Century of Genocide

Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts

Author: Samuel Totten,William S. Parsons,Israel W. Charny

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415944304

Category: Social Science

Page: 507

View: 3001

The Rwandan government forces, as well as Cambodia's Khmer Rouge and German, Bosnian and U.S. governments, have all been guilty of the destruction of theirindigenous cultures. This book analyses the major atrocities of our times,including recent cases of genocide in Yugoslavia and Iraq.

Genocide in the Twentieth Century

Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts

Author: Samuel Totten,William S. Parsons

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: N.A

Category: Genocide

Page: 570

View: 9677

Völkermord in Deutsch-Südwestafrika

der Kolonialkrieg (1904-1908) in Namibia und seine Folgen

Author: Jürgen Zimmerer

Publisher: Ch. Links Verlag

ISBN: 9783861533030

Category: Genocide

Page: 276

View: 1068

Teaching about Genocide

Issues, Approaches, and Resources

Author: Samuel Totten

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1607529688

Category: Social Science

Page: 361

View: 3906

Dictionary of Genocide: A-L

Author: Samuel Totten,Paul Robert Bartrop

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313346422

Category: Armenian massacres, 1915-1923

Page: 534

View: 3771

Over 600 terms identify and explain the history and suffering of ethnic and religious groups experiencing genocide throughout the world. The people, places, governments, agencies, documents, legal terms, and all other aspects of genocide are defined for new students and scholars alike.

Dictionary of Genocide: M-Z

Author: Samuel Totten,Paul Robert Bartrop

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313346446

Category: Armenian massacres, 1915-1923

Page: 534

View: 7658

Over 600 terms identify and explain the history and suffering of ethnic and religious groups experiencing genocide throughout the world. The people, places, governments, agencies, documents, legal terms, and all other aspects of genocide are defined for new students and scholars alike.

Pioneers of Genocide Studies

Author: Samuel Totten,Steven Leonard Jacobs

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412849748

Category: Political Science

Page: 634

View: 2737

From the early efforts that emerged in the struggle against Nazism, and over the past half century, the field of genocide studies has grown in reach to include five genocide centers across the globe and well over one hundred Holocaust centers. This work enables a new generation of scholars, researchers, and policymakers to assess the major foci of the field, develop ways and means to intervene and prevent future genocides, and review the successes and failures of the past. The contributors to "Pioneers of Genocide Studies" approach the questions of greatest relevance in a personal way, crafting a statement that reveals one's individual voice, persuasions, literary style, scholarly perspectives, and relevant details of one's life. The book epitomizes scholarly autobiographical writing at its best. The book also includes the most important works by each author on the issue of genocide. Among the contributors are experts in the Armenian, Bosnian, and Cambodian genocides, as well as the Holocaust against the Jewish people. The contributors are Rouben Adalian, M. Cherif Bassiouni, Israel W. Charney, Vahakn Dadrian, Helen Fein, Barbara Harff, David Hawk, Herbert Hirsch, Irving Louis Horowitz, Richard Hovannisian, Henry Huttenbach, Leo Kuper, Raphael Lemkin, James E. Mace, Eric Markusen, Robert Melson, R.J. Rummel, Roger W. Smith, Gregory H. Stanton, Ervin Staub, Colin Tatz, Yves Ternan, and the co-editors. The work represents a high watermark in the reflections and self-reflections on the comparative study of genocide.

Impediments to the Prevention and Intervention of Genocide

Author: Samuel Totten

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412849438

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 366

Academics, NGOs, the United Nations, and individual nations are focused on the prevention and intervention of genocide. Traditionally, missions to prevent or intervene in genocide have been sporadic and under-resourced. The contributors to this volume consider some of the major stumbling blocks to the avoidance of genocide. Bartrop and Totten argue that "realpolitik" is the" "major impediment to the elimination of genocide. Campbell examines the lack of political will to confront genocide, and Theriault describes how denial becomes an obstacle to intervention against genocide. Loyle and Davenport discuss how intervention is impeded by a lack of reliable data on genocide violence, and Macgregor presents an overview of the influence of the media. Totten examines how the UN Convention on Genocide actually impedes anti-genocide efforts; and how the institutional configuration of the UN is itself often a stumbling block. Addressing an issue that is often overlooked, Travis examines the impact of global arms trade on genocide. Finally, Hiebert examines how international criminal prosecution of atrocities can impede preventive efforts, and Hirsch provides an analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, and effectiveness of major international and national prescriptions developed over the last decade. The result is a distinguished addition to Transaction's prestigious Genocide Studies series.

Massengewalt in Indonesien (1965-1998)

Eine kurze Bewertung der Massengewalt in Indonesien: Genozid, Demozid oder Politizid

Author: Dominique Omakowski

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640740270

Category: Political Science

Page: 9

View: 4185

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Politik - Sonstige Themen, Note: 1,00, Sciences Po Paris, Dijon, Nancy, Poitier, Menton, Havre (-), Veranstaltung: -, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Diese Arbeit hat zum Ziel, die Natur der gegen verschiedene Gruppen gerichteten Gewalt in Indonesien von 1965 bis 1998 zu untersuchen. Die Unterscheidung zwischen Genozid, Demozid und Politizid findet hierbei Anwendung und hilft der besseren geschichtlichen Einordnung der Geschehnisse.

Der weite Weg der Hoffnung

Author: Loung Ung

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104902380

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 8853

***Ein ergreifendes Buch über eine zerstörte Kindheit in einem zerstörten Land – jetzt auch verfilmt von Angelina Jolie*** Kambodscha im April 1975. Soldaten der Roten Khmer rücken in die Hauptstadt Phnom Penh vor. Das Land versinkt in Hunger, Grauen und Mord. Aus dem umhegten Kind Loung Ung wird ein elternloser Flüchtling, der im kambodschanischen Dschungel verzweifelt ums Überleben kämpft. Unsagbares Leid bricht über sie herein. Loung muss sich in einem Waisenlager zum Kindersoldaten ausbilden lassen, ihre Brüder und Schwestern kämpfen in Arbeitslagern verzweifelt um ihr Leben. Allein die Hoffnung, ihre Familie am Ende der Schreckensherrschaft wiederzusehen, spendet Loung Ung Trost. »Reden heißt, meine Familie in große Gefahr zu bringen. Mir fünf Jahren beginne ich zu verstehen, wie es ist, allein zu sein, still und einsam mit der Erwartung, dass mich jeder verletzen könnte.«

The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies

Author: Donald Bloxham,A. Dirk Moses

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199232113

Category: History

Page: 675

View: 534

The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies is the first book to subject both genocide and this young discipline to systematic, in-depth analysis. Thirty-four renowned experts study genocide world-wide through the ages by taking regional, thematic, and disciplinary approaches. They distinguish secessionist genocides in modern Asia from political ones. Others examine colonial Africa, including both the Great Lakes regions and the north of the continent. Northand South America are treated, as are the Ottoman Empire, Nazi Europe, and post-communist Eastern Europe. A challenging final chapter considers the significance of genocide in the contemporary world, makinglinks to environmental crises and geopolitical instability.

Die Nacht

Erinnerung und Zeugnis

Author: Elie Wiesel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783451060144

Category:

Page: 157

View: 9807

The Prevention and Intervention of Genocide

Author: Samuel Totten

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412809649

Category: Social Science

Page: 309

View: 4233

Over the last twenty years the world has witnessed four major genocides. There was the genocide in Iraq (1988), in Rwanda (1994), in Srebrenica (1995), and in Darfur (2003 and continuing). Most observers agree there is an urgent need to assess the international community's efforts to prevent genocide and to intervene (once a genocide is under way) in an effective and timely manner. This volume, the latest in a widely respected series on the subject of genocide, provides an overview of a host of issues germane to this task. The book begins with a cogent discussion of the issues of prevention and intervention during the Cold War years. The second chapter discusses the abject failures and moderate (though, in some cases, highly controversial) successes at prevention and intervention carried out in the 1990s and early 2000s. Further chapters examine latest efforts to develop an effective genocide early warning system and examine the complexity of and barriers to prevention. The pros and cons of sanctions and the problems of enforcement and evaluation their effectiveness are then discussed. Conflicts between state sovereignty and the protection of threatened populations are examined both in historical context and by incorporating the latest thinking. Later chapters treat the issue of intervention; why and how it has met with only limited success. Concentrating on Rwanda and Srebrenica, chapter 8 discusses various peace operations that were abject failures and those that were moderately successful. The concept of an anti-genocide regime is examined in terms of progress in developing such a regime as well as what the international community must do in order to implement it. Chapters discuss key issues related to post-genocidal periods, those that need to be addressed in order to establish stability in a wounded land and populace as well as to prevent future genocides. The final chapter asks whether bringing perpetrators to justice has any impact in breaking impunity, ensuring deterrence, and bringing about reconciliation. The contributors to the volume are all noted scholars, some of whom specialize in the study of genocide, and others who specialize in such areas as early warning, peacekeeping, and sanctions.

Genozid im Völkerrecht

Author: William A. Schabas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783930908882

Category: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Page: 792

View: 6135

Britain's Hidden Role in the Rwandan Genocide

The Cat's Paw

Author: Hazel Cameron

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113628740X

Category: Law

Page: 160

View: 7058

Britain’s Hidden Role in the Rwandan Genocide examines the role of the United Kingdom as a global elite bystander to the crime of genocide, and its complicity, in violation of international criminal laws during the Rwandan genocide of 1994. As prevailing accounts confine themselves to the role and actions of the United States and the United Nations, the full picture of Rwanda’s genocide has yet to be revealed. Hazel Cameron demonstrates that it is the unravelling of the criminal role and actions of the British that illuminates a more detailed answer to the question of ‘why’ the genocide in Rwanda occurred. In this book, she provides a systematic and detailed analysis of the policies of the British Government towards civil unrest in Rwanda throughout the 1990s that culminated in genocide. Utilising documentary evidence obtained as a result of Freedom of Information requests to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, as well as material obtained through extensive interviews - with British government cabinet members, diplomats, Ambassadors to the United Nations Security Council, prisoners in Rwanda convicted of being leaders and organisers of genocide, and victims and survivors of genocide in Rwanda – the author finds that the actions of the British and French governments, both before and during the Rwandan genocide of 1994, were disassociated from human rights norms. It is suggested herein that the decision-making of the Major government during the period of 1990 – 1994 was for the advancement of the interrelated goals of maintaining power status and ensuring economic interests in key areas of Africa. This account of the legal culpability of the powerful within the corridors of government, in both London and Paris, shows that these behaviours cannot be conceptualised under existing notions of state crime. This book serves to illuminate the inadequacies and limitations of a concept of state crime in international law as it currently stands, and will be of considerable interest to anyone concerned with the misuse of state power.

Teaching Controversial Issues in the Classroom

Key Issues and Debates

Author: Paula Cowan,Henry Maitles

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441136932

Category: Education

Page: 200

View: 6322

Paula Cowan and Henry Maitles provide a thorough exploration of current debates and controversies relating to teaching controversial issues in primary and secondary schools. They also investigate the changing nature of this type of learning experience and explore its contribution to the curriculum, particularly history and citizenship education. Topics covered include:- What is the 'right' age to discuss controversial issues?- The Citizenship Agenda- Discussing Iraq with school students- Teaching the Holocaust in the multicultural classroom- IslamophobiaInternational case studies provide fresh insights and valuable student and teacher feedback into the teaching of what many perceive as sensitive and difficult areas. Reflective questions and activities encourage readers to really engage with the issues and annotated further reading suggestions provide links to useful resources. The supporting companion website provides more detailed additional information along with practical teaching resources for those looking to explore controversial issues in their own classroom.Essential reading for beginning teachers and teachers of citizenship and history, and education studies students exploring the teaching of controversial issues in the classroom.

Making and Unmaking Nations

The Origins and Dynamics of Genocide in Contemporary Africa

Author: Scott Straus

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455677

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 5016

In Making and Unmaking Nations, Scott Straus seeks to explain why and how genocide takes place—and, perhaps more important, how it has been avoided in places where it may have seemed likely or even inevitable. To solve that puzzle, he examines postcolonial Africa, analyzing countries in which genocide occurred and where it could have but did not. Why have there not been other Rwandas? Straus finds that deep-rooted ideologies—how leaders make their nations—shape strategies of violence and are central to what leads to or away from genocide. Other critical factors include the dynamics of war, the role of restraint, and the interaction between national and local actors in the staging of campaigns of large-scale violence. Grounded in Straus's extensive fieldwork in contemporary Africa, the study of major twentieth-century cases of genocide, and the literature on genocide and political violence, Making and Unmaking Nations centers on cogent analyses of three nongenocide cases (Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal) and two in which genocide took place (Rwanda and Sudan). Straus’s empirical analysis is based in part on an original database of presidential speeches from 1960 to 2005. The book also includes a broad-gauge analysis of all major cases of large-scale violence in Africa since decolonization. Straus’s insights into the causes of genocide will inform the study of political violence as well as giving policymakers and nongovernmental organizations valuable tools for the future.