Calcium Signalling and Disease

Molecular pathology of calcium

Author: Ernesto Carafoli,Marisa Brini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402061919

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 9378

Authors highlight several promising discoveries in the field of calcium signaling that provide new information about both genetic and acquired pathologies. Their discussions will give you new insights into the underlying causes of congenital and acquired diseases and point the way to new, even more promising research and therapies.

Molecular Mechanisms of Parasite Invasion

Author: Barbara A. Burleigh,Dominique Soldati

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387782676

Category: Medical

Page: 237

View: 1861

All of the parasitic organisms highlighted in this new book represent medically important human pathogens that contribute significantly to the global burden of disease. As such there is intense interest in understanding the molecular basis of infection by these pathogens—not only with regard to their clinical relevance but also the fascinating biology they reveal. For most of the parasites discussed here the ability to penetrate biological barriers and/or to establish intracellular residence is critical to survival of the pathogen in the mammalian hosts. For other parasites, a tissue invasive phenotype is a key virulence determinant. In the ensuing 18 chapters, select members of this diverse set of protozoan parasites, as well as some examples of the extremely reduced fungal parasites classified as Microsporidia, are discussed within the context of the fascinating molecular strategies employed by these organisms to migrate across biological barriers and to establish residence within target host cells.

Stress: Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pathology

Handbook of Stress Series

Author: George Fink

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128131470

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 6166

Stress impacts the daily lives of humans and all species on Earth. Physiology, Biochemistry, and Pathology, the third volume of the Handbook of Stress series, covers stress-related or induced physiology, biochemistry, and pathology. Integrated closely with new behavioral findings and relevance to human conditions, the concepts and data in this volume offer readers cutting-edge information on the physiology of stress. A sequel to Elsevier’s Encyclopedia of Stress (2000 and 2007), this Handbook of Stress series covers the many significant advances made since then and comprises self-contained volumes that each focus on a specific area within the field of stress. Targeted at scientific and clinical researchers in neuroendocrinology, neuroscience, biomedicine, endocrinology, psychology, psychiatry, the social sciences, and stress and its management in the workplace, this volume and series are ideal for graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, and faculty interested in stress and its consequences. Chapters offer impressive scope, with topics addressing stress-related or induced physiology, biochemistry, and pathology Articles carefully selected by eminent stress researchers and prepared by contributors representing outstanding scholarship in the field, with each chapter fully vetted for reliable expert knowledge Richly illustrated with explanatory figures and tables Each chapter has a boxed “Key points call out section The volume is fully indexed All chapters are electronically available via ScienceDirect Affordably priced, self-contained volume for readers specifically interested in the physiology, biochemistry and pathology of stress, avoiding the need to purchase the whole Handbook series

Creatine and Creatine Kinase in Health and Disease

Author: Gajja S. Salomons,Markus Wyss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402064861

Category: Medical

Page: 354

View: 9878

This volume places emphasis on the intricate interplay between creatine and creatine kinase function on one hand and proper brain function, neurodegenerative disease and/or neuroprotection on the other. The book, compiled by outstanding experts, provides a key reference summarizing the state-of-the-art in creatine and creatine kinase research. It is a must-read for understanding the links between creatine metabolism and neuroprotection as well as neurodegenerative disease.

The Coronin Family of Proteins

Author: Christoph S. Clemen,Ludwig Eichinger,Vasily Rybakin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387095950

Category: Medical

Page: 139

View: 7401

The coronins, first described in Dictyostelium discoideum in 1991, have been detected in all eukaryotes except plants. They belong to the superfamily of WD40-repeat proteins and represent a large family of proteins, which are often involved in cytoskeletal functions. Phylogenetic studies clearly distinguish 12 subfamilies of which six exclusively occur in vertebrates. In the present book we have made a sincere attempt to provide a comprehensive overview on all aspects of coronin proteins including history, structure, subcellular localization and function in different organisms. In addition, we also included a general overview on the WD40 family of proteins and the structurally related Kelch family. The book should be of interest for scientists outside the field, but is more importantly intended as a fast and competent guide for newcomers as well as doctoral and postdoctoral scientists to coronin research in all its facets.

Subcellular Fractions: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464921202

Category: Science

Page: 606

View: 8433

Subcellular Fractions: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Subcellular Fractions. The editors have built Subcellular Fractions: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Subcellular Fractions in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Subcellular Fractions: Advances in Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Calcium Signaling

Author: Md. Shahidul Islam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400728883

Category: Medical

Page: 1267

View: 7178

Calcium signaling contains a unique selection of chapters that cover a wide range of contemporary topics in this ubiquitous and diverse system of cell signaling. This book has the flavor of a primary text book, but it is much more than that. It covers topics ranging from the fundamental aspects of calcium signaling to its clinical implications, in a thoughtful and comprehensive way. It discusses cutting edge researches, and critical issues at depth, and it presents many testable hypotheses for future research. It includes the theoretical and the methodological topics as well as topics related to mathematical modeling, and simulations. If you want to read about calcium signaling in different mammalian cells, oocytes, Zebrafishes, and even in plants, in one and the same book, then this book will not disappoint you. From the beginners to the experts in the field of calcium signaling, everybody will find something useful in this very timely book.

Intracellular Calcium

Author: Anthony K. Campbell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118675533

Category: Science

Page: 848

View: 7560

Thousands of imaginative scientists, over more than a century,have revealed the fascinating story of intracellular calcium,through a pathway of ingenious invention and discovery. Intracellular Calcium, the definitive book on this topic,reveals: The pathway of discovery and invention of intracellular calciumover more than 100 years. The evidence for intracellular calcium as a universal switch inall animal, plant, fungal and microbial cells How the components required for calcium signalling are namedand classified. The ingenious technology, which has been developed to studyintracellular calcium. How calcium is regulated inside cells and how it works totrigger an event. The role of intracellular calcium in disease, cell injury andcell death. How many drugs work through the calcium signalling system. How intracellular calcium is involved in the action of manynatural toxins. How the intracellular calcium signalling system has evolvedover 4000 million years, showing why it was crucial to the originof life. A key principle presented throughout the book is the molecularvariation upon which the intracellular calcium signalling systemdepends. This variation occurs within the same cell type andbetween cells with different functions, providing the invisiblematrix upon which Darwin and Wallace’s Natural Selectiondepends. Featuring more than 100 figures, including detailed chemicalstructures as well as pictures of key pioneers in the field, abibliography of more than 1500 references, as well asdetailed subject and organism indices, this definitive workprovides a unique source of scholarship for teachers andresearchers in the biomedical sciences and beyond.

Phosphoinositides I: Enzymes of Synthesis and Degradation

Author: Tamas Balla,Matthias Wymann,John D. York

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400730128

Category: Medical

Page: 356

View: 4454

Phosphoinositides play a major role in cellular signaling and membrane organization. During the last three decades we have learned that enzymes turning over phosphoinositides control vital physiological processes and are involved in the initiation and progression of cancer, inflammation, neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, metabolic disease and more. In two volumes, this book elucidates the crucial mechanisms that control the dynamics of phosphoinositide conversion. Starting out from phosphatidylinositol, a chain of lipid kinases collaborates to generate the oncogenic lipid phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5)-trisphosphate. For every phosphate group added, there are specific lipid kinases – and phosphatases to remove it. Additionally, phospholipases can cleave off the inositol head group and generate poly-phosphoinositols, which act as soluble signals in the cytosol. Volume I untangles the web of these enzymes and their products, and relates them to function in health and disease. Phosphoinositide 3-kinases and 3-phosphatases have received a special focus in volume I, and recent therapeutic developments in human disease are presented along with a historical perspective illustrating the impressive progress in the field.

Bacterial Invasion into Eukaryotic Cells

Subcellular Biochemistry

Author: Tobias A. Oelschlaeger,Jörg H. Hacker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306462900

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 8457

This latest volume in the excellent Subcellular Biochemistry series is the first attempt to give an in-depth overview of the field of bacterial cell invasion. The current knowledge about all well-studied bacteria with the ability to invade eukaryotic cells is brought together, including bacteria pathogenic to humans and animals as well as the symbiotic rhizobia. Several chapters also deal with new approaches and applications regarding invasive bacteria. The book, which includes contributions from worldwide experts, discusses bacterial invasion ability within the context of bacteria-host cell interaction with the main focus on pathogenicity.

The Cellular Basis of Cardiovascular Function in Health and Disease

Author: Pawan K. Singal,Vincenzo Panagia,Grant Pierce

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792399742

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 5791

This special issue of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry contains original research articles and review papers which were invited from the participants of a recent meeting organized to honour the 60th birthday of Naranjan S. Dhalla, Ph.D., M.D.(Hon.). The meeting, organized by Drs. Morris Karmazyn (London), Grant Pierce (Winnipeg) and Balwant Tuana (Ottawa), was held at the Best Western Lakeside Inn in Kenora, Ontario, Canada on August 23-25, 1996. The meeting was entitled The Cellular Basis of Cardiovascular Function in Health and Disease. There were over 40 invited speakers from 15 different countries represented at the meeting, attended by over 280 people. Keynote lectures were presented by Drs. Norman Alpert (Burlington, VT), Robert Jennings (Chapel Hill, NC), Makoto Nagano (Tokyo, Japan), Howard Morgan (Danville, PA), John Solaro (Chicago, IL) and Nobuskira Takeda (Tokyo, Japan). Dr. Henry Friesen, President of the Medical Research Council of Canada, presented Dr. Dhalla with a plaque at the banquet honouring his research accomplishments over his distinguished career. Dr. Dhalla's outstanding research achievements in understanding the subcellular basis of cardiovascular disease were highlighted at the meeting. One of the unique aspects of the meeting was the special effort made by 39 former trainees of Dr. Dhalla to attend the meeting to honour their mentor. The ex-students and trainees came from all over Canada, the United States, Japan, Slovakia, Germany, the Czech Republic, Estonia and the Netherlands. The meeting was judged to be an overwhelming success in terms of the scientific content as well as collaborative interactions initiated.

Issues in Biochemistry and Geochemistry: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963886

Category: Science

Page: 2342

View: 4448

Issues in Biochemistry and Geochemistry / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biochemistry and Geochemistry. The editors have built Issues in Biochemistry and Geochemistry: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biochemistry and Geochemistry in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biochemistry and Geochemistry / 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Cholesterol Binding and Cholesterol Transport Proteins:

Structure and Function in Health and Disease

Author: J. Robin Harris

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048186228

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 8963

Knowledge of cholesterol and its interaction with protein molecules is of fundamental importance in both animal and human biology. This book contains 22 chapters, dealing in depth with structural and functional aspects of the currently known and extremely diverse unrelated families of cholesterol-binding and cholesterol transport proteins. By drawing together this range of topics the Editor has attempted to correlate this broad field of study for the first time. Technical aspects are given considerable emphasis, particularly in relation cholesterol reporter molecules and to the isolation and study of membrane cholesterol- and sphingomyelin-rich "raft" domains. Cell biological, biochemical and clinical topics are included in this book, which serve to emphasize the acknowledged and important benefits to be gained from the study of cholesterol and cholesterol-binding proteins within the biomedical sciences and the involvement of cholesterol in several clinical disorders. It is hoped that by presenting this topic in this integrated manner that an appreciation of the fact that there is much more that needs to be taken into account, studied and understood than the widely discussed "bad and good cholesterol" associated, respectively, with the low- and high-density lipoproteins, LDL and HDL.

Peterson's Guide to Graduate Programs in the Biological Sciences 1997

Author: Peterson's Guides Staff,Peterson's Guides, Inc

Publisher: Peterson's Nelnet Company

ISBN: 9781560796534

Category: Study Aids

Page: 2672

View: 696

Graduate students depend on this series and ask for it by name. Why? For over 30 years, it's been the only one-stop source that supplies all of their information needs. The new editions of this six-volume set contain the most comprehensive information available on more than 1,500 colleges offering over 31,000 master's, doctoral, and professional-degree programs in more than 350 disciplines.New for 1997 -- Non-degree-granting research centers, institutes, and training programs that are part of a graduate degree program.Five discipline-specific volumes detail entrance and program requirements, deadlines, costs, contacts, and special options, such as distance learning, for each program, if available. Each Guide features "The Graduate Adviser", which discusses entrance exams, financial aid, accreditation, and more.The only source that covers nearly 4,000 programs in such areas as oncology, conservation biology, pharmacology, and zoology.

Regulation of Alternative Splicing

Author: Philippe Jeanteur

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540438335

Category: Science

Page: 245

View: 1381

The discovery in 1977 that genes are split into exons and introns has done away with the one gene - one protein dogma. Indeed, the removal of introns from the primary RNA transcript is not necessarily straightforward since there may be optional pathways leading to different messenger RNAs and consequently to different proteins. Examples of such an alternative splicing mechanism cover all fields of biology. Moreover, there are plenty of occurrences where deviant splicing can have pathological effects. Despite the high number of specific cases of alternative splicing, it was not until recently that the generality and extent of this phenomenon was fully appreciated. A superficial reading of the preliminary sequence of the human genome published in 2001 led to the surprising, and even deceiving to many scientists, low number of genes (around 32,000) which contrasted with the much higher figure around 150,000 which was previously envisioned. Attempts to make a global assessment of the use of alternative splicing are recent and rely essentially on the comparison of genomic mRNA and EST sequences as reviewed by Thanaraj and Stamm in the first chapter of this volume. Most recent estimates suggest that 40-60% of human genes might be alternatively spliced, as opposed to about 22% for C. elegans.

Vitamin D

Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on Vitamin D, July 6-10th, 2003, Maastricht, the Netherlands

Author: R. Bouillon,Anthony W. Norman,Jorge R. Pasqualini

Publisher: Pergamon Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 633

View: 3933