Chemical Projects Scale Up

How to go from Laboratory to Commercial

Author: Joe M. Bonem

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128137282

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 8808

Chemical Projects Scale Up: How to Go from Laboratory to Commercial covers the chemical engineering steps necessary for taking a laboratory development into the commercial world. The book includes the problems associated with scale up, equipment sizing considerations, thermal characteristics associated with scale up, safety areas to consider, recycling considerations, operability reviews and economic viability. In addition to the process design aspects of commercializing the laboratory development, consideration is given to the utilization of a development in an existing plant. Explains how heat removal for exothermic reactions can be scaled up Outlines how a reactor can be sized from batch kinetic data Discusses how the plant performance of a new catalyst can be evaluated Presents how the economics of a new product/process can be developed Discusses the necessary evaluation of recycling in commercial plants

Scale-up

Modellübertragung in der Verfahrenstechnik

Author: Marko Zlokarnik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527660461

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 7772

Die Übertagung von Verfahren aus dem Labor-bzw. dem Techni-kumsmaßstab in den industriellen maßstab einer Produktiosanlage ist eine der wichtigsten ingenieurstechnischen Aufgaben in der chemischen Industrie. Die einzige zuverlässige Methode dazu basiert auf der Darstellung von Versuchsergebnissen im zutreffenden dimensions-analytischen Raum, der sich als maßstabsinvariant erweist. Das Buch ist in zwei Teile gegliedert: In der ersten Hälfte werden die vertiefte mathematische Vorkenntnisse dieses Themengebiet näherzubringen. Diskutiert werden die Grundlagen der Dimensionsanalyse, die Behandlung von temperaturabhängigen und von rheologischen Stoffwerten und die Modellübertragung bei Nichtverfügbarkeit von Modellstoffsystemen, sowie bei partieller Ähnlichkeit/ All dies wird dem leser anhand von 20 modernen Beispielen aus der heutigen verfahrenstechnischcen Praxis illustriert, der sich mit 25 in dieser Auflage neu hinzugekommenen Übungsaufgaben sein Verständnis aktive erarbeiten und anhand der Lösungen kontrollieren kann. Im zweitem Teil des Buches werden die einzelnen verfahrenstechnischen Grundoperationen aus den Bereichen mechanische, thermische und chemische Verfahrenstechnik aus der Sicht der Dimensionsanalyse und der Modellübertragung beispielhaft behandelt, und es werden für jede Operation die Maßstabsübertragungsregeln vorgestellt und diskutiert. Das vorliegende Buch wendet sich dementsprechend an Studenten wie auch bereits auf dem gebiet tätige Ingenieure, Chemiker und Verfahrenstechniker.

Concepts of Chemical Engineering 4 Chemists

Author: Stefaan J. R. Simons,Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854049517

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 3459

Based on the popular course of the same title, Concepts of Chemical Engineering 4 Chemists outlines the basic aspects of chemical engineering for chemistry professionals. It clarifies the terminology used and explains the systems methodology approach to process design and operation for chemists with limited chemical engineering knowledge. The book provides practical insights into all areas of chemical engineering, including such aspects as pump design and the measurement of key process variables. The calculation of design parameters, such as heat and mass transfer coefficients, and reaction scale-up are also discussed, as well as hazard analysis, project economics and process control. Designed as a reference guide, it is fully illustrated and includes worked examples as well as extensive reference and bibliography sections. Concepts of Chemical Engineering 4 Chemists is ideal for those who either work alongside chemical engineers or who are embarking on chemical engineering-type projects.

Pilot Plants and Scale-up of Chemical Processes II

Author: William Hoyle

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780854047192

Category: Science

Page: 120

View: 5516

How do you translate bench chemistry into 10 -100 litre pilot plant scale? Drawing on the wealth of experience of its expert contributors, Pilot Plants and Scale-up of Chemical Processes II provides an insight into how methods, procedures and techniques can be optimised. Up-to-date and highly focused, this book addresses topics including the choice of phase-transfer catalyst, safe scale-up of both Grignard and organolithium reactions, and on-line techniques for examining crystallisation. Newly established collaborative industry/academia projects are discussed, along with other procedures that have a practical application in industry. As a source of innovative techniques and best current practice, this book is a must for process development and pilot plant chemists as well as chemical engineers.

Nanotechnologie für Dummies

Author: Richard D. Booker,Earl Boysen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527801898

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 286

View: 5836

Ob in der Chemie, Physik, Biologie, Medizin, Pharmazie oder den Materialwissenschaften: Die Nanotechnologie ist überall vertreten und gilt als Forschungsfeld der Zukunft. Schon heute verstecken sich in unserem Alltag viele nanotechnologische Anwendungen und ihre Zahl wächst ständig. Dank »Nanotechnologie für Dummies« erfahren Sie, wie Nanomaterialien erforscht und genutzt werden, welche Anwendungen in Zukunft möglich sein könnten und wie sogar die Umwelt von der Nanotechnologie profitieren kann. Die Autoren erläutern dabei alles leicht verständlich und lassen auch mögliche Risiken nicht außen vor. So lernen Sie alles, was Sie über dieses Trendthema wissen sollten.

Process Understanding

For Scale-Up and Manufacture of Active Ingredients

Author: Ian Houson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527637168

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 787

Process Understanding is the underpinning knowledge that allows the manufacture of chemical entities to be carried out routinely, robustly and to the required standard of quality. This area has gained in importance over the last few years, particularly due to the recent impetus from the USA`s Food and Drug Administration. This book covers the multidisciplinary aspects required for successful process design, safety, modeling, scale-up, PAT, pilot plant implementation, plant design as well the rapidly expanding area of outsourcing. In discussing what process understanding means to different disciplines and sectors throughout a product`s life cycle, this handbook and ready reference reveals the factors important to the development and manufacture of chemicals. The book focuses on the fundamental scientific understanding necessary. for a smoother technical transfer between the disciplines, leading to more effective and effi cient process development and manufacturing. A range of case studies are used to exemplify and illustrate the main issues raised. As a result, readers will appreciate that process understanding can deliver a real competitive advantage within the pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals industry. This book serves as an aid to meeting the stringent regulations required by the relevant authorities through demonstrable understanding of the underlying science.

Der stumme Frühling

Author: Rachel Carson

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406704220

Category: Nature

Page: 348

View: 4190

Der stumme Frühling erschien erstmals 1962. Der Titel bezieht sich auf das eingangs erzählte Märchen von der blühenden Stadt, in der sich eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche ausbreitet … Das spannend geschriebene Sachbuch wirkte bei seinem Erscheinen wie ein Alarmsignal und avancierte rasch zur Bibel der damals entstehendenÖkologie-Bewegung. ZumerstenMal wurde hier in eindringlichem Appell die Fragwürdigkeit des chemischen Pflanzenschutzes dargelegt. An einer Fülle von Tatsachen machte Rachel Carson seine schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die Natur und die Menschen deutlich. Ihre Warnungen haben seither nichts von ihrer Aktualität verloren.

Food Processing Operations and Scale-up

Author: Kenneth J. Valentas,J. Peter Clark,Leon Levin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824782795

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 9826

Intended for students and practitioners who have a basic education in chemical engineering or food science. Contains basic information in each area and describes some of the fundamental ideas of processing development and design. Examines the food industry structure, how it works, consumer products,

Handbuch Fabrikplanung

Konzept, Gestaltung und Umsetzung wandlungsfähiger Produktionsstätten

Author: Hans-Peter Wiendahl,Jürgen Reichardt,Peter Nyhuis

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446437029

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 9962

Dieses Handbuch stellt einen methodisch fundierten und praxiserprobten Ansatz zur Gestaltung wandlungsfähiger Produktionsstätten vor, die in einem strategischen Verbund zur reaktionsschnellen Versorgung globaler Märkte agieren. Im Grundlagenteil werden die Veränderungstreiber der Produktion und die daraus resultierenden neuen Anforderungen mit dem Schwerpunkt einer angemessenen Wandlungsfähigkeit entwickelt. Im zweiten Teil geht es um die konkrete Gestaltung der Produktionseinrichtungen und Räume. Dabei werden die Fabrikebenen Arbeitsplatz, Arbeitsbereich, Gebäude und Standort unter funktionalen, organisatorischen, architektonischen und strategischen Aspekten behandelt. Der dritte Teil ist der Planungssystematik gewidmet, die auf einem synergetischen Zusammenspiel von Prozess- und Raumplanung basiert. Das begleitende Projektmanagement in der Planungs- und Realisierungsphase sowie das Facility Management zur effektiven Nutzung der Fabrik schließen das Buch ab. - Prägnanter Überblick über Produktionstechnik, -logistik und Fabrikgebäude mit ihrer technischen Ausrüstung aus Sicht des Fabrikplaners - Darstellung der Wandlungsfähigkeit und Anwendung von Wandlungsbefähigern - Berücksichtigung von Nachhaltigkeit, demographischem Wandel und Umweltzertifizierung - Praxisnaher Leitfaden der Fabrikplanung von der Zielsetzung bis zum Hochlauf mit Checklisten und Hilfstabellen - Ganzheitliches Projektmanagement durch Berücksichtigung fachlicher, organisatorischer und atmosphärischer Aspekte - Beispiele wandlungsfähiger und kommunikationsförderlicher Fabriken

Scale-up Methodology for Chemical Processes

Author: Jean-Paul Euzen,Pierre Trambouze,Jean-Pierre Wauquier

Publisher: Editions TECHNIP

ISBN: 9782710806462

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 2036

Having gained considerable experience in process development at the Institut FranCais du PEtrole, the authors present a design framework, a review of the available means of investigation, and several examples illustrating their methodology of industrial process scale up. The salient feature of the book is the fact that it addresses a subject which is vital in view of its economic repercussions, yet relatively unknown in technical and scientific circles, due to the confidentiality surrounding it.Contents: 1. Main guidelines of the methodology. 2. Various types of model. 3. Pilot plants and mock-ups. 4. Experimental techniques. 5. Applications to industrial process development. 6. Conclusions. References. Index.

Scaleup of chemical processes

conversion from laboratory scale tests to successful commercial size design

Author: Attilio Bisio,Robert L. Kabel

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 699

View: 7531

Mixing in Continuous Flow Systems E. B. Nanman and B. A. Buffham This groundbreaking introductory study lets engineers and research scientists design and analyze complex flow and reaction systems, even with limited data. Specifically dealing with mixing effects important to the design of chemical reactors, it uses systems models typical of any large chemical plant or oil refinery to examine temporal mixing, or the mixing among particles or any conserved entities that have remained in the system for different lengths of time. In addition, it views mixing from a spatial perspective, treating it as a process that brings system components into closer physical proximity. Plus it reports the first steps toward unification of the temporal and spatial viewpoints of mixing. 1983 (0 471-86191-X) 271 pp. Structural Analysis and Design of Process Equipment Maan H. Jawad and James R. Farr Here is the most practical, up-to-date source available for information on the analysis and design of process equipment. It provides practicing engineers with clear guidance to the latest ASME Boiler and Vessel Code and offers advanced engineering students a concise introduction to the basic equations and rules used in the design of process vessels and components. Topics covered include a general introduction to the tools of the trade.an outline of the basic theory of plates and shells.a detailed analysis and design of components, defining procedures for designing vessel supports and illustrating the evaluation of stress due to wind and earthquake loads.and the design and analysis of specialized equipment, including tubesheet design in heat transfer equipment. 1984 (0 471-09207-X) 704 pp. Gas Treating with Chemical Solvents G. Astarita, D. W. Savage, and A. Bisio This rigorous blend of theory and practice provides a rational analysis of gas treating processes in which liquids are used to absorb acid gases from gaseous streams. It emphasizes those aspects unique to the use of chemically reactive solvents--liquids containing components that react chemically with the acid gases after they dissolve in the liquid phase And it also treats those aspects common to purely physical acid gas absorption processes. An ideal text for graduate students with a working knowledge of physical chemistry, classical gas absorption and mass transfer processes, it constitutes an exhaustive treatment of four important areas: industrial gas treating, theory, applications, and industrial problems. 1983 (0 471-05768-1) 493 pp.

Metal Recovery from Electronic Waste: Biological Versus Chemical Leaching for Recovery of Copper and Gold

Author: Arda Işildar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429659466

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 3908

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) generation is a global problem. Despite the growing awareness and deterring legislation, most of the WEEE is disposed improperly, i.e. landfilled or otherwise shipped overseas, and treated in sub-standard conditions. Informal recycling of WEEE has catastrophic effects on humans and the environment. WEEE contains considerable quantities of valuable metals such as base metals, precious metals and rare earth elements (REE). Metal recovery from WEEE is conventionally carried out by pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical methods. In this PhD research, novel metal recovery technologies from WEEE are investigated. Using acidophilic and cyanide-generating bacteria, copper and gold were removed from crushed electronic waste with removal efficiencies of 98.4 and 44.0%, respectively. The leached metals in solution were recovered using sulfidic precipitation and electrowinning separation techniques. Finally, a techno-economic assessment of the technology was studied. This research addresses the knowledge gap on two metal extraction approaches, namely chemical and biological, from a secondary source of metals. The essential parameters of the selective metal recovery processes, scale-up potential, techno-economic and sustainability assessment have been studied.

Second International Conference on Chemical Engineering Education

A Three-Day Symposium Organised by the Institution of Chemical Engineers on Behalf of the European Federation of Chemical Engineers, Co-Sponsored by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and the Society of Chemical Engineers, Japan, and Held at Rob

Author: D.C. Freshwater,R.M. Blunden,J.R. Flower

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483149935

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 9616

Second International Conference on Chemical Engineering Education presents the situation in chemical engineering education in Germany, Hungary, Spain, Japan, and in the United States. This book depicts an awareness of the problems of professional education together with a wide spectrum of opinions on their solution. Organized into 39 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the actual situation of chemical engineering education program in Spain. This text then examines the detailed formalities of chemical engineering in secondary schools. Other chapters consider the change in chemical engineering education in Japan due to the change of chemical industries as well as by a great change of students' attitude. This book discusses as well the curriculum proposal for the education of undergraduate and graduate levels as well as foreign students' education. The final chapter reviews the European situation of chemical engineering education system. This book is a valuable resource for teachers and students of chemical engineering.

Managing Nuclear Projects

Author: Jas Devgun

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857097261

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 4600

In addition to the nuclear power industry, the nuclear field has extensive projects and activities in the areas of research reactors, medical isotope production, decommissioning, and remediation of contaminated sites. Managing nuclear projects focuses on the management aspects of nuclear projects in a wide range of areas with emphasis on process, requirements, and lessons learned. Part one provides a general overview of the nuclear industry including basic principles for managing nuclear projects, nuclear safety culture, management of worker risk, training, and management of complex projects. Part two focuses on managing reactor projects with discussion on a variety of topics including management of research reactor projects, medical radioisotope production, power reactor modifications, power uprates, outage management, and management of nuclear-related R&D. Chapters in part three highlight the areas of radioactive waste and spent fuel management, reactor decommissioning, and remediation of radioactively contaminated sites. Finally, part four explores regulation, guidance and emergency management in the nuclear industry. Chapters discuss quality assurance and auditing programs, licensing procedures for nuclear installations, emergency preparedness, management of nuclear crises, and international nuclear cooperation. With its distinguished editor and contributors, Managing Nuclear Projects is a valuable resource for project managers, plant managers, engineers, regulators, training professionals, consultants, and academics. Examines the basic principles of managing nuclear projects focussing on processes and requirements Discusses the management of reactor projects Explores regulation, guidance and emergency management in the nuclear industry

Industrielle Anorganische Chemie

Author: Martin Bertau,Armin Müller,Peter Fröhlich,Michael Katzberg,Karl Heinz Büchel,Hans-Heinrich Moretto,Dietmar Werner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527649581

Category: Science

Page: 806

View: 5752

Mit einem neuen Herausgeberteam wird das Buch "Industrielle Anorganische Chemie" grundlegend überarbeitet weitergeführt. Das Lehrwerk bietet in hervorragend übersichtlicher, knapp und präzise gehaltener Form eine aktuelle Bestandsaufnahme der industriellen anorganischen Chemie. Zu Herstellungsverfahren, wirtschaftlicher Bedeutung und Verwendung der Produkte, sowie zu ökologischen Konsequenzen, Energie- und Rohstoffve brauch bieten die Autoren einen fundierten Überblick. Hierfür werden die bewährten Prinzipien hinsichtlich der Beiträge von Vertretern aus der Industrie sowie des generellen Aufbaus beibehalten. Inhaltlich werden Neugewichtungen vorgenommen: l Aufnahme hochaktueller Themen wie Lithium und seine Verbindungen und Seltenerdmetalle l Aufnahme bislang vernachlässigter Themen wie technische Gase, Halbleiter- und Elektronikmaterialien, Hochofenprozess sowie Edelmetalle l Straffung aus industriell-anorganischer Sicht weniger relevanter Themen z.B. in den Bereichen Baustoffe oder Kernbrennstoffe l Ergänzungen in der Systematik hinsichtlich bislang nicht behandelter Alkali- und Erdalkalimetalle und ihre Bedeutung in der industriellen anorganischen Chemie l Betrachtung der jeweiligen Rohstoffsituation Begleitmaterial für Dozenten verfügbar unter: www.wiley-vch.de/textbooks "Von den Praktikern der industriellen Chemie verfasst, füllt dieser Band eine Lücke im Fachbuchangebot. Das Buch sollte von jedem fortgeschrittenen Chemiestudenten und auch von Studierenden an Fachhochschulen technischchemischer Richtungen gelesen werden. Dem in der Industrie tätigen Chemiker schließlich bietet es einen lohnenden Blick über den Zaun seines engen Arbeitsgebietes.... Die Autoren haben ein Buch vorgelegt, dem man eine weite Verbreitung wünschen und vorhersagen kann." GIT "Das Buch kann uneingeschränkt empfohlen werden." Nachrichten aus Chemie Technik und Laboratorium "sein besonderer Wert liegt in der anschaulichen Darstellung und in der Verknüpfung technischer und wirtschaftlicher Fakten." chemie-anlagen + verfahren

Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization, and Scaleup

Author: E. B. Nauman

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071377539

Category: Science

Page: 589

View: 2977

THE MODERN GUIDE TO CHEMICAL REACTORS In the best professional sourcebook on chemical reactors ever written, world-class expert Bruce Nauman provides toos, information, and hands-on expertise to make important engineering tasks and decisions easier. Clearly and in depth, CHEMICAL REACTOR DESIGN, OPTIMIZATION AND SCALEUP provides-- * Up-to-date information to help chemical and process engineers save time, money, and materials * Decision-aiding coverage of every aspect of selection, design factors and parameters, optimization, and scaleup * A convenient source of explained formulas, principles, and data * Numerous detailed examples * Worked mathematical solutions * The latest information on reactor design for biochemicals and polymers, as well as other newer and standard substances DESIGN AND SPECIFY CHEMICAL REACTORS CONFIDENTLY, WITH STATE-OF-THE-ART SKILLS

Introduction to Chemical Engineering

Author: S. PUSHPAVANAM

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120345770

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 4160

This book is an outgrowth of the author’s teaching experience of a course on Introduction to Chemical Engineering to the first-year chemical engineering students of the Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The book serves to introduce the students to the role of a chemical engineer in society. In addition to the classical industries, the role of chemical engineers in several esoteric areas such as semiconductor processing and biomedical engineering is discussed. Besides highlighting the principles and processes of chemical engineering, the book shows how chemical engineering concepts from the basic sciences and economics are used to seek solutions to engineering problems. The book is rich in examples of innovative solutions found to problems faced in chemical industry. It includes a wide spectrum of topics, selected from the industrial interactions of the author. It encourages the student to see the similarities in the concepts which govern apparently dissimilar examples. It introduces various concepts, using both physical and mathematical bases, to facilitate the understanding of difficult processes such as the scale-up process. The book contains several case studies on safety, ethics and environ-mental issues in chemical process industries.

Biofiltration

Project Report, Scale-up and Design Guide

Author: Scott Berger,Dennis Peters

Publisher: Amer Inst of Chemical Engineers

ISBN: 9780816908011

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 3651

This report details the results of a collaborative project investigating biofiltration as a method to control volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions. The report summarises what is currently known about this technology from literature, as well as from the experience of project team members with biofiltration at the bench-, pilot-, and full-scale levels. The report goes on to define the regime of applicability of biofiltration, and the data that must be gathered during bench- and pilot-scale evaluations. Two database tools on CD-ROM are included in the report to help practitioners identify whether a specific VOC application is a viable candidate for biofiltration.