Boolean Function Complexity

Advances and Frontiers

Author: Stasys Jukna

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642245080

Category: Mathematics

Page: 620

View: 389

Boolean circuit complexity is the combinatorics of computer science and involves many intriguing problems that are easy to state and explain, even for the layman. This book is a comprehensive description of basic lower bound arguments, covering many of the gems of this “complexity Waterloo” that have been discovered over the past several decades, right up to results from the last year or two. Many open problems, marked as Research Problems, are mentioned along the way. The problems are mainly of combinatorial flavor but their solutions could have great consequences in circuit complexity and computer science. The book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in the fields of computer science and discrete mathematics.

Advances in Network Complexity

Author: Matthias Dehmer,Abbe Mowshowitz,Frank Emmert-Streib

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670483

Category: Medical

Page: 308

View: 9105

A well-balanced overview of mathematical approaches to complex systems ranging from applications in chemistry and ecology to basic research questions on network complexity. Matthias Dehmer, Abbe Mowshowitz, and Frank Emmert-Streib, well-known pioneers in the fi eld, have edited this volume with a view to balancing classical and modern approaches to ensure broad coverage of contemporary research problems. The book is a valuable addition to the literature and a must-have for anyone dealing with network compleaity and complexity issues.

Analysis of Boolean Functions

Author: Ryan O'Donnell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107038324

Category: Computers

Page: 444

View: 2827

This graduate-level text gives a thorough overview of the analysis of Boolean functions, beginning with the most basic definitions and proceeding to advanced topics.

Computing and Combinatorics

20th International Conference, COCOON 2014, Atlanta, GA, USA, August 4-6, 2014, Proceedings

Author: Zhipeng Cai,Alexander Zelikovsky,Anu G. Bourgeois

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319087835

Category: Computers

Page: 692

View: 3756

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Computing and Combinatorics, COCOON 2014, held in Atlanta, GA, USA, in August 2014. The 51 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 110 submissions. There was a co-organized workshop on computational social networks (CSoNet 2014) where 8 papers were accepted. The papers cover the following topics: sampling and randomized methods; logic, algebra and automata; database and data structures; parameterized complexity and algorithms; computational complexity; computational biology and computational geometry; approximation algorithm; graph theory and algorithms; game theory and cryptography; scheduling algorithms and circuit complexity and CSoNet.

Fundamentals of Computation Theory

20th International Symposium, FCT 2015, Gdańsk, Poland, August 17-19, 2015, Proceedings

Author: Adrian Kosowski,Igor Walukiewicz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319221779

Category: Computers

Page: 395

View: 7041

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Fundamentals of Computation Theory, FCT 2015, held in Gdańsk, Poland, in August 2015. The 27 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 60 submissions. The papers cover topics in three main areas: algorithms, formal methods, and emerging fields and are organized in topical sections on geometry, combinatorics, text algorithms; complexity and Boolean functions; languages; set algorithms, covering, and traversal; graph algorithms and networking applications; anonymity and indistinguishability; graphs, automata, and dynamics; and logic and games.

Bioinspired Computation in Combinatorial Optimization

Algorithms and Their Computational Complexity

Author: Frank Neumann,Carsten Witt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642165443

Category: Mathematics

Page: 216

View: 9658

Bioinspired computation methods such as evolutionary algorithms and ant colony optimization are being applied successfully to complex engineering problems and to problems from combinatorial optimization, and with this comes the requirement to more fully understand the computational complexity of these search heuristics. This is the first textbook covering the most important results achieved in this area. The authors study the computational complexity of bioinspired computation and show how runtime behavior can be analyzed in a rigorous way using some of the best-known combinatorial optimization problems -- minimum spanning trees, shortest paths, maximum matching, covering and scheduling problems. A feature of the book is the separate treatment of single- and multiobjective problems, the latter a domain where the development of the underlying theory seems to be lagging practical successes. This book will be very valuable for teaching courses on bioinspired computation and combinatorial optimization. Researchers will also benefit as the presentation of the theory covers the most important developments in the field over the last 10 years. Finally, with a focus on well-studied combinatorial optimization problems rather than toy problems, the book will also be very valuable for practitioners in this field.

Descriptional Complexity of Formal Systems

16th International Workshop, DCFS 2014, Turku, Finland, August 5-8, 2014, Proceedings

Author: Helmut Jürgensen,Juhani Karhumäki,Alexander Okhotin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319097040

Category: Computers

Page: 366

View: 3648

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Descriptional Complexity of Formal Systems, DCFS 2014, held in Turku, Finland, in August 2014. The 27 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 35 submissions. The conference dealt with the following topics: Automata, grammars, languages and other formal systems; various modes of operation and complexity measures; trade-offs between computational models and modes of operation; succinctness of description of objects, state explosion-like phenomena; circuit complexity of Boolean functions and related measures; resource-bounded or structure-bounded environments; frontiers between decidability and undecidability; universality and reversibility; structural complexity; formal systems for applications (e.g., software reliability, software and hardware testing, modeling of natural languages); nature-motivated (bio-inspired) architectures and unconventional models of computing; complexity aspects of combinatorics on words; Kolmogorov complexity.

Computational Complexity

A Modern Approach

Author: Sanjeev Arora,Boaz Barak

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521424267

Category: Computers

Page: 579

View: 1846

New and classical results in computational complexity, including interactive proofs, PCP, derandomization, and quantum computation. Ideal for graduate students.

Randomized Algorithms

Author: Rajeev Motwani,Prabhakar Raghavan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643134

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 9186

For many applications a randomized algorithm is either the simplest algorithm available, or the fastest, or both. This tutorial presents the basic concepts in the design and analysis of randomized algorithms. The first part of the book presents tools from probability theory and probabilistic analysis that are recurrent in algorithmic applications. Algorithmic examples are given to illustrate the use of each tool in a concrete setting. In the second part of the book, each of the seven chapters focuses on one important area of application of randomized algorithms: data structures; geometric algorithms; graph algorithms; number theory; enumeration; parallel algorithms; and on-line algorithms. A comprehensive and representative selection of the algorithms in these areas is also given. This book should prove invaluable as a reference for researchers and professional programmers, as well as for students.

Complexity and Approximation

Combinatorial Optimization Problems and Their Approximability Properties

Author: Giorgio Ausiello,Pierluigi Crescenzi,Giorgio Gambosi,Viggo Kann,Alberto Marchetti-Spaccamela,Marco Protasi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642584128

Category: Computers

Page: 524

View: 7747

This book documents the state of the art in combinatorial optimization, presenting approximate solutions of virtually all relevant classes of NP-hard optimization problems. The wealth of problems, algorithms, results, and techniques make it an indispensible source of reference for professionals. The text smoothly integrates numerous illustrations, examples, and exercises.

Computer Vision

Algorithms and Applications

Author: Richard Szeliski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848829350

Category: Computers

Page: 812

View: 7417

Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques. Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.

Computational Complexity

A Conceptual Perspective

Author: Oded Goldreich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139472747

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 7508

Complexity theory is a central field of the theoretical foundations of computer science. It is concerned with the general study of the intrinsic complexity of computational tasks; that is, it addresses the question of what can be achieved within limited time (and/or with other limited natural computational resources). This book offers a conceptual perspective on complexity theory. It is intended to serve as an introduction for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, either as a textbook or for self-study. The book will also be useful to experts, since it provides expositions of the various sub-areas of complexity theory such as hardness amplification, pseudorandomness and probabilistic proof systems. In each case, the author starts by posing the intuitive questions that are addressed by the sub-area and then discusses the choices made in the actual formulation of these questions, the approaches that lead to the answers, and the ideas that are embedded in these answers.

Fundamentals of Parameterized Complexity

Author: Rodney G. Downey,Michael R. Fellows

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447155599

Category: Computers

Page: 763

View: 6045

This comprehensive and self-contained textbook presents an accessible overview of the state of the art of multivariate algorithmics and complexity. Increasingly, multivariate algorithmics is having significant practical impact in many application domains, with even more developments on the horizon. The text describes how the multivariate framework allows an extended dialog with a problem, enabling the reader who masters the complexity issues under discussion to use the positive and negative toolkits in their own research. Features: describes many of the standard algorithmic techniques available for establishing parametric tractability; reviews the classical hardness classes; explores the various limitations and relaxations of the methods; showcases the powerful new lower bound techniques; examines various different algorithmic solutions to the same problems, highlighting the insights to be gained from each approach; demonstrates how complexity methods and ideas have evolved over the past 25 years.

Extremal Combinatorics

With Applications in Computer Science

Author: Stasys Jukna

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662046504

Category: Computers

Page: 378

View: 8468

This is a concise, up-to-date introduction to extremal combinatorics for non-specialists. Strong emphasis is made on theorems with particularly elegant and informative proofs which may be called the gems of the theory. A wide spectrum of the most powerful combinatorial tools is presented, including methods of extremal set theory, the linear algebra method, the probabilistic method and fragments of Ramsey theory. A thorough discussion of recent applications to computer science illustrates the inherent usefulness of these methods.

Communication Complexity (for Algorithm Designers)

Author: Tim Roughgarden

Publisher: Foundations and Trends(r) in T

ISBN: 9781680831146

Category: Computers

Page: 206

View: 3244

This book deals mostly with impossibility results - lower bounds on what can be accomplished by algorithms. However, the perspective is unapologetically that of an algorithm designer. The reader will learn lower bound technology on a "need-to-know" basis, guided by fundamental algorithmic problems that we care about.

Algorithm Design: Pearson New International Edition

Author: Jon Kleinberg,Eva Tardos

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 1292037040

Category: Computers

Page: 832

View: 4417

August 6, 2009 Author, Jon Kleinberg, was recently cited in the New York Times for his statistical analysis research in the Internet age. Algorithm Design introduces algorithms by looking at the real-world problems that motivate them. The book teaches students a range of design and analysis techniques for problems that arise in computing applications. The text encourages an understanding of the algorithm design process and an appreciation of the role of algorithms in the broader field of computer science.

Algorithms and Data Structures in VLSI Design

OBDD - Foundations and Applications

Author: Christoph Meinel,Thorsten Theobald

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642589405

Category: Computers

Page: 268

View: 5676

One of the main problems in chip design is the enormous number of possible combinations of individual chip elements within a system, and the problem of their compatibility. The recent application of data structures, efficient algorithms, and ordered binary decision diagrams (OBDDs) has proven vital in designing the computer chips of tomorrow. This book provides an introduction to the foundations of this interdisciplinary research area, emphasizing its applications in computer aided circuit design.

Algorithmic Aspects of Parallel Data Processing

Author: Paraschos Koutris,Semih Salihoglu,Dan Suciu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781680834062

Category: Computers

Page: 144

View: 8193

This monograph reviews some of the recent theoretical results on efficient data processing on large distributed architectures, as well as some of the relevant classical results on parallel sorting and parallel matrix multiplication.

Theory of Linear and Integer Programming

Author: Alexander Schrijver

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471982326

Category: Mathematics

Page: 484

View: 975

Theory of Linear and Integer Programming Alexander Schrijver Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica, Amsterdam, The Netherlands This book describes the theory of linear and integer programming and surveys the algorithms for linear and integer programming problems, focusing on complexity analysis. It aims at complementing the more practically oriented books in this field. A special feature is the author's coverage of important recent developments in linear and integer programming. Applications to combinatorial optimization are given, and the author also includes extensive historical surveys and bibliographies. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers in operations research, mathematics and computer science. It will also be of interest to mathematical historians. Contents 1 Introduction and preliminaries; 2 Problems, algorithms, and complexity; 3 Linear algebra and complexity; 4 Theory of lattices and linear diophantine equations; 5 Algorithms for linear diophantine equations; 6 Diophantine approximation and basis reduction; 7 Fundamental concepts and results on polyhedra, linear inequalities, and linear programming; 8 The structure of polyhedra; 9 Polarity, and blocking and anti-blocking polyhedra; 10 Sizes and the theoretical complexity of linear inequalities and linear programming; 11 The simplex method; 12 Primal-dual, elimination, and relaxation methods; 13 Khachiyan's method for linear programming; 14 The ellipsoid method for polyhedra more generally; 15 Further polynomiality results in linear programming; 16 Introduction to integer linear programming; 17 Estimates in integer linear programming; 18 The complexity of integer linear programming; 19 Totally unimodular matrices: fundamental properties and examples; 20 Recognizing total unimodularity; 21 Further theory related to total unimodularity; 22 Integral polyhedra and total dual integrality; 23 Cutting planes; 24 Further methods in integer linear programming; Historical and further notes on integer linear programming; References; Notation index; Author index; Subject index

Latest Advances in Inductive Logic Programming

Author: Stephen H Muggleton,Hiroaki Watanabe

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783265108

Category: Computers

Page: 264

View: 4248

This book represents a selection of papers presented at the Inductive Logic Programming (ILP) workshop held at Cumberland Lodge, Great Windsor Park. The collection marks two decades since the first ILP workshop in 1991. During this period the area has developed into the main forum for work on logic-based machine learning. The chapters cover a wide variety of topics, ranging from theory and ILP implementations to state-of-the-art applications in real-world domains. The international contributors represent leaders in the field from prestigious institutions in Europe, North America and Asia. Graduate students and researchers in this field will find this book highly useful as it provides an up-to-date insight into the key sub-areas of implementation and theory of ILP. For academics and researchers in the field of artificial intelligence and natural sciences, the book demonstrates how ILP is being used in areas as diverse as the learning of game strategies, robotics, natural language understanding, query search, drug design and protein modelling. Contents:Applications:Can ILP Learn Complete and Correct Game Strategies? (Stephen H Muggleton and Changze Xu)Induction in Nonmonotonic Causal Theories for a Domestic Service Robot (Jianmin Ji and Xiaoping Chen)Using Ontologies in Semantic Data Mining with g-SEGS and Aleph (Anže Vavpetič and Nada Lavră)Improving Search Engine Query Expansion Techniques with ILP (José Carlos Almeida Santos and Manuel Fonseca de Sam Bento Ribeiro)ILP for Cosmetic Product Selection (Hiroyuki Nishiyama and Fumio Mizoguchi)Learning User Behaviours in Real Mobile Domains (Andreas Markitanis, Domenico Corapi, Alessandra Russo and Emil C Lupu)Discovering Ligands for TRP Ion Channels Using Formal Concept Analysis (Mahito Sugiyama, Kentaro Imajo, Keisuke Otaki and Akihiro Yamamoto)Predictive Learning in Two-Way Datasets (Beau Piccart, Hendrik Blockeel, Andy Georges and Lieven Eeckhout)Model of Double-Strand Break of DNA in Logic-Based Hypothesis Finding (Barthelemy Dworkin, Andrei Doncescu, Jean-Charles Faye and Katsumi Inoue)Probabilistic Logical Learning:The PITA System for Logical-Probabilistic Inference (Fabrizio Riguzzi and Terrance Swift)Learning a Generative Failure-Free PRISM Clause (Waleed Alsanie and James Cussens)Statistical Relational Learning of Object Affordances for Robotic Manipulation (Bogdan Moldovan, Martijn van Otterlo, Plinio Moreno, José Santos-Victor and Luc De Raedt)Learning from Linked Data by Markov Logic (Man Zhu and Zhiqiang Gao)Satisfiability Machines (Filip Železný)Implementations:Customisable Multi-Processor Acceleration of Inductive Logic Programming (Andreas K Fidjeland, Wayne Luk and Stephen H Muggleton)Multivalue Learning in ILP (Orlando Muoz Texzocotetla and Ren Mac Kinney Romero)Learning Dependent-Concepts in ILP: Application to Model-Driven Data Warehouses (Moez Essaidi, Aomar Osmani and Céline Rouveirol)Graph Contraction Pattern Matching for Graphs of Bounded Treewidth (Takashi Yamada and Takayoshi Shoudai)mLynx: Relational Mutual Information (Nicola Di Mauro, Teresa M A Basile, Stefano Ferilli and Floriana Esposito)Theory:Machine Learning Coalgebraic Proofs (Ekaterina Komendantskaya)Can ILP Deal with Incomplete and Vague Structured Knowledge? (Francesca A Lisi and Umberto Straccia)Logical Learning:Towards Efficient Higher-Order Logic Learning in a First-Order Datalog Framework (Niels Pahlavi and Stephen H Muggleton)Automatic Invention of Functional Abstractions (Robert J Henderson and Stephen H Muggleton)Constraints:Using Machine-Generated Soft Constraints for Roster Problems (Yoshihisa Shiina and Hayato Ohwada)Spatial and Temporal:Relational Learning for Football-Related Predictions (Jan Van Haaren and Guy Van den Broeck) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the field of ILP, and academics and researchers in the fields of artificial intelligence and natural sciences. Key Features:Covers major areas of research in ILPProvides an up-to-date insight into the key sub-areas of implementation and theory of ILPThe papers in this volume do not appear in conference proceedings elsewhere in the literatureKeywords:Machine Learning;Logic Programs;Inductive Inference;Structure Learning;Relational Learning;Statistical Relational Learning