Categories and Contexts

Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Author: Simon Szreter,Hania Sholkamy,A. Dharmalingam

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191533696

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 7914

Throughout its history as a social science, demography has been associated with an exclusively quantitative orientation for studying social problems. As a result, demographers tend to analyse population issues scientifically through sets of fixed social categories that are divorced from dynamic relationships and local contexts and processes. This volume questions these fixed categories in two ways. First, it examines the historical and political circumstances in which such categories had their provenance, and, second, it reassesses their uncritical applications over space and time in a diverse range of empirical case studies, encouraging throughout a constructive interdisciplinary dialogue involving anthropologists, demographers, historians, and sociologists. This volume seeks to examine the political complexities that lie at the heart of population studies by focusing on category formation, category use, and category critique. It shows that this takes the form of a dialectic between the needs for clarity of scientific and administrative analysis and the recalcitrant diversity of the social contexts and human processes that generate population change. The critical reflections of each chapter are enriched by meticulous ethnographic fieldwork and historical research drawn from every continent. This volume, therefore, exemplifies a new methodology for research in population studies, one that does not simply accept and re-use the established categories of population science but seeks critically and reflexively to explore, test, and re-evaluate their meanings in diverse contexts. It shows that for demography to realise its full potential it must urgently re-examine and contextualize the social categories used today in population research.

Humanitarian Crises and Migration

Causes, Consequences and Responses

Author: Susan F. Martin,Sanjula Weerasinghe,Abbie Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135085544

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 8953

Whether it is the stranding of tens of thousands of migrant workers at the Libyan–Tunisian border, or the large-scale displacement triggered by floods in Pakistan and Colombia, hardly a week goes by in which humanitarian crises have not precipitated human movement. While some people move internally, others internationally, some temporarily and others permanently, there are also those who become "trapped" in place, unable to move to greater safety. Responses to these "crisis migrations" are varied and inadequate. Only a fraction of "crisis migrants" are protected by existing international, regional or national law. Even where law exists, practice does not necessarily guarantee safety and security for those who are forced to move or remain trapped. Improvements are desperately needed to ensure more consistent and effective responses. This timely book brings together leading experts from multi-disciplinary backgrounds to reflect on diverse humanitarian crises and to shed light on a series of exploratory questions: In what ways do people move in the face of crisis situations? Why do some people move, while others do not? Where do people move? When do people move, and for how long? What are the challenges and opportunities in providing protection to crisis migrants? How might we formulate appropriate responses and sustainable solutions, and upon what factors should these depend? This volume is divided into four parts, with an introductory section outlining the parameters of "crisis migration," conceptualizing the term and evaluating its utility. This section also explores the legal, policy and institutional architecture upon which current responses are based. Part II presents a diverse set of case studies, from the earthquake in Haiti and the widespread violence in Mexico, to the ongoing exodus from Somalia, and environmental degradation in Alaska and the Carteret Islands, among others. Part III focuses on populations that may be at particular risk, including non-citizens, migrants at sea, those displaced to urban areas, and trapped populations. The concluding section maps the global governance of crisis migration and highlights gaps in current provisions for crisis-related movement across multiple levels. This valuable book brings together previously diffuse research and policy issues under the analytical umbrella of "crisis migration." It lays the foundations for assessing and addressing real challenges to the status quo, and will be of interest to scholars, policy makers, and practitioners committed to seeking out improved responses and ensuring the dignity and safety of millions who move in the context of humanitarian crises.

Menschen zählen

Wissensproduktion durch britische Volkszählungen und Umfragen vom 19. Jahrhundert bis ins digitale Zeitalter

Author: Kerstin Brückweh

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311040785X

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 6679

Dieses Buch führt ins Zentrum gesellschaftlicher Debatten um Big Data und das digitale Zeitalter. Denn die Idee, dass Menschen und Gesellschaften nichts weiter als die Summe ihrer Daten seien, ist im Kern der über 200-jährigen Methodengeschichte angelegt. Für Großbritannien wird dies im Rahmen von Volkszählungen und Umfragen an Akteuren, Methoden, Gesellschaftsklassifikationen sowie an Fragen nach Race, Ethnicity und Disabilites gezeigt.

Achsen der Ungleichheit

Zum Verhältnis von Klasse, Geschlecht und Ethnizität

Author: Cornelia Klinger,Gudrun-Axeli Knapp,Birgit Sauer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593403978

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 7350

Gesellschaftliche Ungleichheit wurde lange Zeit vor allem anhand von »Klasse« thematisiert. Inzwischen hat sich der Fokus um andere Konfliktlinien erweitert. In diesem Band werden die unterschiedlichen Relationen von Ungleichheit in den Dimensionen von Klasse, Geschlecht und Ethnizität bestimmt und in einen gesellschaftstheoretischen Horizont gestellt. Mit Beiträgen von Brigitte Aulenbacher, Regina Becker-Schmidt, Mechthild Bereswill, Hans- Jürgen Bieling, Wolfgang Gabbert, Christoph Görg, Sabine Hark, Lars Kohlmorgen, Helga Krüger, Sybille Küster, Helma Lutz, Shalini Randeria, Markus Schroer und Thomas Schwinn.

Organization Descriptions and Cross-References

Author: Union of International Associates

Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Company

ISBN: 9783598246487

Category: Reference

Page: 3013

View: 2891

Yearbook of International Organizations is the most comprehensive reference resource and provides current details of international non-governmental (NGO) and intergovernmental organizations (IGO). Collected and documented by the Union of International Associations (UIA), detailed information on international organizations worldwide can be found here. Besides historical and organizational information, details on activities, events or publications, contact details, biographies of the leading individuals as well as the presentation of networks of organizations are included. Key features: Most comprehensive compendium of international organizations Over 62,000 profiles of organizations with current contact details Biography profiles of key figures in International Organizations

Yearbook of International Organizations 2005/2006

2 Parts

Author: Union of International Associations

Publisher: K G Saur

ISBN: 9783598245213

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 2973

View: 6615

For the Yearbook of International Organizations, the most up-to-date and comprehensive reference to international organizations, the UIA has selected the most important 31,086 organizations from its extensive database of current and previous organizations. Yearbook provides profiles of 5,546 intergovernmental and 25,540 international non-governmental organizations active in nearly 300 countries and territories in the world today. Organization descriptions listed in Volume 1 are numbere sequentially to facilitate quick and easy cross-referencing from the other Yearbook Volumes. Users can refer to Volumes 2 and 3 to locate organizations by region or subject respectively, and comprehensive indexes are included. Naturally, the high standards of accuracy, consistency and detail set by previous editions of the Yearbook of International Organizations have been maintained for this edition.

Reproducing Inequities

Poverty and the Politics of Population in Haiti

Author: M. Catherine Maternowska

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 221

View: 1135

Residents of Haiti - one of the poorest and most unstable countries in the world - face a grim reality of starvation, violence, lack of economic opportunity, and minimal health care. For years, aid organizations have sought to alleviate the problems by creating health and family planning clinics, including one modern (and, by local standards, luxurious) center in the heart of Cite Soleil. During its height of service in the 1980s and 1990s, the clinic boasted nineteen staff members, an array of modern contraceptives, an accessible location, and convenient hours - but very few clients. Why did this initiative fail so spectacularly despite surveys finding that residents would like to have fewer children? Why don't poor women heed the message of family planning, when smaller families seem to be in their best interest? In Reproducing Inequities, M. Catherine Maternowska argues that we too easily overlook the political dynamics that shape choices about family planning.

Governing China's population

from Leninist to neoliberal biopolitics

Author: Susan Greenhalgh,Edwin A. Winckler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 6986

'Governing China's Population' tells the story of political and cultural shifts, from the perspectives of both regime and society.

The Demography of Armed Conflict

Author: Helge Brunborg,Ewa Tabeau,Henrik Urdal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781402051340

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 6085

This book assembles researchers in demography, statistics, political science, sociology, anthropology, history, geography, economics and law to offer fresh insight on the demographic causes and consequences of armed conflict. Cause studies consider migration, ethnicity, population growth and youth bulges. Studies on consequences of conflict include mortality from conflict, casualty estimation for prosecution of war crimes, and case studies of conflicts in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cambodia, Kenya, Mali, Rwanda, Sudan and Uganda.

Asien

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Asia

Page: N.A

View: 9432

Population Mobility and Infectious Disease

Author: Yorghos Apostolopoulos,Sevil Sonmez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387497110

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 4521

This book explores the complex roles of mobile, transient, and displaced populations in the worldwide spread of disease. While biomedical events cause disease, social forces such as poverty and marginalization magnify them by giving them opportunities to take hold. From Katrina to Darfur, and from influenza to AIDS, an expert panel of health and social scientists brings the social context of epidemics into clear focus.

Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power

Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule

Author: Ann Laura Stoler,Willy Brandt Distinguished University Professor of Anthropology and Historical Studies Ann Laura Stoler

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520231104

Category: Social Science

Page: 335

View: 8878

"To my knowledge, there simply is no one else writing on questions of colonialism, gender, race, and intimacy who brings this depth and reach of historical and anthropological illumination to bear."—Nancy F. Cott, author of Public Vows: A History of Marriage and the Nation "This new book brings our collective agenda forward with a degree of maturity and flexibility that makes narrow academic preferences both unnecessary and misleading."—Doris Sommer, author of Proceed with Caution, When Engaged by Minority Writing in the Americas

Agricultural Standards

The Shape of the Global Food and Fiber System

Author: Jim Bingen,Lawrence Busch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402039840

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 6722

Food and agricultural standards have recently risen to the top of both national and international agendas. Popular concerns about the power of the World Trade Organization focus on the intertwined relationships between environmental protection, labor and human rights, and the standards used to produce and supply our food and fiber globally. In the developing world, agricultural grades and standards are an important part of the reconfiguration of roles and responsibilities between various public and private actors in market reform. This original and informative collection of studies of agri-food standards in the modern economy addresses these and helps to define the scope of the emerging study of the politics of standards setting. Following an overview essay dealing with the multiple ways of thinking about, approaching and defining food and agricultural standards, eleven case studies offer a rich body of evidence that assesses the processes, dynamics and potential consequences of global agri-food standards. For all interested in the strategic use of food and agricultural standards – from those in national and international governmental agencies, researchers and others in the academic and private sector to those in the private business sector – this volume offers a broader perspective on and will serve as an important resource.

Cultural Identity in Transition

Contemporary Conditions, Practices and Politics of a Global Phenomenon

Author: Jari Kupiainen

Publisher: Atlantic Publishers & Dist

ISBN: 9788126903740

Category: Ethnicity

Page: 444

View: 9887

Cultural Identity In Transition Analyses The Challenges That Globalisation And Modernisation Have Brought To Cultural Identity In Recent Years. This Collection Of Articles Highlights Some Of The Central Theoretical Ideas And Models Currently Used In The Analysis Of Cultural Identity In The Social And Cultural Sciences.While The Book S Main Regional Focus Is On Northern Europe, This Is Complemented By Several Case Studies Addressing Issues Of Cultural Identity In Indigenous And Ethnic Communities, In Literary And Artistic Expression, And In Terms Of National Politics Around The World.The Book Discusses In Detail The Questions Like : What Is At Stake In The Global Culture Industry In Terms Of Cultural Identity? How Do The Internet And Information Technology In General Empower Local Communities? What Kinds Of Political Struggles And Conflicts Can Be Associated With The Processes Of Cultural Identity? Cultural Identities Are In Transition, But In What Direction Are They Moving?Cultural Identity In Transition Will Be Essential Reading For University Students And Researchers In Sociology, Anthropology, And Cultural And Literary Studies.