Understanding Cloud-based Data Center Networks
Author: Gary Lee
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
Cloud Networking: Understanding Cloud-Based Data Center Networks explains the evolution of established networking technologies into distributed, cloud-based networks. Starting with an overview of cloud technologies, the book explains how cloud data center networks leverage distributed systems for network virtualization, storage networking, and software-defined networking. The author offers insider perspective to key components that make a cloud network possible such as switch fabric technology and data center networking standards. The final chapters look ahead to developments in architectures, fabric technology, interconnections, and more. By the end of the book, readers will understand core networking technologies and how they’re used in a cloud data center. Understand existing and emerging networking technologies that combine to form cloud data center networks Explains the evolution of data centers from enterprise to private and public cloud networks Reviews network virtualization standards for multi-tenant data center environments Includes cutting-edge detail on the latest switch fabric technologies from the networking team in Intel
Automating the Virtualized Data Center
Author: Venkata Josyula,Malcolm Orr,Greg Page
Publisher: Cisco Press
The complete guide to provisioning and managing cloud-based Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) data center solutions Could computing will revolutionize the way IT resources are deployed, configured, and managed for years to come. Service providers and customers each stand to realize tremendous value from this paradigm shift-if they can take advantage of it. Cloud Computing brings together the realistic, start-to-finish guidance they need to plan, implement, and manage cloud solution architectures for tomorrow's virtualized data centers. It introduces cloud 'newcomers' to essential concepts, and offers experienced operations professionals detailed guidance on delivering Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS). This book's replicable solutions and fully-tested best practices will help enterprises, services providers, consultants, and Cisco partners meet the challenge of provisioning end-to-end cloud infrastructures. Drawing on extensive experience working with leading cloud vendors and integrators, the authors present detailed operations workflow examples, proven techniques for operating cloud-based network, compute, and storage infrastructure; a comprehensive management reference architecture; and a complete case study demonstrating rapid, lower-cost solutions design. Cloud Computing will be an indispensable resource for all network/IT professionals and managers involved with planning, implementing, or managing the next generation of cloud computing services. • •Review the key concepts needed to successfully deploy and cloud-based services •Transition common enterprise design patterns and use cases to the cloud •Master architectural principles and infrastructure design for 'real-time' managed IT services •Understand the Cisco approach to cloud-related technologies, systems, and services •Develop a cloud management architecture using ITIL, TMF, and ITU-TMN standards •Implement best practices for cloud service provisioning, activation, and management •Automate cloud infrastructure to simplify service delivery, monitoring and assurance •Choose and implement the right billing/chargeback approaches for your business •Design and build IaaS services, from start to finish •Manage the unique capacity challenges associated with sporadic, real-time demand •Provide a consistent and optimal cloud user experience This book is part of the Networking Technology Series from Cisco Press, which offers networking professionals valuable information for constructing efficient networks, understanding new technologies, and building successful careers.
A Guide for Students
Author: Carl J. Sheperis,R. J. Davis
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Category: Social Science
Online Counselor Education: A Guide for Students is an all-new guide for online students in counselor education programs. Students in online environments face a number of challenges that could put them at a disadvantage unless they have a resource to help guide them through some of the confusing aspects of an online environment. Such challenges include the lack of understanding surrounding graduate school performance expectations, balancing graduate school and life, the inability to connect with community members and local field agencies, and various other aspects unique to an online environment. This text from Carl J. Sheperis and R.J. Davis will help students through these challenges and act as an invaluable resource.
Author: Michele Girola,Marian Friedman,Mark Lewis,Alessio M. Tarenzio,IBM Redbooks
Publisher: IBM Redbooks
The enterprise data center has evolved dramatically in recent years. It has moved from a model that placed multiple data centers closer to users to a more centralized dynamic model. The factors influencing this evolution are varied but can mostly be attributed to regulatory, service level improvement, cost savings, and manageability. Multiple legal issues regarding the security of data housed in the data center have placed security requirements at the forefront of data center architecture. As the cost to operate data centers has increased, architectures have moved towards consolidation of servers and applications in order to better utilize assets and reduce "server sprawl." The more diverse and distributed the data center environment becomes, the more manageability becomes an issue. These factors have led to a trend of data center consolidation and resources on demand using technologies such as virtualization, higher WAN bandwidth technologies, and newer management technologies. The intended audience of this book is network architects and network administrators. In this IBM® Redbooks® publication we discuss the following topics: The current state of the data center network The business drivers making the case for change The unique capabilities and network requirements of system platforms The impact of server and storage consolidation on the data center network The functional overview of the main data center network virtualization and consolidation technologies The new data center network design landscape
Delivering business-grade cloud applications and services
Author: Huseni Saboowala,Muhammad Abid,Sudhir Modali
Publisher: Cisco Press
Designing Networks and Services for the Cloud Delivering business-grade cloud applications and services A rapid, easy-to-understand approach to delivering a secure, resilient, easy-to-manage, SLA-driven cloud experience Designing Networks and Services for the Cloud helps you understand the design and architecture of networks and network services that enable the delivery of business-grade cloud services. Drawing on more than 40 years of experience in network and cloud design, validation, and deployment, the authors demonstrate how networks spanning from the Enterprise branch/HQ and the service provider Next-Generation Networks (NGN) to the data center fabric play a key role in addressing the primary inhibitors to cloud adoption–security, performance, and management complexity. The authors first review how virtualized infrastructure lays the foundation for the delivery of cloud services before delving into a primer on clouds, including the management of cloud services. Next, they explore key factors that inhibit enterprises from moving their core workloads to the cloud, and how advanced networks and network services can help businesses migrate to the cloud with confidence. You’ll find an in-depth look at data center networks, including virtualization-aware networks, virtual network services, and service overlays. The elements of security in this virtual, fluid environment are discussed, along with techniques for optimizing and accelerating the service delivery. The book dives deeply into cloud-aware service provider NGNs and their role in flexibly connecting distributed cloud resources, ensuring the security of provider and tenant resources, and enabling the optimal placement of cloud services. The role of Enterprise networks as a critical control point for securely and cost-effectively connecting to high-performance cloud services is explored in detail before various parts of the network finally come together in the definition and delivery of end-to-end cloud SLAs. At the end of the journey, you preview the exciting future of clouds and network services, along with the major upcoming trends. If you are a technical professional or manager who must design, implement, or operate cloud or NGN solutions in enterprise or service-provider environments, this guide will be an indispensable resource. * Understand how virtualized data-center infrastructure lays the groundwork for cloud-based services * Move from distributed virtualization to “IT-as-a-service” via automated self-service portals * Classify cloud services and deployment models, and understand the actors in the cloud ecosystem * Review the elements, requirements, challenges, and opportunities associated with network services in the cloud * Optimize data centers via network segmentation, virtualization-aware networks, virtual network services, and service overlays * Systematically secure cloud services * Optimize service and application performance * Plan and implement NGN infrastructure to support and accelerate cloud services * Successfully connect enterprises to the cloud * Define and deliver on end-to-end cloud SLAs * Preview the future of cloud and network services
A Complete Guide To Planning, Designing and Building a Cloud Data Center
Author: Caesar Wu,Rajkumar Buyya
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
Cloud Data Centers and Cost Modeling establishes a framework for strategic decision-makers to facilitate the development of cloud data centers. Just as building a house requires a clear understanding of the blueprints, architecture, and costs of the project; building a cloud-based data center requires similar knowledge. The authors take a theoretical and practical approach, starting with the key questions to help uncover needs and clarify project scope. They then demonstrate probability tools to test and support decisions, and provide processes that resolve key issues. After laying a foundation of cloud concepts and definitions, the book addresses data center creation, infrastructure development, cost modeling, and simulations in decision-making, each part building on the previous. In this way the authors bridge technology, management, and infrastructure as a service, in one complete guide to data centers that facilitates educated decision making. Explains how to balance cloud computing functionality with data center efficiency Covers key requirements for power management, cooling, server planning, virtualization, and storage management Describes advanced methods for modeling cloud computing cost including Real Option Theory and Monte Carlo Simulations Blends theoretical and practical discussions with insights for developers, consultants, and analysts considering data center development
Principles and Paradigms
Author: Rajkumar Buyya,James Broberg,Andrzej M. Goscinski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The primary purpose of this book is to capture the state-of-the-art in Cloud Computing technologies and applications. The book will also aim to identify potential research directions and technologies that will facilitate creation a global market-place of cloud computing services supporting scientific, industrial, business, and consumer applications. We expect the book to serve as a reference for larger audience such as systems architects, practitioners, developers, new researchers and graduate level students. This area of research is relatively recent, and as such has no existing reference book that addresses it. This book will be a timely contribution to a field that is gaining considerable research interest, momentum, and is expected to be of increasing interest to commercial developers. The book is targeted for professional computer science developers and graduate students especially at Masters level. As Cloud Computing is recognized as one of the top five emerging technologies that will have a major impact on the quality of science and society over the next 20 years, its knowledge will help position our readers at the forefront of the field.
Understanding Techniques and Designs for Highly Efficient Data Centers with Cisco Nexus, UCS, MDS, and Beyond
Author: Gustavo A. A. Santana
Publisher: Cisco Press
Data Center Virtualization Fundamentals For many IT organizations, today’s greatest challenge is to drive more value, efficiency, and utilization from data centers. Virtualization is the best way to meet this challenge. Data Center Virtualization Fundamentals brings together the comprehensive knowledge Cisco professionals need to apply virtualization throughout their data center environments. Leading data center expert Gustavo A. A. Santana thoroughly explores all components of an end-to-end data center virtualization solution, including networking, storage, servers, operating systems, application optimization, and security. Rather than focusing on a single product or technology, he explores product capabilities as interoperable design tools that can be combined and integrated with other solutions, including VMware vSphere. With the author’s guidance, you’ll learn how to define and implement highly-efficient architectures for new, expanded, or retrofit data center projects. By doing so, you can deliver agile application provisioning without purchasing unnecessary infrastructure, and establish a strong foundation for new cloud computing and IT-as-a-service initiatives. Throughout, Santana illuminates key theoretical concepts through realistic use cases, real-world designs, illustrative configuration examples, and verification outputs. Appendixes provide valuable reference information, including relevant Cisco data center products and CLI principles for IOS and NX-OS. With this approach, Data Center Virtualization Fundamentals will be an indispensable resource for anyone preparing for the CCNA Data Center, CCNP Data Center, or CCIE Data Center certification exams. Learn how virtualization can transform and improve traditional data center network topologies Understand the key characteristics and value of each data center virtualization technology Walk through key decisions, and transform choices into architecture Smoothly migrate existing data centers toward greater virtualization Burst silos that have traditionally made data centers inefficient Master foundational technologies such as VLANs, VRF, and virtual contexts Use virtual PortChannel and FabricPath to overcome the limits of STP Optimize cabling and network management with fabric extender (FEX) virtualized chassis Extend Layer 2 domains to distant data center sites using MPLS and Overlay Transport Virtualization (OTV) Use VSANs to overcome Fibre Channel fabric challenges Improve SAN data protection, environment isolation, and scalability Consolidate I/O through Data Center Bridging and FCoE Use virtualization to radically simplify server environments Create server profiles that streamline “bare metal” server provisioning “Transcend the rack” through virtualized networking based on Nexus 1000V and VM-FEX Leverage opportunities to deploy virtual network services more efficiently Evolve data center virtualization toward full-fledged private clouds
Author: Shoshana Zuboff
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Category: Political Science
Gegen den Big-Other-Kapitalismus ist Big Brother harmlos. Die Menschheit steht am Scheideweg, sagt die Harvard-Ökonomin Shoshana Zuboff. Bekommt die Politik die wachsende Macht der High-Tech-Giganten in den Griff? Oder überlassen wir uns der verborgenen Logik des Überwachungskapitalismus? Wie reagieren wir auf die neuen Methoden der Verhaltensauswertung und -manipulation, die unsere Autonomie bedrohen? Akzeptieren wir die neuen Formen sozialer Ungleichheit? Ist Widerstand ohnehin zwecklos? Zuboff bewertet die soziale, politische, ökonomische und technologische Bedeutung der großen Veränderung, die wir erleben. Sie zeichnet ein unmissverständliches Bild der neuen Märkte, auf denen Menschen nur noch Quelle eines kostenlosen Rohstoffs sind - Lieferanten von Verhaltensdaten. Noch haben wir es in der Hand, wie das nächste Kapitel des Kapitalismus aussehen wird. Meistern wir das Digitale oder sind wir seine Sklaven? Es ist unsere Entscheidung! Zuboffs Buch liefert eine neue Erzählung des Kapitalismus. An ihrer Deutung kommen kritische Geister nicht vorbei.
Topologies, Architectures and Fault-Tolerance Characteristics
Author: Yang Liu,Jogesh K. Muppala,Malathi Veeraraghavan,Dong Lin,Mounir Hamdi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This SpringerBrief presents a survey of data center network designs and topologies and compares several properties in order to highlight their advantages and disadvantages. The brief also explores several routing protocols designed for these topologies and compares the basic algorithms to establish connections, the techniques used to gain better performance, and the mechanisms for fault-tolerance. Readers will be equipped to understand how current research on data center networks enables the design of future architectures that can improve performance and dependability of data centers. This concise brief is designed for researchers and practitioners working on data center networks, comparative topologies, fault tolerance routing, and data center management systems. The context provided and information on future directions will also prove valuable for students interested in these topics.
Author: Bill White,Hoi T Hon,Stephen Sauer,Raymund Schuenke,IBM Redbooks
Publisher: IBM Redbooks
In this IBM® RedguideTM document, we highlight the key requirements for a smarter data center network and show how the data center fabric, a new switching architecture, provides the required performance, scalability, and management. We explore Juniper Networks' QFabric, a revolutionary DCN fabric product, and describe how its characteristics and key network innovations provide real business value in rapid service deployment, cost-efficient service delivery, energy efficiency, and business resiliency and security. We examine Juniper's QFabric design, product software, hardware, and deployment, and illustrate how QFabric can drastically improve your DCN while reducing your business costs. We describe three common QFabric network use cases that highlight fundamental changes in DCN architecture. Use cases are based on our project experiences, specifically optimized application delivery control, secure isolation provisioning of a multi-tenant environment, and support of business continuity. IBM understands that the first step in transforming network infrastructure is developing an enterprise network architecture that considers business and IT environments, security and privacy policies, service priorities, and growth plans. This guide describes how to migrate to a smarter data center using QFabric and also considers organizational aspects of migration. Over decades, IBM has built deep technical expertise and understanding of the evolving demands of network, server, storage, and desktop virtualization. IBM has extensive design and integration experience in complex DCN infrastructures and cloud computing environments. And IBM has a global pool of skilled networking professionals with in-depth IT and networking infrastructure knowledge and world class project management skills. IBM and Juniper Networks' strong partnership offers leading edge network products and technologies that will help you create and implement this unrivalled DCN design using the information covered in this paper.
Author: Pietro Iannucci,Manav Gupta,IBM Redbooks
Publisher: IBM Redbooks
Organizations are looking for ways to get more out of their already strained IT infrastructure as they face new technological and economic pressures. They are also trying to satisfy a broad set of users (internal and external to the enterprise) who demand improvements in their quality of service (QoS), regardless of increases in the number of users and applications. Cloud computing offers attractive opportunities to reduce costs, accelerate development, and increase the flexibility of the IT infrastructure, applications, and services. Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is the typical starting point for most organizations when moving to a cloud computing environment. IaaS can be used for the delivery of resources such as compute, storage, and network services through a self-service portal. With IaaS, IT services are delivered as a subscription service, eliminating up-front costs and driving down ongoing support costs. IBM® has defined the Cloud Computing Reference Architecture (CCRA) based on years of experience of working with customers who have implemented cloud-computing solutions. The IBM CCRA is a blueprint or guide for architecting cloud-computing implementations. This IBM RedguideTM publication highlights the Cloud Enabled Data Center adoption pattern and describes how you can use it to define an IaaS solution. This guide is intended for chief technology officers, data center architects, IT architects, and application architects who want to understand the cloud-computing infrastructure necessary to support their applications and services by using an IaaS solution. It explains the technical and business benefits of a Cloud Enabled Data Center solution. It introduces a Cloud Enabled Data Center maturity model where each maturity level corresponds to an increase in the degree of automation and the cloud-computing capabilities that are available. In addition, this guide describes the architectural framework provided by the IBM CCRA and explains details about the Cloud Enabled Data Center adoption pattern.
Author: San Murugesan,Irena Bojanova
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The Encyclopedia of Cloud Computing comprehensively cover all aspects of cloud computing. It provides IT professionals, educators, researchers and students a compendium of cloud computing knowledge – concepts, principles, architecture, technology, security, privacy and regulatory compliance, applications, adoption, business, and social and legal aspects. Containing contributions from a spectrum of subject matter experts in industry and academia, this unique publication also addresses questions related to technological trends and developments, research opportunities, best practices, standards, and cloud adoption that stakeholders might have in the context of development, operation, management, and use of clouds, providing multiple perspectives. Furthermore, itexamines cloud computing's impact now and in the future. The encyclopedia is logically organised into 10 sections amd each section into a maximum of 12 chapters, each covering a major topic/area with cross-references as required. The chapters consist of tables, illustrations, side-bars as appropriate. In additon, it also includes highlights at the beginning of each chapter, as well as backend material references and additional resources for further information (including relevant websites, videos and software tools). The encyclopedia also contains illustrations and case studies. A list of acronyms are provided in the beginning and a comprehensive and informative glossary at the end.
Author: Bill Williams
Publisher: Cisco Press
Category: Business & Economics
This text provides decision makers with the insight and practical tools they need to make intelligent decisions about cloud computing and manage an effective migration to this new paradigm.
Author: Sachin Shetty,Xuebiao Yuchi,Min Song
This book provides an overview of Moving Target Defense (MTD) and the importance of developing novel MTD schemes to protect distributed systems. It presents MTD-based research efforts to protect cloud data centers, along with network and security risk-aware approaches to place Virtual Machines (VM) in cloud data centers. These approaches include MTD-based network diversity models that enable an evaluation of the robustness of cloud data centers against potential zero-day attacks. Since these models can be used as a security metric the authors include different network configurations and policies, consider the similarity and dissimilarity of network resources, and account for minimum impact to maximum impact attacks. Also offered is a framework for determining the cost of MTD-based VM migration on cloud data centers. Designed for researchers and practitioners, Moving Target Defense for Distributed Systems enables readers to understand the potential of MTD capabilities. It enables defenders to change system or network behaviors, policies, and configurations automatically to keep potential attack surfaces protected. Advanced level students in computer science, especially those interested in networks and security, will benefit from this book.
Architecture, Concepts, and Methodology
Author: Lucien Avramov,Maurizio Portolani
Publisher: Cisco Press
Using the policy driven data center approach, networking professionals can make their data center topologies faster to configure and more portable. They can also build cloud infrastructure faster than before. All of this can be achieved by using REST and python together with the latest Cisco technology called Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI). The Policy Driven Data Center with ACI helps Architects, IT administrators, Network Administrators and Engineers to build and troubleshoot multipurpose cloud architectures. Cisco data center experts Lucien Avramov and Maurizio Portolani thoroughly explain the architecture, concepts, and methodology of the policy driven data center. The authors cover the key technology concepts, the tools for modern data centers including python scripting and REST, the design consideration and methodology of modern fabrics including VXLAN-based forwarding, the policy model theory and concepts, how to build a multi-hypervisor and bare-metal infrastructure including OpenStack, the service integration, and advanced telemetry capabilities for troubleshooting. The book concludes by discussing universal data center switch architecture concepts in order to clearly understand switching concepts and the newer trends in the Nexus 9000 product portfolio. Drawing on their extensive experience in enterprise engagements, the authors present effective solutions for virtualized data centers, high performance computing, ultra-low latency environments, and large-scale data centers. In addition to discussing relevant concepts and methodologies, the authors address design considerations associated with hardware, topologies, automation, and scalability. Technical professionals will find invaluable guidance on migrating current data center environments to a policy driven data center.
Author: Valentin Hamburger
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
Make the most of software-defined data centers with revolutionary VMware technologies About This Book Learn how you can automate your data center operations and deploy and manage applications and services across your public, private, and hybrid infrastructure in minutes Drive great business results with cost-effective solutions without compromising on ease, security, and controls Transform your business processes and operations in a way that delivers any application, anywhere, with complete peace of mind Who This Book Is For If you are an IT professional or VMware administrator who virtualizes data centers and IT infrastructures, this book is for you. Developers and DevOps engineers who deploy applications and services would also find this book useful. Data center architects and those at the CXO level who make decisions will appreciate the value in the content. What You Will Learn Understand and optimize end-to-end processes in your data center Translate IT processes and business needs into a technical design Apply and create vRO workflow automation functionalities to services Deploy NSX in a virtual environment Technically accomplish DevOps offerings Set up and use vROPs to master the SDDC resource demands Troubleshoot all the components of SDDC In Detail VMware offers the industry-leading software-defined data center (SDDC) architecture that combines compute, storage, networking, and management offerings into a single unified platform. This book uses the most up-to-date, cutting-edge VMware products to help you deliver a complete unified hybrid cloud experience within your infrastructure. It will help you build a unified hybrid cloud based on SDDC architecture and practices to deliver a fully virtualized infrastructure with cost-effective IT outcomes. In the process, you will use some of the most advanced VMware products such as VSphere, VCloud, and NSX. You will learn how to use vSphere virtualization in a software-defined approach, which will help you to achieve a fully-virtualized infrastructure and to extend this infrastructure for compute, network, and storage-related data center services. You will also learn how to use EVO:RAIL. Next, you will see how to provision applications and IT services on private clouds or IaaS with seamless accessibility and mobility across the hybrid environment. This book will ensure you develop an SDDC approach for your datacenter that fulfills your organization's needs and tremendously boosts your agility and flexibility. It will also teach you how to draft, design, and deploy toolsets and software to automate your datacenter and speed up IT delivery to meet your lines of businesses demands. At the end, you will build unified hybrid clouds that dramatically boost your IT outcomes. Style and approach With the ever-changing nature of businesses and enterprises, having the capability to navigate through the complexities is of utmost importance. This book takes an approach that combines industry expertise with revolutionary VMware products to deliver a complete SDDC experience through practical examples and techniques, with proven cost-effective benefits.
die Vernetzung der Welt von Edison bis Google
Author: Nicholas G. Carr
Category: Informationstechnik - Technische Innovation - Soziokultureller Wandel
Nicholas Carr beschreibt in dieser deutschen Übersetzung des amerikanischen Bestsellers die nächste IT-Revolution und dass dadurch immense Folgen auf unsere Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft zukommen werden. Dabei erläutert er detailliert die Entwicklung der Computerindustrie in den letzten Jahren sowie insbesondere entscheidende neue Technologien wie das Cloud Computing und dessen Auswirkungen auf traditionelle Firmen wie z.B. Microsoft und Dell.
Engineering Guidelines for Fixed, Mobile and Satellite Systems
Author: Jyrki T. J. Penttinen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
This practical handbook and reference provides a complete understanding of the telecommunications field supported by descriptions and case examples throughout Taking a practical approach, The Telecommunications Handbook examines the principles and details of all of the major and modern telecommunications systems currently available to industry and to end-users. It gives essential information about usage, architectures, functioning, planning, construction, measurements and optimisation. The structure of the book is modular, giving both overall descriptions of the architectures and functionality of typical use cases, as well as deeper and practical guidelines for telecom professionals. The focus of the book is on current and future networks, and the most up-to-date functionalities of each network are described in sufficient detail for deployment purposes. The contents include an introduction to each technology, its evolution path, feasibility and utilization, solution and network architecture, and technical functioning of the systems (signalling, coding, different modes for channel delivery and security of core and radio system). The planning of the core and radio networks (system-specific field test measurement guidelines, hands-on network planning advices and suggestions for the parameter adjustments) and future systems are also described. Each chapter covers aspects individually for easy reference, including approaches such as: functional blocks, protocol layers, hardware and software, planning, optimization, use cases, challenges, solutions to potential problems Provides very practical detail on the planning and operation of networks to enable readers to apply the content in real-world deployments Bridges the gap between the communications in the academic context and the practical knowledge and skills needed to work in the telecommunications industry Section divisions include: General theory; Fixed telecommunications; Mobile communications; Space communications; Other and special communications; and Planning and management of telecommunication networks Covers new commercial and enhanced systems deployed, such as IPv6 based networks, LTE-Advanced and GALILEO An essential reference for Technical personnel at telecom operators; equipment and terminal manufacturers; Engineers working for network operators.