A Field Guide to Community Based Adaptation

Author: Tim Magee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415519292

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 5423

The world's poor will be the most critically affected by a changing climate—and yet their current plight isn't improving rapidly enough to fulfill the UN's Millennium Development Goals. If experienced development organizations are finding it difficult to solve decades-old development problems, how will they additionally solve new challenges driven by climate change? A Field Guide to Community Based Adaptation illustrates how including community members in project design and co-management leads to long-lasting, successful achievement of development and adaptation goals. This field guide provides a system of building block activities for staff on the ground to use in developing and implementing successful adaptation to climate change projects that can be co-managed and sustained by communities. Based on years of use in 129 different countries, the techniques illustrated in this field guide use a step-by-step progression to lead readers through problem assessment, project design, implementation, and community take over. The book equips development staff with all the tools and techniques they need to improve current project effectiveness, to introduce community based adaptation into organizational programming and to generate new projects. The techniques provided can be applied to broad range of challenges, from agriculture and soil and water challenges, to health concerns, flood defences and market development. The book is supported by a user-friendly website updated by the author, where readers can download online resources for each chapter which they can tailor to their own specific projects. This practical guide is accessible to all levels of development staff and practitioners, as well as to students of development and environmental studies.

Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change

Scaling it up

Author: E. Lisa F. Schipper,Jessica Ayers,Hannah Reid,Saleemul Huq,Atiq Rahman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136252363

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 2948

As climate change adaptation rises up the international policy agenda, matched by increasing funds and frameworks for action, there are mounting questions over how to ensure the needs of vulnerable people on the ground are met. Community-based adaptation (CBA) is one growing proposal that argues for tailored support at the local level to enable vulnerable people to identify and implement appropriate community-based responses to climate change themselves. Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change: Scaling it up explores the challenges for meeting the scale of the adaptation challenge through CBA. It asks the fundamental questions: How can we draw replicable lessons to move from place-based projects towards more programmatic adaptation planning? How does CBA fit with larger scale adaptation policy and programmes? How are CBA interventions situated within the institutions that enable or undermine adaptive capacity? Combining the research and experience of prominent adaptation and development theorists and practitioners, this book presents cutting edge knowledge that moves the debate on CBA forward towards effective, appropriate, and ‘scaled-up’ adaptive action.

Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change

Emerging Lessons

Author: Jonathan Ensor,Saleemul Huq,Rachel Berger

Publisher: Practical Action Pub

ISBN: 9781853397912

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 2637

The findings in Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change reflect on experiences of CBA in practice, building on current academic research to frame lessons for adaptation planning in developing countries

Community-based Adaptation to Climate Change

Author: Hannah Reid

Publisher: IIED

ISBN: 1843697297

Category: Climatic changes

Page: 224

View: 7585

Focuses on the approaches to climate change adaptation which are community-based and participatory. This title highlights the participatory methods to help communities analyze the causes and effects of climate change, integrate scientific and community knowledge, and plan appropriate adaptation measures.

Community-based adaptation

Mainstreaming into national and local planning

Author: Hannah Reid

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317331931

Category: Nature

Page: 120

View: 7769

Community-based adaptation (CBA) to climate change is based on local priorities, needs, knowledge and capacities. Early CBA initiatives were generally implemented by non-government organisations (NGOs), and operated primarily at the local level. Many used ‘bottom-up’ participatory processes to identify the climate change problem and appropriate responses. Small localised stand-alone initiatives are insufficient to address the scale of challenges climate change will bring, however. The causes of vulnerability - such as market or service access, or good governance - also often operate beyond the project level. Larger organisations and national governments have therefore started to implement broader CBA programmes, which provide opportunities to scale up responses and integrate CBA into higher levels of policy and planning. This book shows that it is possible for CBA to remain centred on local priorities, but not necessarily limited to work implemented at the local level. Some chapters address the issue of mainstreaming CBA into government policy and planning processes or into city or sectoral level plans (e.g. on agriculture). Others look at how gender and children’s issues should be mainstreamed into adaptation planning itself, and others describe how tools can be applied, and finance delivered for effective mainstreaming. This book was published as a special issue of Climate and Development.

Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change

A Case Study of Bangladesh

Author: Abigail Gacusana

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640393775

Category: Bangladesh

Page: 68

View: 3517

Using Bangladesh as a case study, this research examines the impacts of climate change to poor, rural communities and further explores the measures that are carried out to combat its existing and future threats. This research also aims to look into the existing socio-economic vulnerabilities of Bangladesh in order to establish the linkage between climate change and development. Findings of this study show that poor communities are impacted by climate change through the loss of lives, assets and livelihoods. Adaptation to climate change is therefore necessary and should be integrated in development planning and objectives, to ensure that the most vulnerable groups are represented. The overall conclusion presents that coordination, development and implementation of a national adaptation strategy that addresses climate change at all sectors, should help establish the framework in reducing the country’s present and future vulnerabilities, in relation to climate change.

Understanding Climate Change Adaptation

Lessons from Community-based Approaches

Author: Jonathan Ensor,Rachel Berger

Publisher: Practical Action Pub

ISBN: 9781853396830

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8212

This book asks, how can agencies assist local communities adapting to change? By what mechanisms can communities make the most of emerging information? Can effective community-based approaches be scaled up? It is essential reading for NGO practitioners, students, government and NGO policy makers who wish to gain an understanding of adaptation.

Community Based Adaptation in Action

A Case Study from Bangladesh : Project Summary Report (phase 1), Improved Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change for Sustainable Livelihoods in the Agriculture Sector

Author: Stephan Baas,Selvaraju Ramasamy,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 55

View: 7222

Bangladesh, due to its geo-physical position and socio-economic context, is highly prone to regular natural hazards and the impacts of climate change. In 2005, the FAO initiated a project designed to improve the adaptive capacities of rural populations and their resilience to drought and other climate change impacts. This report provides a summary of the working approach developed and tested to promote community-based adaptation within agriculture. It presents lessons learned from the implementation process as well as the details of good practice options for drought risk management in the context of climate change.

Ecosystem-Based Adaptation

Author: Noralene Uy,Rajib Shaw

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780526911

Category: Science

Page: 273

View: 5366

Ecosystems are often examined from a ecological perspective because of the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services. This book makes a case for ecosystem-based adaptation by arguing that ecosystems and its services are critical in the climate change and disaster risk reduction fields.

Resilience

The Science of Adaptation to Climate Change

Author: Zinta Zommers,Keith Alverson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012811892X

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 2807

In Resilience: The Science of Adaptation to Climate Change leading experts analyze and question ongoing adaptation interventions. Contributions span different disciplinary perspectives, from law to engineering, and cover different regions from Africa to the Pacific. Chapters assess the need for adaptation, highlighting climate change impacts such as sea level rise, increases in temperature, changing hydrological variability, and threats to food security. The book then discusses the state of global legislation and means of tracking progress. It reviews ways to build resilience in a range of contexts— from the Arctic, to small island states, to urban areas, across food and energy systems. Critical tools for adaptation planning are highlighted - from social capital and ethics, to decision support systems, to innovative finance and risk transfer mechanisms. Controversies related to geoengineering and migration are also discussed. This book is an indispensable resource for scientists, practitioners, and policy makers working in climate change adaptation, sustainable development, ecosystem management, and urban planning. Provides a summary of tools and methods used in adaptation including recent innovations Includes chapters from a diverse range of authors from academic institutions, humanitarian organizations, and the United Nations Evaluates adaptation options, highlighting gaps in knowledge where further research or new tools are needed

Gender, climate change, and group-based approaches to adaptation

Author: Behrman, Julia A.,Bryan, Elizabeth,Goh, Amelia H. X.

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 6

View: 8627

Climate change poses great challenges for poor rural people in developing countries, most of whom rely on natural resources for their livelihoods and have limited capacity to adapt to climate change. It has become clear that even serious efforts to mitigate climate change will be inadequate to prevent devastating impacts that threaten to erode or reverse recent economic gains in the developing world. Individuals, communities, and policymakers must adapt to a new reality and become resilient to the negative impacts of future climate changes.

Community-Based Psychological First Aid

A Practical Guide to Helping Individuals and Communities during Difficult Times

Author: Gerard A Jacobs

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 012804358X

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 6308

Community-Based Psychological First Aid: A Practical Guide to Helping Individuals and Communities during Difficult Times presents a practical method for helping those in need in difficult times. No advanced training in psychology is needed to use it. Injuries from disasters, terrorist events, and civil unrest are not just physical. These events also cause psychological trauma that can do lasting damage. Psychological First Aid (PFA) draws on human resilience and aims to reduce stress systems and help those affected recover. It is not professional psychotherapy, and those providing this kind of aid do not need a degree to help. Gerard Jacobs has developed this community-based method of delivering PFA over 20 years and has taught it in over 30 countries. Along with the easy-to-follow method, Jacobs includes examples of how this works in action in different situations, and presents scenarios to practice. Unique in its approach of community engagement to train community members to help each other, this guide is an excellent resource for local emergency managers to engage in whole community emergency management. Presents a proven method for helping to alleviate the mental health effects of disasters, terrorist attacks, civil unrest, and other community stressors Offers a community-based model developed and taught by an international expert for over 20 years, requiring no advanced training or education in psychology to use Provides techniques that are adaptable to individual communities or cultures Outlines practices for self-care while helping others to prevent burnout Includes case studies, scenarios, and key terms to help facilitate community training

Climate Change Adaptation for Health and Social Services

Author: Rae Walker,Wendy Mason

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 148630253X

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 5099

Climate Change Adaptation for Health and Social Services addresses concerns from the health and community services sector, including local government, about how to respond to climate change and its impacts on communities. What should an intervention framework for the community-based health and social services sector contain and how can it complement an organisation's core values, role and work programs? What current direct and indirect impacts of climate change are most relevant to organisations and the communities they serve? Which population groups are most vulnerable to climate change and what are the impacts on them? Above all, what can be done to reduce the current risks from climate change to clients, communities and organisations? Written by expert researchers and practitioners, this book presents existing research, innovative practice and useful tools to support organisations taking practical steps towards adaptation to the impacts of climate change on people. It examines the evidence of climate change impacts on six of the most vulnerable population groups – people with disability; older people; women and children; Aboriginal people; rural people; and people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds – as well as discussing effective interventions. Other key issues covered include health and social impacts of climate change, adaptation, mitigation, climate change communication, organisational adaptation and a case study of innovation illustrating some of the book’s themes. Accessible, informative and incorporating extensive evidence and experience, Climate Change Adaptation for Health and Social Services is relevant for anyone within the health and community services sector concerned about climate change and its impacts on their community.

Building Resilience to Climate Change

Ecosystem-based Adaptation and Lessons from the Field

Author: Angela Andrade Pérez,Bernal Herrera Fernández,Roberto Cazzolla Gatti

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 2831712904

Category: Nature

Page: 164

View: 1373

With climate change now a certainty, the question is how much change there will be and what can be done about it. One of the answers is through adaptation. Many of the lessons that are being learned in adaptation are from success stories from the field. This publication contains eleven case studies covering different ecosystems and regions around the world. Its aim is to summarize some current applications of the Ecosystem-Based Adaptation concept and its tools used around the world, and also draw lessons from experiences in conservation adaptation.

Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction

Author: Rajib Shaw

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857248677

Category: Nature

Page: 402

View: 2122

Communities are at the core of disaster risk reduction (DRR), and community based approaches are getting increasing focus in national DRR plans. In the case of past disasters, communities were always the first responders, and took leading roles in the post disaster recovery. The roles of communities in pre-disaster preparedness are also very important. This is the first comprehensive book available on CBDRR (community based disaster risk reduction) which outlines both research and practice, citing field examples and research results. It provides an overview of the subject and looks at the role of governments, NGOs, academics and corporate sectors in community based disaster risk reduction. It proceeds to examine experiences from Asian and African countries, and concludes by looking ahead to the future perspective of CBDRR.

Routledge Handbook of the Economics of Climate Change Adaptation

Author: Anil Markandya,Ibon Galarraga,Elisa Sainz de Murieta

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136212116

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 1345

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing human kind owing to the great uncertainty regarding future impacts, which affect all regions and many ecosystems. Many publications deal with economic issues relating to mitigation policies, but the economics of adaptation to climate change has received comparatively little attention. However, this area is is critical and a central pillar of any adaptation strategy or plan and is the economic dimension, which therefore merits the increase in attention it is receiving. This book deals with the difficulties that face the economics of adaptation. Critical issues include: uncertainty; baselines; reversibility, flexibility and adaptive management; distributional impacts; discount rates and time horizons; mixing monetary and non-monetary evaluations and limits to the use of cost-benefit analysis; economy-wide impacts and cross-sectoral linkages. All of these are addressed in the book from the perspective of economics of adaptation. Other dimensions of adaptation are also included, such as the role of low- and middle-income countries, technology and the impacts of extreme events. This timely book will prove essential reading for international researchers and policy makers in the fields of natural resources, environmental economics and climate change.