Climate Change Adaptation Actions in Bangladesh

Author: Rajib Shaw,Fuad Mallick,Aminul Islam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431542493

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 1577

The book outlines the climate change adaptation (CCA) actions in Bangladesh drawing examples and lessons from different projects and programs in the country. The content is based on a selection of available documents, a consultative workshop with the academicians from different universities undertaking higher education on disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, and the editors’ own knowledge and experience in the field. The book has four parts. Part I gives the details of climate change impacts, providing the scenarios, negotiations, and specific impacts on sea-level rise and the health sectors. Part II focuses on climate change strategy and action plans. Part III covers socio-economic impacts in terms of economic and environmental costs. Part IV focuses on adaptive actions for agriculture, livelihoods, and integrated approaches in agriculture and fisheries. Part V deals with climate-change governance issues. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of environment, disaster risk reduction, and climate change studies. The book will provide them with a good idea of the current trend of research in the field and will furnish basic knowledge on this important topic in Bangladesh. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply collective knowledge to policy and decision making.

Experiencing Climate Change in Bangladesh

Vulnerability and Adaptation in Coastal Regions

Author: Salim Momtaz,Masud Shameem

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012803422X

Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 7332

Experiencing Climate Change in Bangladesh: Vulnerability and Adaptation in Coastal Regions provides a conceptual and empirical framework for understanding the vulnerability of coastal communities in Bangladesh to multiple stressors and presents the process by which rural households adapt their livelihoods. The livelihoods of the poor people in many developing countries are disproportionately vulnerable to multiple shocks and stresses. The effects of climate change interacting with these livelihood disturbances further amplify human vulnerability. Future climate change is likely to aggravate this precarious situation. This book offers a solid framework for analyzing the process and components of adaptation of rural livelihoods to a changing hydro-climatic environment and presents empirical evidence of livelihood adaptation at the local level. The book creates a knowledge-base for the small island developing states (SIDS) experiencing similar socio-economic and climatic conditions. Also fills a market need by providing a conceptual framework, case studies, and reflections on lessons learned from policy responses for vulnerability reduction and adaptation to climate variability, extremes, and change. Presents an analyses-based adaptation to climate change in a holistic way that takes into account social, economic, and environmental stressors and their interrelationships Examines synergy between disaster risk reduction, climate change adaptation, and social protection in the context of Bangladesh Provides examples of successes and failures in climate change adaptation invaluable for developing countries in similar situations Fills a market need by providing a conceptual framework, case studies, and reflections on lessons learned from policy responses

Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change for Bangladesh

Author: S. Huq,Z. Karim,M. Asaduzzaman,F. Mahtab

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401593256

Category: Science

Page: 148

View: 1238

Bangladesh faces many challenges. So long it has been mainly the traditional ones of socio economic development and eradication of poverty. Environment as a major factor in this process has only recently entered the scene. But even before environmental considerations in the development process has become the normal practice, the spectre of climate change has reared its ugly head. While Bangladesh is not unique among developing countries in being at the receiving end regarding the causes and consequences of climate change, both in the literal and allegorical sense of the term, the fact remains that it has made the prospects for sustainable socio-economic development in the country much more complex and formidable than before. Both for her own sake and the sake of the global community at large, therefore, Bangladesh has to initiate actions at various levels to face the challenge from now on. The present study is a part of that process. In 1996, the Governments of USA and Bangladesh together decided to initiate a comprehensive study on climate change in Bangladesh. A unique consortium of public and non-governmental research organisations with support from the relevant administrative arms of the Government carried out the study over 1996 and 1997. The report has been accepted by the Government and several of its recommendations are in the process of implementation. While the direction of climate change is broadly certain, its details leave much scope for speculation and interpretation.

Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Strategies for Coastal Communities

Author: Walter Leal Filho

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319707035

Category: Science

Page: 478

View: 6244

This book presents a comprehensive overview of research and projects regarding climate change adaptation in coastal areas, providing government and nongovernment bodies with a sound basis to promote climate change adaptation efforts.According to the 5th Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), coastal zones are highly vulnerable to climate change, and climate-driven impacts may be further exacerbated by other human-induced pressures. Apart from sea-level rise, which poses a threat to both human well-being and property, extreme events such as cyclones and storm surges lead not only to significant damage to property and infrastructure, but also to salt water intrusion, groundwater salinisation, and intensified soil erosion, among many other problems. There are also numerous negative impacts on the natural environment and biodiversity, including damage to important wetlands and habitats that safeguard the overall ecological balance, and consequently the provision of ecosystem services and goods on which the livelihoods of millions of people depend. As such, there is a need for a better understanding of how climate change affects coastal areas and communities, and for the identification of processes, methods and tools that can help the countries and communities in coastal areas to adapt and become more resilient. It is against this background that this book has been produced. It includes papers written by scholars, social movements, practitioners and members of governmental agencies, pursuing research and/or executing climate change projects in coastal areas and working with coastal communities. Focusing on “managing climate change in coastal regions”, it showcases valuable lessons learned from research and field projects and presents best practices to foster climate change adaptation in coastal areas and communities, which can be implemented elsewhere.

Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction

An Asian Perspective

Author: Rajib Shaw,Juan Pulhin,Joy Pereira

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857244868

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 6104

Arguably among the regions of the world most vulnerable to climate change, Asia has different mechanisms for Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) activities. This title provides 19 case studies, from 13 countries and regions in Asia, that highlight different aspects of CCA-DRR entry points.

Disaster Risk Reduction Approaches in Bangladesh

Author: Rajib Shaw,Fuad Mallick,Aminul Islam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431542523

Category: Nature

Page: 366

View: 749

This book outlines disaster risk reduction (DRR) approaches in Bangladesh, drawing examples and lessons from the national and community-level programs, projects, and relevant experiences of the country. The content is based on a selection of available documents, a consultative workshop with academicians from different universities undertaking DRR higher education programs, and the editors’ own knowledge and experience in the field. Special emphasis is given to analyzing field experiences from academic perspectives, and to highlighting key issues and the policy relevance of disaster risk reduction. The book has three parts: Part I provides the outline and basics of DRR, with examples from a global review and from national policies and priorities. Part II covers seven different hazards in Bangladesh, focusing on both shocks and stresses. Part III provides examples of approaches and issues of DRR practices. The primary target groups for this book are students and researchers in the fields of environment, disaster risk reduction, and climate change studies. The book will provide them with a good idea of the current trend of research in the field and will furnish basic knowledge on this important topic in Bangladesh. Another target group comprises practitioners and policy makers, who will be able to apply collective knowledge to policy and decision making.

Assessing the Costs of Climate Change and Adaptation in South Asia

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 9292545116

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 161

View: 8850

This report synthesizes the results of country and sector studies on the economic costs and benefits of unilateral and regional actions on climate change in the Asian Development Bank's six South Asia developing members, namely Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. The study takes into account the different scenarios and impacts projected across vulnerable sectors and estimates the total economic loss throughout the 21st century and amount of funding required for adaptation measures to avert such potential losses. It is envisioned to strengthen decision-making capacities and improve understanding of the economics of climate change for the countries in South Asia.

Bangladesh Confronts Climate Change

Keeping Our Heads above Water

Author: Joseph Hanlon,Manoj Roy,David Hulme

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 1783086351

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 1666

Living in a low-lying and densely populated country on the front line of climate change, Bangladeshis are taking a lead in adapting to rising temperatures and campaigning to limit climate change. Global warming will worsen this country's existing environmental problems – causing a rise in sea level, more flooding and stronger, more damaging cyclones. Bangladeshis know what is coming, and how to respond, because they are already effectively combating environmental and social challenges. Cyclone shelters and warning systems have cut the fatality rate dramatically; new varieties of rice have raised nutrition levels; women's education has slowed population growth; land is being raised to respond to sea level rise. Bangladeshis will keep their heads above water, but at huge costs. Will the industrialised countries curb their greenhouse gas emissions and pay for the damage they have already done?

Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change

Author: W. Neil Adger

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262012278

Category: Nature

Page: 319

View: 5752

As a global society, we need to take action not only to prevent the potentiallycatastrophic effects of climate change but also to adapt to the unavoidable effects of climatechange already imposed on the world. Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change looks at thechallenges of ensuring that policy responses to climate change do not place undue and unfair burdenson already vulnerable populations. All countries will be endangered by climate change risks fromflood, drought, and other extreme weather events, but developing countries are more dependent onclimate-sensitive livelihoods such as farming and fishing and hence are more vulnerable. Despitethis, the concerns of developing countries are marginalized in climate policy decisions thatexacerbate current vulnerabilities.Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change brings together scholarsfrom political science, economics, law, human geography, and climate science to offer the firstassessment of the social justice issues in adaptation to climate change. The book outlines thephilosophical underpinnings of different types of justice in relation to climate change, presentinequities, and future burdens, and it applies these to real world examples of climate changeadaptation in Bangladesh, Tanzania, Botswana, Namibia, and Hungary. It argues that the key toadapting to climate change lies in recognizing the equity and justice issues inherent in its causesand in human responses to it.Contributors:W. Neil Adger, Paul Baer, Jon Barnett, Maria Bohn, KirstinDow, Saleemul Huq, Roger E. Kasperson, Mizan R. Khan, Janica Lane, Neil A. Leary, Robin Leichenko,Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer, M. J. Mace, Karen O'Brien, Jouni Paavola, Stephen H. Schneider, David S. G.Thomas, Chasca Twyman, Anna Vári

Climate Change Modelling for Local Adaptation in the Hindu Kush - Himalayan Region

Author: Armando Lamadrid,Ilan Kelman

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780524862

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 8267

This book presents a portrait of the social advantages and limitations of climate change related modeling in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region. It addresses the implied but largely uncritiqued relationships between scientific modeling knowledge and local adaptation responses. It also presents theoretical perspectives on modeling and adaptation,

Climate Change Adaptation and Development

Transforming Paradigms and Practices

Author: Tor Håkon Inderberg,Siri Eriksen,Karen O'Brien,Linda Sygna

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317685067

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 4230

Climate change poses multiple challenges to development. It affects lives and livelihoods, infrastructure and institutions, as well as beliefs, cultures and identities. There is a growing recognition that the social dimensions of vulnerability and adaptation now need to move to the forefront of development policies and practices. This book presents case studies showing that climate change is as much a problem of development as for development, with many of the risks closely linked to past, present and future development pathways. Development policies and practices can play a key role in addressing climate change, but it is critical to question to what extent such actions and interventions reproduce, rather than address, the social and political structures and development pathways driving vulnerability. The chapters emphasise that adaptation is about much more than a set of projects or interventions to reduce specific impacts of climate change; it is about living with change while also transforming the processes that contribute to vulnerability in the first place. This book will help students in the field of climate change and development to make sense of adaptation as a social process, and it will provide practitioners, policymakers and researchers working at the interface between climate change and development with useful insights for approaching adaptation as part of a larger transformation to sustainability.

Climate Change in Bangladesh

Confronting Impending Disasters

Author: Harun Rasid,Bimal Paul

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739183540

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 4709

This book provides an essential interdisciplinary text on climate change and sea level rise in Bangladesh for undergraduate and graduate students of geography, environmental studies, sociology, anthropology, political science and others. Furthermore, it is an invaluable resource for managers and planners of the government of Bangladesh and several international agencies, including the United Nations, UNDP, UNEP, ADB, who are involved in climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Climate Change Adaptation in Practice

From Strategy Development to Implementation

Author: Philipp Schmidt-Thome,Johannes Klein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118474678

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 8913

Climate change adaptation is increasingly recognized as complementary part to climate change mitigation. Climate change affects sea level, the extent of flood prone areas and precipitation patterns among many others. To adapt to these changes, the tasks of municipalities and cities are to implement policies and strategies for changes in land use and coastal management as part of their future development. It is of vital importance to address the uncertainties of climate change scenarios when proposing adaptation measures that are socially viable and economically reasonable. The decision making process, promoted here, is based on scientific excellence as well on an integrated communication process. This book provides a comprehensive overview of key elements required for effective analysis and assessment of climate change impacts, economic cost-benefit analysis, communication processes and creation and transfer of knowledge, governance issues and implementation of related policies. It describes the results achieved by the BaltCICA (www.baltcica.org) project whose contributors come from the scientific and public administration communities. The regional cooperation has led to the implementation of climate change adaptation in several case studies. The BaltCICA project developed concepts, methodologies and tools for climate change adaptation that can be translated across other global regions. Scientists and students working on the development of climate change and adaptation strategies; public administrators in the related fields on local, regional and state level including environment, water management, civil defense; as well as professionals working with adaptation technologies, including engineering, technological solutions, urban planning agencies and construction, will value this innovative book.

Climatic Hazards in Coastal Bangladesh

Non-Structural and Structural Solutions

Author: Bimal Paul,Harun Rashid

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0128046120

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 9726

Coastal Hazards in Bangladesh: Non-Structural and Structural Solutions provides a review of the study of Bangladesh’s coastal region, an area whose location and physical geography present the prefect microcosm for the study of coastal hazards and for the development of tactics that are applicable to regions around the world. The book presents engineers, scientists, and planners with the necessary tools and planning solutions used to combat coastal vulnerabilities in Bangladesh. Divided into seven chapters, it begins with a critical overview of cyclone and storm surge disasters, focusing on both engineering responses and public preparedness programs to such events. In addition, engineering recommendations are provided for further reduction of their impacts, such as erosion, accretion, and land subsidence, and numerical models are introduced to assess flood induced hazard and risk, flood-induced design loads, and how to intervene in protecting key installations, infrastructures, and communities. Provides engineers, scientists, and planners with the necessary tools and planning solutions they need to address the coastal vulnerabilities presented by floods, cyclones, and storm surge Includes engineering recommendations on how to reduce coastal hazards and their impact Explores the topic of sea level rise and the effect of salt water intrusion on fresh water and the surrounding soil Examines land uses in the coastal zones, their trend, and their effects on coastal zones

Climate Change Adaptation Manual

Lessons learned from European and other industrialised countries

Author: Andrea Prutsch,Torsten Grothmann,Sabine McCallum,Inke Schauser,Rob Swart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134612435

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 4726

Due to the lack of success in climate change mitigation efforts, the importance of adaptation is becoming more and more apparent and is now one of the main imperatives of international research and action. However, research on adaptation is mostly not directly applicable to adaptation policy or practice, leaving a gap between scientific results and practical advice for decision makers and planners. This book seeks to address this problem and bridge the gap and should provide readers with practical and applicable information on climate change adaptation. Following an introduction, the book is organised into four main sections, each reflecting an essential component in the adaptation process. Climate change adaptation is an emerging subject area and has gained increased political and academic attention within the last decade. Whereas most books in the field focus on adaptation in developing countries, this volume provides an examination of predominantly European policy and offers inter-disciplinary insight into cutting edge knowledge and lessons learnt in a relatively new field of implementation.

Climate Change Adaptation and Development

Author: John Carstensen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131552547X

Category: Nature

Page: 182

View: 9421

Climate change is real and it is man-made. We have put so many greenhouse gas pollutants into the atmosphere that we will see significant and long-term change that we need to adapt and adjust to. It is important for development practitioners to understand these impacts and the challenge of how and when to adapt to climate change. There are plenty of grim presentations of what the extremes of the possible climate scenarios will throw at us over the next 100 years, but not all change will be disastrous; some change will be beneficial, but much of the change will happen at an unprecedented rate that will require the best possible analysis and understanding of how and when we should adapt to climate change. This is important for development practitioners as we invest in ensuring that poverty is reduced and eliminated and the well-being of everyone is improved. Many countries and communities around the world are vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, but developing economies may on one hand be less resilient to the impact, but could on the other hand be in a better position to make their development climate smart by making the most efficient use of their economic resources. The chapters in this book shine a light on the complexity and the multi-dimensional aspects of climate change adaptation. They gather some of the experiences of addressing climate change impacts in a development context. This book was previously published as a special issue of Development in Practice.

Innovation in Climate Change Adaptation

Author: Walter Leal Filho

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319258141

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 4313

This book introduces innovative approaches to pursue climate change adaptation and to support the long-term implementation of climate change policies. Offering new case studies and data, as well as projects and initiatives implemented across the globe, the contributors present new tools, approaches and methods to pursue and facilitate innovation in climate change adaptation.

Women and Climate Change in Bangladesh

Author: Margaret Alston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317684850

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 732

Bangladesh is by no means a high emitter of carbon, but it is nevertheless one of the countries most critically affected. There is a significant risk of damage to lives and livelihoods due to climate change in the form of cyclones, flooding and storm surges, and slow-onset impacts such as droughts, sea level rises and river basin erosion. Moreover, Bangladeshis are especially vulnerable as a high proportion of people live in extreme poverty. This book assesses the impact of climate change in Bangladesh, and presents the findings of a three-year, in-depth study undertaken at village level in different districts of the country. It examines national policies, contrasting them with what is actually happening at village level. It outlines the impact of climate change on livelihood strategies and health, and focuses particularly on the impact on gender relations, showing that although women have a significant role to play in helping communities cope with the effects of climate change, cultural customs and practices often work against this. The book argues for, and puts forward policy proposals for, recognising women’s active contribution and supporting gender equality as a critical strategy in global adaptation to climate challenges.

Applied Studies in Climate Adaptation

Author: Jean P. Palutikof,Sarah L. Boulter,Jon Barnett,David Rissik

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118845013

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 3007