British Medical Journal
Author: Samuel Mencher
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
View: 4303Samuel Mencher spent a year in Great Britain (1965-1966) interviewing leaders of professional medical associations, executives of the health insurance societies, and general practitioners and specialists engaged in private practice. His study of the private medical service twenty years after the passage of the National Health Service Act reviews the changes, problems, and successes of the National Health Service: trends in the amount and types of private medicine, the issues of conflict between private medicine and public policy, and attitudes of the public and of medical professionals.
Regional Developments in Bioethics: 1991–1993
Author: B.A. Lustig
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 2647nology in New Zealand. Angeles Tan Alora reports on the Code of Pharmaceutical Marketmg Practices developed by the Pharmaceutical and Health Care Association of the Philippines. Ruud ter Meulen and his colleagues provide detailed analysis of the Remmelink Commission's report on euthanasia in the Netherlands. Kazumasa Hoshino discusses the fmdings of the Special Committee on Gene Therapy in Japan. As such examples suggest, the activities of many governmental groups and professional advisory bodies, although varied, tend to converge upon a number of especially important issues. If one peruses the index of documents discussed in Volume Four, certain topics are more often the focus of legislation and official concern than others: withholding and withdrawing treatment, access to health care, consent to treatment and experimentation, and issues posed by HIV testing and AIDS. Such a common focus should not be exaggerated, for the discussion of topics is wide-ranging. But that commonality, when in evidence, is also not surprising. It suggests that key issues and concerns in bioethics may be widely shared among modern cultures and societies, for all the distinctiveness of a particular nation's or region's response to them. Issues of informed consent, after all, implicate more fundamental matters of respect for persons and the rights of individuals in the contexts of therapy and research. Issues of access to medical care concretize deeper questions about the nature and scope of a society's welfare obligations to its citizens.
Author: Jean McHale,John Tingle
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
View: 6399This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. The new and fully updated edition of this leading textbook places law in the context of nursing practice today. Recent developments examined include the Human Tissue Act 2004, which regulates the use of human material for research and transplantation purposes; the Mental Capacity Act 2005, which regulates treatment concerning patients lacking mental capacity; new developments in patient safety and risk management; and the revised NHS patient complaints system. Up to date information on: The revised NHS patient complaints system; Human Tissue Act 2004; Mental Capacity Act 2005; and Developments in patient safety and risk management Accessible, up to date account of the law and its application to nursing practice Coverage of controversial subject areas such as assisted suicide Information on nurse prescribing
A Biographical Dictionary, 1820-1885
Author: W. J. O'Connor
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Author: George Downie,Jean Mackenzie,Arthur Williams,Caroline Milne
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
View: 4480This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. An understanding of medicines and their effects on patients remains a crucial area of nursing knowledge. This book provides a thorough foundation upon which nurses can build their clinical experience to achieve competence. It not only provides information on the actions of drugs on the body but also gives clear guidance on the practical aspects of medicines management in both hospital and community. Organisation of the text broadly follows the British National Formulary for ease of use. Management of medicines linked to their therapeutic use Medicine administration linked with relevant care of patients where possible Basic principles of clinical pharmacology underpin the therapeutic chapters A chapter on the role of patients and carers is included All content revised in the light of changes in drug therapy, clinical practice and medicines management including nurse prescribing Key objectives for each chapter Self-assessment exercises with answers More detail relating to palliative care; nurse prescribing A new section on Intensive Therapy Totally redesigned in two colours with improved design and page layout, and better illustrations
From Prayer to Painkillers
Author: Joanna Bourke
Publisher: OUP Oxford
View: 6271Everyone knows what is feels like to be in pain. Scraped knees, toothaches, migraines, giving birth, cancer, heart attacks, and heartaches: pain permeates our entire lives. We also witness other people - loved ones - suffering, and we 'feel with' them. It is easy to assume this is the end of the story: 'pain-is-pain-is-pain', and that is all there is to say. But it is not. In fact, the way in which people respond to what they describe as 'painful' has changed considerably over time. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, for example, people believed that pain served a specific (and positive) function - it was a message from God or Nature; it would perfect the spirit. 'Suffer in this life and you wouldn't suffer in the next one'. Submission to pain was required. Nothing could be more removed from twentieth and twenty-first century understandings, where pain is regarded as an unremitting evil to be 'fought'. Focusing on the English-speaking world, this book tells the story of pain since the eighteenth century, addressing fundamental questions about the experience and nature of suffering over the last three centuries. How have those in pain interpreted their suffering - and how have these interpretations changed over time? How have people learnt to conduct themselves when suffering? How do friends and family react? And what about medical professionals: should they immerse themselves in the suffering person or is the best response a kind of professional detachment? As Joanna Bourke shows in this fascinating investigation, people have come up with many different answers to these questions over time. And a history of pain can tell us a great deal about how we might respond to our own suffering in the present - and, just as importantly, to the suffering of those around us.
Author: Alison Haggett
View: 1436This book is open access under a CC BY license and explores the under-researched history of male mental illness from the mid-twentieth century. It argues that statistics suggesting women have been more vulnerable to depression and anxiety are misleading since they underplay a host of alternative presentations of 'distress' more common in men.
Sex, Gender, and Population Politics after Slavery
Author: Juanita De Barros
Publisher: UNC Press Books
View: 9839This innovative book traces the history of ideas and policymaking concerning population growth and infant and maternal welfare in Caribbean colonies wrestling with the aftermath of slavery. Focusing on Jamaica, Guyana, and Barbados from the nineteenth century through the 1930s, when violent labor protests swept the region, Juanita De Barros takes a comparative approach in analyzing the struggles among former slaves and masters attempting to determine the course of their societies after emancipation. Invested in the success of the "great experiment" of slave emancipation, colonial officials developed new social welfare and health policies. Concerns about the health and size of ex-slave populations were expressed throughout the colonial world during this period. In the Caribbean, an emergent black middle class, rapidly increasing immigration, and new attitudes toward medicine and society were crucial factors. While hemispheric and diasporic trends influenced the new policies, De Barros shows that local physicians, philanthropists, midwives, and the impoverished mothers who were the targets of this official concern helped shape and implement efforts to ensure the health and reproduction of Caribbean populations in the decades before independence.
Medical Conflict and Drug Dependence in England Since the 1960s
Author: S. Mars
View: 1579The Politics of Addiction examines power and policy-making in the context of a bitter conflict between private and publicly employed doctors treating addiction. Regulation was used by both the profession and the state to shape the treatment of addiction and who could provide it, with the media feeding into the process.
Author: Tom Heller,Geraldine Lee-Treweek,Jeanne Katz,Julie Stone,Sue Spurr
View: 5788This book explores the challenging issues associated with complementary and alternative medicine in the context of the social, political and cultural influences that shape people's health. Divided clearly into three sections, this book: sets out the general context of social change, consumption and debate around the rise of public interest in CAM argues for and against different classifications of CAM critically assesses the importance of ethics and values to CAM practice and how these inform what practitioners do focuses on the question of what people want, the changing and contested nature of health, and the nature of personal and social factors associated with the use of CAM, leading to a focus on 'therapeutic relationships' examines the diversity of settings in which CAM takes place and the social, political and economic milieu in which CAM is provided and used. Together with its accompanying text, Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Structures and Safeguards, it forms the core text for the Open University course K221 Perspectives on Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
Challenges and Solutions
Author: Alan L. Smith,Stuart Biddle
Publisher: Human Kinetics
View: 749Using a multidisciplinary approach, Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior breaks away from traditional thinking that places activity and sedentary behavior on a single continuum, which may limit progress in addressing youth inactivity. Instead, the authors encourage readers to focus on how sedentary and physically active behaviors coexist and consider how the two behaviors may have different determinants. Youth Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior: Challenges and Solutions considers current research about youth physical activity and sedentary behavior across a range of personal factors as well as cultural and social influences. The text communicates the knowledge base on developmental, economic, psychological, and social factors related to youth physical activity and sedentary behavior and provides an overview of youth-specific approaches to addressing the problem of inactivity among youth.
Historical and Philosophical Studies of the Formalization of Western Medical Morality in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth CenturiesVolume Two: Anglo-American Medical Ethics and Medical Jurisprudence in the Nineteenth Century
Author: R.B. Baker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 4815Like many novel ideas, the idea for this volume and its predecessor arose over lunch in the cafeteria of the old Wellcome Institute. On an atternoon in Sept- ber 1988, Dorothy and Roy Porter, and I, sketched out a plan for a set of conf- ences in which scholars from a variety of disciplines would explore the emergence of modern medical ethics in the English-speaking world: from its pre-history in the quarrels that arose as gentlemanly codes of etiquette and honor broke down under the pressure of the eighteenth-century "sick trade," to the Enlightenment ethics of John Gregory and Thomas Percival, to the American appropriation process that culminated in the American Medical Association's 1847 Code of Ethics, and to the British turn to medical jurisprudence in the 1858 Medical Act. Roy Porter formally presented our idea as a plan for two back-to-back c- ferences to the Wellcome Trust, and I presented it to the editors of the PHI- LOSOPHY AND MEDICINE series, H. Tristram Engeihardt, Jr. and Stuart Spicker. The reception from both parties was enthusiastic and so, with the financial backing of the former and a commitment to publication from the latter, Roy Porter, ably assisted by Frieda Hauser and Steven Emberton, - ganized two conferences. The first was held at the Wellcome Institute in - cember 1989; the second was sponsored by the Wellcome, but was actually held in the National Hospital, in December 1990.
Pregnancy and Childbirth
Author: Linda Wylie,Helen G H Bryce
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
View: 8454The only book of its kind, this essential reference offers quick access to information on the effects medical conditions can have on pregnancy and childbirth. Coverage includes a brief overview of normal anatomy and physiology with concise, practical guidelines for managing disorders commonly seen in women of childbearing age. From mild diseases such as asthma to serious conditions such as heart lesions, this indispensable guide will help you manage pregnancy and childbirth in women with systemic disease, recognize the early onset of disease-related pregnancy complications, and determine when it may be necessary to refer patients to a specialist. Offers complete coverage of normal pathophysiology in both the general population and in the context of pregnancy and childbirth. Provides comprehensive midwifery management guidelines. Outlines potential consequences of disease-related complications for the fetus or neonate.