Community-based Archaeology

Research With, By, and for Indigenous and Local Communities

Author: Sonya Atalay

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520273354

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 4015

"Community Based Participatory Research in archaeology finally comes of age with Atalay's long-anticipated volume. She promotes a collaborative approach to knowledge gathering, interpretation, and use that benefits descendant communities and archaeological practitioners, contributing to a more relevant, rewarding, and responsible archaeology. This is essential reading for anyone who asks why we do archaeology, for whom, and how best can it be done." - George Nicholas, author of Being and Becoming Indigenous Archaeologists "Sonya Atalay shows archaeologists how the process of Community Based Participatory Research can move our efforts at collaboration with local communities beyond theory and good intentions to a sustainable practice. This is a game-changing book that every archaeologist must read." - Randall H. McGuire, author of Archaeology as Political Action

Archaeology in Practice

A Student Guide to Archaeological Analyses

Author: Jane Balme,Alistair Paterson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118323831

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 3179

This much-enhanced new edition of the highly accessible guide to practical archaeology is a vital resource for students. It features the latest methodologies, a wealth of case studies from around the world, and contributions from leading specialists in archaeological materials analysis. New edition updated to include the latest archaeological methods, an enhanced focus on post-excavation analysis and new material including a dedicated chapter on analyzing human remains Covers the full range of current analytic methods, such as analysis of stone tools, human remains and absolute dating Features a user-friendly structure organized according to material types such as animal bones, ceramics and stone artifacts, as well as by thematic topics ranging from dating techniques to report writing, and ethical concerns. Accessible to archaeology students at all levels, with detailed references and extensive case studies featured throughout

Transforming Archaeology

Activist Practices and Prospects

Author: Sonya Atalay,Lee Rains Clauss,Randall H McGuire,John R Welch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315416522

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 7886

Archaeology for whom? The dozen well-known contributors to this innovative volume suggest nothing less than a transformation of the discipline into a service-oriented, community-based endeavor. They wish to replace the primacy of meeting academic demands with meeting the needs and values of those outside the field who may benefit most from our work. They insist that we employ both rigorous scientific methods and an equally rigorous critique of those practices to ensure that our work addresses real-world social, environmental, and political problems. A transformed archaeology requires both personal engagement and a new toolkit. Thus, in addition to the theoretical grounding and case materials from around the world, each contributor offers a personal statement of their goals and an outline of collaborative methods that can be adopted by other archaeologists.

Community-Based Participatory Research for Health

Advancing Social and Health Equity

Author: Nina Wallerstein,Bonnie Duran,John G. Oetzel,Meredith Minkler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119258863

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 4764

The definitive guide to CBPR concepts and practice, updated and expanded Community-Based Participatory Research for Health: Advancing Health and Social Equity provides a comprehensive reference for this rapidly growing field in participatory and community-engaged research. Hailed as effective by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CBPR and CEnR represent the link between researchers and community and lead to improved public health outcomes. This book provides practitioner-focused guidance on CBPR and CEnR to help public health professionals, students, and practitioners from multiple other clinical, planning, education, social work, and social science fields to successfully work towards social and health equity. With a majority of new chapters, the book provides a thorough overview of CBPR history, theories of action and participatory research, emerging trends of knowledge democracy, and promising practices. Drawn from a ten-year research effort, this new material is organized around the CBPR Conceptual Model, illustrating the importance of social context, promising partnering practices, and the added value of community and other stakeholder engagement for intervention development and research design. Partnership evaluation, measures, and outcomes are highlighted, with a revised section on policy outcomes, including global health case studies. For the first time, this updated edition also includes access to the companion website, featuring lecture slides of conceptual and partnership evaluation-focused chapters, with resources from appendices to help bring CBPR concepts and practices directly into the classroom. Proven effective year after year, CBPR has become a critically important framework for public health, and this book provides clear reference for all aspects of the practice. Readers will: Examine the latest research on CPBR, and incorporate new insights into practice Understand the history and theoretical basis of CPBR, and why it has been so effective Reflect on critical issues of racism, power, and privilege; trust development; ethical practice within and beyond IRBs; and cultural humility Learn new partnership evaluation and collective reflection strategies, including measures and metrics, to enhance their own practice for improved health and social equity outcomes

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030082

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 558

This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

BEING AND BECOMING INDIGENOUS ARCHAEOLOGISTS

Author: George P. Nicholas

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598744976

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 8356

What does being an archaeologist mean to Indigenous persons? How and why do some become archaeologists? What has led them down a path to what some in their communities have labeled a colonialist venture? What were are the challenges they have faced, and the motivations that have allowed them to succeed? How have they managed to balance traditional values and worldview with Western modes of inquiry? And how are their contributions broadening the scope of archaeology? Indigenous archaeologists have the often awkward role of trying to serves as spokespeople both for their home community and for the scientific community of archaeologists. This volume tells the stories—in their own words-- of 37 indigenous archaeologists from six continents, how they became archaeologists, and how their dual role affects their relationships with their community and their professional colleagues. Sponsored by the World Archaeological Congress

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 4820

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Heritage, Communities and Archaeology

Author: Laurajane Smith,Emma Waterton

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 147252134X

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 800

This book traces the development of 'community archaeology', identifying both its advantages and disadvantages by describing how and why tensions have arisen between archaeological and community understandings of the past. The focus of this book is the conceptual disjunction between heritage and data and the problems this poses for both archaeologists and communities in communicating and engaging with each other. In order to explain the extent of the miscommunication that can occur, the authors examine the ways in which a range of community groups, including communities of expertise, define and negotiate memory and identity. Importantly, they explore the ways in which these expressions are used, or are taken up, in struggles over cultural recognition - and ultimately, the practical, ethical, political and theoretical implications this has for archaeologists engaging in community work. Finally, they argue that there are very real advantages for archaeological research, theory and practice to be gained from engaging with communities.

Archaeological Ethics

Author: Karen D. Vitelli,Chip Colwell-Chanthaphonh

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759114439

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 455

Looting. Reburial and repatriation. Relations with native peoples. Professional conduct. The second edition of Archaeological Ethics combines compelling articles on these topics written for a general audience with valuable teaching aids. The updated articles provide a fascinating introduction to the issues faced every day in archaeological practice. The article summaries, discussion questions, suggestions for further reading, and resource guide serve as excellent teaching aids and make this volume ideal for classroom use.

Collaborating at the Trowel's Edge

Teaching and Learning in Indigenous Archaeology

Author: Stephen W. Silliman

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816527229

Category: Social Science

Page: 305

View: 9313

A fundamental issue for twenty-first century archaeologists is the need to better direct their efforts toward supporting rather than harming indigenous peoples. Collaborative indigenous archaeology has already begun to stress the importance of cooperative, community-based research; this book now offers an up-to-date assessment of how Native American and non-native archaeologists have jointly undertaken research that is not only politically aware and historically minded but fundamentally better as well. Eighteen contributors—many with tribal ties—cover the current state of collaborative indigenous archaeology in North America to show where the discipline is headed. Continent-wide cases, from the Northeast to the Southwest, demonstrate the situated nature of local practice alongside the global significance of further decolonizing archaeology. And by probing issues of indigenous participation with an eye toward method, theory, and pedagogy, many show how the archaeological field school can be retailored to address politics, ethics, and critical practice alongside traditional teaching and research methods. These chapters reflect the strong link between politics and research, showing what can be achieved when indigenous values, perspectives, and knowledge are placed at the center of the research process. They not only draw on experiences at specific field schools but also examine advances in indigenous cultural resource management and in training Native American and non-native students. Theoretically informed and practically grounded, Collaborating at the Trowel’s Edge is a virtual guide for rethinking field schools and is an essential volume for anyone involved in North American archaeology—professionals, students, tribal scholars, or avocationalists—as well as those working with indigenous peoples in other parts of the world. It both reflects the rapidly changing landscape of archaeology and charts new directions to ensure the ongoing vitality of the discipline.

Digging It Up Down Under

A Practical Guide to Doing Archaeology in Australia

Author: Claire Smith,Heather Burke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387352635

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 2343

This field manual provides essential background information for those interested in undertaking archaeology in Australia. Professional archaeologists provide their personal tips for working in each state and territory, dealing with a living heritage, working with Aboriginal peoples, and coping with Australian conditions. Grounded in the social, political and ethical issues that inform Australian archaeology today, this book is also packed with practical advice.

Inventing Indigenous Knowledge

Archaeology, Rural Development, and the Raised Field Rehabilitation Project in Bolivia

Author: Lynn Swartley

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415935647

Category: Political Science

Page: 210

View: 2671

Describes the processes involved in a rural development project in the Lake Titicaca Basin.

Die Spur der Götter

Author: Graham Hancock

Publisher: Bastei Lübbe GmbH & CompanyKG (Bastei Verlag)

ISBN: 9783404641499

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 3742

Lange vor unserer Zeitrechnung gab es bereits eine andere, technisch fortschrittliche Kultur. Zu diesem Schluß kommt Graham Hancock nach dem eingehenden Studium von Karten aus dem 16. Jahrhundert, die zum Teil vermutlich auf noch älterenExemplaren basieren und auf denen der Küstenverlauf der seit Jahrtausenden mit einer dicken Eisschicht bedeckten Antarktis genau eingezeichnet ist.Wie kamen die damaligen Kartographen zu ihren Kenntnissen über eine Landmasse, die sich erstheutzutage mit den modernsten Geräten erforschen läßt? Ist es möglich, daß durch eine Verschiebung der Erdkruste Landmassen unter Wasser gesetzt wurden und damit eine hochentwickelte Zivilisation vernichtet wurde?Graham Hancock machte sichauf den Weg, diesen Fragen und ungeklärten Rätseln nachzuspüren, um überall auf der Welt Beweise zu finden, die seine Theorie stützen.

The Archaeology and Anthropology of Landscape

Shaping Your Landscape

Author: Robert Layton,Peter Ucko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134828357

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 6437

The Archaeology and Anthropology of Landscape contributes to the development of theory in archaeology and anthropology, provides new and varied case studies of landscape and environment from five continents, and raises important policy issues concerning development and the management of heritage.

Community Archaeology and Heritage in Africa

Decolonizing Practice

Author: Peter R. Schmidt,Innocent Pikirayi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317220757

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 9011

This volume provides new insights into the distinctive contributions that community archaeology and heritage make to the decolonization of archaeological practice. Using innovative approaches, the contributors explore important initiatives which have protected and revitalized local heritage, initiatives that involved archaeologists as co-producers rather than leaders. These case studies underline the need completely reshape archaeological practice, engaging local and indigenous communities in regular dialogue and recognizing their distinctive needs, in order to break away from the top-down power relationships that have previously characterized archaeology in Africa. Community Archaeology and Heritage in Africa reflects a determined effort to change how archaeology is taught to future generations. Through community-based participatory approaches, archaeologists and heritage professionals can benefit from shared resources and local knowledge; and by sharing decision-making with members of local communities, archaeological inquiry can enhance their way of life, ameliorate their human rights concerns, and meet their daily needs to build better futures. Exchanging traditional power structures for research design and implementation, the examples outlined in this volume demonstrate the discipline’s exciting capacity to move forward to achieve its potential as a broader, more accessible, and more inclusive field.

Australian Aboriginal Studies

Journal of the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aboriginal Australians

Page: N.A

View: 8754

Space and Spatial Analysis in Archaeology

Author: University of Calgary. Archaeological Association. Conference,Elizabeth C. Robertson

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826340221

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 9831

The archaeology of space and place is examined in this selection of papers from the 34th annual Chacmool Archaeological Conference.

Occupational Therapies without Borders - Volume 2 E-Book

Towards an ecology of occupation-based practices

Author: Frank Kronenberg,Nick Pollard,Dikaios Sakellariou

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049115

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 403

The companion text to Occupational Therapy without Borders - Volume 1: learning from the spirit of survivors! In this landmark text writers from around the world discuss a plurality of occupation-based approaches that explicitly acknowledge the full potential of the art and science of occupational therapy. The profession is presented as a political possibilities-based practice, concerned with what matters most to people in real life contexts, generating practice-based evidence to complement evidence-based practice. As these writers demonstrate, occupational therapies are far more than, as some critical views have suggested, a monoculture of practice rooted in Western modernity. Nobel Peace Laureate Desmond Tutu captures the ethos of this book, which essentially calls for engagements in the service of a purpose that is larger than the advancement of our profession's interests: "Your particular approach to advancing our wellbeing and health strikes me as both unique and easily taken for granted. Whilst you value and work with medical understandings, your main aim seems to go beyond these. You seem to enable people to appreciate more consciously how what we do to and with ourselves and others on a daily basis impacts on our individual and collective wellbeing. As occupational therapists you have a significant contribution to make [.] allowing people from all walks of life to contribute meaningfully to the wellbeing of others." Links philosophy with practical examples of engaging people in ordinary occupations of daily life as a means of enabling them to transform their own lives Includes contributions from worldwide leaders in occupational therapy research and practice Describes concrete initiatives in under-served and neglected populations Looks at social and political mechanisms that influence people’s access to useful and meaningful occupation Chapters increase diversity of contributions – geographically, culturally and politically Emphasis on practice, education and research maintains academic credibility A glossary and practical examples in nearly every chapter make text more accessible to students