Cartographies of Disease

Maps, Mapping, and Medicine

Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781589484672

Category: Medical

Page: 412

View: 5004

Cartographies of Disease: Maps, Mapping, and Medicine, new expanded edition, is a comprehensive survey of the technology of mapping and its relationship to the battle against disease. This look at medical mapping advances the argument that maps are not merely representations of spatial realities but a way of thinking about relationships between viral and bacterial communities, human hosts, and the environments in which diseases flourish. Cartographies of Disease traces the history of medical mapping from its growth in the 19th century during an era of trade and immigration to its renaissance in the 1990s during a new era of globalization. Referencing maps older than John Snow's famous cholera maps of London in the mid-19th century, this survey pulls from the plague maps of the 1600s, while addressing current issues concerning the ability of GIS technology to track diseases worldwide. The original chapters have some minor updating and two new chapters have been added. Chapter 13 attempts to understand how the hundreds of maps of Ebola revealed not simply disease incidence but the way in which the epidemic itself was perceived. Chapter 14, is about the spatiality of the disease and the means by which different cartographic approaches may affect the means by which infectious outbreaks like Ebola can be confronted and contained.

Disease Maps

Epidemics on the Ground

Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226449351

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 3770

In the seventeenth century, a map of the plague suggested a radical idea—that the disease was carried and spread by humans. In the nineteenth century, maps of cholera cases were used to prove its waterborne nature. More recently, maps charting the swine flu pandemic caused worldwide panic and sent shockwaves through the medical community. In Disease Maps, Tom Koch contends that to understand epidemics and their history we need to think about maps of varying scale, from the individual body to shared symptoms evidenced across cities, nations, and the world. Disease Maps begins with a brief review of epidemic mapping today and a detailed example of its power. Koch then traces the early history of medical cartography, including pandemics such as European plague and yellow fever, and the advancements in anatomy, printing, and world atlases that paved the way for their mapping. Moving on to the scourge of the nineteenth century—cholera—Koch considers the many choleras argued into existence by the maps of the day, including a new perspective on John Snow’s science and legacy. Finally, Koch addresses contemporary outbreaks such as AIDS, cancer, and H1N1, and reaches into the future, toward the coming epidemics. Ultimately, Disease Maps redefines conventional medical history with new surgical precision, revealing that only in maps do patterns emerge that allow disease theories to be proposed, hypotheses tested, and treatments advanced.

Mapping the Nation

History and Cartography in Nineteenth-Century America

Author: Susan Schulten

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226740706

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 7844

In the nineteenth century, Americans began to use maps in radically new ways. For the first time, medical men mapped diseases to understand and prevent epidemics, natural scientists mapped climate and rainfall to uncover weather patterns, educators mapped the past to foster national loyalty among students, and Northerners mapped slavery to assess the power of the South. After the Civil War, federal agencies embraced statistical and thematic mapping in order to profile the ethnic, racial, economic, moral, and physical attributes of a reunified nation. By the end of the century, Congress had authorized a national archive of maps, an explicit recognition that old maps were not relics to be discarded but unique records of the nation’s past. All of these experiments involved the realization that maps were not just illustrations of data, but visual tools that were uniquely equipped to convey complex ideas and information. In Mapping the Nation, Susan Schulten charts how maps of epidemic disease, slavery, census statistics, the environment, and the past demonstrated the analytical potential of cartography, and in the process transformed the very meaning of a map. Today, statistical and thematic maps are so ubiquitous that we take for granted that data will be arranged cartographically. Whether for urban planning, public health, marketing, or political strategy, maps have become everyday tools of social organization, governance, and economics. The world we inhabit—saturated with maps and graphic information—grew out of this sea change in spatial thought and representation in the nineteenth century, when Americans learned to see themselves and their nation in new dimensions.

A Place in Time

Care Givers for Their Elderly

Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 6782

Records the experiences of people who have chosen to care for aging and ill relatives at home and examines how these personal experiences reflect important issues of elder care

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography

A 12-Volume Set

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080449107

Category: Social Science

Page: 8250

View: 2773

The International Encyclopedia of Human Geography provides an authoritative and comprehensive source of information on the discipline of human geography and its constituent, and related, subject areas. The encyclopedia includes over 1,000 detailed entries on philosophy and theory, key concepts, methods and practices, biographies of notable geographers, and geographical thought and praxis in different parts of the world. This groundbreaking project covers every field of human geography and the discipline’s relationships to other disciplines, and is global in scope, involving an international set of contributors. Given its broad, inclusive scope and unique online accessibility, it is anticipated that the International Encyclopedia of Human Geography will become the major reference work for the discipline over the coming decades. The Encyclopedia will be available in both limited edition print and online via ScienceDirect - featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit http://info.sciencedirect.com/content/books/ref_works/coming/ Available online on ScienceDirect and in limited edition print format Broad, interdisciplinary coverage across human geography: Philosophy, Methods, People, Social/Cultural, Political, Economic, Development, Health, Cartography, Urban, Historical, Regional Comprehensive and unique - the first of its kind in human geography

In jedem Augenblick unseres Lebens

Roman

Author: Tom Malmquist

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608100814

Category: Fiction

Page: 304

View: 5099

»In jedem Augenblick unseres Lebens« ist ein tragisch-schönes Buch über ein Jahr, das alles verändert. Eine Geschichte über Verlust, Elternschaft und das Leben, das wir leben, Augenblick für Augenblick. Hier gibt es kein Dann, kein Später, nur Jetzt. Ein Buch wie ein einziger Atemzug. Tom und Karin erwarten ihr erstes Kind, als Karin plötzlich schwer erkrankt und ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert werden muss. Das Baby wird per Kaiserschnitt gerettet, während Tom wie in einem Albtraum in den unterirdischen Gängen des Krankenhauses umherirrt. Zwischen Intensivstation und Säuglingsstation, zwischen Leben und Tod. Als er nach Hause zurückkehrt, hat er Karin verloren und ist allein mit einem Neugeborenen. Um sich seiner Trauer zu stellen und seiner Tochter ein Vater zu sein, beginnt er ein Buch zu schreiben.

Mapping the Cold War

Cartography and the Framing of America’s International Power

Author: Timothy Barney

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469618559

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 7439

In this fascinating history of Cold War cartography, Timothy Barney considers maps as central to the articulation of ideological tensions between American national interests and international aspirations. Barney argues that the borders, scales, projections, and other conventions of maps prescribed and constrained the means by which foreign policy elites, popular audiences, and social activists navigated conflicts between North and South, East and West. Maps also influenced how identities were formed in a world both shrunk by advancing technologies and marked by expanding and shifting geopolitical alliances and fissures. Pointing to the necessity of how politics and values were "spatialized" in recent U.S. history, Barney argues that Cold War–era maps themselves had rhetorical lives that began with their conception and production and played out in their circulation within foreign policy circles and popular media. Reflecting on the ramifications of spatial power during the period, Mapping the Cold War ultimately demonstrates that even in the twenty-first century, American visions of the world--and the maps that account for them--are inescapably rooted in the anxieties of that earlier era.

Mapping Cultures

Place, Practice, Performance

Author: L. Roberts

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137025050

Category: Social Science

Page: 309

View: 1971

An interdisciplinary collection exploring the practices and cultures of mapping in the arts, humanities and social sciences. It features contributions from scholars in critical cartography, social anthropology, film and cultural studies, literary studies, art and visual culture, marketing, museum studies, architecture, and popular music studies.

Textbook of Children's Environmental Health

Author: Philip J. Landrigan,Ruth A. Etzel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199336660

Category: Medical

Page: 608

View: 3944

Over the past four decades, the prevalence of autism, asthma, ADHD, obesity, diabetes, and birth defects have grown substantially among children around the world. Not coincidentally, more than 80,000 new chemicals have been developed and released into the global environment during this same period. Today the World Health Organization attributes 36% of all childhood deaths to environmental causes. Children's environmental health is a new and expanding discipline that studies the profound impact of chemical and environmental hazards on child health. Amid mounting evidence that children are exquisitely sensitive to their environment-and that exposure during their developmental "windows of susceptibility" can trigger cellular changes that lead to disease and disability in infancy, childhood, and across the life span-there is a compelling need for continued scientific study of the relationship between children's health and environment. The Textbook of Children's Environmental Health codifies the knowledge base and offers an authoritative and comprehensive guide to this important new field. Edited by two internationally recognized pioneers in the area, this volume presents up-to-date information on the chemical, biological, physical, and societal hazards that confront children in today's world: pesticides, indoor and outdoor air pollution, lead, arsenic, phthalates, bisphenol A, brominated flame retardants, ionizing radiation, electromagnetic fields, and the built environment. It presents carefully documented data on rising rates of disease in children, offers a critical summary of new research linking pediatric disease with environmental exposures, and explores the cellular, molecular, and epigenetic mechanisms underlying diseases of environmental origin. With this volume's emphasis upon integrating theory and practice, readers will find practical approaches to channeling scientific findings into evidence-based strategies for preventing and identifying the environmental hazards that cause disease in children. It is a landmark work that will serve as the field's benchmark for years to come.

Knowledge in the Time of Cholera

The Struggle over American Medicine in the Nineteenth Century

Author: Owen Whooley

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022601777X

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 2517

Vomiting. Diarrhea. Dehydration. Death. Confusion. In 1832, the arrival of cholera in the United States created widespread panic throughout the country. For the rest of the century, epidemics swept through American cities and towns like wildfire, killing thousands. Physicians of all stripes offered conflicting answers to the cholera puzzle, ineffectively responding with opiates, bleeding, quarantines, and all manner of remedies, before the identity of the dreaded infection was consolidated under the germ theory of disease some sixty years later. These cholera outbreaks raised fundamental questions about medical knowledge and its legitimacy, giving fuel to alternative medical sects that used the confusion of the epidemic to challenge both medical orthodoxy and the authority of the still-new American Medical Association. In Knowledge in the Time of Cholera, Owen Whooley tells us the story of those dark days, centering his narrative on rivalries between medical and homeopathic practitioners and bringing to life the battle to control public understanding of disease, professional power, and democratic governance in nineteenth-century America.

Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Global Challenge

Author: Darwin R. Labarthe

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 144961079X

Category: Medical

Page: 710

View: 1775

This book provides a comprehensive epidemiological perspective on cardiovascular diseases and analysis of measures for their prevention and control in community and clinical settings. Perfect for both students and practitioners, the second edition includes over 300 tables, figures, and exhibits; and has been thoroughly updated to reflect the most recent research in the field. Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: A Global Challenge, Second Edition provides an in-depth examination of epidemiologic research and prevention measures for the full range of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This authoritative text on the world’s leading causes of death describes in detail the nature of atherosclerotic and hypertensive diseases—including their determinants, prevention and control, as well as policies for intervention in community and clinical settings. This second edition is fully updated, more extensively referenced and expanded to include new information about the public health dimensions of CVD prevention, exploring the basis of public health decisions and the process by which decision-making bodies develop guidelines and recommendations. Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases: A Global Challenge, Second Edition is the essential text for any student or practitioner concerned with global cardiovascular health. The second edition includes: • The most up-to-date epidemiologic research, prevention measures, and policies • Fully revised content and expanded material • A comprehensive review of CVD research

Mirrored Lives

Aging Children and Elderly Parents

Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: 9780275936716

Category: Social Science

Page: 217

View: 3717

Records the emotional struggles of an elderly father in geriatric decline and his aging son as the care-giver, exploring the issues of their changed relationship

Thieves of Virtue

When Bioethics Stole Medicine

Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262017989

Category: Medical

Page: 350

View: 1678

An argument against the "lifeboat ethic" of contemporary bioethics that views medicine as a commodity rather than a tradition of care and caring. Bioethics emerged in the 1960s from a conviction that physicians and researchers needed the guidance of philosophers in handling the issues raised by technological advances in medicine. It blossomed as a response to the perceived doctor-knows-best paternalism of the traditional medical ethic and today plays a critical role in health policies and treatment decisions. Bioethics claimed to offer a set of generally applicable, universally accepted guidelines that would simplify complex situations. In Thieves of Virtue, Tom Koch contends that bioethics has failed to deliver on its promises. Instead, he argues, bioethics has promoted a view of medicine as a commodity whose delivery is predicated not on care but on economic efficiency. At the heart of bioethics, Koch writes, is a "lifeboat ethic" that assumes "scarcity" of medical resources is a natural condition rather than the result of prior economic, political, and social choices. The idea of natural scarcity requiring ethical triage signaled a shift in ethical emphasis from patient care and the physician's responsibility for it to neoliberal accountancies and the promotion of research as the preeminent good. The solution to the failure of bioethics is not a new set of simplistic principles. Koch points the way to a transformed medical ethics that is humanist, responsible, and defensible.

Design for Information

An Introduction to the Histories, Theories, and Best Practices Behind Effective Information Visualizations

Author: Isabel Meirelles

Publisher: Rockport Pub

ISBN: 1592538061

Category: Design

Page: 224

View: 5482

Design for Information provides a series of visualizations that are analyzed for their design principles and methods. This book provides critical and analytical tools that benefit the design process.

Physikalischer Atlas

geographisches Jahrbuch zur Mittheilung aller wichtigeren neuen Erfoschungen

Author: Heinrich Karl Wilhelm Berghaus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2892

Seuchen, die die Welt veränderten

von Cholera bis SARS

Author: Mary Dobson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783866900943

Category: Epidemie - Geschichte

Page: 255

View: 9656

Reich illustriertes Panorama der alten und neuen endemisch, epidemisch oder gar pandemisch sich ausbreitenden Seuchen der Menschheitsgeschichte und ihrer sozialen Auswirkungen.

The Power of Knowledge

How Information and Technology Made the Modern World

Author: Jeremy Black

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030019854X

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 733

Information is power. For more than five hundred years the success or failure of nations has been determined by a country’s ability to acquire knowledge and technical skill and transform them into strength and prosperity. Leading historian Jeremy Black approaches global history from a distinctive perspective, focusing on the relationship between information and society and demonstrating how the understanding and use of information have been the primary factors in the development and character of the modern age. Black suggests that the West’s ascension was a direct result of its institutions and social practices for acquiring, employing, and retaining information and the technology that was ultimately produced. His cogent and well-reasoned analysis looks at cartography and the hardware of communication, armaments and sea power, mercantilism and imperialism, science and astronomy, as well as bureaucracy and the management of information, linking the history of technology with the history of global power while providing important indicators for the future of our world.

The News as Myth

Fact and Context in Journalism

Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 199

View: 6792

The news. We commonly accept it as fact, but there are many times when journalists are compelled to cross and recross the fine line between true fiction and false truth to get the "real" story. Koch argues that "the myth of the news is its supposed objectivity" and that the very forms which presumably guarantee veracity ultimately lead to incomplete and misleading "false truths." Through an innovative and original methodology and analysis of stories from a variety of North American newspapers, this book shows that the narrative form used by journalists creates a consistent and structural bias in contemporary news. Having shown that contemporary journalistic forms--from the pyramid form to the sacrosanct five W's--effect the context in which "facts" are presented, Koch uses computer database technologies to discover ways in which these forms can be changed and improved.