Chemistry

Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity (International Edition)

Author: Peter G. Mahaffy,Bob Bucat,Roy Tasker,Paul M. Treichel,John C. Kotz,Gabriela C. Weaver,John McMurry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780176684082

Category: Chemistry

Page: 1312

View: 7156

Taking an evidence-first big picture approach, Chemistry: Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity encourages students to think like a chemist, develop critical understanding of what chemistry is, why it is important and how chemists arrive at their discoveries. Flipping the traditional model of presenting facts and building to applications, this text begins with contexts that are real-life and matter to students – from doping in sports, to the chemistry behind the treads of wall-climbing robots. Informed by the latest chemical education research, Chemistry: Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity presents chemistry as the exciting, developing human activity that it is, rather than a body of facts, theories, and skills handed down from the past. Along with the innovative MindTap Reader and OWLv2 learning platform, this text uses unique case studies and critically acclaimed interactive e-resources to help students learn chemistry and how it is helping to address global challenges of the 21st century.

Chemistry

Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity

Author: Peter Mahaffy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781408033548

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6621

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

Author: John Kotz,Paul Treichel,John Townsend,David Treichel

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133949649

Category: Science

Page: 1408

View: 5596

Succeed in chemistry with the clear explanations, problem-solving strategies, and dynamic study tools of CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL REACTIVITY, 9e. Combining thorough instruction with the powerful multimedia tools you need to develop a deeper understanding of general chemistry concepts, the text emphasizes the visual nature of chemistry, illustrating the close interrelationship of the macroscopic, symbolic, and particulate levels of chemistry. The art program illustrates each of these levels in engaging detail--and is fully integrated with key media components. In addition access to OWLv2 may be purchased separately or at a special price if packaged with this text. OWLv2 is an online homework and tutorial system that helps you maximize your study time and improve your success in the course. OWLv2 includes an interactive eBook, as well as hundreds of guided simulations, animations, and video clips. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Chemical Reactivity Theory

A Density Functional View

Author: Pratim Kumar Chattaraj

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420065442

Category: Science

Page: 610

View: 7064

In the 1970s, Density Functional Theory (DFT) was borrowed from physics and adapted to chemistry by a handful of visionaries. Now chemical DFT is a diverse and rapidly growing field, its progress fueled by numerous developing practical descriptors that make DFT as useful as it is vast. With 34 chapters written by 65 eminent scientists from 13 different countries, Chemical Reactivity Theory: A Density Functional View represents the true collaborative spirit and excitement of purpose engendered by the study and use of DFT. This work instructs readers on how concepts from DFT can be used to describe, understand, and predict chemical reactivity. Prior knowledge is not required as early chapters, written by the field’s original pioneers, cover basic ground-state DFT and its extensions to time-dependent systems, excited states, and spin-polarized molecules. While the text is accessible to senior undergraduate or beginning graduate students, experienced researchers are certain to find interesting new insights in the perspectives presented by these seasoned experts. This remarkable one-of-a-kind resource— Provides authoritative accounts on aspects of the theory of chemical reactivity Describes various global reactivity descriptors, such as electronegativity, hardness, and electrophilicity Introduces and analyzes the usefulness of local reactivity descriptors such as Fukui, shape, and electron localization functions Offers an in-depth analysis of how chemical reactivity changes during different physicochemical processes or in the presence of external perturbations The book covers a gamut of related topics such as methods for determining atoms-in-molecules, population analysis, electrostatic potential, molecular quantum similarity, aromaticity, and biological activity. It also discusses the role of reactivity concepts in industrial and other practical applications. Whether you are searching for new products or new research projects, this is the ultimate guide for understanding chemical reactivity.

Molecular Reaction Dynamics

Author: Raphael D. Levine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139442879

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 7472

Molecular reaction dynamics is the study of chemical and physical transformations of matter at the molecular level. The understanding of how chemical reactions occur and how to control them is fundamental to chemists and interdisciplinary areas such as materials and nanoscience, rational drug design, environmental and astrochemistry. This book provides a thorough foundation to this area. The first half is introductory, detailing experimental techniques for initiating and probing reaction dynamics and the essential insights that have been gained. The second part explores key areas including photoselective chemistry, stereochemistry, chemical reactions in real time and chemical reaction dynamics in solutions and interfaces. Typical of the new challenges are molecular machines, enzyme action and molecular control. With problem sets included, this book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as being supplementary to chemical kinetics, physical chemistry, biophysics and materials science courses, and as a primer for practising scientists.

The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl (HNO)

Author: Fabio Doctorovich,Patrick J. Farmer,Marcelo A. Marti

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128011645

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 9818

The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl (HNO) provides first-of-its-kind coverage of the intriguing biologically active molecule called nitroxyl, or azanone per IUPAC nomenclature, which has been traditionally elusive due to its intrinsically high reactivity. This useful resource provides the scientific basis to understand the chemistry, biology, and technical aspects needed to deal with HNO. Building on two decades of nitric oxide and nitroxyl research, the editors and authors have created an indispensable guide for investigators across a wide variety of areas of chemistry (inorganic, organic, organometallic, biochemistry, physical, and analytical); biology (molecular, cellular, physiological, and enzymology); pharmacy; and medicine. This book begins by exploring the unique molecule’s structure and reactivity, including important reactions with small molecules, thiols, porphyrins, and key proteins, before discussing chemical and biological sources of nitroxyl. Advanced chapters discuss methods for both trapping and detecting nitroxyl by spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and fluorescent inorganic cellular probing. Expanding on the compound’s foundational chemistry, this book then explores its molecular physiology to offer insight into its biological implications, pharmacological effects, and practical issues. Presents the first book on HNO (nitroxyl or azanone), an increasingly important molecule in biochemistry and pharmaceutical research Provides a valuable coverage of HNO’s chemical structure and significant reactions, including practical guidance on working with this highly reactive molecule Contains high quality content from recognized experts in both industry and academia

Principles of Chemical Nomenclature

A Guide to IUPAC Recommendations

Author: G. J. Leigh

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849730075

Category: Reference

Page: 257

View: 3090

Aimed at pre-university and undergraduate students, this volume surveys the current IUPAC nomenclature recommendations in organic, inorganic and macromolecular chemistry.

Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter

Author: Dennis A. Hansell,Craig A. Carlson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124071538

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 2490

Marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a complex mixture of molecules found throughout the world's oceans. It plays a key role in the export, distribution, and sequestration of carbon in the oceanic water column, posited to be a source of atmospheric climate regulation. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, focuses on the chemical constituents of DOM and its biogeochemical, biological, and ecological significance in the global ocean, and provides a single, unique source for the references, information, and informed judgments of the community of marine biogeochemists. Presented by some of the world's leading scientists, this revised edition reports on the major advances in this area and includes new chapters covering the role of DOM in ancient ocean carbon cycles, the long term stability of marine DOM, the biophysical dynamics of DOM, fluvial DOM qualities and fate, and the Mediterranean Sea. Biogeochemistry of Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Second Edition, is an extremely useful resource that helps people interested in the largest pool of active carbon on the planet (DOC) get a firm grounding on the general paradigms and many of the relevant references on this topic. Features up-to-date knowledge of DOM, including five new chapters The only published work to synthesize recent research on dissolved organic carbon in the Mediterranean Sea Includes chapters that address inputs from freshwater terrestrial DOM

Molybdenum

An Outline of its Chemistry and Uses

Author: E.R. Braithwaite,J. Haber

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483290891

Category: Science

Page: 662

View: 3798

Molybdenum is an element with an extremely rich and interesting chemistry having very versatile applications in various fields of human activity. It is used extensively in metallurgical applications. Because of their anti-wear properties, molybdenum compounds find wide applications as lubricants - particularly in extreme or hostile environmental situations. Many molybdates and heteropolymolybdates are white and therefore used as pigments. In addition, they are non-toxic and act as efficient corrosion inhibitors and smoke suppressants. Hydroprocessing of petroleum is one of the largest industries employing heterogeneous catalysts. Molybdenum catalysts have shown great promise in the liquefaction of coal and this may develop into one of its most important catalytic uses. The use of molybdenum compounds in homogeneous catalysis is also significant. Three important classes of molybdenum compounds in the solid state are reviewed, viz., oxides, sulphides and halides. The role of molybdenum in inorganic catalysis and enzymes receives prominent mention because of their impact on the progress of science and technology. Further biochemical and enzymic factors are discussed in separate chapters and their reaction to agriculture and animal husbandry. A new classification of covalent compounds which abandons the traditional oxidation state concept allows a powerful approach to the organisation of the complex and rich chemistry of molybdenum. Dramatic colour diagrams of abundances of molybdenum compounds provide broad insights into the important features and trends in the chemistry of molybdenum including reactivity and mechanism. The book is intended for use mainly as a research monograph by the many workers who may encounter molybdenum chemistry or who are looking for its application and potential uses in different technological fields. However, it will also serve as an advanced text for university lecturers and postgraduate students interested in inorganic, physical and industrial chemistry, chemical technology or biochemistry and biotechnology.

Chemistry Education

Best Practices, Opportunities and Trends

Author: Javier Garc?a-Mart?nez,Elena Serrano-Torregrosa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527679324

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 792

View: 3678

Winner of the CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2017 Award This comprehensive collection of top-level contributions provides a thorough review of the vibrant field of chemistry education. Highly-experienced chemistry professors and education experts cover the latest developments in chemistry learning and teaching, as well as the pivotal role of chemistry for shaping a more sustainable future. Adopting a practice-oriented approach, the current challenges and opportunities posed by chemistry education are critically discussed, highlighting the pitfalls that can occur in teaching chemistry and how to circumvent them. The main topics discussed include best practices, project-based education, blended learning and the role of technology, including e-learning, and science visualization. Hands-on recommendations on how to optimally implement innovative strategies of teaching chemistry at university and high-school levels make this book an essential resource for anybody interested in either teaching or learning chemistry more effectively, from experience chemistry professors to secondary school teachers, from educators with no formal training in didactics to frustrated chemistry students.

Chemical and Biological Aspects of Pyridoxal Catalysis

Proceedings of a Symposium of the International Union of Biochemistry, Rome, October 1962

Author: E. E. Snell,P. M. Fasella,A. Braunstein

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483152383

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 3241

Chemical and Biological Aspects of Pyridoxal Catalysis contains the proceedings of the symposium of the International Union of Biochemistry, held in Rome in October 1962. The proceedings cover the lectures, discussions, and scientific papers on the many aspects of pyridoxal biochemistry. The book presents a wide range of topics of pyridoxal biochemistry, starting with a brief review of the history of the chemistry of vitamin B6 and pyridoxal-containing systems, and their significance in the understanding of the catalytic effects of pyridoxal. Structural features of glutamic aspartic transaminase; studies on leucine decarboxylase; cleavage of cystamine by diamineoxidase; and enzymatic steps in the degradation of vitamin B6 by bacteria are also discussed. The final chapter gives a brief survey of the developments in the study of catalytic functions and biological role of PLP enzymes. Biochemists, biologists, chemists, enzymologists, pharmacologists, and physicians will find this book invaluable.

Advances in Mathematical Chemistry and Applications:

Author: Subhash C. Basak,Guillermo Restrepo,Jose L. Villaveces

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1681080524

Category: Science

Page: 354

View: 4716

Advances in Mathematical Chemistry and Applications highlights the recent progress in the emerging discipline of discrete mathematical chemistry. Editors Subhash C. Basak, Guillermo Restrepo, and Jose Luis Villaveces have brought together 27 chapters written by 68 internationally renowned experts in these two volumes. Each volume comprises a wise integration of mathematical and chemical concepts and covers numerous applications in the field of drug discovery, bioinformatics, chemoinformatics, computational biology, mathematical proteomics, and ecotoxicology. Volume 2 explores deeper the topics introduced in Volume 1, with numerous additional topics such as topological approaches for classifying fullerene isomers; chemical reaction networks; discrimination of small molecules using topological molecular descriptors; GRANCH methods for the mathematical characterization of DNA, RNA and protein sequences; linear regression methods and Bayesian techniques; in silico toxicity prediction methods; drug design; integration of bioinformatics and systems biology, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics; metalloenzyme models; protein folding models; molecular periodicity; generalized topologies and their applications; and many more. Brings together both the theoretical and practical aspects of the fundamental concepts of mathematical chemistry Covers applications in diverse areas of physics, chemistry, drug discovery, predictive toxicology, systems biology, chemoinformatics, and bioinformatics About half of the book focuses primarily on current work, new applications, and emerging approaches for the mathematical characterization of essential aspects of molecular structure, while the other half describes applications of structural approach to new drug discovery, virtual screening, protein folding, predictive toxicology, DNA structure, and systems biology

Water Chemistry

Second Edition

Author: Mark M. Benjamin

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478627018

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 907

View: 1836

Aquatic chemistry students need a solid foundation in fundamental concepts as well as numerical techniques for solving the variety of problems they will encounter as practicing engineers. For over a decade, Mark Benjamin’s Water Chemistry has brought to the classroom a balanced coverage of fundamentals and analytical algorithms in a student-friendly, accessible way. The text distinguishes itself with longer and more detailed explanations of the relevant chemistry and mathematics, allowing students to understand not only which techniques work best for a given application, but also why those techniques should be applied and what their limitations are. The end result is a solid, thorough framework for comprehending equilibrium in complex aquatic systems. The second edition includes a thorough introductory explanation of chemical reactivity and a new chapter on reaction kinetics, providing much-needed context, as well as full treatments of the tableau method and TOTH equation. The discussion of the thermodynamic perspective on chemical reactivity has been extensively revised. The entire book now integrates Visual Minteq—the most popular software for analyzing chemical equilibria—into the problem-solving approach. Additional exercises range more widely in difficulty, giving instructors more flexibility and diversity in their assignments.

Food Processing Technology

Principles and Practice

Author: P J Fellows

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081005237

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1152

View: 4572

Food Processing Technology: Principles and Practice, Fourth Edition, has been updated and extended to include the many developments that have taken place since the third edition was published. The new edition includes an overview of the component subjects in food science and technology, processing stages, important aspects of food industry management not otherwise considered (e.g. financial management, marketing, food laws and food industry regulation), value chains, the global food industry, and over-arching considerations (e.g. environmental issues and sustainability). In addition, there are new chapters on industrial cooking, heat removal, storage, and distribution, along with updates on all the remaining chapters. This updated edition consolidates the position of this foundational book as the best single-volume introduction to food manufacturing technologies available, remaining as the most adopted standard text for many food science and technology courses. Updated edition completely revised with new developments on all the processing stages and aspects of food industry management not otherwise considered (e.g. financial management, marketing, food laws, and food industry regulation), and more Introduces a range of processing techniques that are used in food manufacturing Explains the key principles of each process, including the equipment used and the effects of processing on micro-organisms that contaminate foods Describes post-processing operations, including packaging and distribution logistics Includes extra textbook elements, such as videos and calculations slides, in addition to summaries of key points in each chapter

Cambridge International AS and A Level Chemistry Coursebook with CD-ROM

Author: Lawrie Ryan,Roger Norris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107638453

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 805

Fully revised and updated content matching new Cambridge International Examinations 9701 syllabus for first examination in 2016. Endorsed by Cambridge International Examinations, this digital edition comprehensively covers all the knowledge and skills students need during the A Level Chemistry course (9701), for first examination in 2016, in a reflowable format, adapting to any screen size or device. Written by renowned experts in Chemistry teaching, the text is written in an accessible style with international learners in mind. Self-assessment questions allow learners to track their progress, and exam-style questions help learners to prepare thoroughly for their examinations. Answers to all the questions from within the Coursebook are provided.

Principles of Cell Biology, Second Edition Includes Navigate Advantage Access

Author: George Plopper,Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute George Plopper

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1284047628

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 988

Each new print copy includes Navigate 2 Advantage Access that unlocks a comprehensive and interactive eBook, student practice activities and assessments, a full suite of instructor resources, and learning analytics reporting tools.Written for undergraduate cell biology courses, Principles of Cell Biology, Second Edition provides students with the formula for understanding the fundamental concepts of cell biology. This practical text focuses on the underlying principles that illustrate both how cells function as well as how we study them. It identifies 10 specific principles of cell biology and devotes a separate chapter to illustrate each. The result is a shift away from the traditional focus on technical details and towards a more integrative view of cellular activity that is flexible and can be tailored to suit students with a broad range of backgrounds. The Second Edition features a fully revised art program with new full-color images and illustrations that simplify key concepts and cell function. Concept Check questions at the end of each section along with new end-of-chapter questions assess student comprehension, ensuring retention of key cell biology principles. An informal, narrative writing style makes even the most complex concepts accessible to students new to the scientific field, making Principles of Cell Biology the clear choice for anyone studying the fascinating field of cell biologyWith Navigate 2, technology and content combine to expand the reach of your classroom. Whether you teach an online, hybrid, or traditional classroom-based course, Navigate 2 delivers unbeatable value. Experience Navigate 2 today at www.jblnavigate.com/2

Handbook of Plastics Joining

A Practical Guide

Author: PDL Staff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780080950402

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 588

View: 4249

A hands-on guide to choosing and using old and new technologies for joining plastics and elastomers. Includes detailed discussions of over 25 techniques used to join plastics to themselves and to other materials. Advantages and disadvantages of each technique along with detailed discussions of applications are presented. A second section is organized by material and provides details of using different processes with over 50 generic families of plastics and how different techniques and operating parameters affect weld strength and other criteria. This book is an excellent reference and an invaluable resource for novice and expert alike in determining the best joining technique for their application and providing guidance in how to design and prepare for production.

Protein Structure and Function

Author: Gregory A. Petsko,Dagmar Ringe

Publisher: New Science Press

ISBN: 0878936637

Category: Science

Page: 195

View: 3007

Published by New Science Press and distributed in the U.S. and Canada by Oxford University PressThis text introduces general principles of protein structure, folding, and function, then goes beyond these basics to tackle the conceptual basis of inferring structure and function from genomic sequence. It is the first book in a series, Primers in Biology, employing a modular design in whichchapters are divided into topics, each occupying one two-page spread that includes the relevant text, illustrations (in full color), definitions, and references.The book has five chapters. The first is an introduction to the principles of protein structure and folding, with emphasis on proteins' biophysical properties. The second describes the principles of the main biochemical functions of proteins, namely binding and catalysis, with a short section on theproperties of structural proteins. Chapter 3 covers the regulation of protein function, containing concise descriptions of all the regulatory mechanisms that operate on proteins, from pH to phosphorylation, with several sections on protein switches based on nucleotide hydrolysis. Chapter 4introduces the principles whereby structure and function are deduced from sequence, with illustrative examples. The final chapter addresses how data on protein structure is gathered, interpreted, and presented.Written for upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students, Protein Structure and Function is also be for working scientists needing an up-to-date introduction to the field.

Civil Engineer's Reference Book

Author: L S Blake

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483102335

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 752

View: 7120

Civil Engineer's Reference Book, Fourth Edition provides civil engineers with reports on design and construction practices in the UK and overseas. It gives a concise presentation of theory and practice in the many branches of a civil engineer's profession and it enables them to study a subject in greater depth. The book discusses some improvements in earlier practices, for example in surveying, geotechnics, water management, project management, underwater working, and the control and use of materials. Other changes covered are from the evolving needs of clients for almost all forms of construction, maintenance and repair. Another major change is the introduction of new national and Euro-codes based on limit state design, covering most aspects of structural engineering. The fourth edition incorporates these advances and, at the same time, gives greater prominence to the special problems relating to work overseas, with differing client requirements and climatic conditions. Chapters 1 to 10 provide engineers, at all levels of development, with 'lecture notes' on the basic theories of civil engineering. Chapters 11 to 44 cover the practice of design and construction in many of the fields of civil engineering. Civil engineers, architects, lawyers, mechanical engineers, insurers, clients, and students of civil engineering will find benefit in the use of this text.

Arene Chemistry

Reaction Mechanisms and Methods for Aromatic Compounds

Author: Jacques Mortier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118754980

Category: Science

Page: 992

View: 2974

Organized to enable students and synthetic chemists to understand and expand on aromatic reactions covered in foundation courses, the book offers a thorough and accessible mechanistic explanation of aromatic reactions involving arene compounds. • Surveys methods used for preparing arene compounds and their transformations • Connects reactivity and methodology with mechanism • Helps readers apply aromatic reactions in a practical context by designing syntheses • Provides essential information about techniques used to determine reaction mechanisms