Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change

Scaling it up

Author: E. Lisa F. Schipper,Jessica Ayers,Hannah Reid,Saleemul Huq,Atiq Rahman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136252363

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 4723

As climate change adaptation rises up the international policy agenda, matched by increasing funds and frameworks for action, there are mounting questions over how to ensure the needs of vulnerable people on the ground are met. Community-based adaptation (CBA) is one growing proposal that argues for tailored support at the local level to enable vulnerable people to identify and implement appropriate community-based responses to climate change themselves. Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change: Scaling it up explores the challenges for meeting the scale of the adaptation challenge through CBA. It asks the fundamental questions: How can we draw replicable lessons to move from place-based projects towards more programmatic adaptation planning? How does CBA fit with larger scale adaptation policy and programmes? How are CBA interventions situated within the institutions that enable or undermine adaptive capacity? Combining the research and experience of prominent adaptation and development theorists and practitioners, this book presents cutting edge knowledge that moves the debate on CBA forward towards effective, appropriate, and ‘scaled-up’ adaptive action.

A Field Guide to Community Based Adaptation

Author: Tim Magee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415519292

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 2390

The world's poor will be the most critically affected by a changing climate—and yet their current plight isn't improving rapidly enough to fulfill the UN's Millennium Development Goals. If experienced development organizations are finding it difficult to solve decades-old development problems, how will they additionally solve new challenges driven by climate change? A Field Guide to Community Based Adaptation illustrates how including community members in project design and co-management leads to long-lasting, successful achievement of development and adaptation goals. This field guide provides a system of building block activities for staff on the ground to use in developing and implementing successful adaptation to climate change projects that can be co-managed and sustained by communities. Based on years of use in 129 different countries, the techniques illustrated in this field guide use a step-by-step progression to lead readers through problem assessment, project design, implementation, and community take over. The book equips development staff with all the tools and techniques they need to improve current project effectiveness, to introduce community based adaptation into organizational programming and to generate new projects. The techniques provided can be applied to broad range of challenges, from agriculture and soil and water challenges, to health concerns, flood defences and market development. The book is supported by a user-friendly website updated by the author, where readers can download online resources for each chapter which they can tailor to their own specific projects. This practical guide is accessible to all levels of development staff and practitioners, as well as to students of development and environmental studies.

Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change

A Case Study of Bangladesh

Author: Abigail Gacusana

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640393775

Category: Bangladesh

Page: 68

View: 4093

Using Bangladesh as a case study, this research examines the impacts of climate change to poor, rural communities and further explores the measures that are carried out to combat its existing and future threats. This research also aims to look into the existing socio-economic vulnerabilities of Bangladesh in order to establish the linkage between climate change and development. Findings of this study show that poor communities are impacted by climate change through the loss of lives, assets and livelihoods. Adaptation to climate change is therefore necessary and should be integrated in development planning and objectives, to ensure that the most vulnerable groups are represented. The overall conclusion presents that coordination, development and implementation of a national adaptation strategy that addresses climate change at all sectors, should help establish the framework in reducing the country’s present and future vulnerabilities, in relation to climate change.

Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change

Emerging Lessons

Author: Jonathan Ensor,Saleemul Huq,Rachel Berger

Publisher: Practical Action Pub

ISBN: 9781853397912

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 5914

The findings in Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change reflect on experiences of CBA in practice, building on current academic research to frame lessons for adaptation planning in developing countries

Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change

Author: Hannah Reid

Publisher: IIED

ISBN: 1843697297

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 224

View: 7365

Focuses on the approaches to climate change adaptation which are community-based and participatory. This title highlights the participatory methods to help communities analyze the causes and effects of climate change, integrate scientific and community knowledge, and plan appropriate adaptation measures.

Community-based adaptation

Mainstreaming into national and local planning

Author: Hannah Reid

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131733194X

Category: Nature

Page: 120

View: 4697

Community-based adaptation (CBA) to climate change is based on local priorities, needs, knowledge and capacities. Early CBA initiatives were generally implemented by non-government organisations (NGOs), and operated primarily at the local level. Many used ‘bottom-up’ participatory processes to identify the climate change problem and appropriate responses. Small localised stand-alone initiatives are insufficient to address the scale of challenges climate change will bring, however. The causes of vulnerability - such as market or service access, or good governance - also often operate beyond the project level. Larger organisations and national governments have therefore started to implement broader CBA programmes, which provide opportunities to scale up responses and integrate CBA into higher levels of policy and planning. This book shows that it is possible for CBA to remain centred on local priorities, but not necessarily limited to work implemented at the local level. Some chapters address the issue of mainstreaming CBA into government policy and planning processes or into city or sectoral level plans (e.g. on agriculture). Others look at how gender and children’s issues should be mainstreamed into adaptation planning itself, and others describe how tools can be applied, and finance delivered for effective mainstreaming. This book was published as a special issue of Climate and Development.

Community Based Adaptation in Action

A Case Study from Bangladesh : Project Summary Report (phase 1), Improved Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change for Sustainable Livelihoods in the Agriculture Sector

Author: Stephan Baas,Selvaraju Ramasamy,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 55

View: 4935

Bangladesh, due to its geo-physical position and socio-economic context, is highly prone to regular natural hazards and the impacts of climate change. In 2005, the FAO initiated a project designed to improve the adaptive capacities of rural populations and their resilience to drought and other climate change impacts. This report provides a summary of the working approach developed and tested to promote community-based adaptation within agriculture. It presents lessons learned from the implementation process as well as the details of good practice options for drought risk management in the context of climate change.

Gender, climate change, and group-based approaches to adaptation

Author: Behrman, Julia A.,Bryan, Elizabeth,Goh, Amelia H. X.

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst


Category: Social Science

Page: 6

View: 5668

Climate change poses great challenges for poor rural people in developing countries, most of whom rely on natural resources for their livelihoods and have limited capacity to adapt to climate change. It has become clear that even serious efforts to mitigate climate change will be inadequate to prevent devastating impacts that threaten to erode or reverse recent economic gains in the developing world. Individuals, communities, and policymakers must adapt to a new reality and become resilient to the negative impacts of future climate changes.

Eine unbequeme Wahrheit

Klimawandel geht uns alle an

Author: Albert Gore,Lilian Kura

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570220696

Category: Treibhauseffekt - Umweltkrise - Jugendsachbuch

Page: 207

View: 5376

Climate Adaptation Futures

Author: Jean P. Palutikof,Sarah L. Boulter,Andrew J. Ash,Mark Stafford Smith,Martin Parry,Marie Waschka,Daniela Guitart

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118529472

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 6876

Adaptation is the poor cousin of the climate change challenge -the glamour of international debate is around global mitigationagreements, while the bottom-up activities of adaptation, carriedout in community halls and local government offices, are oftenoverlooked. Yet, as international forums fail to deliver reductionsin greenhouse gas emissions, the world is realising that effectiveadaptation will be essential across all sectors to deal with theunavoidable impacts of climate change. The need to understand howto adapt effectively, and to develop appropriate adaptation optionsand actions, is becoming increasingly urgent. This book reports the current state of knowledge on climatechange adaptation, and seeks to expose and debate key issues inadaptation research and practice. It is framed around a number ofcritical areas of adaptation theory and practice, including: Advances in adaptation thinking, Enabling frameworks and policy for adaptation, Engaging and communicating with practitioners, Key challenges in adaptation and development, Management of natural systems and agriculture under climatechange, Ensuring water security under a changing climate, Urban infrastructure and livelihoods, and The nexus between extremes, disaster management andadaptation. It includes contributions from many of the leading thinkers andpractitioners in adaptation today. The book is based on keycontributions from the First International Conference on ClimateChange Adaptation ‘Climate Adaptation Futures’, held onthe Gold Coast, Australia, in June 2010. That three-day meeting ofover 1000 researchers and practitioners in adaptation from 50countries was the first of its kind. Readership: The book is essential reading for a widerange of individuals involved in climate change adaptation,including: Researchers, Communication specialists, Decision-makers and policy makers (e.g. government staff, localcouncil staff), On-ground adaptation practitioners (e.g. aid agencies,government workers, NGOs), Postgraduate and graduate students, and Consultants.

Experiences of Climate Change Adaptation in Africa

Author: Walter Leal Filho

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642223150

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 318

View: 3756

It is widely acknowledged that, in addition to global and regional efforts to cope with climate change by means of mitigation measures, adaptation initiatives can and perhaps should play a key role in enabling communities from across Africa to better handle the problems related to it. Due to the fact that experiences in climate change adaptation in Africa are poorly documented, this book provides an attempt to address the perceived need for better documentation and dissemination of African experiences on climate change adaptation.

Integrating adaptation into REDD+

potential impacts and social return on investment in Setulang, Malinau District, Indonesia

Author: Emilia Pramova,Bruno Locatelli,Andreas Mench,Edy Marbyanto,Karlina Kartika,Hangga Prihatmaja

Publisher: CIFOR



Page: 58

View: 7402

REDD+ interventions can help both people and forests adapt to climate change by conserving or enhancing biodiversity and forest ecosystem services. However, additional adaptation measures might be needed, such as the protection of agriculture and livelihoods and the development of fire management strategies. Such measures could support the sustainability of REDD+ interventions and the permanence of carbon stocks by preventing activity displacement and induced deforestation and by limiting or avoiding damage to the ecosystem from extreme weather events. To design community-based adaptation interventions and assess their potential outcomes within the Community Forest (Hutan Desa) REDD+ project area in Setulang Village, Malinau District, Kalimantan,village representatives were involved in a bottom-up, stakeholder-focused process. A social return on investment framework was applied. Community members discussed climate and non-climate challenges and the effectiveness of their current coping strategies. Adaptation interventions were then conceived and planned, using future visioning exercises. Two interventions were prioritized: development of rattan handicraft enterprises and rubber agroforestry. Challenges and adaptation interventions were also discussed with stakeholders from relevant district organizations (e.g. local government agencies) through individual semi-structured interviews. Projected future climate scenarios, the sensitivity of key resources and adaptive capacity were also discussed. This resulted in a holistic understanding of the costs, benefits, opportunities and challenges associated with implementing the selected adaptation strategies not only in the target area, but also in the district more broadly. The Community Forest (Hutan Desa) project in Setulang, Malinau, is facilitated by the FORCLIME programme of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. This study was conducted by CIFOR in collaboration with the GIZ, with a grant from the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Germany.

Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change in Bangladesh

Processes, Assessment and Effects

Author: Md Aboul Fazal Younus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9400754949

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 6258

The IPCC (2007) warned that the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna (GBM) basin will be at greatest risk due to increased flooding, and that the region’s poverty would reduce its adaptation capacity. This book investigates autonomous adaptation using a multi-method technique comprising PRA and a questionnaire survey applied in the case study area ‘Islampur’ Upazila in Bangladesh. The study has four key approaches. First, it reviews the flood literature for Bangladesh from 1980 to 2014. Second, it examines farmers' crop adaptation processes in a case study area at Islampur, Bangladesh. Third, it assesses the vulnerability and adaptation (V & A) in response to three extreme flood events (EFEs). Fourth, the book assesses the economic consequences of failure effects of autonomous crop adaptation in response to EFEs. The results show that Bangladeshi farmers are highly resilient to EFEs, but the economic consequences of failure effects of autonomous crop adaptation (FEACA) on marginal farmers are large. The book contributes to current knowledge by filling three important research gaps as follows, 1) farmers’ autonomous crop adaptation processes in response to various types of extreme floods; 2) methodological contribution for assessing vulnerability and adaptation through PRA; and 3) the economic consequences of the failure effects of autonomous crop adaptations. “This book provides a good account of ‘autonomous adaptation’ and its impact on fl ood vulnerable communities in Bangladesh. Anyone wishing to fully understand the impact of climate change should read the book.” Professor Muhammad Yunus, Nobel Laureate, Yunus Centre, Bangladesh

Moving from Risk to Resilience

Sustainable Urban Development in the Pacific

Author: Asian Development Bank

Publisher: Asian Development Bank

ISBN: 929254408X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 36

View: 499

The Pacific is an increasingly urbanized region, with many countries struggling to cope with demands for basic urban services. This publication recommends risk reduction and adaptation measures to promote more sustainable urban development.