integral domains, Boolean algebras, vector spaces, and fields, concluding with Galois Theory.

Statistical Methods in Bioinformatics

An Introduction

Author: Warren J. Ewens,Gregory R. Grant

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475732473

Category: Medical

Page: 476

View: 5697

There was a real need for a book that introduces statistics and probability as they apply to bioinformatics. This book presents an accessible introduction to elementary probability and statistics and describes the main statistical applications in the field.

BioBuilder

Synthetic Biology in the Lab

Author: Natalie Kuldell PhD.,Rachel Bernstein,Karen Ingram,Kathryn M Hart

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491907533

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 9447

Today’s synthetic biologists are in the early stages of engineering living cells to help treat diseases, sense toxic compounds in the environment, and produce valuable drugs. With this manual, you can be part of it. Based on the BioBuilder curriculum, this valuable book provides open-access, modular, hands-on lessons in synthetic biology for secondary and post-secondary classrooms and laboratories. It also serves as an introduction to the field for science and engineering enthusiasts. Developed at MIT in collaboration with award-winning high school teachers, BioBuilder teaches the foundational ideas of the emerging synthetic biology field, as well as key aspects of biological engineering that researchers are exploring in labs throughout the world. These lessons will empower teachers and students to explore and be part of solving persistent real-world challenges. Learn the fundamentals of biodesign and DNA engineering Explore important ethical issues raised by examples of synthetic biology Investigate the BioBuilder labs that probe the design-build-test cycle Test synthetic living systems designed and built by engineers Measure several variants of an enzyme-generating genetic circuit Model "bacterial photography" that changes a strain’s light sensitivity Build living systems to produce purple or green pigment Optimize baker’s yeast to produce ?-carotene

Research in Medical and Biological Sciences

From Planning and Preparation to Grant Application and Publication

Author: Petter Laake,Haakon Breien Benestad

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128001542

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 6568

Research in Medical and Biological Sciences covers the wide range of topics that a researcher must be familiar with in order to become a successful biomedical scientist. Perfect for aspiring as well as practicing professionals in the medical and biological sciences, this publication discusses a broad range of topics that are common yet not traditionally considered part of formal curricula, including philosophy of science, ethics, statistics, and grant applications. The information presented in this book also facilitates communication across conventional disciplinary boundaries, in line with the increasingly multidisciplinary nature of modern research projects. Covers the breadth of topics that a researcher must understand in order to be a successful experimental scientist Provides a broad scientific perspective that is perfect for students with various professional backgrounds Contains easily accessible, concise material about diverse methods Includes extensive online resources such as further reading suggestions, data files, statistical tables, and the StaTable application package Emphasizes the ethics and statistics of medical and biological sciences

Silent Spring

Author: Rachel Carson

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780618249060

Category: Nature

Page: 378

View: 5254

Discusses the reckless annihilation of fish and birds by the use of pesticides and warns of the possible genetic effects on humans.