Civilizing Climate

Social Responses to Climate Change in the Ancient Near East

Author: Arlene Miller Rosen

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759104945

Category: Science

Page: 209

View: 7641

This book provides a description, based upon research evidence from the Near East and elsewhere, of changes in climate and how they affected social and political developments. It includes three major case studies of the Neolithic, Early Bronze, and Roman/Byzantine periods.

Climate and Cultural Change in Prehistoric Europe and the Near East

Author: Peter F. Biehl,Olivier P. Nieuwenhuyse

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438461844

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 7656

Rich case studies examining responses to climatic events in ancient Europe and the Near East. The subject of climate change could hardly be more timely. In Climate and Cultural Change in Prehistoric Europe and the Near East, an interdisciplinary group of contributors examine climate change through the lens of new archaeological and paleo-environmental data over the course of more than 10,000 years from the Near East to Europe. Key climatic and other events are contextualized with cultural changes and transitions for which the authors discuss when, how, and if, changes in climate and environment caused people to adapt, move or perish. More than this publication of crucial archaeological and paleo-environmental data, however, the volume seeks to understand the social, political and economic significance of climate change as it was manifested in various ways around the Old World. Contrary to perceptions of threatening global warming in our popular media, and in contrast to grim images of collapse presented in some archaeological discussions of past climate change, this book rejects outright societal collapse as a likely outcome. Yet this does not keep the authors from considering climate change as a potential factor in explaining culture change by adopting a critical stance with regard to the long-standing practice of equating synchronicity with causality, and explicitly considering alternative explanations.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199394474

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 6704

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

Climate Change - Environment and Civilization in the Middle East

Author: Arie S. Issar,Mattanyah Zohar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366206264X

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 4573

This survey of ancient levels of lakes, rivers and sea, and changes in stalagmites and sediments shows an astonishing correlation between climate change and rise and fall of civilizations in the Middle East. Warm periods were characterized by aridization, economic crisis and mass migration. Cold periods brought abundant rain, prosperity and settlement. The authors conclude that climate change was the decisive factor in the origins of the "cradle of civilization".

The Future Is Not What It Used to Be

Climate Change and Energy Scarcity

Author: Jörg Friedrichs

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262316633

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 9933

The future is not what it used to be because we can no longer rely on the comforting assumption that it will resemble the past. Past abundance of fuel, for example, does not imply unending abundance. Infinite growth on a finite planet is not possible. In this book, Jörg Friedrichs argues that industrial society itself is transitory, and he examines the prospects for our civilization's coming to terms with its two most imminent choke points: climate change and energy scarcity. He offers a thorough and accessible account of these two challenges as well as the linkages between them.Friedrichs contends that industrial civilization cannot outlast our ability to burn fossil fuels and that the demise of industrial society would entail cataclysmic change, including population decreases. To understand the social and political implications, he examines historical cases of climate stress and energy scarcity: devastating droughts in the ancient Near East; the Little Ice Age in the medieval Far North; the Japanese struggle to prevent "fuel starvation" from 1918 to 1945; the "totalitarian retrenchment" of the North Korean governing class after the end of Soviet oil deliveries; and Cuba's socioeconomic adaptation to fuel scarcity in the 1990s. He draws important lessons about the likely effects of climate and energy disruptions on different kinds of societies.The warnings of climate scientists are met by denial and inaction, while energy experts offer little guidance on the effects of future scarcity. Friedrichs suggests that to confront our predicament we must affirm our core values and take action to transform our way of life. Whether we are private citizens or public officials, complacency is not an option: climate change and energy scarcity are emerging facts of life.

Climate and Political Climate

Environmental Disasters in the Medieval Levant

Author: Sarah Kate Raphael

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004244735

Category: History

Page: 230

View: 3771

This study examines environmental disasters in the Levant. The data is drawn from contemporary sources. The main aim is to determine the long and short-term repercussions of environmental disasters on the regional affairs during the Crusader, Ayyubid and Mamluk periods.

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 5078

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.

Landscapes and Societies

Selected Cases

Author: I. Peter Martini,Ward Chesworth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048194131

Category: Science

Page: 478

View: 5723

This book contains case histories intended to show how societies and landscapes interact. The range of interest stretches from the small groups of the earliest Neolithic, through Bronze and Iron Age civilizations, to modern nation states. The coexistence is, of its very nature reciprocal, resulting in changes in both society and landscape. In some instances the adaptations may be judged successful in terms of human needs, but failure is common and even the successful cases are ephemeral when judged in the light of history. Comparisons and contrasts between the various cases can be made at various scales from global through inter-regional, to regional and smaller scales. At the global scale, all societies deal with major problems of climate change, sea-level rise, and with ubiquitous problems such as soil erosion and landscape degradation. Inter-regional differences bring out significant detail with one region suffering from drought when another suffers from widespread flooding. For example, desertification in North Africa and the Near East contrasts with the temperate countries of southern Europe where the landscape-effects of deforestation are more obvious. And China and Japan offer an interesting comparison from the standpoint of geological hazards to society - large, unpredictable and massively erosive rivers in the former case, volcanoes and accompanying earthquakes in the latter. Within the North African region localized climatic changes led to abandonment of some desertified areas with successful adjustments in others, with the ultimate evolution into the formative civilization of Egypt, the "Gift of the Nile". At a smaller scale it is instructive to compare the city-states of the Medieval and early Renaissance times that developed in the watershed of a single river, the Arno in Tuscany, and how Pisa, Siena and Florence developed and reached their golden periods at different times depending on their location with regard to proximity to the sea, to the main trunk of the river, or in the adjacent hills. Also noteworthy is the role of technology in opening up opportunities for a society. Consider the Netherlands and how its history has been formed by the technical problem of a populous society dealing with too much water, as an inexorably rising sea threatens their landscape; or the case of communities in Colorado trying to deal with too little water for farmers and domestic users, by bringing their supply over a mountain chain. These and others cases included in the book, provide evidence of the successes, near misses and outright failures that mark our ongoing relationship with landscape throughout the history of Homo sapiens. The hope is that compilations such as this will lead to a better understanding of the issue and provide us with knowledge valuable in planning a sustainable modus vivendi between humanity and landscape for as long as possible. Audience: The book will interest geomorphologists, geologists, geographers, archaeologists, anthropologists, ecologists, environmentalists, historians and others in the academic world. Practically, planners and managers interested in landscape/environmental conditions will find interest in these pages, and more generally the increasingly large body of opinion in the general public, with concerns about Planet Earth, will find much to inform their opinions. Extra material: The color plate section is available at http://extras.springer.com

Megiddo IV

the 1998-2002 seasons

Author: Israel Finkelstein,David Ussishkin,Baruch Halpern

Publisher: Institute of Archaeology

ISBN: 9789652660220

Category: History

Page: 860

View: 3201

1177 v. Chr.

Der erste Untergang der Zivilisation

Author: Eric H. Cline

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783806231953

Category:

Page: 352

View: 8477

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Author: David Cuff,Andrew Goudie

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 684

View: 8076

In recent years, global change has become increasingly important in technological, ecological and political spheres. This companion examines the environmental events of recent times, and investigates long-term trends as well as broader issues of global change.

Licht aus dem Osten

Eine neue Geschichte der Welt

Author: Peter Frankopan

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644122814

Category: History

Page: 944

View: 9511

«‹Eine neue Geschichte der Welt› – dieses Buch verdient den Titel voll und ganz.» Peter Frankopan lehrt uns, die Geschichte neu zu sehen – indem er nicht Europa, sondern den Nahen und Mittleren Osten zum Ausgangspunkt macht. Hier entstanden die ersten Hochkulturen und alle drei monotheistischen Weltreligionen; ein Reichtum an Gütern, Kultur und Wissen, der das Alte Europa seit jeher sehnsüchtig nach Osten blicken ließ. Frankopan erzählt von Alexander dem Großen, der Babylon zur Hauptstadt seines neuen Weltreichs machen wollte; von Seide, Porzellan und Techniken wie der Papierherstellung, die über die Handelswege der Region Verbreitung fanden; vom Sklavenhandel mit der islamischen Welt, der Venedig im Mittelalter zum Aufstieg verhalf; von islamischen Gelehrten, die das antike Kulturerbe pflegten, lange bevor Europa die Renaissance erlebte; von der Erschließung der Rohstoffe im 19. Jahrhundert bis hin zum Nahostkonflikt. Schließlich erklärt Frankopan, warum sich die Weltpolitik noch heute in Staaten wie Syrien, Afghanistan und Irak entscheidet. Peter Frankopan schlägt einen weiten Bogen, und das nicht nur zeitlich: Er rückt zwei Welten zusammen, Orient und Okzident, die historisch viel enger miteinander verbunden sind, als wir glauben. Ein so fundiertes wie packend erzähltes Geschichtswerk, das wahrhaft die Augen öffnet.

Kulturgeschichte des Klimas

Von der Eiszeit bis zur globalen Erwärmung

Author: Wolfgang Behringer

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406625053

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 752

Zum Buch Alle sprechen vom Wetter. Darüber, wie es werden wird, gibt es derzeit mehr Voraussagen als je zuvor. Aber was wissen wir über Klimaschwankungen vor 500 oder vor 5000 Jahren? Wie können wir überhaupt etwas über die Geschichte des Wetters herausfinden? Schließlich: Wie haben sich die Klimaschwankungen der Vergangenheit auf den Menschen, seine Lebensweise und seine Kultur ausgewirkt? Der Historiker Wolfgang Behringer erschließt uns in einem faszinierenden Streifzug, was wir über Klimaänderungen und ihre kulturellen Konsequenzen vom Holozän bis ins 21. Jahrhundert wissen. Er führt uns ein in die historische Forschung zur Klimaentwicklung und zeigt uns, welche Schwankungen es gab und wie sie das Fortkommen des Homo sapiens behinderten oder beförderten. Sein spannendes Buch führt uns plastisch vor Augen, mit welchen Schwierigkeiten, manchmal aber auch mit welch angenehmen Wetterepochen unsere Vorfahren konfrontiert waren und wie sie damit umgingen. Das lehrt uns nicht zuletzt Mut zu fassen, den Klimawandel als die Herausforderung unserer Gegenwart zu begreifen und in einem besseren Sinne als bisher zu beeinflussen.

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 5269

Erde im Aufruhr

Author: Immanuel Velikovsky

Publisher: Julia White Publishing

ISBN: 3934402801

Category:

Page: 314

View: 9681

Sustainability of energy and water through the 21st Century

proceedings of the Arbor Day Farm Conference : October 8-11, 2000

Author: American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Division of Environmental Geosciences,Geological Survey (U.S.)

Publisher: Amer Assn of Petroleum Geologists

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 132

View: 7911